Simple past present perfect tenth class
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  • 1. Simple Pastvs. Present PerfectWhen do we use each tense in English?
  • 2. Use the simple Use the presentpast for action perfect forthat happened action thatin the past and started in theis: past, but . . . over, done, is still truefinished! to the present.
  • 3.  The simple past always refers to an action or situation that is finished. The present perfect connects the past and the present. It is used to show that an action or situation in the past-continues today, OR-might happen again
  • 4. Compare the meaning of these two sentences:1. Sara lived in Boston for 5 years.2. Sara has lived in Boston for 5 years.
  • 5. Sara lived in Boston for 5 years.Meaning: by using the simple pasttense, we mean that Sara startedliving in Boston 5 years ago . . .AND . . . then she moved!Now she lives in a different city,like Paris.Remember, the simple past is usedfor a situation that is over,finished, done!
  • 6. Sara has lived in Boston for 5 years. Meaning: by using the present perfect tense, we mean that Sara began living in Boston 5 years ago . . .AND . . . she still lives there.Remember, present perfect:connects the past with the present.
  • 7.  Use the simple  Use the present past with time perfect with words like: time words like:• Yesterday • recently/lately Monday • Since• last week • so far year week month, etc • this monthA year ago year, etc.• in 1990 (past date)
  • 8. Practice! Choose the simple past or present perfect.1. When I was a child, I ________ (swim) a lot.2. So far this week, we ________ (study) a lot.3. Theo __________ (be) very sick recently.4. I _________ (have) a terrible headache yesterday.5. It ________ (rain) a lot lately.6. They _______ (get) married ten years ago.7. I ________ (go) to Balboa Park many times.8. My family ________ (take) a vacation last year.9. Today ____________(be) a hard day.10. He _____________ (drive) since 9H00.