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  • 1. © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 1 REC Procedure for Implementation and Regulation Climate Connect News, Data & Knowledge Process Outsourcing
  • 2. 2 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 2 Legal, Policy and Regulatory Framework for Development of Renewable Energy in India RPO Mechanism : Driver for RE Development REC Mechanism REC Trading: Experience so far Key Issues & Need for Modification to REC Framework Renewable Energy and Evolution of Market Models Contents
  • 3. 3 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 3 Legal, Policy and Regulatory Framework for Development of Renewable Energy in India RPO Mechanism : Driver for RE Development REC Mechanism REC Trading: Experience so far Key Issues & Need for Modification to REC Framework Renewable Energy and Evolution of Market Models Contents
  • 4. Electricity Act, 2003: Enabling Provisions The EA 2003 has outlined several enabling provisions to accelerate the development of RE based Generation • Section 3  Section 3 (1), Government of India (GoI) shall, from time to time, prepare the National Electricity Policy and Tariff Policy, in consultation with the State Governments for developing the power system based on optimal utilization of resources such as coal, natural gas, nuclear, hydro, and renewable sources of energy. • Section 61  Tariff Regulations by Regulatory Commission to be guided by promotion of generation of electricity from renewable energy sources in their area of jurisdiction • Section 66  Appropriate Commission shall endeavor to promote the development of market (including trading) in power in such a manner as may be specified and shall be guided by National Electricity Policy in Sec 3 • Section 86(1) (e)  Provides Statutory Framework and Mandates SERC for taking steps for promotion of Cogeneration and Generation of Electricity from Renewable Sources of Energy 4 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 4
  • 5. Promotion of RE is by Policy Design and Regulatory Initiative 5 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 5 Central Government Electricity Act 2003 (Jun 2003) National Electricity Policy (Feb 2005) National Tariff Policy (Jan 2006) National Action Plan on Climate Change (Jun 2008) CERC Regulations for Preferential Tariff for RE (Sep 2009) Renewable Energy Certificate Mechanism (Jan 2010)  Implementation Framework (2010 – ongoing)) SERC Preferential RE Tariff Orders by SERCs (2002–2010) Over 19 States have mandated Renewable Purchase Obligations (2004 – 2010) Modification to RPO and adoption of REC framework)
  • 6. Key Challenges in Encouraging Deployment of RE 6 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 6  Enabling Mechanism for Inter-State sales of Renewable Energy  Cost Effective Mechanism for purchase of Renewable Energy  Nation wide target for purchase of Renewable Energy  Stronger enforcement and penalty mechanism  Mechanism for purchase of small quantity of RE by individual Open Access consumer Forum of Regulators (FOR) initiated study to address challenges FOR Report (Nov 2008) on ‘Policies for Renewables’ recommended: Need to facilitate ‘Inter-State Exchange of RE Power from National Perspective Explore feasibility of introduction of REC mechanism as tool to promote RE within framework of EA 2003
  • 7. Regulatory & Policy Development at National Level FOR Report on ‘Policies on Renewables’ recommends  Ascertaining Need for Inter-State exchange of RE power • Inter-State exchange of RE power is desirable from National perspective and the same should be promoted • Mechanism for appropriate treatment for inter-State RE exchange through Regional Energy Account needs to be developed  Ascertaining feasibility of REC mechanism • Concept of RE Certificate as a tool for promotion of RE sources has been used in some countries • REC mechanism can be introduced within existing framework of EA 2003 • Co-operation amongst States is essential and SERCs should recognize procurement of RE generated in other States for purpose of compliance as RPO by regulated entity in their respective jurisdiction 7 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 7
  • 8. NAPCC : Guideline for RE Development • At National level for FY 2010, target for RE Purchase may be set at 5% of total grid purchase, to be increased by 1% each year for 10 years • SERCs may set higher target than this minimum at any point in time • Central & State Govts. may set up a verification mechanism to ensure that renewable power is actually procured • Appropriate authorities may issue certificates that procure renewable power in excess of the national standard. Such certificates may be tradable, to enable utilities falling short to meet their RPS • Penalties as may be allowed under EA 2003 may be levied, if utilities are still falling short in RPS 8 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 8
  • 9. NAPCC has set challenging target for RE Development • NAPCC target of 5% for RE Procurement in 2010 • Target to increase by 1% each year to reach 15% by 2020 • Separate target for Solar Energy • Provides for creation of Renewable Energy Certificate Mechanism 99 Considering that demand for electricity would increase to 1700 BU by 2020, it would create market for 255 BU units of renewable energy generation NAPCC identified REC framework to realize annual target of National RPO
  • 10. 10 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 10 Legal, Policy and Regulatory Framework for Development of Renewable Energy in India RPO Mechanism : Driver for RE Development REC Mechanism REC Trading: Experience so far Key Issues & Need for Modification to REC Framework Renewable Energy and Evolution of Market Models Contents
  • 11. Evolution of Market Model 11 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 11 A- Market model based on Open Access/wheeling for self use B- Model based on FIT and RPO for sale to distribution licensee & third party, within State C- Market model based on instruments with cross border features (REC) catering to National level demand A B C
  • 12. Alternate A : Open Access and Wheeling Model • RE Power Plant setup mainly to meet captive/third party requirements • Wheeling of power limited to two or three locations • Governed by State Government policy provisions or concessional wheeling arrangements 12 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 12 Key Considerations for Prospect of OA Wheeling Model • Market models based on Wheeling and Open Access have the following difficulties Compatibility with Open Access Regulations Pricing Reforms and un-bundling of State Utilities have resulted into High Transmission/Wheeling Charges Complex scheduling and Energy Accounting requirements pose limitation on Inter- State wheeling transactions
  • 13. Alternate B : Preferential Tariff Based Market Model • Preferential tariffs determination by various SERCs • Generic tariff approach based on Norms for projects to be commissioned over pre-specified control period • Substantial addition of capacity occurred under this market mode 13 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 13 Issues in determination of preferential tariff  Different Approaches for Tariff determination across States:  RERC notifies norms through Tariff Regulations  MERC specifies tariff parameters through separate Orders  Ambiguity over the definition of preferential tariff, control period etc.  Wide variation in financial parameters like O&M expense, interest rate, which is not State specific  Constant tariff over the Control Period, not reflecting changes in market conditions and underlying parameters
  • 14. Alternate C : New Market Model – REC Mechanism  Renewable Energy Certificate Mechanism to enable Inter-State exchange of RE power  REC mechanism seeks to address the mismatch between availability of RE sources and the requirement of the obligated entities to meet their renewable purchase obligation across States.  REC mechanism shall facilitate emergence of large number of cross- border RE transactions based on non-firm RE sources and firm RE sources 14 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 14 Aspects considered for REC Design in Indian Context Electricity Market is Regulated to large extent More than 90 % of electricity volumes continue to be transacted at regulated price Preferential RE Tariff Regime to continue (Feed – in – Tariff % REC shall co-exist)
  • 15. 15 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 15 Legal, Policy and Regulatory Framework for Development of Renewable Energy in India RPO Mechanism : Driver for RE Development REC Mechanism REC Trading: Experience so far Key Issues & Need for Modification to REC Framework Renewable Energy and Evolution of Market Models Contents
  • 16. Section 86 (1) (e) – Driver for RPO • Section 86(1): The State Commission shall discharge the following functions, namely: (e) promote cogeneration and generation of electricity from renewable sources of energy by providing suitable measures for connectivity with the grid and sale of electricity to any person, and also specify, for purchase of electricity from such sources, a percentage of the total consumption of electricity in the area of a distribution licensee; • Various State Commissions have put significant emphasis on the last part of this important clause while developing regulations for Distribution Licensees under their jurisdiction 16 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 16
  • 17. RPO Targets Across the States (2012-13) 17 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 17  NAPCC recommends 5% RPO in 2009-10 with 1% increase till 15% RE by 2020  RE Capacity Addition of around 6000MW per annum shall be required to meet the target envisaged under NAPCC
  • 18. RPO already established : Key Features • Specify % of renewable energy every utility need to purchase: – Single target for overall renewable energy purchase, – Usually close to existing purchase levels, – In some cases Y-o-Y targets, – no technology specific targets • Period is up to five years, • Purchase of RE from outside the State has not been permitted, • Silent on mode of procurement, competitive or cost based • Implementation mechanisms need further refinement • Weak on enforcement methodology 18 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 18
  • 19. RPOs – what further was required?  Separate % for RE sources which are not commercial  Application of RPO to OA and Captive transactions  Efficient mechanism for purchase of RE  Enabling mechanism for inter-state sales  Nation wide target for purchase of RE  Stronger enforcement and penalty mechanism  Mechanism to create competition amongst RE sources 19 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 19
  • 20. Need for inter-state sales  Renewable sources were not spread evenly across country  Many states with no or little RE, cannot procure RE  States with good RE have exhausted their capacity  No mechanism was available for purchase of RE across the State boundary  It may not be possible to carry out inter-State sales using CERC OA Regulations for following reasons: – Most RE difficult to schedule – Transaction is expensive as capacity factors for RE are low – Intra-state balancing systems have not yet stabilized  Therefore, a mechanism which will enable inter-state sale and purchase of renewable energy was required 20 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 20
  • 21. Earlier RPO regulations (< 2010) fail to address :  Nation wide target for purchase of RE  Enabling mechanism for inter-state sales of RE  Efficient mechanism for purchase of RE  Stronger enforcement and penalty mechanism  Specific targets for RE sources which are not yet commercial  Application of RPS to OA/Captive/trading transactions 21 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 21
  • 22. RPO Enforcement and Penalty  FOR notified draft model Regulations in October 2009 for SERCs under Section 86(1)(e) in which FOR proposed ‘Effect of Default’  Effect of Default 1. If the obligated entities does not fulfill the renewable purchase obligation as provided in these regulations during any year and also does not purchase the certificates, the Commission may direct the obligated entity to deposit into a separate fund, to be created and maintained by such obligated entity, such amount as the Commission may determine on the basis of the shortfall in units of RPO and the forbearance price decided by the Central Commission Provided that:  Fund so created shall be utilized, as may be directed by the Commission, for purchase of the certificates.  Commission may empower an officer of the State Agency to procure from the Power Exchange the required number of certificates to the extent of the shortfall in the fulfillment of the obligations, out of the amount in the fund 22 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 22
  • 23. 23 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 23 Legal, Policy and Regulatory Framework for Development of Renewable Energy in India RPO Mechanism : Driver for RE Development REC Mechanism REC Trading: Experience so far Key Issues & Need for Modification to REC Framework Renewable Energy and Evolution of Market Models Contents
  • 24. Why REC Mechanism was created?  Renewable sources are not spread evenly across country  Many states with no or little RE were not able to promote RE  States with good RE felt they have exhausted their capacity to absorb  It is difficult to carry out inter-State sales using CERC OA Regulations for large scale deployment of RE due to following reasons: o Most RE generators are difficult to schedule o Transaction would be expensive due to low capacity factors of RE o RE generators are not connected to STU but to Discoms o Intra-state balancing systems have not yet stabilized  Therefore, a mechanism that will enable inter-state sale and purchase of renewable energy was required 24 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 24
  • 25. Key Objectives for Introduction of REC Mechanism • Effective implementation of RPS • Increased flexibility for participants • Overcome geographical constraints • Reduce transaction costs for RE transactions • Enforcement of penalty mechanism • Create competition among different RE technologies • Development of all encompassing incentive mechanism • Reduce risks for local distributor by limiting its liability to energy purchase 25 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 25 In the view of hurdles faced by RE Development, it appears that these objectives should take precedence over others
  • 26. Concept of REC Mechanism in India 26 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 26
  • 27. Chronology of Events – Concept to Implementation 27 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 27
  • 28. REC Mechanism Key Design Features 28 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 28 Design Features Eligible Source Eligible Entities Obligated Entities REC Issuing Authority REC Issuing Authority •Eligible Source All sources recognized by MNRE under Renewable Energy Category Two Categories of Certificates one for Solar and other for Non-Solar Eligible Entities Grid Connected RE Power Projects having NO PPA at preferential tariff and received accreditation certificate from State Agency  Shall sell electricity at Pooled cost of Power Purchase to distribution utility or at mutually agreed price to any other licensee • Obligated Entities  As defined by SERC, distribution utility, OA User, Captive Consumer • REC Issuing Authority National Load Dispatch Centre shall issue REC to Generator based on the Energy Injection Report prepared by SLDC • Sale/Purchase of REC Transaction of REC shall take place at Power Exchanges operating under the guidance of CERC
  • 29. REC Pricing Framework (1/2) CERC issued suo motu order on Forbearance and Floor Price on June 10, 2010 and Aug 23, 2011 Methodology for Determination of forbearance and Floor Price : • RE Target : NAPCC targets have been considered for total projected energy requirement (i.e. RE Generation for FY 2010-11 as 6% of total Energy requirement) • Additional RE Capacity Addition: based on the CAGR for RE Technology foe each State based on last five years performance, MNRE target, Capacity addition plan etc. • RE Tariff: Based on the CERC RE tariff Regulations for the sake of uniformity • Average power purchase cost: weighted average pooled power purchase by distribution licensee for the last financial year • Forbearance price : It is derived as highest cost of difference between the RE tariff (as cost of generation) and average power purchase cost (APPC) • Floor Price: To ensure the basic min. requirement for financial viability of RE projects. Viability requirement covers loan repayment interest charges, O & M Expenses and Fuel expenses if any 29 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 29
  • 30. REC Pricing Framework (2/2) 30 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 30
  • 31. Current Status of notification of RPO REC Regulations 31 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 31
  • 32. 32 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 32 Legal, Policy and Regulatory Framework for Development of Renewable Energy in India RPO Mechanism : Driver for RE Development REC Mechanism REC Trading: Experience so far Key Issues & Need for Modification to REC Framework Renewable Energy and Evolution of Market Models Contents
  • 33. Accredited REC Projects (As on Feb. 12, 2013) 33 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 33 Total Accredited Capacity: 4439.14 MW
  • 34. Registered REC Projects (As on Feb. 12, 2013) 3434 Total Registered Capacity: 3372.60 MW
  • 35. Overview of REC Market 3535 More than 3 million RECs have been redeemed so far Saturating REC Market?
  • 36. REC Price Non Solar Solar Jan-12 3,051 - Feb-12 3,066 - Mar-12 2,900 - Apr-12 2,201 - May-12 2,402 13,000 Jun-12 2,402 12,750 Jul-12 2,000 12,800 Aug-12 1,500 12,850 Sep-12 1,500 12,500 Oct-12 1,500 12,680 Nov-12 1,500 12,720 Dec-12 1,500 12,620 Jan-13 1,500 12,500 36 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 36
  • 37. 37 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 37 Legal, Policy and Regulatory Framework for Development of Renewable Energy in India RPO Mechanism : Driver for RE Development REC Mechanism REC Trading: Experience so far Key Issues & Need for Modification to REC Framework Renewable Energy and Evolution of Market Models Contents
  • 38. 38 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 38 Key Issues & Need for Modification to REC Framework
  • 39. RPO Trajectory and Compliance • Improved frequency (Monthly/Quarterly) for RPO Compliance Monitoring and Reporting is necessary prior to ensuring enforcement for non-compliance. • Very few States have RPO trajectory beyond 2014. • Long term RPO trajectory covering tenure of at least 10 years (up to 2022) should be announced across States. • Despite applicability of RPO targets for captive/open access Users, its compliance status is not known in many States. Actions Required: A. Central govt. / MOP: Amendment to EA 2003 enacting penal provisions for Non- compliance of RPO targets B. FOR: Consensus on long term RPO targets at national level and State specific Differentiation. C. SERCs: To evolve long term (10 yr/15 yrs) RPO framework in line with NAPCC trajectories. 39 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 39 Key Issue 1/5
  • 40. Bankability of REC Mechanism • Currently, Trading in RECs is restricted to CERC approved organized trading platform. • As a result, generators are not able to assign / securitize RECs in favour of lenders which is necessary to raise money for new projects. • Lack of bilateral trade also hinders ability of distribution company to enter into long term purchase transactions • Bilateral transactions of the Renewable Energy Certificates should be encouraged. • Distribution licensees upon exceeding their RPO targets, may be allowed to participate in REC transactions for their surplus RECs. Actions Required: A. CERC: Modification of CERC REC Regulations enabling bilateral trade of RECs. B. FOR: Consensus on proposed Modifications to REC framework and Development of Model Agreements for bilateral REC trade. C. ERCs: Modification to State level RPO/REC Regulations. 40 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 40 Key Issue 2/5
  • 41. Long Term Visibility of Floor and Forbearance Price • CERC has addressed concern of regulatory certainty by specifying floor & forbearance price for 5 years (2012-17) • However, visibility to cover at least debt service period is desirable. • CERC may specify continuation of floor and forbearance for 10 to 20 years in principle, but values to be fixed periodically, say every five years Actions Required: • CERC: Order on in-principle approval of formulation for determination of Long term Floor Price / Forbearance 4141 Non Solar REC Solar REC Forbearance Price 3300 13400 Floor Price 1500 9300 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 Key Issue 3/5
  • 42. Multiple Trading of RE Certificates • Under the present REC Mechanism, as soon as the transaction takes place at the power exchange, RECs are redeemed. • No role for intermediaries which typically play a role of the market makers. • Banks/ lenders cannot acquire and then sell RECs • Multiple trading of RECs should be permitted. It should be mandatory to register every trade with the Registry. Actions Required: A. CERC: Modification of CERC REC Regulations enabling multiple trade of RECs B. FOR: Consensus on proposed Modifications to REC framework. C. SERCs: Modification to State level RPO/REC Regulations. 42 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 42 Key Issue 4/5
  • 43. APPC Determination: Uniformity at State Level • Consistent approach for determination of APPC and timely notification of APPC by SERCs is desired. • Standard Contracting Arrangement for power procurement by DISCOMs under REC mechanism. • Conducive framework for Captive/Open Access models participating in REC. Actions Required: A. CERC: Modification of CERC REC Regulations specifying pricing methodology for APPC determination B. FOR: Consensus on proposed Modifications to REC framework. C. SERCs: Modification to State level RPO/REC Regulations and timely determination of APPC along with Annual ARR exercise. 43 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 43 Key Issue 5/5
  • 44. Thank you for you attention… 44 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 44 Climate Connect info@climate-connect.com
  • 45. 45 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 45
  • 46. © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 46 REC Portfolio Management and Purchase of RECs Importance & Requirements Climate Connect News, Data & Knowledge Process Outsourcing
  • 47. REC Portfolio Management • REC Portfolio Management is just like our Investment Portfolio. • The ideal Portfolio is one which we can assume maximum of returns. • The same concept lies here. 47 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 47 MAXIMISE PROFIT
  • 48. 48 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 48 March 30, 2011 India witnesses First Ever trade of REC !! Much hyped India-Pak Cricket World Cup semi-final
  • 49. REC Mechanism and Structuring Sale of Electricity for Benefit Maximization • Now as we all know REC Mechanism provides few options to RE Generators to structure their electricity sale to maximise profit. • Structuring the sale of electricity can play an important role in maximizing the benefits of a particular project. • A Renewable Energy Generator can have multiple options to manage electricity sale. • Each option has its own advantages and limitations. 49 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 49
  • 50. REC Mechanism and Structuring Sale of Electricity for Benefit Maximization … • The options can be listed out as:  Sale to DISCOM at Preferential Tariff PPA with a DISCOM is a very basic option which can assure guaranteed ROI over a longer duration. This can be a benchmark to evaluate other options against.  Sale to DISCOM at Average Power Purchase Cost Sale to DISCOM at Average Power Purchase Cost can assure a guaranteed return with an additional income from GBI, but the tariff is low when compared to the preferential tariff. This drop in tariff can be compensated by additional revenue from RECs. 50 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 50
  • 51. Third Party Sale/ Open Access Detailed analysis is required while going for Third Party Sale or Open Access as this may involve higher risks and other applicable charges as well. The charges may include Transmission Loss, Transmission Charges, and wheeling Charges. Cross Subsidy charges may also be eligible and will have a considerable effect on the price if implemented. The advantage with Third party Sale/ Open access is that the tariff may be comparatively higher and the generator is allowed to avail RECs as well. 51 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 51
  • 52.  Captive/ Group Captive Consumption Most of the states allows RE generators to consume electricity generated as a captive consumption by paying nominal wheeling and banking charges (in case of wind/small hydro). As per CERC regulation, when RE generation is used for captive consumption and promotional benefits are availed (promotional wheeling and banking), RE generator becomes ineligible to participate in REC mechanism. 52 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 52
  • 53. 53 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 53 What to do?
  • 54. • A Trade off has to be made by the generator in selecting the option that can provide maximum benefits for the project. • Selecting an option just to avail RECs cannot provide maximum benefits for a project, but a strategic combination of one of the said options along with RECs can maximize the revenue for a project. • With REC mechanism and its compl`ex rules in place, detailed analysis and strategic planning is required by the generator before structuring the sale of electricity for any new or upcoming project. 54 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 54
  • 55. 55 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 55 Some Cases
  • 56. Option 1 Option 2 Wind Generator PPA with DISCOM@ Preferential Tariff PPA with DISCOM @ APPC Electricity Tariff 3.39 2.37 REC Benefits 0 1.5 GBI 0.5 0.5 Transmission Loss 0% 0.% Transmission Charges 0 0 Wheeling Charges 0 0 Cross-Subsidy 0 0 Banking Charges 0% 0% Net Realization (Rs./kWh) 3.89 4.37 Upside in % w.r.t. Otion-1 0.00% 12.34% 56 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 56
  • 57. Option 3 Option 4 Wind Generator Third Party Sale- if exercised Captive / Group Captive Consumption Electricity Tariff 3.75 3.75 REC Benefits 1.5 0 GBI 0 0.5 Transmission Loss 7.25% 5% Transmission Charges 0.116 0 Wheeling Charges 0.1474 0 Cross-Subsidy 0 0 Banking Charges 5% 5% Net Realization (Rs./kWh) 4.50 3.93 Upside in % w.r.t. Otion-1 15.69% 1.06% 57 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 57
  • 58. 58 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 58 Overview of REC Accreditation, Registration and Issuance
  • 59. © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 59 c Procedure
  • 60. 60 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 60 Fees and Charges
  • 61. 61 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 61
  • 62. © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 62 REC in Sustainable Reporting Climate Connect News, Data & Knowledge Process Outsourcing
  • 63. • The Renewable Energy Certificates can be used to fulfill the sustainability obligations by central and state government enterprises. • According to a directive by the Ministry of Heavy Industries, the central and state enterprises can purchase RECs against their obligation to invest in renewable energy projects. • Additionally, the certificates can also be used for carbon offsetting purposes. The certificate, however, cannot simultaneously be used for both these obligations. • Currently, four entities have been registered as voluntary buyers of RECs at the Indian Energy Exchange. 63 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 63
  • 64. • Renewable Energy Certificates are the green attributes that allow companies, organizations and individuals to offset their carbon footprints without investing capital into generation capacities. Thus, purchasing RECs is the cheapest way to “Go Green”. • To ensure the RECs are truly reflecting the green or environmental attributes of power, CERC has issued regulations giving how these generators are accredited, registered and issued certificates. 64 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 64
  • 65. What is the cost of REC purchase? 65 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 65 • Registration Fees: Annual client registration fees waived for first 100 voluntary Clients registered during the FY 12-13. • REC Price: Discovered at IEX platform within the floor and forbearance price fixed by CERC. The range is mentioned below: Non Solar REC - Rs 1,500/REC – Rs 3,300/REC Solar REC - Rs 9,300/REC – Rs 13,400/REC IEX Transaction Fee: Rs 20/REC. Member Service Fee: As mutually agreed
  • 66. Let’s buy RECs & pave way for a better, greener world 66 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 66
  • 67. Thank you for you attention… 67 © Climate Connect London | New Delhi 13 February 2013 67 Climate Connect info@climate-connect.com