H.D. Brown's Principles for Teaching Speaking Skills
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H.D. Brown's Principles for Teaching Speaking Skills

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From H.D. Brown's Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy, Third Edition (2007). I prepared this slideshow to help myself and my classmates remember these 7 principles......

From H.D. Brown's Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy, Third Edition (2007). I prepared this slideshow to help myself and my classmates remember these 7 principles for teachign speaking in a TESOL setting.

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  • 1. H. D. BROWN’S PRINCIPLES FOR TEACHING SPEAKING SKILLS Slides by Daniel Beck (aka SamuraiTheologian) samuraitheologian@gmail.com
  • 2. PRINCIPLE #1 Focus on both FLUENCY & ACCURACY depending on your objective ❋❋❋❋❋❋❋
  • 3. “ Make sure your tasks have a linguistic (language-based) objective, and seize the opportunity to help students to perceive and use the ” building blocks of language.
  • 4. PRINCIPLE #2 Provide INTRINSICALLY MOTIVATING techniques ❋❋❋❋❋❋❋
  • 5. “Appeal to students’ ultimate goals and interests, to their need for knowledge, for status, for achieving competence and autonomy … help them to see how the activity will benefit them.
  • 6. PRINCIPLE #3 Encourage the use of AUTHENTIC LANGUAGE in meaningful contexts ❋❋❋❋❋❋❋
  • 7. “It takes energy and creativity to devise authentic contexts and meaningful interaction, but with the help of a storehouse of teacher resource ” materials, it can be done.
  • 8. PRINCIPLE #4 Provide APPROPRIATE FEEDBACK and correction ❋❋❋❋❋❋❋
  • 9. “ It is important that you take advantage of your knowledge of English to inject the kinds of corrective feedback that are ” appropriate for the moment.
  • 10. PRINCIPLE #5 Capitalize on the NATURAL LINK between speaking and listening ❋❋❋❋❋❋❋
  • 11. “The two skills can reinforce each other. Skills in producing language are often initiated ” through comprehension.
  • 12. PRINCIPLE #6 Give students OPPORTUNITIES TO INITIATE oral communication ❋❋❋❋❋❋❋
  • 13. “ Part of oral communication competence is the ability to initiate conversations, to nominate topics, to ask questions, to control conversations, and to change the subject.
  • 14. PRINCIPLE #7 Encourage the DEVELOPMENT OF SPEAKING STRATEGIES ❋❋❋❋❋❋❋
  • 15. Speaking Strategies asking for clarification (what?) asking someone to repeat something (pardon me?) using fillers (uh, I mean) to get time to process using conversation maintenance cues (uh-huh, right, yeah, OK, Hmm) getting someone’s attention (hey, say, so) paraphrasing for structures one can’t produce appealing for assistance from the interlocutor using formulaic expressions using mime and non-verbal expressions
  • 16. Principles for Teaching Speaking Skills 1. Focus on both fluency and accuracy 2. Provide intrinsically motivating techniques 3. Encourage the use of authentic language 4. Provide appropriate feedback and correction 5. Capitalize on the natural link between speaking and listening 6. Give students opportunities to initiate oral communication 7. Encourage the development of speaking strategies
  • 17. H. D. BROWN’S PRINCIPLES FOR TEACHING SPEAKING SKILLS Slides by Daniel Beck (aka SamuraiTheologian) samuraitheologian@gmail.com