Graduate and Professional School
Agenda for Today <ul><li>Graduate or professional school </li></ul><ul><li>How to decide </li></ul><ul><li>The application...
Graduate School   (academic) <ul><li>Doctoral degrees (5-7 yrs.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ph.D.  (Doctor of Philosophy) </li>...
Academic Master’s  <ul><li>1 to 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>M.A.  (Master of Arts) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History, Internatio...
Academic Ph.D.’s <ul><li>WHY? </li></ul><ul><li>In-depth knowledge in one field - you must love it ! Begins lifelong proce...
Academic Master’s Programs <ul><li>WHY? </li></ul><ul><li>To be more competitive for Ph.D. admission, or To learn more abo...
Professional School <ul><li>Doctoral degrees J.D., M.D., Pharm.D., Psy.D., D.D.S., Ed.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Masters degrees...
Some professional degrees: <ul><li>law, business, international affairs </li></ul><ul><li>medicine, dentistry, optometry, ...
Professional Programs <ul><li>Leads directly to work in the field </li></ul><ul><li>2 to 4 + years </li></ul><ul><li>Cours...
Before You Decide <ul><li>Are you qualified? </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t go without clear goals! </li></ul><ul><li>How will th...
OK, but what field? <ul><li>Related to your major? </li></ul><ul><li>Related to your career goal? </li></ul><ul><li>Relate...
Reasons  Not  to go: <ul><li>Can’t find a job </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t decide on career goal </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid loan p...
After you decide, then what? <ul><li>Choose schools </li></ul><ul><li>Check out admission requirements </li></ul><ul><li>D...
Choosing the right program <ul><li>Consult faculty (for Ph.D. programs) </li></ul><ul><li>Research schools on the web: -- ...
Timeline <ul><li>Narrow your interests </li></ul><ul><li>Find programs that match </li></ul><ul><li>Complete their course ...
Course Requirements <ul><li>Check with schools re: substitutions </li></ul><ul><li>Finish before entering? </li></ul><ul><...
GPA Issues <ul><li>Cumulative, or </li></ul><ul><li>Last two years’ GPA </li></ul><ul><li>Community college + UCSD </li></...
Admission Tests <ul><li>General aptitude, or content-based? </li></ul><ul><li>General GRE, DAT, GMAT on computer </li></ul...
Applying <ul><li>Mostly done online </li></ul><ul><li>Apply to individual schools, or </li></ul><ul><li>On a system-wide a...
Applications Include: <ul><li>Application essay  (incl. related experience) </li></ul><ul><li>Transcripts  (from all colle...
Application Essays <ul><li>Personal statement   (professional school) - you as a person -related and other experience  -yo...
Experience <ul><li>Some schools require it: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>teaching, clinical, research, related exp. </li></ul></u...
Reference Letters: <ul><li>Usually three are needed </li></ul><ul><li>May be able to send more </li></ul><ul><li>Academic ...
When Soliciting Letters <ul><li>Call or email first </li></ul><ul><li>Meet in person to ask </li></ul><ul><li>Bring: </li>...
Your Work Samples <ul><li>Research paper </li></ul><ul><li>Honors thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Journal article </li></ul><ul><...
Interviews <ul><li>Some teaching credential programs </li></ul><ul><li>Some mental health programs </li></ul><ul><li>All m...
Interview Preparation <ul><li>research the field </li></ul><ul><li>anticipate the questions </li></ul><ul><li>practice you...
Online Application Services <ul><li>Required for law, medicine, dentistry </li></ul><ul><li>For a  fee , they send the sch...
Financing the program: <ul><li>Academic graduate: - research & teaching assistantships -fellowships (school & other) -work...
Good Resources <ul><li>Career.ucsd.edu   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good career and school information </li></ul></ul><ul><li> ...
Appts. with Sue McPhatter in the Transfer Center <ul><li>Tuesdays, 9 to 3 p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>Wednesdays, 1 to 3 p.m. <...
Good Luck   with your education  and your career !!
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Transcript of "Graduate and Professional School"

  1. 1. Graduate and Professional School
  2. 2. Agenda for Today <ul><li>Graduate or professional school </li></ul><ul><li>How to decide </li></ul><ul><li>The application </li></ul><ul><li>Course requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Admission tests & essays </li></ul><ul><li>Letters of reference & interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Financial aid </li></ul>
  3. 3. Graduate School (academic) <ul><li>Doctoral degrees (5-7 yrs.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some examples are: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ph.D. in French Literature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ph.D. in Social Psychology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ph.D. in Political Science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ph.D. in Biomedical Sciences </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ph.D. in Structural Engineering </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ph.D. in Art History </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Academic Master’s <ul><li>1 to 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>M.A. (Master of Arts) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History, International Relations, English Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>M.S. (Master of Science) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemistry, Biology, Math, Psychology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>M.F.A. (Master of Fine Arts) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theatre, Music, Art, Dance, Creative Writing </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Academic Ph.D.’s <ul><li>WHY? </li></ul><ul><li>In-depth knowledge in one field - you must love it ! Begins lifelong process of becoming a scholar Leads to college teaching & research careers Can go directly from B.A. or B.S. degree (typically) </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT? </li></ul><ul><li>Seminars, papers, labs in science (2-3 years) Comprehensive or qualifying exam Choose research topic & faculty advisor Research (2-4 years; length depends on field) Dissertation writing & oral defense </li></ul>
  6. 6. Academic Master’s Programs <ul><li>WHY? </li></ul><ul><li>To be more competitive for Ph.D. admission, or To learn more about a field </li></ul><ul><li>Generally not preparation for a profession: except in:  engineering, fine arts, music, writing </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT? </li></ul><ul><li>Courses & seminars, laboratories Research methodology courses Comprehensive exam Research project or thesis (variable) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Professional School <ul><li>Doctoral degrees J.D., M.D., Pharm.D., Psy.D., D.D.S., Ed.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Masters degrees M.S.W., M.P.H., M.B.A., M.P.T., M.F.A., M.Ed. </li></ul><ul><li>Certificate, credential Physician assistant, teacher, paralegal </li></ul>
  8. 8. Some professional degrees: <ul><li>law, business, international affairs </li></ul><ul><li>medicine, dentistry, optometry, pharmacy, physical & occupational therapy, dietetics, genetic counseling </li></ul><ul><li>public health, public policy, city planning </li></ul><ul><li>social work, counseling, marriage/family clinical/counseling/school psychology </li></ul><ul><li>graphic arts, architecture, design </li></ul>
  9. 9. Professional Programs <ul><li>Leads directly to work in the field </li></ul><ul><li>2 to 4 + years </li></ul><ul><li>Courses, seminars, research methods </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive exam </li></ul><ul><li>Fieldwork, internship req. for some -during and/or after the program </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis or research project -not required for all programs </li></ul><ul><li>Licensing exam (after the program) -requirement to practice in some professions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Before You Decide <ul><li>Are you qualified? </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t go without clear goals! </li></ul><ul><li>How will the degree help you? </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you are committed! </li></ul><ul><li>How will you pay for it? </li></ul>
  11. 11. OK, but what field? <ul><li>Related to your major? </li></ul><ul><li>Related to your career goal? </li></ul><ul><li>Related to your experience? </li></ul><ul><li>Related to your interests/values/skills? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you need related experience first? </li></ul><ul><li>Will it prepare you for desired job? </li></ul><ul><li>Will it fulfill you? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Reasons Not to go: <ul><li>Can’t find a job </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t decide on career goal </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid loan payback </li></ul><ul><li>Parents want you to </li></ul><ul><li>“ Everyone else is doing it!” </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t figure what else to do </li></ul>
  13. 13. After you decide, then what? <ul><li>Choose schools </li></ul><ul><li>Check out admission requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a timeline </li></ul>
  14. 14. Choosing the right program <ul><li>Consult faculty (for Ph.D. programs) </li></ul><ul><li>Research schools on the web: -- career.ucsd.edu </li></ul><ul><li>Reference books, catalogs, rankings </li></ul><ul><li>The school’s or department’s focus </li></ul><ul><li>Academic & professional journals </li></ul><ul><li>Visit schools if you can </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to counselors at 4-year colleges </li></ul>
  15. 15. Timeline <ul><li>Narrow your interests </li></ul><ul><li>Find programs that match </li></ul><ul><li>Complete their course requirements (if any) </li></ul><ul><li>Contact departments or schools </li></ul><ul><li>Request school/depart. information </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare for & take admission test </li></ul><ul><li>Request reference letters </li></ul><ul><li>Have official transcripts sent </li></ul><ul><li>Write application essays </li></ul><ul><li>Send applications </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare for interviews (if req.) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Course Requirements <ul><li>Check with schools re: substitutions </li></ul><ul><li>Finish before entering? </li></ul><ul><li>What if you have B.A. in different field? (e.g., from History to Political Science?) </li></ul><ul><li>Can you take grad courses before entering? </li></ul>
  17. 17. GPA Issues <ul><li>Cumulative, or </li></ul><ul><li>Last two years’ GPA </li></ul><ul><li>Community college + UCSD </li></ul><ul><li>GPA in required courses </li></ul><ul><li>Upward GPA trends help </li></ul><ul><li>Repeated courses </li></ul><ul><li>Explain any “irregularities” on your application </li></ul>
  18. 18. Admission Tests <ul><li>General aptitude, or content-based? </li></ul><ul><li>General GRE, DAT, GMAT on computer </li></ul><ul><li>Subject GRE, LSAT, MCAT on paper only </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation (courses, books, self-prep) </li></ul><ul><li>Test’s role in admission process </li></ul><ul><li>Take test well before school deadlines </li></ul><ul><li>Repeating the test (LSAT is averaged) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Applying <ul><li>Mostly done online </li></ul><ul><li>Apply to individual schools, or </li></ul><ul><li>On a system-wide application, or </li></ul><ul><li>To an application service </li></ul><ul><li>Save a printed copy for yourself </li></ul>
  20. 20. Applications Include: <ul><li>Application essay (incl. related experience) </li></ul><ul><li>Transcripts (from all colleges attended) </li></ul><ul><li>Test scores </li></ul><ul><li>Reference letters </li></ul><ul><li>Can require interview </li></ul><ul><li>Can require a sample of your work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Papers, art portfolio, publications, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly in the arts, sciences & humanities areas </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Application Essays <ul><li>Personal statement (professional school) - you as a person -related and other experience -your motivation & goals -challenges you overcame </li></ul><ul><li>Statement of purpose (graduate school) - your academic & research - experience & goals </li></ul>
  22. 22. Experience <ul><li>Some schools require it: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>teaching, clinical, research, related exp. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other schools prefer it: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>community service, leadership, volunteer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do you have enough? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., 2 - 4 years FT work exp. pre- M.B.A.; some research exp. pre-Ph.D. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Reference Letters: <ul><li>Usually three are needed </li></ul><ul><li>May be able to send more </li></ul><ul><li>Academic programs: -faculty & researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Professional programs: -faculty, research, work, volunteer </li></ul>
  24. 24. When Soliciting Letters <ul><li>Call or email first </li></ul><ul><li>Meet in person to ask </li></ul><ul><li>Bring: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>transcript, resume or list; application essay; work samples </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Send thank-you note </li></ul>
  25. 25. Your Work Samples <ul><li>Research paper </li></ul><ul><li>Honors thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Journal article </li></ul><ul><li>Portfolio  -  for arts programs -slides -photos -videotape </li></ul>
  26. 26. Interviews <ul><li>Some teaching credential programs </li></ul><ul><li>Some mental health programs </li></ul><ul><li>All medical & health programs </li></ul><ul><li>Some MBA programs </li></ul><ul><li>Some science Ph.D. programs </li></ul><ul><li>School vs. regional </li></ul><ul><li>Who pays? </li></ul>
  27. 27. Interview Preparation <ul><li>research the field </li></ul><ul><li>anticipate the questions </li></ul><ul><li>practice your answers </li></ul><ul><li>know yourself & your experience </li></ul><ul><li>read your application carefully </li></ul><ul><li>dress appropriately (no green hair!!) </li></ul><ul><li>what questions you can ask </li></ul><ul><li>send a thank-you note </li></ul>
  28. 28. Online Application Services <ul><li>Required for law, medicine, dentistry </li></ul><ul><li>For a fee , they send the schools: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your scores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your transcripts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your essay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some send your reference letters too </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You follow up with school applications </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Financing the program: <ul><li>Academic graduate: - research & teaching assistantships -fellowships (school & other) -work study & loans </li></ul><ul><li>Professional: - some fellowships & scholarships -mostly loans, work & savings -some loan forgiveness (e.g., law) </li></ul><ul><li>Military scholarships for health professions </li></ul>
  30. 30. Good Resources <ul><li>Career.ucsd.edu </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good career and school information </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> ** UCSD Grad School Fair </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>each October </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>** UCSD Law School Fair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>each November </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Check career.ucsd.edu for dates and times) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Appts. with Sue McPhatter in the Transfer Center <ul><li>Tuesdays, 9 to 3 p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>Wednesdays, 1 to 3 p.m. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Good Luck with your education and your career !!
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