Keeping the Open Door
              Open

 Community College Enrollments and
             Trends
         Senate Education...
Florida’s Open Door
Florida’s community colleges serve 795,319 students, with an annual increase in
enrollment averaging a...
Successes of Florida’s
         Open Door Policy
Florida’s community colleges top the list of “Top
100 Associate’s Degree ...
Demand for Community College
         Enrollment
The need for
workers will
outpace the
production of
                     ...
Demand for Community College
             Enrollment
    A majority of the
    openings in the fastest
    growing jobs re...
Demand for Community College
           Enrollment
11 of the 15
                                   Occupation       Employ...
Demand for Community College
          Enrollment
Demand pressures will also come from successful state policies:

   Risi...
Current and Projected
Fast Facts:
                       Enrollment
   67% of nursing degrees are
    from community coll...
Will Unfunded Growth Close the
          Open Door?
Community College Enrollment has increased significantly over the last...
Colleges Manage Funding
                      Challenges
                             Questions                           ...
Keeping the Door Open
$107 million in additional state funds would
address the enrollment increases not funded in
last yea...
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Keeping the Open Door Open

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Keeping the Open Door Open

  1. 1. Keeping the Open Door Open Community College Enrollments and Trends Senate Education Appropriations Subcommittee December 11, 2003 Tallahassee, Florida “Florida has the best community college system in the country. Our community colleges are currently preparing more than 800,000 students to enter the workforce with valuable skills or to attend a four-year college ready to succeed.” Gov. Bush, State of Education, November 13, 2003.
  2. 2. Florida’s Open Door Florida’s community colleges serve 795,319 students, with an annual increase in enrollment averaging about 6.5%. The majority of students are “non-traditional” with 52% age 26 years and older; and only 20% of students are 19 years old and younger. The majority of students are part-time (over 65%) and enrolled in workforce programs (55%, in headcount). Almost 20% of our students are Hispanic; 17% are African American. 80% of the minority students served by public colleges and universities begin their postsecondary education at a community college. 79% of Pell Grant awards in Florida went to community college students. Programs provide lower-level undergraduate instruction, AA and AS degrees, prepare students for workforce positions, provide adult general education, provide student development services, and provide continuing workforce education. Colleges expend nearly $1 billion to operate 28 community colleges on 53 campuses and 154 sites. Aid to colleges revenue sources include: 59% General Revenue for the Community College Program Fund; 34% in student fees; and 7% in lottery.
  3. 3. Successes of Florida’s Open Door Policy Florida’s community colleges top the list of “Top 100 Associate’s Degree Producers” in the nation  Miami-Dade, Valencia, Broward, St. Petersburg, Santa Fe, and Florida Community College at Jacksonville rank in the top 10  Thirteen rank in the top 100 Florida’s community colleges leads the 16 southeastern (SREB) states for both student retention and graduation rate
  4. 4. Demand for Community College Enrollment The need for workers will outpace the production of Jobs requiring some postsecondary experience graduates Workers with some postsecondary experience 150,000 140,000 130,000 120,000 Thousands 110,000 100,000 90,000 80,000 70,000 60,000 1998 2008 2018 2028
  5. 5. Demand for Community College Enrollment A majority of the openings in the fastest growing jobs require 2009 Florida Employment in the 25 Fastest Growing Jobs by less than a bachelor’s Educational Attainment Requirements degree such as: Growth in these jobs, ranges from 49% to 127% Between 1999 and 2009  Computer Support Post Graduate Specialist Bachelors  Systems Analyst Associate Psec Vocational  Desktop Publishing Specialist High School  Surgical Technician Less than high school 0 20 40 60 80 100 120  Physicians Assistant Source: Florida Agency f or Workf orce Thousands of Filled Jobs in 2009 Innov ation Accounts f or 410,283 Employ ees in 2009  Respiratory Therapist
  6. 6. Demand for Community College Enrollment 11 of the 15 Occupation Employment- Annual Educational fastest growing 2009 Growth Attainment jobs require less Computer Support Specialist Systems Analyst 44,837 57,463 8.50% 7.67% Voc. Cert. + Associate + than a Desktop Publishing Specialist 1,569 6.75% Voc. Cert. + Bachelor’s Computer Engineer Surgical Technician 21,004 6,164 6.33% 6.20% Bachelors + Voc. Cert. + Degree Medical Records Technician 10,275 5.66% Voc. Cert. + Paralegal 15,692 5.63% Voc. Cert. + Medical Assistant 29,750 5.60% Voc. Cert. + Data Base Administrator 6,233 5.49% Associate + Instructional Coordinator 8,840 5.39% Bachelors + Home Health Aid 39,613 5.29% Voc. Cert. + Physician Assistant 6,485 5.18% Associate + Cardiology Technologist 2,238 5.16% Bachelors + Respiratory Therapist 7,961 5.15% Associate + Source: Florida Agency for Workforce Innovation
  7. 7. Demand for Community College Enrollment Demand pressures will also come from successful state policies: Rising student achievement. As indicated by national data such as the NAEP scores, the A+ Plan for Education is working; which will generate more students who are interested in and eligible for postsecondary education. Increasing focus on community colleges and workforce education as “key infrastructure” for Florida’s economic development efforts. In regional meetings around the state conducted as part of the Enterprise Florida strategic planning process, this theme emerged on numerous occasions. Increasing use of community colleges as strategic education partners. Since 2001, concurrent-use partnerships with public and private universities to provide access to bachelors’ degrees on the community college campuses has grown by 56%; and enrollments by 53%. Increasing the use of Florida’s 2+2 system will continue to drive demand for community college enrollments. More than half of the State University System’s upper division students came through Florida’s community colleges.
  8. 8. Current and Projected Fast Facts: Enrollment  67% of nursing degrees are from community colleges  52% of all teachers started at a Florida community Florida Community College System college Headcount Enrollment 1999-2000 through 2004-05  71% of Florida’s community college students transfer 950,000 into the SUS after earning 900,000 an associate’s degree 850,000  Community college AA 800,000 transfer students graduate from ICUF institutions at 750,000 a higher rate than from the State University System 700,000 650,000  Workforce placement rates in high demand fields 600,000 average over 94% for 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 program completers and nearly 84% for partial completers
  9. 9. Will Unfunded Growth Close the Open Door? Community College Enrollment has increased significantly over the last three years, and we are projecting another 6.5 percent increase for the upcoming year. In a recently released draft report, CEPRI documented an average enrollment increase of 34% for community college workforce programs between 1999 and 2002; with increases for some programs as high as 46%. Meanwhile, they documented that funding for the programs has decreased by over $57 million over the past seven years. State funding has not kept pace with the student enrollment growth, and student tuition has increased to 34 percent of the college operating budgets. Colleges are having difficulty hiring new full-time faculty and opening new class sections to keep pace with growth, and many students are not able to register for classes they need to obtain degrees and certificates because classes are full.
  10. 10. Colleges Manage Funding Challenges Questions Number of Yes No Responses Student tuition/fees will be increased. 28 28 (100%) 0 Course sections will not be sufficient to accommodate all students, 28 27 (96.4%) 1 resulting in some students being denied admission into courses. New and expanded programs needed in your community will be 28 26 (92.8%) 2 delayed. Course sections have larger number of students. 28 26 (92.8%) 2 Stricter energy conservation measures. 28 25 (88.9%) 3 Use of more part-time faculty instead of full-time faculty. 28 25 (88.9%) 3 Deferment of technology acquisition and library resources. 28 23 (80.8%) 5 Deferment of maintenance and repair expenditures. 28 21 (77.8%) 7 Freezing of new employee hires or reduction in force. 28 21 (77.8%) 7 Limitations or reduction in salaries or benefits. 28 20 (70.4%) 8 Reduction in fund balances. 28 19 (66.7%) 9 Reduction in faculty, staff, and program development activities. 28 18 (64.28%) 10 Reduction in spending for community activities and athletics. 28 17 (60.00%) 11 Reduction in student support services. 28 17 (60.00%) 11 Restrict hours for libraries and open labs. 28 16 (55.6%) 12 Limitation or cutbacks in dual enrollment programs. 28 14 (51.9%) 14
  11. 11. Keeping the Door Open $107 million in additional state funds would address the enrollment increases not funded in last year's budget and the enrollment increases projected for this upcoming year. Colleges would be able to:  hire new faculty  increase course section offerings  enroll more students especially in targeted areas of great need such as nursing, teaching, and information technology
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