Simple Pastvs. Present  PerfectWhen do we use each tense in English?
Use the simple    Use the presentpast for action   perfect forthat happened     action thatin the past and   started in th...
 The   simple past always refers to an action or situation that is finished. The   present perfect connects the  past an...
Compare the meaning of these two  sentences:1. Sara lived in Boston for 5 years.2. Sara has lived in Boston for 5   years.
Sara lived in Boston for 5 years.Meaning: by using the simple pasttense, we mean that Sara startedliving in Boston 5 years...
Sara has lived in Boston for 5 years. Meaning: by using the present perfect tense, we mean that Sara began living in Bosto...
 Use   the simple       Use   the present    past with time          perfect with    words like:             time words ...
Practice!     Choose the simple past or present perfect.1. When I was a child, I ________ (swim) a lot.2. So far this week...
Simple past present perfect tenth class
Simple past present perfect tenth class
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Simple past present perfect tenth class

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Simple past present perfect tenth class

  1. 1. Simple Pastvs. Present PerfectWhen do we use each tense in English?
  2. 2. Use the simple Use the presentpast for action perfect forthat happened action thatin the past and started in theis: past, but . . . over, done, is still truefinished! to the present.
  3. 3.  The simple past always refers to an action or situation that is finished. The present perfect connects the past and the present. It is used to show that an action or situation in the past-continues today, OR-might happen again
  4. 4. Compare the meaning of these two sentences:1. Sara lived in Boston for 5 years.2. Sara has lived in Boston for 5 years.
  5. 5. Sara lived in Boston for 5 years.Meaning: by using the simple pasttense, we mean that Sara startedliving in Boston 5 years ago . . .AND . . . then she moved!Now she lives in a different city,like Paris.Remember, the simple past is usedfor a situation that is over,finished, done!
  6. 6. Sara has lived in Boston for 5 years. Meaning: by using the present perfect tense, we mean that Sara began living in Boston 5 years ago . . .AND . . . she still lives there.Remember, present perfect:connects the past with the present.
  7. 7.  Use the simple  Use the present past with time perfect with words like: time words like:• Yesterday • recently/lately Monday • Since• last week • so far year week month, etc • this monthA year ago year, etc.• in 1990 (past date)
  8. 8. Practice! Choose the simple past or present perfect.1. When I was a child, I ________ (swim) a lot.2. So far this week, we ________ (study) a lot.3. Theo __________ (be) very sick recently.4. I _________ (have) a terrible headache yesterday.5. It ________ (rain) a lot lately.6. They _______ (get) married ten years ago.7. I ________ (go) to Balboa Park many times.8. My family ________ (take) a vacation last year.9. Today ____________(be) a hard day.10. He _____________ (drive) since 9H00.
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