Role of Non wood forest produce (NWFP) in providing livelihoods


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  • Role of Non wood forest produce (NWFP) in providing livelihoods

    1. 1. Role of NWFPs in the Sustainability of REDD+ ProjectsLivelihood Opportunitiesand Communitys Capacity BuildingBhomik ShahWWF-India
    2. 2. Agenda• REDD+: The Concept• Global Scenario This presentation has•W here India Stands experiences of 10 key REDD+• Carbon and NW FPs project countries and learning• Livelihood Opportunities from A/ CDM projects developed R• Sustainability of REDD+ on W F’s principles WProjects• Community Engagement
    3. 3. 1. How REDD+ can increase livelihood opportunities2. Linking climate change mitigation with livelihood generation3. Status of REDD+ projects at the global level Key4. How India can benefit from the experiences of the other countries5. Role of ANR and IFM in poverty alleviation under REDD+
    4. 4. The Concept REDD+REDDReducingemissions from DeforestationReduced emissions from Deforestation and Forest and Forest Degradation DegradationArea ≥ 0.05ha, Canopy Cover ≥ 10-15%, Tree Height 2m-5m60% 22% 09%
    5. 5. The Concept REDD+‘+’ in REDD+• Plantation as SMF REDD and• Conservation of Forests• Regeneration as ANR• Sustainable Management of Forests• Enhancement of Forest Carbon Stock
    6. 6. Global ScenarioUN-REDD: Support of US$ 125 million COP 17 at Durban: Forest Carbon Partnership Facility:(FAO, UNDP, UNEP) Climate Fund Mobilization of GreenUS$ 436 million pledgedThe nine initial UN-REDD Programme Finance Adaptation and Mitigation37 REDD countriespilot countries: REDD+ Efforts includingDR of Congo, Tanzania andhave submitted R-PPs 13 of these countries Zambia, Indonesia,PNG 144+ REDD+ Bolivia, Panama and agencies and Vietnam, initiatives by variousParaguay (November 2011)• Funding for four additional countries:Cambodia, Ecuador, the Philippines andSolomon Islands• 22 Observer countriesR-PPs: readiness preparation proposals Source:
    7. 7. The W FW F’s Guiding Principles W W of REDD+
    8. 8. “In future, whenever the REDD plus India’s incentives begin to flow, these will be transmitted from the Centre to StateGovernments and then to District level. The State Government and District level authorities will plan and manage the flows further down to the local communities.”• India is in favour of national level accounting• Fund based approach• REDD+ Cell
    9. 9. Traditional Activities-base in a village Legends Forest Jhum or Grassland Water Body River Agri-land Logging NWFPs Road Communities Fuel Wood
    10. 10. Carbon CreditstCO 2 CO2 storage Leakage Baseline Years
    11. 11. How REDD+ can be of help in better resource management Legends Forest A/R Regeneration Agri-land Pastures NWFP Fuel Wood
    12. 12. Bringing Science & Commerce to Communities
    13. 13. The Debate Carbon and NWFPs Carbon V/ NW s FPsA Forest-based mechanism succeeds only when it builds on the interests of the communities
    14. 14. An Example Livelihood In REDD+The Kasigau Corridor (Kenya) REDD Project:• Jojoba (S m im ondsia chinesis) Plantation inaddition to key REDD+ activities• One plant provides 10kg of seeds/ year• Market Price for communities US$ 1.11/ kg• One plant - INR 550/ year
    15. 15. For a 5000 ha REDD+ Project* * SustainabilitCarbon Revenue US$ 20/ha/Yr INR 1000/ha/YrCost US$ 6.5/ha/yr INR 325 ha/yrNWFPs Potential US$ 52/ha/Yr* INR 2600/ha/Yr(Conservative) *Can be as high as US$ 550 under improved Assumptions: management regime •Cost of capital@10% ** Study undergoing •NW FPs species @2% of the area review, hence not to be •1 US$ =INR 50 quoted •Crediting Period 30 Years
    16. 16. • Primary goal of REDD+ project may be ay‘climate change mitigation’ but it has to fit The Win with the broader objective of ‘co-benefitsto communities’• There is need to give enough space toregeneration and NW FPs collection underREDD+ regime• Holistic approach under REDD+ where  Conservation  Regeneration  Grazing Land  Agri-land  NW FPs  Fuel W ood and Timber
    17. 17. Thank you!Bhomik Shahbshah@wwfindia.net8860179180