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S093H1.ppt

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  • 1. M.D., P.A., P.T., O.T., OH MY! Which Pre Health Options Are Right For Your Students?
    • WELCOME!
    • Your Facilitators :
    • Melissa Jones & Jeff Morales
      • U niversity of F lorida
  • 2. So your student would like to have a career in health care…
    • Fantastic!
    • They are attending a great institution
    • Strong faculty
    • Committed staff members who want to see them succeed
    • Excellent peer group
    • Numerous campus resources
  • 3. Should becoming an M.D. be the only career path that they can plan for?
    • NO!
  • 4. Reasons not to pursue a career in medicine:
    • They want to play god
    • Grey’s Anatomy &
    • company
    • Roommate/Campus culture
    • “ It’s the best career”
    • $$$
    • Moving beyond:
    • “ I want to help people”
    • “ I have wanted this since
    • I can remember.”
  • 5. Their parents want them to. They want to make their parents proud.
    • “ I don't know if I was a natural. I did practice. I just had fun.
    • I never had pressure from my parents to play the game.
    • They were always very supportive and they helped me and things worked out pretty well.” - Camilo Villegas
    • (Pro golfer & UF grad)
  • 6. Why do some M.D. aspirations not come to fruition?
    • Challenging science courses
      • “ Orgo”
    • Transcript
    • MCAT score
    • Cost
    • Timeline
    • Family
    • Lifestyle
    • Overall application competitiveness
  • 7. The “So I want to be an M.D.” Advising Session
    • “ Why do you want to become a
      • physician?”
      • They should be SPECIFIC . Stating that they like “helping people” is not good enough.
      • What is their motivation?
      • Have they ever shadowed a physician before?
  • 8. “ So I want to be an M.D.” cont…
    • How are they demonstrating they are competitive?
    • Coursework Selection
      • Are they avoiding taking multiple science courses in each term?
          • • What grades are they getting in the sciences?
      • Credit Hours: Are they trying to avoid a heavy course load?
      • Taking a lot of “fluff courses” to boost their overall GPA
  • 9. “ So I want to be an M.D.” cont…
      • GPA
        • What is their overall GPA?
        • What is their Science/Math GPA?
        • Are they failing courses?
        • Withdrawing from courses?
        • Median competitive GPA: 3.5
        • Median competitive Science GPA: 3.6
        • UF ; Overall GPA Median: 3.82
        • UF ; Overall Science GPA Median: 3.80
  • 10. “ So I want to be an M.D.” cont…
      • Volunteering/Community involvement
        • Are they putting in quality hours?
        • Do they find community involvement important?
      • Campus involvement
        • Are they involved in any
        • organizations?
          • Why or Why not?
  • 11. “ So I want to be an M.D.” cont…
    • Students who show little interest in volunteering or are not sure why they should volunteer, should question their interests in health care
    • High test scores and a great GPA are not an automatic green light for medical schools
    • Students need to show they care
  • 12. “ So I want to be an M.D.” cont…
    • Are they interested in participating in research?
    • Not required, but encouraged
  • 13. “ So I want to be an M.D.” cont…
    • You will meet students who are interested in helping others in a health related field but may not be particularly interested in:
    • taking copious courses in upper division empirical sciences
    • completing almost part-time work hours in volunteering experiences
    • Working numerous hours on scientific
    • research
    • Joining scores of clubs/organizations
    • Participating in international mission trips
    • Impressing their roommates
    • Becoming the “perfect” med school
    • applicant
    • Curing Cancer
  • 14.
    • “ Approaches to assisting with career choices should emphasize personal responsibility and empowerment to enable independent, purposeful, deliberate, rewarding, and attainable goals”. - Seligman, L. (1994)
    • Academic Advising: A Comprehensive Handbook ., 2000.,27.
  • 15. Perception of being a “Dream crusher”
    • “ I don’t care what you say, I will become a doctor.”
    • Cultural sensitivity concerns
    • “ But I really want to become a …
    • Working with the one track pre health perception: M.D. or nothing
    DOCTOR!
  • 16. Yes, there are other health related careers besides the M.D.!
    • It’s OK if they change their minds
    • Dreams can change!
    It does not have to be M.D. or bust
  • 17. Should they also plan for additional healthcare path options…
    • YES!
    • Where do they start?
  • 18. Some of these professions may include:
    • Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.)
    • Physician Assistant
    • Nursing
    • Physical/Occupational Therapy
    • Pharmacist
    • Podiatrist
    • Anesthesiologist Assistant
    • Audiologist
    • Optometrist
    • Vascular Sonographer
    • Hospital Administrator
    • Researcher in the sciences
    • Public Health Administrator
    • Chiropractor
  • 19. M.D. OR D.O. … Hmmm
    • Allopathic medicine – M.D.
    • The system of medical practice which treats disease by the use of conventional remedies which produce effects different from those produced by the disease under treatment. M.D.s practice allopathic medicine.
  • 20. The D.O.
    • Osteopathic medicine is a profession that recognizes the relationship between the musculoskeletal organic function, diet, exercise, and fitness.
    • MCAT required
  • 21. Osteopathic Medicine
    • The osteopathic model is comprehensive and holistic and demands that its practitioners possess both humanitarian and intellectual qualities . It encourages a broad educational background both the sciences and humanities.
  • 22. Osteopathic Medicine
    • While both the M.D. and the D.O. are trained in all aspects of patient care, D.O.s offer a distinctly holistic approach to medicine.
    • Andrew Taylor Still, M.D.
  • 23.
    • WWW.AACOM.ORG
  • 24. Physician Assistants
    • What do they do?
      • Practice medicine under the supervision of physicians and surgeons; formally trained to take medical histories, examine and treat patients, prescribe medicine, order and interpret lab results and X-rays, and make diagnoses.
  • 25. Physician Assistants
    • Training : Many (but not all) PA programs require a Bachelors degree before beginning their program. Most PA programs are 24-26 month programs. Must pass licensure exam to practice
    • Job Outlook : Very good – expected to grow 27% through 2016
    • Earnings : $74,980 (median annual earnings)
    • data gathered from US Department of Labor – Bureau of Labor Statistics
  • 26. Physical Therapists
    • What do they do?
      • Help restore function, improve mobility, relieve pain. Restore, maintain, and promote overall fitness and health. Patients often include accident victims and
      • individuals with
      • disabling conditions.
  • 27. Physical Therapists
    • Training : Master’s or Doctoral program
    • (2-4.5 years) Must pass licensure exam before you can practice.
    • Job Outlook : very good – expected to grow 27% through 2016
    • Earnings : $66,200 – (median annual earnings)
    • data gathered from US Department of Labor – Bureau of Labor Statistics
  • 28. Occupational Therapists
    • What do they do?
      • Help people improve their ability to perform tasks in their daily living and working environments. Patients include individuals with conditions that are mentally, physically, developmentally, or emotionally disabling.
  • 29. Occupational Therapists
    • Training : As of 2007, a master’s degree in Occupational Therapy or higher will be required (2-6 years). Must pass national certification exam for licensure
    • Job Outlook : very good – expected to grow 23% through 2016
    • Earnings : $60,470 – (median annual earnings )
    • data gathered from US Department of Labor – Bureau of Labor Statistics
  • 30. It’s more than just bunions & toe nails
    • Podiatric Medicine –
    • is a branch of the medical sciences concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of the conditions affecting the human foot, ankle, and their governing and related structures
    • Yes, they are doctors
    • Surgical training is a
    • standard aspect of the field
  • 31. Registered Nurses
    • What do they do?
      • Registered Nurses perform basic duties such as treating patients, educating patients, and providing advice and emotional support to patients and their family members.
      • They also record medical histories,
      • help to perform diagnostic tests,
      • and administer treatment and
      • medications.
  • 32. Registered Nurses
    • Training : There are 3 paths to registered nursing: bachelor’s of science in nursing (BSN) , associate degree in nursing (ADN), and a diploma.
    • Job Outlook : Excellent – expected to grow 23% through 2016.
    • Earnings : $57,280 (median annual earnings)
    • Data gathered from US Department of Labor – Bureau of Labor Statistics
  • 33. Advanced Practice Nurses
    • Who are they and what do they do?
      • Clinical Nurse Specialists – provide direct patient care and expert consultations
      • Nurse Anesthetists – administer anesthesia and monitor patients’ vital signs during surgery
      • Nurse Midwives – provide primary care to women (gynecological care, prenatal care, assistance in labor & delivery)
  • 34. Advanced Practice Nurses
    • Who are they and what do they do?
      • Nurse Practitioners – provide basic preventive health care, serve as primary care providers in
      • mainly medically
      • underserved areas.
  • 35. Advanced Practice Nurses
    • Training : all 4 advanced practice nursing specialties require at least a master’s degree. Most programs last 2 years and require a BSN degree.
    • Job Outlook : Excellent - expected to grow 23% through 2016.
    • Earnings : $81,397- up 55% since 1997!
    • (NP average – from journal ADVANCE for Nurse Practitioners)
    • Data gathered from US Department of Labor – Bureau of Labor Statistics
  • 36. International Medical Schools
    • The Caribbean
      • St. George University , Grenada
      • American University of the Caribbean ,
      • St. Martin
      • Ross University , Dominica
      • Saba University School of Medicine, Island of Saba
  • 37. International Medical Schools
    • Europe – Students not specifically trained for American medical qualifying exams, i.e., the U nited S tates M edical L icensing E xamination.
    • Others …
      • There are a myriad of other, costly, and for profit, medical schools around the world.
      • Students should be careful when considering these schools, and they should ask a lot of questions.
  • 38. One more thing…
    • If your student is not accepted into medical school, what will he or she now do with their major?
    • - Do they really want to be a microbiologist or a chemist?
    • - Are they really interested in working with Petri dishes and Bunsen burners all day?
  • 39. How do I find out about those other choices?
    • EXPLORE !!!
    • EXPLORE !!!
    • EXPLORE !!!
  • 40.
    • GET THEM GOING…
    • Volunteer or work at a local hospital or clinic.
    • Talk to a family member or family friend currently in a health care field.
    • Shadow
    • Do research on the internet.
      • www.explorehealthcareers.org
    • Visit UF’s Pre-health website
      • www.advising.ufl.edu/ohlpa/prehealth/
      • Join the pre health listserv
      • Fall and Spring term Pre Health work shops
  • 41. Thank You For Coming , Best Wishes, And Remind Your Students, There are Options
    • Contact Information:
    • Jeff Morales Melissa Jones
    • 352-392-1521 352-273-6400
    • [email_address] M fjones@phhp.ufl.edu
    • ufl.edu

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