Wales

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Wales

  1. 1. Universidad Autónoma de Chiapas Escuela de Lenguas Campus Tuxtla Licenciatura en la Enseñanza del Inglés Arte y cultura contemporánea English speaking countries WALES Toledo, Sandra
  2. 2. Table of contents Introduction 1. General facts 2. National symbols 3. National anthem 4. History 5. Languages 6. Arts & Culture 7. Food 8. Celebrations 9. Education 10. The Welsh Conclusion References
  3. 3. Introduction The following project is about one of the speaking countries that is part of the United Kingdom in Europe, Wales. The purpose of this project is to give a general overview about this country so we can learn its culture and interesting facts. It is important to remember that English is not only spoken in England but also in other many countries such as Wales, that is why we should know more about those countries and be aware that there is a lot of different cultures involved in English language.
  4. 4. General facts Capital City: Cardiff Other major cities: Swansea, Newport, Wrexham First Minister for Wales: Carwyn Jones Population:3,063,758 (Stats Wales 2011) Currency: Pound Sterling (£) Anthem: Hen Wlad fy Nhadau / Land of my fathers
  5. 5. National Symbols The Leek The Welsh flag The Daffodil The Prince of Wales Feathers The harp
  6. 6. National Anthem Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau (translated in English as ‘Land of my Fathers’) is Wales’ National anthem. It was written in 1856 by Evan James and his son, James James, from Pontypridd in Glamorgan. It is traditionally sung before national sporting events. English Translation - Land of My Fathers This land of my fathers is dear to me Land of poets and singers, and people of stature Her brave warriors, fine patriots Shed their blood for freedom Chorus: Land! Land! I am true to my land! As long as the sea serves as a wall for this pure, dear land May the language endure for ever. Old land of the mountains, paradise of the poets, Every valley, every cliff a beauty guards; Through love of my country, enchanting voices will be Her streams and rivers to me. Chorus Though the enemy have trampled my country underfoot, The old language of the Welsh knows no retreat, The spirit is not hindered by the treacherous hand Nor silenced the sweet harp of my land. Chorus • ..DownloadsWelsh anthem (Land of my fathers).mp4
  7. 7. History 1000 BC The story of Wales begins with the Celts. The Celts began migrating from their central European homeland around 1000 BC. 48AD The recorded history of Wales begins with the arrival of the Romans on Welsh borders. At that time people spoke a Celtic language – Brythonic, the language that would eventually evolve into Welsh. 1400 Charismatic national hero Owain Glyndŵr begins his rebellion against King Henry IV to establish an independent Wales. 1997 The Welsh public votes yes to the establishment of the National Assembly for Wales, allowing Wales to become a distinct constitutional entity within the UK for the first time in 40 years. 1955 Cardiff is officially declared capital of Wales. Cardiff is Europe's youngest capital city. 1536 The first Act of Union was passed between England and Wales. Wales becomes united politically with England and is governed by English law.
  8. 8. Languages English 81% Welsh 19% Our Celtic language is closely related to Cornish and Breton and is one of Europe’s oldest living languages
  9. 9. Arts & Culture Artes Mundi The Roald Dahl Matilda and Charlie and The Chocolate Factory Dylan Thomas His play “under milk wood” Prize is held here every two years and is one of the largest visual art prizes in the world. The international prize celebrates and recognizes artists across the globe. The National Museum in Cardiff
  10. 10. Food Laverbread not actually bread at all but seaweed, is often fried into crisp patties with eggs, bacon and fresh cockles for a traditional Welsh breakfast. Welsh cakes a type of scone cooked on a stovetop griddle. Bara Brith (which translates as speckled bread), a wonderful sticky fruitcake smothered in butter.
  11. 11. Celebrations St. Stephen’s Day or Boxing day New Year’s Eve Feast of Epiphany Pancake day Sunday of flowers
  12. 12. Education Education in Wales is compulsory between the ages of 5 to 16 and we have about 1900 state schools offering free education to more than 470,000 pupils. Another 65,000 students between 16 and 19 are in vocational training in further education institutions. A significant number of students all over Wales are educated either wholly or largely through the medium of Welsh and lessons in the language are compulsory for all until the age of 16. Welsh medium education is available to all age groups from nursery through to schools, colleges, universities and adult education. Today the student population in Wales is large and diverse; there are 10 universities and 17 further education colleges and institutions. We have around 250,000 learners studying at further education institutions per year.
  13. 13. Welsh people • The Welsh are famous for singing and talking and are noticeably more open and friendly than most of the English. They tend to be quite direct, especially in Swansea and Cardiff, but are quieter and more pacific out in the sticks. • If you travel from north to south Wales, you may become aware of a cultural ‘north-south divide’ between the ‘Hwntws’ of the south and the ‘Gogs’ of north Wales. • A Welsh male voice choir is a unique sound and a real part of the local culture. • The average Welshman (or woman) is much more romantic than their English counterpart and are much more open and forthcoming – if they fancy you, they’ll say so (and also if they don’t!). • A good souvenir from Wales would be a traditional Welsh ‘lovespoon’ as carved by a farmhand for his fair maid in days gone by.
  14. 14. Conclusion The importance of this work was to point out the relevance of Wales as one of the English speaking countries. I learned that English is spoken there but people want to preserve their identity and traditions by speaking Welsh which is one of the oldest languages in the world. This presentation helped me to enrich my own culture as well as my general knowledge. As English teachers we might be asked to talk about English speaking countries so it is useful to have some knowledge about them so we can satisfy our students curiosity .
  15. 15. Activity Nivel: Básico /Pre-escolar CAMPO FORMATIVO: CAMPO SÉMANTICO: Exploración y conocimiento del Cultura y vida social mundo DESARROLLO DE LA COMPETENCIA Distingue algunas expresiones de la cultura propia y de otras, y muestra respeto hacia la diversidad. DESARROLLO DE LA ACTIVIDAD El maestro mostrará a los alumnos la bandera de Gales y les explicara el significado de la misma. Luego, se les dará a los niños un dibujo del dragón para colorear y después recortar para armar el dragón. MATERIALES TIEMPO Hojas de trabajo Colores Tijeras 20 minutos
  16. 16. References • http://www.britannia.com/wales/culture2.html • http://www.wales.com/en/content/cms/English/About_Wales /Wales_Fact_File/Wales_Fact_File.aspx • http://www.roadjunky.com/guide/britain-uk-travelguide/welsh-people-and-culture/

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