Indian Textile & Garments
The history of textiles in India dates back to the use of
mordant dyes and printing blocks around 3000 BC.
The diversity of fibers found in India, intricate
weaving on its state-of art manual looms and its
organic dyes attracted buyers from all over the
world for centuries.
Independent India saw the building up of textile
capabilities, diversification of its product base, and
its emergence, once again, as an important global
Today the textile and garments industry plays a
significant role in the economy.
It is one of the largest and the most important sectors
of Indian economy in terms of output, foreign
exchange earnings and employment.
The sector employs 35 million persons. Of this, textile
segment alone accounts for 29 million and the
clothing industry accounts for the remaining 6 million
In fact it is the second largest employer in the
economy after agriculture.
It contributes nearly 20 per cent to the country’s total
TYPES OF TEXTTILE IN INDIA
JUTE TEXTILES - WEST BENGAL
SILK TEXTILES - ANDHRA PRADESH, KARNATAKA AND
COTTON TEXTILES - ALL PARTS OF THE COUNTRY.
SYNTHETIC AND WOOLLEN TEXTILES -
MAHARASHTRA, GUJARAT, PUNJAB, HARYANA,
MADHYA PRADESH AND UTTAR PRADESH.
IT IS THE LARGEST PRODUCER OF JUTE, SECOND
LARGEST PRODUCER OF SILK, THIRD LARGEST
PRODUCER OF COTTON AND CELLULOSE FIBRE
/YARN AND FIFTH LARGEST PRODUCER OF
SYNTHETIC FIBRES /YARNS.
Textiles and Garments Clusters in India
There are more than 70 textiles and clothing clusters
in India comprising about 80% of total production.
There are 39 power loom clusters and 13 readymade
garment clusters in India. Bhiwandi and Malegaon
are the two largest power loom clusters.
The major readymade garments clusters are located
in Delhi, Mumbai, Gurgaon, Nagpur, Madurai and
Salem with annual turnover for more than Rs. 1500
crore in 2009.
The state of Maharashtra has 10 textile clusters.
The other major states in terms of number
of clusters are Tamil Nadu, Andhra
Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Uttar
Pradesh having 7 cluster each.
CURRENT TEXTILES & CLOTHING
a)Trend during the period 2011-12
In rupee terms, during 2011-12 (P) there has been a
surge in exports of Handloom product (68.51%), Coir
& Coir Manufactures (40.49%), Cotton Textiles
(37.23%), Man-made textiles (25.99%), RMG (24.80%),
Wool & Woolen textile (20.97%) and Jute (4.72%).
In US$ terms the surge during 2011-12 (P) registered
in Handloom product (60.09%), Coir & Coir
Manufactures (33.46%), Wool & Woolen textile
(14.93%), Man-made textiles (19.69%), RMG (18.56%),
Cotton Textiles (30.37%) and Jute (-0.52).
b) Latest Trend during the period 2012-13
The total textile exports during 2012-13 (P) were
valued at Rs 172494.71 crore as against Rs 159570.55
crore during the financial year 2011-12, registering
an increase of 8.10 percent in rupee terms.
In US dollar terms, the same was valued at
US$31705.53 million (2012-13, P) as against
US$33310.21 million during the corresponding period
of financial year 2011-12 registering a decline of
Top 10 exporters of textiles & clothing
in the world in calendar year 2011
TEXTILES EXPORTS 2012-13
The targets for textiles exports for
2012-13 initially set at USD 38 billion
Have been revised upwards to USD
39.60 billion, following the Foreign
Trade Policy Annual Supplement in
Exports targets fixed and achieved during
the last three years : Sector and item-wise
EXPORT PROMOTION MEASURES
The Government has been continually supporting
the textiles exports sector through various provisions
of the Foreign Trade Policy and the other policy
initiatives to enable the sector to increase market
share in the global textiles markets.
Incremental Export Incentivisation Scheme was
announced on 26.12.12 for the exports made during
January 2013 to March 2013.
This scheme is available for exports made to USA, EU
and Asia. This scheme has now been extended for
the year 2013-14.
Fifty three countries of Latin America and Africa
have been added with the objective to increase
India’s share in these markets.