Gladstone And Ireland

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Gladstone And Ireland

  1. 1. GLADSTONE AND IRELAND
  2. 2. GLADSTONE’S MISSION <ul><li>Forced an election in 1868 on the issue of disestablishment of Church of Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Made Irish reform one of his key issues </li></ul><ul><li>“My mission is to pacify Ireland” </li></ul>
  3. 3. GLADSTONE’S MISSION <ul><li>Probability that Fenian outrages had contributed to Gladstone’s decision </li></ul><ul><li>“ They brought home to the popular mind…the vast importance of the Irish controversy” </li></ul><ul><li>He felt the outrages made the British public more amenable to Irish reform </li></ul>
  4. 4. GLADSTONE’S MISSION <ul><li>Concern with justice and truth </li></ul><ul><li>Convinced that the position of the Church of Ireland was untenable </li></ul><ul><li>Saw disestablishmentarianism as a means of uniting divided Liberal party and wresting political initiative from Disraeli </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE IRISH CHURCH ACT 1869
  6. 6. THE IRISH CHURCH ACT 1869 <ul><li>The case for reform was unanswerable </li></ul><ul><li>Links between church and state to be broken </li></ul><ul><li>Tithes no longer to be paid by all Irishmen </li></ul><ul><li>Disendowment: some money for church pensions and some for secular purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Solved the major religious grievance of most RCs </li></ul><ul><li>Made little practical difference to the lives of the majority </li></ul>
  7. 7. FIRST IRISH LAND ACT <ul><li>Gladstone acknowledged the need to give more economic security to tenant farmers </li></ul><ul><li>First Land Act a failure: “was a remedy for a disease that was not seriously affecting Ireland in 1870” </li></ul><ul><li>Had a symbolic significance---Gladstone’s determination to help Irish Catholics </li></ul><ul><li>This, along with release of Fenian prisoners, lulled Gladstone into a false sense of security that he had earned the gratitude of the Irish </li></ul>
  8. 8. ORIGINS OF HOME RULE <ul><li>1870 Butt founded Home Rule Association </li></ul><ul><li>1873 became the Home Rule League with its programme widened to include issues such as tenant right </li></ul><ul><li>1874 The HRL won 59 parliamentary seats </li></ul>

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