Learning styles are various approaches or ways of learning. Learning style enables learning to beorientated according to t...
According to Kolb learning styles Miss Shazia prefer learning by feeling and Observing.According to analysis she is doing ...
TemperamentNAME               SANGUINE MELANCHOLY              CHOLERIC       PHLEGMATICMiss Shazia        Yes          No...
NAME                  OBSERVING         DOING        THINKING        FEELING            STYLEM.Sulman              No     ...
•    A person with this style seems to do best in those situations where there is a single          correct solution to a ...
3. Case studyThe third working professional for study is chosen Mr. Usman age is 38.He has done MBA anddoing business(wash...
•   They are attracted to new challenges and experiences, and to carrying out plans    •   People with an Accommodating le...
He should take time to make decisions, rather than make it in hurry. He should lead to others inproper way not to push oth...
They learn through observing and thinking .These are some pros and cons of this style according to Kolb Pros       •   Eff...
According to her learning style he does not focus only on making logical plans he also focus onimplementation of those log...
He has highest scores in Abstract Conceptualization (AC) and Active Experimentation (AE). Kolb called this style Convergin...
RecommendationsAccording to her learning style she shouldn’t make the wrong decisions, because of any wrongor hasty decisi...
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Assignment srw

  1. 1. Learning styles are various approaches or ways of learning. Learning style enables learning to beorientated according to the preferred method. That said, everyone responds to and needs thestimulus of all types of learning styles to one extent or another - its a matter of using emphasisthat fits best with the given situation and a persons learning style preferences.These case studies help us to understand that how working professionals learn from differentexperiences, situations. Learning styles inventory is a tool made up of learning stylequestionnaire that helps to evaluate how individuals learn and process information.Kolb’s experiential learning theoryKolb has described four basic learning styles: accommodator, assimilator, diverger, andconverger. Each learning style is a combination of two of the four learning modes: Concreteexperiences, reflective observation, abstract conceptualization, and active experimentation. 1. Case studyThe first working professional for study is chosen Miss Shazia her age is 30. She is M. Phil inEnglish and doing job in Forman Christian College as lecturer and her desire is to complete PhDand work as professor.NAME OBSERVING DOING THINKING FEELING STYLEMiss. Shazia Yes No No Yes Diverger 15 10 10
  2. 2. According to Kolb learning styles Miss Shazia prefer learning by feeling and Observing.According to analysis she is doing her job with full interest and passion and she is an expert inher field. She has teaching skills and the ability to make the material interesting and relevant tostudents, and has ability to communicate her knowledge and expertise to their students. Shedirectly interacts with students and helping them to solve problems and encourage classparticipation.According to Kolb no learning style is perfect. Divergent learners tend to be very creative andopen minded. For teaching profession it is good style. Hudsons work on this learning styleshows that diverger is interested in people. She is studying communication and English so shehas to involve students in different activities which enhance their communication skills. So herlearning style matches with the profession she is doing like being a teacher she has to listen thestudents with open mind, tend to gather information about her subject as well as students.Diverger (feeling and watching - CE/RO)Kolb called this style Diverging because these people perform better in situations that requireideas-generation. These are some pros and cons of this style according to KolbPros: • These people are able to look at things from different perspectives • They are sensitive • Tend to gather information and use imagination to solve problems • They are best at viewing concrete situations several different viewpoints • They Brainstorm • People with a Diverging learning style have broad cultural interests and like to gather information. • They are interested in people, tend to be imaginative and emotional • People with the Diverging style prefer to work in groups, to listen with an open mind and to receive personal feedback.Cons • They prefer to watch rather than do • Often miss opportunities
  3. 3. TemperamentNAME SANGUINE MELANCHOLY CHOLERIC PHLEGMATICMiss Shazia Yes No No NoBig Five ModelNAME Adjustment Surgency Openness Agreeableness ConscientiousnessMiss Weak High High High LowShazia Adjustment surgency openness Agreeableness ConscientiousnessConclusionAfter the analysis of the case the person Miss. Shazia falls in diverger learning style.Characteristics of her job that she is doing are according to the learning style. She has fullknowledge of her subject and she can reach her desire position in her expected time period.According to temperament she is SANGUINE she is lively and talkative. She has deep concernedin her work.RecommendationShe mostly spends her time on observation but being a lecturer she has to practically involvewith the students and solve their problems. Different situations and learning environmentsrequire different learning strategies, so Miss Shazia can improve her learning by knowing whather weaknesses are and trying to enhance her skills in these areas. She is somewhat careless somust focus on that attitude. 2. Case StudyThe second working professional for study is chosen M.Sulman Ashraf his age is 31. He hasdone CA and doing job in Millat Tractors as internal auditor and her desire is open up aconsultancy firm and work as external auditor.
  4. 4. NAME OBSERVING DOING THINKING FEELING STYLEM.Sulman No Yes Yes No convergerAshraf 9 16 14 11According to Kolb learning styles M.Sulman Ashraf prefer learning by thinking and doing.According to analysis he is doing his job with full concentration and he is an expert in his field.He has ability to communicate the problem, knowledge about the subjects, mainly accounts, taxand laws. Besides the subjects he has sense of humor (we all think it is waste, but it’s really inmatter, because chartered accountant plays as a leader’s job).Being Chartered accountants he provides trustworthy information about financial records to hisorganization. He involves in financial reporting, taxation, auditing, corporate finance, businessrecovery and insolvency, or accounting systems and processes. Generally, he plays a strategicrole by providing professional advice, aiming to maximize profitability on behalf of hisemployer.According to Kolb no learning style is best. Learners whose learning style is converger learn bestthrough actively participate in situation. These learners like to find practical solutions toproblems. They look for a single answer to a problem. They like working on technical projectsmore than working on social issues or interpersonal relationships. According to Kolbs theory,they do well with finding solutions to problems. The skills that converger learners possess arethose that are important in specialist careers. This learning style matches with the jobcharacteristics that M.Sulman Ashraf is doing.CONVERGERHe has highest scores in Abstract Conceptualization (AC) and Active Experimentation (AE).Kolb called this style Converging because these people perform better in situations that requiredecision making. These are some pros and cons of this style according to KolbPros • This persons greatest strength lies in the practical application of ideas.
  5. 5. • A person with this style seems to do best in those situations where there is a single correct solution to a problem is required. • Research on this style of learning shows that Converger is relatively unemotional, preferring to deal with things rather than people • Likes decision-making, problem-solving Cons • Sometimes make wrong decisions • Can conduct error while calculations Temperament NAME SANGUINE MELANCHOLY CHOLERIC PHLEGMATIC M.Sulman No Yes No No Ashraf Big Five ModelNAME Adjustment Surgency Openness Agreeableness ConscientiousnessM.Sulman strong low low High HighAshraf Adjustment surgency openness Agreeableness Conscientiousness Conclusion After the analysis of the case it is concluded that M.Sulman Ashraf falls in converger learning style. The characteristics of his job are match to his learning style, as a MELANCHOLY he is analytical, organized, passionate. He seeks practical view of information and focuses more on decision making and problem solving. Recommendations According to his learning style he shouldn’t make the wrong decisions, he should plan properly before implementation. He must focus on work while doing it because any wrong results can cause problems for him as well as organizations.
  6. 6. 3. Case studyThe third working professional for study is chosen Mr. Usman age is 38.He has done MBA anddoing business(wash room accessories) and his desire is to expand his business.NAME OBSERVING DOING THINKING FEELING STYLEMr. Usman No Yes No Yes Accommodator 11 14 9 16According to Kolb learning styles Mr. Usman prefer learning by feeling and doing. According toanalysis he is doing his business with full devotion. He has planning skill so he plans hisbusiness well according to changing environment. He has ability to convince his customer. Hehas knowledge about bookkeeping, invoicing, maintaining the flow of cash, negotiation of termsof credits.According to Kolb accommodator tend to be more of a risk taker than people with the other threelearning styles are. They adapt themselves to specific immediate circumstances. In situationswhere the plans do not fit the facts, they will most likely reject the plan. The accommodator is atease with people, but is sometimes seen as impatient and aggressive. The accommodatorseducational background is often in technical or practical fields such as business. This learningstyle matches with characteristics of business which Mr. Usman is doing.Accommodating (doing and feeling - CE/AE)Accommodator learners like working with other people in groups. The Kolbs also suggest thatpeople with this learning style often do well in sales careers. These are some pros and cons ofthis style according to KolbPros • This learning style is prevalent and useful in roles requiring action and initiative
  7. 7. • They are attracted to new challenges and experiences, and to carrying out plans • People with an Accommodating learning style prefer to work in teams to complete tasks • They set targets and actively work in the field trying different ways to achieve an objective • They are willing to take risk • likes to start and complete projects Cons • People with an Accommodating learning style will tend to rely on others for information than carry out their own analysis • They commonly act on gut instinct rather than logical analysis Temperament NAME SANGUINE MELANCHOLY CHOLERIC PHLEGMATIC Mr. Usman No No No Yes Big Five ModelNAME Adjustment Surgency Openness Agreeableness ConscientiousnessMr. Usman Strong low High High low Adjustment surgency openness Agreeableness Conscientiousness Conclusion As a result of analysis it is concluded that he prefer learning by doing and feeling. He is hard working person he can do everything easily. He likes to work in team and involve all employees in new project. Being PHLEGMATIC he has administrative ability, patience. Recommendations
  8. 8. He should take time to make decisions, rather than make it in hurry. He should lead to others inproper way not to push others. He must conduct logical analysis on every project rather thanmake decisions based only on feelings. 4. Case studyThe fourth working professional for study is chosen Mr. AbdulRehman. His age is 31. He hasdone MBA in marketing and doing job comfort knitwear Pvt. ltd. as assistant marketingmanager. And his desire is to work as marketing manager.NAME OBSERVING DOING THINKING FEELING STYLEMr. Yes No Yes No AssimilatorAbdulRehman 13 12 16 9According to Kolb learning styles Mr. AbdulRehman prefer learning by thinking and observing.According to analysis he is doing his job with full attention. He has ability to analyze data andcome up with information and actionable plans to grow a business. He has thoroughunderstanding of end user requirements. He has Strong market analysis skills. He has strongcommunication, negotiation and influencing skills to his team members. He has full knowledgeabout his job.According to Kolb the assimilators dominant learning abilities are AC and RO. Their greateststrength lies in their ability to create plans. For him it is more important that the plan is logicallysound and practical. According to analysis his job characteristics are not properly matched withthe learning style. Because marketing managers require practical implementation of plan aftermaking a plan, and if he does not execute a plan well then organization can bear losses. And theyhave to deal with the people and convince them. He must have understanding about customerstaste and priorities. But these characteristics are missing in Kolb learning style.Assimilating (observing and thinking - AC/RO)
  9. 9. They learn through observing and thinking .These are some pros and cons of this style according to Kolb Pros • Effective understanding of a wide range of problems • The Assimilating learning preference is for a logical approach • These people require good clear explanation • They excel at understanding wide-ranging information and organizing it • They more interested in logical ideas Cons • People with this style are more attracted to logically sound plan than approaches based on practical value. • People with an Assimilating learning style are less focused on people Temperament NAME SANGUINE MELANCHOLY CHOLERIC PHLEGMATIC Mr. No Yes No No AbdulRehman Big Five ModelNAME Adjustment Surgency Openness Agreeableness ConscientiousnessMr. Weak High low High HighAbdulRehman Adjustment surgency openness Agreeableness Conscientiousness Conclusion After the analysis of the case it is concluded that Mr. AbdulRehman falls in assimilator learning style. The characteristics of his job does not properly matched to his learning style, as a MELANCHOLY he is analytical; organizes work. He has effective understanding of a wide range of problems but slow in implementation. Recommendations
  10. 10. According to her learning style he does not focus only on making logical plans he also focus onimplementation of those logical plans. Because marketing job require continuously focus on newmarketing trends and managers have to move accordingly and fulfill customer needs. 5. Case StudyThe working professional for study is chosen Miss Mehwish her age is 28. She has done MSC-ITand doing job in innovation a software house as programmer. Her desire is to work in amultinational organization.NAME OBSERVING DOING THINKING FEELING STYLEMiss. Mehwish No Yes Yes No converger 10 15 14 11According to Kolb learning styles Miss Mehwish prefer learning by thinking and doing.According to analysis she is doing his job with full attention. She has ability to rememberbecause there are a lot of things to remember while programming: the syntax of the language, theset of prewritten functions. She has Ability to test because testing is more critical to the overallsuccess of the application. She has problem solving and analytical skills she is creative enoughfor writing a program. She has full knowledge on her subject.According to Kolb no learning style is best. Learners whose learning style is converger learn bestthrough actively participate in situation. These learners like to find practical solutions toproblems. They look for a single answer to a problem. They like working on technical projectsmore than working on social issues or interpersonal relationships. According to Kolbs theory,they do well with finding solutions to problems. The skills that converger learners possess arethose that are important in specialist careers. This learning style matches with the jobcharacteristics that Miss Mehwish is doing. Because she has to make programs and find solutionif problem occur in program.CONVERGER
  11. 11. He has highest scores in Abstract Conceptualization (AC) and Active Experimentation (AE). Kolb called this style Converging because these people perform better in situations that require decision making. These are some pros and cons of this style according to Kolb Pros • This persons greatest strength lies in the practical application of ideas. • A person with this style seems to do best in those situations where there is a single correct solution to a problem is required. • Research on this style of learning shows that Converger is relatively unemotional, preferring to deal with things rather than people • Likes decision-making, problem-solving Cons • Sometimes make wrong and hasty decisions • Can conduct error Temperament NAME SANGUINE MELANCHOLY CHOLERIC PHLEGMATIC Miss Mehwish No No Yes No Big Five ModelNAME Adjustment Surgency Openness Agreeableness ConscientiousnessMiss Mehwish Strong High low High low Adjustment Surgency openness Agreeableness Conscientiousness Conclusion After the analysis of the case it is concluded that Miss.Mehwish sfalls in converger learning style. The characteristics of his job are match to her learning style, as a CHOLERIC she is goal oriented; delegates work, and organize well. She seeks practical view of information and focuses on problem solving.
  12. 12. RecommendationsAccording to her learning style she shouldn’t make the wrong decisions, because of any wrongor hasty decision the program will not run. She should plan properly before making any program.She must focus on work while doing it because any wrong results can cause problems for him aswell as organization.

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