Universidad Autonóma de Chiapas Escuela de Lenguas Tuxtla Licenciatura en la Enseñanza del Inglés Diseño de Programas de Inglés como Lengua Extranjera 7th semesterLizbeth de la Cruz & Sandra Toledo
Skill is a specific waythat combines structuraland functional abilitybut exits independentlyor specific settings orsituations.
FOUR SKILLSThey are channels or modes for using and understanding the language Writin g Reading They are called the macro skills of language
It involves learning the sub-skills that enable one to be proficient in each skill.skill based syllabus: When one or more of the four skills is the organizing principle for a syllabus it means that the emphasis is on learning the skill itself, as distinct from using the skill for another purpose.Skill based instruction is also
The ability to use language in specific ways (settings and registers) is partially dependent on general language ability and based on experience and the need for specific skills
Skill-based syllabi have been used in language for specific purposes (LSP) Skill- or competency-based syllabi are also becoming widely used in adult education ESL programs, especially programs for emigrants and refugees.
One example of skill-based syllabus is used in advanced-level reading coursefor students preparing for higher education: Guessing vocabulary from Restatement of context informational content Scanning of non-prose More inference work material More affix work Reading for the main idea More restatement Using affixes as clues to More inference meaning Analysis of paragraph Inferencing structure More scanning of non- More affix work prose material Critical reading skills Summarizing readings Using context clues More work on affixes Using expectations Dictionary work
ADVANTAGES OF SKILL BASED SYLLABI It is useful when learners need to master specific types of language uses. It is possible to predict at least what the students will need. Relevance to student felt needs or wants. Because learners who know what they need to do with the language generally show great acceptance of instruction that is clearly directed toward their goals
DISADVANTAGES OF SKILL BASED SYLLABI The degree to which ability to perform specific tasks in a language is dependent on or independent of overall language proficiency. It can be argued that teaching specific skills also addresses general language proficiency. The more specialized and narrowly defined the instruction. The more unlikely it is to enhance overall proficiency.
APPLICATIONS It is most appropriate when learners need specific skills. Skill based instruction is probably more appropriate for adults than for children. Children may need a combination of skill and content work to help develop their cognitive and academic language ability. Skill based instruction is not appropriate, in large amounts.
References Graves K. (2000) Designing Language Courses: A Guide for Teachers. Heinle & Heinle. USA. Krahnke, K.(1987) Approaches to syllabus design for foreign language teaching. Prentice-Hall.USA. Richards, J. (2006) Communicative Language Teaching Today. CUP. UK. Content of Thesis (2011, September) A skill-based syllabus Retrieved September 25, 2012, from http://es.scribd.com/doc/65469673/7/A-skill-based- syllabus