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NOTE :   To appreciate  this presentation  [and insure that it is not a   mess ],  you need Microsoft  fonts:   “Showcard ...
Part 9 Tom Peters’  EXCELLENCE. ALWAYS. New Master/21 August 2008
Slides at … tompeters.com
Ten Parts P1.1, P1.2, P1.3, P1.4/Generic P2/Leadership P3/Talent P4/“Value-added Ladder” P5/“New” Markets  P6/“The Equatio...
Part  nine
Some  Reflections On the sorry state of American “health,” circa 2008, and the sorry state of the “delivery of Healthcare,...
This presentation has taken me about  10 years  to produce—some recent books took me over the top. Nonetheless, it is an a...
45
Keep this  #  in mind. (Throughout this presentation.)
37
Keep this  #  in mind. (Throughout this presentation.)
Some  Reflections On the sorry state of American “health,” circa 2008, and the sorry state of the “delivery of Healthcare,...
This presentation is not about  Hillarycare —or  Obamacare  or  McCain-care.  While the perverse nature of financial incen...
Outline: 22 “Chapters”
<ul><li>“ Bottom Line”  (??) : U.S. Life Expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>My Take </li></ul><ul><li>John Hammergren’s Take </l...
<ul><li>13. Shining Star, A/ The  … </li></ul><ul><li>14. IS/IT: The “Dark Ages” Saga Continues  </li></ul><ul><li>15.  K....
1. “Bottom line”  (??) :  U.S. Life Expectancy
45 th .*   *Rank of U.S. life expectancy,  <Bosnia, Cuba
Problems notwithstanding, many-most Americans, at the end of the day, consider their-our healthcare to be the best in the ...
“ This”  [life expectancy]  is sorta the point, isn’t it … or am I missing something?*
I’d  think  this (life expectancy) would (obviously) be the principal  point of the overall exercise—it’s not “How much he...
“ This”  [life expectancy]  is sorta the point, isn’t it … or am I missing something? * *Should I, for instance, measure m...
“ Pay by procedure” is the operative (insane) funding algorithm in our healthcare system—there is no premium on helping us...
“ Bottom line” :   1900 - 1960 , life expectancy grew  0.64 %  per year;  1960 - 2002 ,  0.24%  per year, half from airbag...
Historically, much-most of the gain in life-expectancy comes from non-health system factors—especially cleanliness and nut...
37 th .*   World Health Organization/WHO   rank of U.S. health system performance
More.
State of Healthcare/U.S.A. *Spend more per capita *Overall system   performance/WHO: 37 th   *Relatively low life expectan...
State of Healthcare/U.S.A. *Spend more per capita *Overall system   performance/WHO: 37 th   * Relatively low life expecta...
Stunning.
“ America’s elites are very good at attracting money and prestige, and they have a huge technology arsenal with which they...
Stunning.
2. My Take
The Healthcare14: U.S. Healthcare Trauma in 2008 U.S. Life expectancy rank:  #45. WHO, overall American healthcare system ...
Data to follow.
DVM/Lyme/2005-2008 **Multiple diagnoses (>5) **Specialist self-certainty **Health deterioration failed to produce urgency-...
Home in Vermont, I happened to run into a vet (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine), who has dealt with Lyme disease for years. ...
3. John Hammergren’s  Take
Skin in the Game: How Putting Yourself First Today Will Revolutionize Healthcare Tomorrow   — John Hammergren (CEO, McKess...
John Hammergren is the CEO of $100 billion+ McKesson Corp. In a 2008 book, he paints a bleak picture of U.S. healthcare sy...
“ …  25 to 30 percent of our $2.2 trillion goes to wasted care* in the form of preventable errors, incorrect diagnoses, re...
Stunning.
140,000,000 illegible prescriptions per year   — John Hammergren & Phil Harkins,  Skin in the Game: How Putting Yourself F...
**1,500,000,000,000   claims per year **30% errors **15% lost **25% paper-based Source:  John Hammergren & Phil Harkins,  ...
Stunning.
” I can receive a BlackBerry message from a colleague climbing a mountain, yet I still show up at a doctor’s office [and a...
Stunning.
Up To 500,000 Lives:   “The medical system has been unable to turn proven remedies into everyday care.* Half the people wh...
Stunning.
“ The private insurance industry  has little incentive to see people live healthy lives beyond 65 when their customers aut...
Stupid
“ How will you know when the healthcare industry has finally entered the 21 st  century?  When error rates at hospitals ar...
Hammergren says we know the shape of revised system …
“ …  25 to 30 percent of our $2.2 trillion goes to  wasted care in the form of preventable errors, incorrect diagnoses, re...
Hammergren says we know the shape of revised system …  and the way to get from here to there.
4. K.I.A. & Wounded: A house (hospital) of horrors
  “ Quality”:   COULD IT TRULY BE THIS AWFUL ?
3DHC = 5YI
3DHC = 5YI: 3  da y s’  health“care”-caused deaths = 5 y ears  of American soldiers’ deaths in the Iraq War* *Not includin...
“ Q ualit y of care  is the problem,  not  managed care.” Source: Institute of Medicine (from Michael Millenson,  Demandin...
“ Study: Medical Errors Affect 20 Percent of Patients”   —headline,  Boston Herald
RAND :   50%, appropriate preventive care. 60%, recommended treatment, per medical studies, for chronic conditions.  20 % ...
Typical stats—more to come.
Welcome to the Homer Simpson Hospital,  a/k/a …   The Killing Fields
American life expectancy is relatively low— and  the delivery of healthcare in the U.S. is notoriously unsafe.
CDC 1998 :   90,000   killed  and  2,000,000   injured   from hospital-caused drug errors & infections
This 1998 report was a shocker — and bitterly contested by the “healthcare establishment.” Now it’s taken for granted, and...
HealthGrades/Denver:   195,000   hospital deaths per year in the U.S., 2000-2002 = equivalent of  390 full  j umbos/747s i...
1,000,000   “serious medication errors per year” … “illegible handwriting, misplaced decimal points, and missed drug inter...
Throughout, we will see that much of this  horrorshow  is the product of “simple” problems—e.g., bad handwriting.
“ The Institute of Medicine calculated that drug errors  [on average,  one per patient per visit —various sources; some es...
“ Hos p ital infections kill an estimated 103,000  p eo p le  in the United States a  y ear, as man y  as AIDS, breast can...
“ 1-in-7 Chance of Medical Mishap: Health Ministry Report” Source: Headline, The Press, Christchurch, NZ,  0216.08 (odds o...
“ When I climb Mount Rainier I face less risk of death than I’ll  face on the operating table.”   — Don Berwick
Berwick is the uber-guru of the patient safety movement.
“ The results are deadly. In addition to the  98,000  killed by medical errors in hospitals and the  90,000  deaths caused...
1 m 42 s
The 314K per year, very conservative, translates into an unnecessary death every  one-minute-and-forty-two seconds . ....
59
... which in turn translates into 59 unnecessary deaths in the course of a healthcare presentation, a little over an hour ...
“ Plus God alone knows how many casualties in  doctors’ offices, Tom”   —Thom Mayer
Thom Mayer, renown ER doc and consultant on patient-centric care, reminded me that the grim stats above leave out the like...
“ I had done what doctors do well in this country, which is to treat people when they come in with a disease.  M y   p ati...
Also left out are the folks who’d be with us if the system focused on health—wellness, prevention, etc..
“ Ex p erts estimate that more  than a hundred thousand Americans die each  y ear not  from illness but from their  p resc...
And on it goes ....
Primary-care docs = Second-class citizens. Sources: too numerous to mention
The people who ought to be the gatekeepers who would oversee the co-ordination of specialists work—the dis-organized resul...
1 m  28 s
Maybe I undershot on the earlier slide???
“ In 2006 when  Time  magazine had the brilliant idea of asking doctors what scared them most about being a patient, three...
The docs “get it” … And you?
“ Put a muzzle on that boy.”
In my 30 years of speechifying, I have said a few controversial things—in fact I have a bit of a reputation for so doing. ...
5. How “it” “works” (and feels) …
Journalist Tim Noah writes about his wife’s cancer treatment in a high-rep private med center:  “ Much of our effort invol...
“ My most memorable brushes have been with an eminent surgeon,” Marjorie  [Longman’s wife, on the receiving end of cancer ...
These are all too common reports. Patient safety guru Don Berwick, a renowned M.D. and Harvard Med School faculty member, ...
6. You must be your own boss!
“ He shook me up. He put his hand on my shoulder, and simply said, ‘Old friend,  y ou have  g ot to take char g e of  y ou...
Longman (his wife, Robin, treated for cancer):   “The more time we spent in the Lombardi Center and Georgetown hospital, t...
For the patient, the immediate answer to this sad state of affairs is to become one’s own healthcare quarterback—and to qu...
TP:  “Just one second, please. You do know I’ve got a pacemaker, lower limit only, 60bpm, no defib? And that I  take 150 m...
My own pitiful experience—I was and am enraged. (March 2008, “prestigious Boston medical center.”)
7. Over-treatment !!!!!!!!
3%
This section buggers the imagination.
“ The big cause of skyrocketing healthcare costs has been increasingly intensive use of technologies and treatments that, ...
The previous slide and the next four that follow presumably require no elaboration—except for me to say that I could have ...
“ We spend between one-fifth and one-third of our healthcare dollars, an exorbitant amount of money,  between five hundred...
400,000  heart bypass surgeries,  1,000,000  angioplasties per year:   “Yet recent studies show that only about  three  p ...
“ Americans undergo millions of tests—MRIs, CT scans, blood tests— that do little to hel p  doctors dia g nose disease, an...
“ [Dartmouth Professor Elliott]  Fisher and his colleagues discovered that patients who went to hospitals that spent the m...
“ The most powerful reason doctors and hospitals overtreat  is that most of them are paid for how much care they deliver, ...
“ Teach to test” is the Achilles heel of our “education” system—the only acquired skill is test-taking; and the essential ...
Hospital intake interview with yours truly, Boston, March 2008 Physician’s Assistant:   “What did   your mother die of?” T...
Hospital intake interview, Boston, March 2008 Physician’s Assistant:   “What did   your mother die of?” TP:   “Too many   ...
Hospital intake interview, Boston, March 2008 Physician’s Assistant:   “What did   your mother die of?” TP:   “Too many   ...
I was not joking. As the end hove in sight, my Mom was being treated for a sizeable number of problems (she was 95); it se...
“ If we sent 30 percent of the doctors in this country to Africa, we might raise the level of health on both continents.” ...
He’s not kidding! (Elliott Fisher is one of the real super-heroes among those trying to push the rock-of-reform up the mou...
“ America has  twice as many hospitals and physicians as  it needs.”   —Med Inc ., Sandy Lutz, Woodrin Grossman & John Big...
Ditto Fisher.
$PD(USA)  >  $PD(J + G + F + I + S + UK + A + NZ + C + M + B + A) >  $G(USA)  >  $HEX2(USA)* *U.S. spending on prescriptio...
$PD(USA)  >  $PD(J + G + F + I + S + UK + A + NZ + C + M + B + A)  >  $G(USA)  >  $HEX2(USA)* *U.S. spending on prescripti...
Again, words like “insane” or “ridiculous” or “outrageous” are the only ones that come to mind.
“ a grossly overprescribed nation”   —Arnold Relman, professor emeritus, Harvard Med; former editor,  The New England Jour...
“ Creating a disease”   —from a slide by Neil Wolf, Pharmacia, at the 2003 Pharmaceutical Marketing Global  Summit (Philad...
I am  not  an instinctive basher of the pharmaceutical industry. Yet the evidence is clear—the industry has repeatedly mad...
8.  F.Y.I.: The dominating  (!)  Role of healthcare in the American economy
“ What’s Really Propping Up the Economy: Healthcare has added 1.7 million jobs since 2001. The rest of the private sector?...
  U.S. Healthcare Expenditures 2008: $2.2 trillion 2016: $4 trillion   Source:  John Hammergren & Phil Harkins,  Skin in t...
We spend over  $2,000,000,000,000 on healthcare in America—and it is also our engine of job growth. Increasingly, “healthc...
9. Pick of the litter:  Our  “best”  hospitals?
“ Generally,  the more  p resti g ious the hos p ital  you check into, and the more eminent and numerous the physicians wh...
Flabbergasting.
“ The more doctors and specialists around, the more tests and procedures performed. And the results of all these tests and...
“ [Dartmouth’s Dr. Jack] Wennberg and others … found it’s not just that renowned hospitals and their specialists tend to e...
“ The  more  doctors and specialists around, the  more  tests and procedures performed. And the results of all these tests...
Flabbergasting.
10. See no evil: A culture of cover-up
“ culture of cover-up that pervades healthcare” Source:   Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phil...
One begins to feel that there is no end to the insults to which patients-citizens are subjected by this most “modern” of A...
“ When a plane crashes, they ask, ‘What happened?’ In medicine they ask: ‘Whose fault was it?’ ”   — James Bagian, M.D. & ...
Success Through Positive Acknowledgement of Failures Wernher Von Braun, re the Redstone  missile engineer who “confessed” ...
Reward admissions of mistakes … it can be done.
Ken Kizer/VA 1997:  “culture of cover-up that pervades healthcare” “Patient Safety Event Registry”  … “looking for systemi...
The VA “gets it.”  (Again.)
thirty-fold
The enormity of the possible improvement is staggering—perhaps one of the few hopeful signs.
11. And “they” call it “science” I: overwhelming Lack of treatment validation
“ stunning lack of scientific knowledge about which treatments and procedures actually work.” Source:   Best Care Anywhere...
Here we go again: “flabbergasting.”
“ The high rates of surgery were not being driven by patients, but rather by doctors.” “They had no idea how different the...
“ As unsettling as the prevalence of inappropriate care is the enormous amount of what can only be called ignorant care.  ...
85 %
“ The Search for Quality: It All Begins on the Autopsy Table” Source: Chapter title,  Severed Trust: Why American  Medicin...
“ Learning organization”—the typical hospital ain’t.
“ Most people think that quality of care is defined by medical interventions, such as a hip replacement, lens implant, or ...
12. And “they” call it “science” II: Astounding Geographic treatment variation
“ In health care  …   geography is destiny.” Dartmouth Medical School 1996 report, from  Demanding Medical Excellence: Doc...
Sound absurd? Read on.
“ What [Wennberg and his Dartmouth colleagues] found was that medicine was all over the map, literally. If Wennberg had be...
Geography Is Destiny E.g.: Ft. Myers  4X  Manhattan—back surgery.  Newark  2X  New Haven—prostatectomy. Rapid City SD  34X...
Geography Is Destiny “ Often all one must do to ac q uire a disease is to enter a countr y  where a disease is reco g nize...
Almost funny. (If the stakes were not so high.)
“ Practice variation is not caused by ‘bad’ or ‘ignorant’ doctors.  Rather, it is a natural conse q uence of a s y stem th...
“ Nothing has changed since our  Science   paper in  1973. …”*   —Dr Jack Wennberg *“Nothing of course, except the fact th...
35 years.
13. Shining star, a/ the  …
“ What’s needed in the U.S. is nothing short of a medical revolution and the VHA has gone further than most any other orga...
There is  an  exception among big systems—the Veterans Administration/VA hospitals. And yes, “everyone” is amazed. (Mr Lon...
Ken Kizer, 1994, per Longman:   “ reorienting the VHA away from a system that emphasized acute care delivered in hospitals...
Ah,  health is the goal! (What a fascinating idea.)
“ Because the VA lacks any financial incentive to engage in overtreatment, it saves money by avoiding unnecessary surgery ...
No doubt at all, the VA incentive scheme, the antithesis of the mainstream programs, is a big help.
VA costs up  0.8 %  in 10 years, Medicare up  40.4 % (Note: VA patients  “older, sicker, poorer and more prone to mental i...
Key point, the VA is dealing with a tougher than normal population—so they aren’t blessed with any  systemic advantage on ...
*** 2003,  New England Journal of Medicine  publishes quality study results: 11 measures of quality compare VA and fee-for...
Wow.
E.g.: On-time appointments, appointment with specialist, Institute for Health Care Improvement/Don Berwick:   “[VA is]  sp...
Pretty damned impressive. (Understatement.)
VA/Strengths/Foci *Safety *Evidence-based medicine *Health promotion and wellness programs *“Unparalleled adoption of elec...
The VHA gets it!   E.g.: Laptop at bedside calls up patient e-records from one of 1,300 hospitals.  Bar-coded wristband co...
14. IS/IT: The “dark ages” saga continues
“ Shockingly, despite our vaunted prowess in computers, software and the Internet, much of our healthcare system is still ...
“ Dark ages” —here we go again!
“ Some grocery stores have better technology than our hospitals  and clinics.”   —Tommy Thompson, former HHS Secretary Sou...
“ We’re in the Internet age, and  the avera g e  p atient can’t email their doctor .”   —Don Berwick, Harvard Med School
“ Home Depot does a better job of tracking a box of nails than your local hospital does in tracking you.”   Overtreated:  ...
VA/Strengths * Safety * Evidence-based medicine * Health promotion and wellness programs * “ Un p aralleled ado p tion of ...
Information technology:   group of off-the-radar experiments, performed surreptitiously by “ the Hard Hats.”  Dr Kenneth D...
The VA got it early—and with a homegrown system!
“ As with many other institutions, the software these [VA] high priests wrote, or more often procured from private vendors...
Homegrown … makes all the difference, especially where adoption is concerned, the Achilles heel of most systems.
Scanner:   “Skunkworks” project started in Kansas, 1992, hand-held scanner, idea from nurse Sue Kinnick when she observed ...
Again, the numbers are staggering. I’m hardly suggesting that putting this system in place was a cakewalk—on the other han...
“ Our entire facilit y  is di g ital .   No paper, no film, no medical records. Nothing. And it’s all integrated—from the ...
It helps to have a “greenfield” facility—but this is also a non-VA demo of making effective IS the centerpiece of the ente...
15.  k.i.s.s./Keep it simple, stupid: Un-sexy “stuff” Could save tens of thousands of lives and extend hundreds of thousan...
A lot of “the fix” is very straightforward; in fact, the system’s infatuation with clever, complex tools is “part of the p...
“ The simplest treatments often fall through the cracks  —making sure a patient knows how to use an asthma inhaler , for i...
More on the perverse “losing money for doing the right thing” in a moment.
“ For most Americans, the two biggest determinants of what kind of treatments they receive  are how many doctors and speci...
Aspirin saves lives. (Lots of.)
K.I.S.S./Keep It Simple, Stupid:   Wrong site surgery:  “ The most effective  p art of the drill is sim p l y  asking the ...
And your name is …
“ If God spoke to me by saying, ‘Mark, you’re down to your last three words: What would you want to say to your fellow hum...
“ Sanitary revolution”: mortality in major cities   down   55 %   between 1850 and 1915 Source: Tom Farley & Deborah Cohen...
Compression hose would mostly fix the hospital problem:   “According to the American Heart Association, up to two million ...
One study I came across concluded that you could save  20,000  lives per year in UK hospitals—by issuing compression hose-...
The EMS Myth: “Speed* has never saved anybody’s life. Period.”   — W.H. Leonard,  Medical Transportation Insurance Profess...
I am always amused, in a perverse sort of way, when I come across stuff like this. Urban legend: Speeding EMTs in ambulanc...
20%:  not get   prescriptions filled 50%:  use meds   inconsistently Source: Tom Farley & Deborah Cohen,  Prescription for...
Market Forces RediClinic.CheckUps.Take Care.MinuteClinic*   (*“We treat these 16 rules-based disorders”/ “Go-no go” tests....
I am an unabashed champion of such non-conventional healthcare delivery vehicles—hospitals are fighting them tooth and nai...
Case: The “simple” Checklist!
I absolutely  love this story!
90K in U.S.A.  ICUs  on any given day;  178  steps/day  in ICU. 50%  stays result in “serious complication” Source: Atul G...
** Peter Pronovost , Johns Hopkins, 2001 **Checklist, line infections **1/3 rd  at least one error when he started **Nurse...
Wow. (Zerooooooo.)
**Docs, nurses make own checklists on whatever  process-procedure they choose **Within  weeks , average stay in  ICU  down...
Wow.
**Replicate in  Inner City Detroit     (resource strapped—$$$, staff cut 1/3 rd , poorest patients in USA) **Nurses QB the...
Tough test. Initial resistance, in the face of resource cuts, enormous.
“ [Pronovost] is focused on work that is  not normall y  considered a si g nificant contribution in academic medicine . As...
Medicine Nobel, anyone?
“ Beware of the tyranny of making  Small   Changes to  S mall   Things. Rather, make  Bi g  Changes to  Bi g   Things.”   ...
Are we sure? Or …
“ Beware of the tyranny of making  S mall   Changes to  S mall   Things.   Rather,  make  Big   Changes to  Big  Things   ...
Think checklist. Think “wash your hands.” Think “take your aspirin.” Think “What’s your name?” Think compression hose. Etc...
16.  “Organizational effectiveness” “Tools” that would put the focus on the patient.
“ Clinical microsystem,” linked microsystems,  patient-centric “care teams”   —Paul Batalden/DHMC Source: “What System?”  ...
The idea here is to break down the functional barriers and bring all resources together in micro-units aimed directly at t...
  Numerous Experiments:   “Medical Homes”
And the idea here is to install co-ordinators who track and guide the patient’s overall pattern of interaction with the sy...
17. Wellness-prevention: No good deed goes unpunished
“ Every  $1.00   spent on its wellness program ended up saving [Citigroup]  $4.70 , according to an academic study.”   —WS...
We can demonstrate the enormous value of emphasizing wellness-prevention.
Pursuing “Health”:   1995, Duke Medical Center, “Nurses regularly called patients [with congestive heart failure] at home ...
Whoops. (Alas.) (FYI, I also read recently that Duke shut down its “family practice” specialty program—for lack of interes...
18.   from “healthcare” to “health”: The “oughta s ”
TP Recommendation #1 : Dubai Healthcare City  to  Dubai Health City* *Cleveland Clinic and Canyon Ranch
Dubai is investing billions in a “Healthcare City”—in a keynote presentation I begged them to call it “Health City.” (Word...
MHHA/Michigan  Health  and Hospital Association
Hats off to the MHHA for adding “Health” to their association name!
“ I had done what doctors do well in this country, which is to treat people when they come in with a disease.  M y   p ati...
“ Medicine” to “Health.”
Childhood Obesity  >  Terrorism Source: Mike Levitt/Secretary HHS
A/the “health” problem that is becoming a/the “medicine” problem. (Behavioral, not medicinal!)
Bust  fat docs!
“ Model the way” is leadership “Rule One.” Fat docs hectoring kids to give up fast foods is not on … as far as I’m concern...
Go Mayor Mike!
Three hearty cheers for Mayor Bloomberg’s transfats ban.
TP’s Canyon Ranch epiphany—and rage!
I’ve always been lucky enough to have “very good doctors”—starting with my pediatrician, Dr Elizabeth Peabody, in Annapoli...
Behavioral Primacy! E.g.: plate size;  location of platters,  6.5 feet Away = -63% “Seconds”   Source: Brian Wansink,  Min...
Working on the basic “behavioral stuff”—no mean feat—provides enormous payoff. (Yes, it’s difficult to do—but, mainly, it ...
Sprint/Overland Park KS:   Slow elevators, distant parking lots with infrequent buses, “food court” as “poorly” placed as ...
Lovely!
Health + Social Factors combination =  20%  fewer admissions,  40%  less bed occupancy  [over 65] Source: Unicare/UK/Dr Da...
(Can work for the VA, NHS—but, as noted above, thwarted by our “pay per procedure” “culture.”)
Q.W.P.   *   *Quality. Wellness. Prevention .
Tom’s “bias.”
19. HEALTHCARE MEETS HEALTH: The Case of the  PLANETREE ALLIANCE
I will conclude this presentation with a “good news” case, that of the Planetree Alliance.
Planetree :  A Radical Model for New Healthcare/Healing/ Wellness  Excellence Tom Peters
&quot;All sane persons agree that 'healthcare needs an overhaul.' And that's where the agreement stops. Healthcare issues ...
Five pianos
(Explanation to come.)
“ It was the goal of the Planetree Unit to help patients not only get well faster but also to stay well longer.”   — Putti...
And this is done within the context of the private-incentive scheme — i.e., it  can  be done.
“ Much of our current healthcare is about  curing  . Curing is good. But  healing   is spiritual, and healing is better, b...
“ The most basic question we need to pose in caring for others is this:  Is this a lovin g  act ?”   —Leland Kaiser, “Holi...
Determinants of Health Access to care: 10% Genetics: 20% Environment: 20% Health Behaviors:  50 % Source: Institute for th...
The 9 Planetree Practices 1.   The Importance of Human Interaction 2.  Informing and Empowering Diverse Populations: Consu...
1.   The Importance of  Human Interaction
Press Ganey Assoc :   139,380  former  patients from  225  hospitals: none   of  THE top 15 factors determining  P atient ...
“ There is a misconception that supportive interactions require more staff or more time and are therefore more costly. Alt...
“ Perhaps the simplest and most profound of all human interactions is KINDNESS. …  But if it is so sim p le, it is sur p r...
“ Planetree is about human beings caring for other human beings.”   — Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpi...
2.   Informing and Empowering Diverse Populations:  Consumer   Health Libraries and Patient Information
Planetree Health Resources Center/1981 Planetree Classification System Consumer Health Librarians Volunteers Classes, lect...
3.   Healing Partnerships:  The Importance of Including   Friends and Family
“ When hospital staff members are asked to list the attributes of the ‘perfect patient and family,’ their response is usua...
The Patient-Famil y  Experience “ Patients are stripped of control, their clothes are taken away, they have little say ove...
“ Family members, close friends and ‘significant others’ can have a far greater impact on patients’ experience of illness,...
“ A 7-year follow-up of women diagnosed with breast cancer showed that those who  confided   in   at   least   one   perso...
Care Partner Programs   (IDs, discount meals, etc.) Unrestricted visits   (“Most Planetree hospitals have eliminated visit...
4.  Nutrition:   The Nurturing Aspect of Food
Meals are central events vs “There, you’re fed.”  * *Irony: Focus on “nutrition” has reduced  focus on “food” and “service...
Kitchen Beautiful cutlery,  plates, etc Chef reputation   Source:  Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, ...
Aroma therapy   (e.g., “smell of baking cookies”—from kitchenettes  in each ward) Source:  Putting Patients First , Susan ...
5.  Spirituality:  Inner Resources for Healing
S p iritualit y : Meanin g  and Connectedness in Life 1. Connected to supportive and   caring group 2. Sense of mastery an...
Griffin :   redesign chapel   (waterfall,   quiet music, open prayer book) Other :  music, flowers, portable   labyrinth S...
6.   Human Touch:  The Essentials of Communicating   Caring Through Massage
“ Massage is a powerful way to communicate caring.”   — Putting Patients First ,  Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Ch...
Mid-Columbia Medical Center/Center for Mind and Bod y Massage for every patient scheduled for ambulatory surgery  (“Go int...
7.  Healing Arts:  Nutrition for  the Soul
Planetree: “Environment conducive to healin g ” Color! Light! Brilliance! Form! Art! Music! Source:  Putting Patients Firs...
Florence Nightingale/ Notes on Nursing /patient’s need for b eaut y,  windows ,  flowers :   “ People say the effect is on...
Griffin :   Music in the parking lot; professional musicians in the lobby  (7/week, 3-4hrs/day)  ;  5 pianos   ;  voluntee...
8.   Integrating Complementary  and Alternative  Practices    into  Conventional  Care
Griffin IMC/Integrative Medicine Center Massage Acupuncture Meditation Chiropractic Nutritional supplements Aroma therapy ...
CAM (Complementary & Alternative Medicine):   83M people use in US   (42%) CAM visits 243M, greater than to PCP   (Primary...
9.  Healing Environments:  Architecture and   Design Conducive to Health
“ Planetree Look” Woods and natural materials Indirect lighting Homelike settings Goals:  Welcome patients, friends and fa...
Sound Texture Lighting Color Smell Taste Sacred space Source:  Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patr...
Access to nurses station: “Happen to” vs “Happen with” Source:  Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Pat...
The Eden Alternative* *ElderCare
Planetree approach applied to eldercare.
The Ten Principals of the Eden Alternative 1. The three plagues of  loneliness, helplessness, and boredom  account for the...
“ The Eden paradigm allows elders to care for animals, birds, and children as well as each other.”   —Susan Eaton, Harvard...
The Ten Principals of the Eden Alternative 5.  Variety and Spontaneity  are the antidotes to boredom. The Elder-centered c...
The Ten Principals of the Eden Alternative 8. In an Elder-centered community,  decisions should be made by the Elders or t...
Conclusion:  Caring/Growth “Experience ”
Care!/Love!/Spirit! Self-Control! Connect!/learn!/ involve!/Engage! Understanding!/Growth!  De-stress!/heal!  Whole patien...
F.Y.I.: It works!
Griffin Hos p ital/Derb y  CT (Planetree Alliance “HQ”) Results :   Financially successful.  Expanding programs-physically...
Learn more about Planetree/  The Planetree Alliance:   www.planetree.org
9 July/HealthLeaders   2008 Top Leadership Team in Healthcare: Griffin Hospital
And the awards flood in ....
20. My Concerns … my ideal
TP & Healthcare/May 2008:   ***Prevention and wellness ***Population outcomes, outcomes in general; key metrics ***EMR, in...
In summary, the areas I worry about most.
TP’s Ideal Hospital Org Chart, Circa August 2008 CEO, CMO/CHIEF   MEDICAL OFFICER, CNO/CHIEF NURSING OFFICER, CFO, ETC. [t...
This is not really a “fix”—it amounts to the injection of hopeless bureaucracy. On the other hand, my “ideal” hospital exe...
21. TP’ s  Nobels
TP’s “Nobels” in Medicine Don Berwick John Wennberg Elliott Fisher Ken Kizer The VA Peter ProNovost Team Planetree
22. Some resources
*** Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare    Is Better Than Yours   —Phillip Longman   *** Medicine & Culture   —Lynn Paye...
Thank you for your time!
END Part 9
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  1. 1. NOTE : To appreciate this presentation [and insure that it is not a mess ], you need Microsoft fonts: “Showcard Gothic,” “Ravie,” “Chiller” and “Verdana”
  2. 2. Part 9 Tom Peters’ EXCELLENCE. ALWAYS. New Master/21 August 2008
  3. 3. Slides at … tompeters.com
  4. 4. Ten Parts P1.1, P1.2, P1.3, P1.4/Generic P2/Leadership P3/Talent P4/“Value-added Ladder” P5/“New” Markets P6/“The Equations” P7.1/Implementation P7.2/Action P8/13 “Guru Gaffes” P9/Health“care” P10/“The Lists”
  5. 5. Part nine
  6. 6. Some Reflections On the sorry state of American “health,” circa 2008, and the sorry state of the “delivery of Healthcare,” and why the twain rarely meet; and how easy it would be to do a few things right, such as remind adults of a certain age to take their aspirin Tom Peters/08.21.2008
  7. 7. This presentation has taken me about 10 years to produce—some recent books took me over the top. Nonetheless, it is an amateur’s view—albeit a 65-year-old amateur with “skin in the game.”* *These gray-background slides are notes on the preceding slide. I have chosen not to use the Notes feature of PowerPoint, because so few in fact avail themselves of notes in that format—and I am optimistic that some of you will read the “notes” slides in this format.
  8. 8. 45
  9. 9. Keep this # in mind. (Throughout this presentation.)
  10. 10. 37
  11. 11. Keep this # in mind. (Throughout this presentation.)
  12. 12. Some Reflections On the sorry state of American “health,” circa 2008, and the sorry state of the “delivery of Healthcare,” and why the twain rarely meet: It’s about a whole lot more than health insurance! Tom Peters/08.21.08
  13. 13. This presentation is not about Hillarycare —or Obamacare or McCain-care. While the perverse nature of financial incentives is discussed (e.g., their bias toward “medicine” and away from “health”), this is not a treatise on financing overall or the # of uninsured. It focuses on “my turf”—the operational aspects of healthcare delivery. There is an enormous amount to do in healthcare within our grasp today , and not dependent upon new legislation.
  14. 14. Outline: 22 “Chapters”
  15. 15. <ul><li>“ Bottom Line” (??) : U.S. Life Expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>My Take </li></ul><ul><li>John Hammergren’s Take </li></ul><ul><li>K.I.A. & Wounded: A House (Hospital) of Horrors </li></ul><ul><li>How “It” “Works” (And Feels) … </li></ul><ul><li>6. You Must Be Your Own Boss! </li></ul><ul><li>7. Over-treatment !!!!!!!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>8. F.Y.I.: The Dominating (!) Role of Healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>in the American Economy </li></ul><ul><li>9. Pick of the Litter: Our “Best” Hospitals? </li></ul><ul><li>10. See No Evil: A Culture of Cover-up </li></ul><ul><li>11. And “They” Call It “Science” I: The </li></ul><ul><li>Overwhelming Lack of Treatment Validation </li></ul><ul><li>12. And “They” Call It “Science” II: Astounding </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Treatment Variation </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>13. Shining Star, A/ The … </li></ul><ul><li>14. IS/IT: The “Dark Ages” Saga Continues </li></ul><ul><li>15. K.I.S.S./Keep it simple, stupid: Un-sexy “Stuff” Could Save Tens of Thousands of </li></ul><ul><li>Lives and Extend Hundreds of Thousands </li></ul><ul><li>of Others </li></ul><ul><li>“ Organizational effectiveness” “Tools” that would put the focus on the patient </li></ul><ul><li>Wellness-Prevention: No Good Deed Goes </li></ul><ul><li>Unpunished </li></ul><ul><li>18. From “Healthcare” to “Health”: </li></ul><ul><li>The “Oughtas” </li></ul><ul><li>19. Healthcare Meets Health: The Case of </li></ul><ul><li>the Planetree Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>20. My concerns, My Ideal </li></ul><ul><li>21.TP’s Nobels </li></ul><ul><li>22. Some Resources </li></ul>
  17. 17. 1. “Bottom line” (??) : U.S. Life Expectancy
  18. 18. 45 th .* *Rank of U.S. life expectancy, <Bosnia, Cuba
  19. 19. Problems notwithstanding, many-most Americans, at the end of the day, consider their-our healthcare to be the best in the world. If so, wh y do we rank behind the likes of Bosnia and Cuba in life ex p ectanc y? Our global life expectancy rank? Forty-five. (And falling-dropping-plummeting.)
  20. 20. “ This” [life expectancy] is sorta the point, isn’t it … or am I missing something?*
  21. 21. I’d think this (life expectancy) would (obviously) be the principal point of the overall exercise—it’s not “How much healthcare do we get?” but “How healthy are we?” Right???
  22. 22. “ This” [life expectancy] is sorta the point, isn’t it … or am I missing something? * *Should I, for instance, measure my health by “number of operations,” or “number of tests,” where, More = Better Health ?
  23. 23. “ Pay by procedure” is the operative (insane) funding algorithm in our healthcare system—there is no premium on helping us get healthy — in fact there are severe penalties for so doing.
  24. 24. “ Bottom line” : 1900 - 1960 , life expectancy grew 0.64 % per year; 1960 - 2002 , 0.24% per year, half from airbags, gun locks, service employment … Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  25. 25. Historically, much-most of the gain in life-expectancy comes from non-health system factors—especially cleanliness and nutrition in the past.
  26. 26. 37 th .* World Health Organization/WHO rank of U.S. health system performance
  27. 27. More.
  28. 28. State of Healthcare/U.S.A. *Spend more per capita *Overall system performance/WHO: 37 th *Relatively low life expectancy *High # of uninsured Source: Consulting , 07-08.06
  29. 29. State of Healthcare/U.S.A. *Spend more per capita *Overall system performance/WHO: 37 th * Relatively low life expectancy *High # of uninsured Source: Consulting , 07-08.06
  30. 30. Stunning.
  31. 31. “ America’s elites are very good at attracting money and prestige, and they have a huge technology arsenal with which they attack death and disease. But the y have no p ositive medical results to show for it in the a gg re g ate and man y indications that the y are p rovidin g lower- q ualit y care than the much-mali g ned HMOs and assorted St. Elsewheres .” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  32. 32. Stunning.
  33. 33. 2. My Take
  34. 34. The Healthcare14: U.S. Healthcare Trauma in 2008 U.S. Life expectancy rank: #45. WHO, overall American healthcare system performance: #37 (#1 in cost). Access: Denied to 10s of millions un/underinsured. Unnecessary annual health-system deaths: 200,000-400,000 or more.* Performance/top med centers: Problematic re quality of care and follow-up.* Over-treatment (meds, tests, procedures): Pandemic.* Use of hard evidence in medical decision-making: Spotty at best.* Collection of evidence based on reported treatment errors: Low.* Use of S.O.P.s in treatment regimes: Spotty.* Incentives for appropriate care: Low.* Incentives for in -appropriate care: High.* Emphasis on prevention and wellness: Low.* Emphasis on chronic-care: Low.* State-of-the-art IS/IT: Rare.* *Fixable without legislation or major societal change—eg can by and large be improved dramatically without some form of mandated universal access to care and in the absence of, say, a full-fledged War on Obesity. (Evidence in support of this proposition is the fact that in every category starred above there are Pockets of Excellence—hospitals and other health-service organizations, facing the same realities as their peers, that really “get it.”)
  35. 35. Data to follow.
  36. 36. DVM/Lyme/2005-2008 **Multiple diagnoses (>5) **Specialist self-certainty **Health deterioration failed to produce urgency- communication. **Virtually no communications between specialists **Follow-up very spotty unless bugged incessantly **Lost major test results, and mis-placed 3 or 4 occasions **Near fatal drug mistake (one nurse takes charge) **Effectively, disinterest in chronic-care **Lack of curiosity in general
  37. 37. Home in Vermont, I happened to run into a vet (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine), who has dealt with Lyme disease for years. In the course of a half-hour conversation, these points arose. Alas, none were in the least surprising—and, of course, they are the observations of an expert.
  38. 38. 3. John Hammergren’s Take
  39. 39. Skin in the Game: How Putting Yourself First Today Will Revolutionize Healthcare Tomorrow — John Hammergren (CEO, McKesson) & Phil Harkins
  40. 40. John Hammergren is the CEO of $100 billion+ McKesson Corp. In a 2008 book, he paints a bleak picture of U.S. healthcare systemic performance—but als sees steps that would improve things dramatically.
  41. 41. “ … 25 to 30 percent of our $2.2 trillion goes to wasted care* in the form of preventable errors, incorrect diagnoses, redundant treatment, unnecessary infections, and extra time spent in the hospital. *and another 20% to paperwork Source: John Hammergren & Phil Harkins, Skin in the Game: How Putting Yourself First Today Will Revolutionize Healthcare Tomorrow
  42. 42. Stunning.
  43. 43. 140,000,000 illegible prescriptions per year — John Hammergren & Phil Harkins, Skin in the Game: How Putting Yourself First Today Will Revolutionize Healthcare Tomorrow
  44. 44. **1,500,000,000,000 claims per year **30% errors **15% lost **25% paper-based Source: John Hammergren & Phil Harkins, Skin in the Game: How Putting Yourself First Today Will Revolutionize Healthcare Tomorrow
  45. 45. Stunning.
  46. 46. ” I can receive a BlackBerry message from a colleague climbing a mountain, yet I still show up at a doctor’s office [and after a 45-minite wait] learn that my hospital test results have not arrived weeks after they should have.” — John Hammergren & Phil Harkins, Skin in the Game: How Putting Yourself First Today Will Revolutionize Healthcare Tomorrow
  47. 47. Stunning.
  48. 48. Up To 500,000 Lives: “The medical system has been unable to turn proven remedies into everyday care.* Half the people who need to be treated to prevent heart attacks are not treated and half who are treated are treated inadequately. Patients go home with the wrong drugs or the wrong doses or misimpressions about the importance of taking their medications.” *More: 55% chance of “receiving the best recommended care—which means getting scientifically appropriate, evidence-based medical treatment” — The New York Times , from John Hammergren & Phil Harkins, Skin in the Game:How Putting Yourself First Today Will Revolutionize Healthcare Tomorrow
  49. 49. Stunning.
  50. 50. “ The private insurance industry has little incentive to see people live healthy lives beyond 65 when their customers automatically drop out of the employer-based system and enter the government-based system.” —John Hammergren & Phil Harkins, Skin in the Game: How Putting Yourself First Today Will Revolutionize Healthcare Tomorrow
  51. 51. Stupid
  52. 52. “ How will you know when the healthcare industry has finally entered the 21 st century? When error rates at hospitals are close to zero. When doctors and nurses use evidence-based protocols in your treatment. When you can decide how much to spend on treatment, and you have the information and the opportunity to determine the best value. When your primary care physician is in charge of your extended care team, operating as your command central. When all members of the medical community—nurses, doctors, pharmacists and specialists—work together seamlessly on your behalf. When their combined efforts are tracked, measured, and reported on—and the insurance reimbursements awarded to them are based on performance. When you see that hospitals, pharmacies and doctors are working harder in all aspects to make sure you are an informed consumer who has trust and confidence in the services they offer and the prices they charge.” —John Hammergren & Phil Harkins, Skin in the Game: How Putting Yourself First Today Will Revolutionize Healthcare Tomorrow
  53. 53. Hammergren says we know the shape of revised system …
  54. 54. “ … 25 to 30 percent of our $2.2 trillion goes to wasted care in the form of preventable errors, incorrect diagnoses, redundant treatment, unnecessary infections, and extra time spent in the hospital. Team-based medicine, bar-code prescription scanning, evidence-based medicine—all of these are systems and innovations that are being put into place to eliminate waste so that we can re-apply the money.” —John Hammergren & Phil Harkins, Skin in the Game: How Putting Yourself First Today Will Revolutionize Healthcare Tomorrow
  55. 55. Hammergren says we know the shape of revised system … and the way to get from here to there.
  56. 56. 4. K.I.A. & Wounded: A house (hospital) of horrors
  57. 57. “ Quality”: COULD IT TRULY BE THIS AWFUL ?
  58. 58. 3DHC = 5YI
  59. 59. 3DHC = 5YI: 3 da y s’ health“care”-caused deaths = 5 y ears of American soldiers’ deaths in the Iraq War* *Not including most of the deaths forgone annually if prevention-wellness became the primary arm of health-healthcare industry
  60. 60. “ Q ualit y of care is the problem, not managed care.” Source: Institute of Medicine (from Michael Millenson, Demanding Medical Excellence )
  61. 61. “ Study: Medical Errors Affect 20 Percent of Patients” —headline, Boston Herald
  62. 62. RAND : 50%, appropriate preventive care. 60%, recommended treatment, per medical studies, for chronic conditions. 20 % , chronic care treatment that is wrong. 30 % acute care treatment that is wrong.
  63. 63. Typical stats—more to come.
  64. 64. Welcome to the Homer Simpson Hospital, a/k/a … The Killing Fields
  65. 65. American life expectancy is relatively low— and the delivery of healthcare in the U.S. is notoriously unsafe.
  66. 66. CDC 1998 : 90,000 killed and 2,000,000 injured from hospital-caused drug errors & infections
  67. 67. This 1998 report was a shocker — and bitterly contested by the “healthcare establishment.” Now it’s taken for granted, and perhaps understates—significantly. More grim estimates follow.
  68. 68. HealthGrades/Denver: 195,000 hospital deaths per year in the U.S., 2000-2002 = equivalent of 390 full j umbos/747s in the drink p er y ear—more than one-a-da y. Comments: There is little evidence that patient safety has im p roved in the last five years .” —Dr. Samantha Collier Source: Boston Globe/2005
  69. 69. 1,000,000 “serious medication errors per year” … “illegible handwriting, misplaced decimal points, and missed drug interactions and allergies.” Source: Wall Street Journal / Institute of Medicine
  70. 70. Throughout, we will see that much of this horrorshow is the product of “simple” problems—e.g., bad handwriting.
  71. 71. “ The Institute of Medicine calculated that drug errors [on average, one per patient per visit —various sources; some estimates go as high as one-per-patient-per-day, on average] alone add on average nearly $5,000 to the cost of every hospital visit.” Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer , Shannon Brownlee
  72. 72. “ Hos p ital infections kill an estimated 103,000 p eo p le in the United States a y ear, as man y as AIDS, breast cancer and auto accidents combined . … Today, experts estimate that more than 60 percent of staph infections are M.R.S.A. [up from 2 percent in 1974]. Hospitals in Denmark, Finland and the Netherlands once faced similar rates, but brought them down to below 1 percent. How? Through the rigorous enforcement of rules on hand washing, the meticulous cleaning of equipment and hospital rooms, the use of gowns and disposable aprons to prevent doctors and nurses from spreading germs on clothing and the testing of incoming patients to identify and isolate those carrying the germ. … Many hospital administrators say they can’t afford to take the necessary precautions . ” —Betsy McCaughey, founder of the Committee to Reduce Infection Deaths ( New York Times /06.06.2005)
  73. 73. “ 1-in-7 Chance of Medical Mishap: Health Ministry Report” Source: Headline, The Press, Christchurch, NZ, 0216.08 (odds of a screwup during a hospital stay)
  74. 74. “ When I climb Mount Rainier I face less risk of death than I’ll face on the operating table.” — Don Berwick
  75. 75. Berwick is the uber-guru of the patient safety movement.
  76. 76. “ The results are deadly. In addition to the 98,000 killed by medical errors in hospitals and the 90,000 deaths caused by hospital infections, another 126,000 die from their doctor’s failure to observe evidence-based protocols for j ust four common conditions: hypertension, heart attack, pneumonia, and colorectal cancer.” [TP: total 314,000 ] Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  77. 77. 1 m 42 s
  78. 78. The 314K per year, very conservative, translates into an unnecessary death every one-minute-and-forty-two seconds . ....
  79. 79. 59
  80. 80. ... which in turn translates into 59 unnecessary deaths in the course of a healthcare presentation, a little over an hour long, that I recently made.
  81. 81. “ Plus God alone knows how many casualties in doctors’ offices, Tom” —Thom Mayer
  82. 82. Thom Mayer, renown ER doc and consultant on patient-centric care, reminded me that the grim stats above leave out the likes what goes on in docs’ offices all over the land. (Arguably a staggering number in its own right.)
  83. 83. “ I had done what doctors do well in this country, which is to treat people when they come in with a disease. M y p atients had g ood medical care but not, I be g an to think, g reat healthcare . For most, their declines, their illnesses, were thirty-year problems of lifestyle, not disease. I, like most doctors in America, had been doing the wrong job well. Modern medicine does not concern itself with lifestyle problems. Doctors don’t treat them, medical schools don’t teach them and insurers don’t pay to solve them. I began to think that this was indefensible.” —Henry Lodge, Younger Next Year
  84. 84. Also left out are the folks who’d be with us if the system focused on health—wellness, prevention, etc..
  85. 85. “ Ex p erts estimate that more than a hundred thousand Americans die each y ear not from illness but from their p rescri p tion dru g s . Those deaths, occurring quietly, almost without notice in hospitals, emergency rooms, and homes, make medicines one of the leading causes of death in the United States. On a daily basis, prescription pills are estimated to kill more than 270 Americans. … Prescription medicines, taken according to doctors’ instructions, kill more Americans than either diabetes or Alzheimer’s disease.” Source: Our Daily Meds: How the Pharmaceutical Companies Transformed Themselves into Slick Marketing Machines and Hooked the Nation on Prescription Drugs —Melody Petersen
  86. 86. And on it goes ....
  87. 87. Primary-care docs = Second-class citizens. Sources: too numerous to mention
  88. 88. The people who ought to be the gatekeepers who would oversee the co-ordination of specialists work—the dis-organized results thereof which are responsible for most of the likes of the prescription-med errors—are secondclass citizens in the specialist-centric “World of Modern Health“care.”
  89. 89. 1 m 28 s
  90. 90. Maybe I undershot on the earlier slide???
  91. 91. “ In 2006 when Time magazine had the brilliant idea of asking doctors what scared them most about being a patient, three frequent answers were fear of medical errors , fear of unnecessary surgery , and fear of contracting a staph infection in teaching hospitals.” Best Care Any where: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours, Phillip Longman
  92. 92. The docs “get it” … And you?
  93. 93. “ Put a muzzle on that boy.”
  94. 94. In my 30 years of speechifying, I have said a few controversial things—in fact I have a bit of a reputation for so doing. But no one has tried to put a muzzle on me. Well, no one except the … American Hospital Association . When the CDC 98,000 hospital deaths study appeared, it was fought tooth and nail by “the establishment.” I was appalled by the statistic—mostly as a prospective patient. Along the way, I used the stat in a talk (the CDC is a pretty damn reliable source!); and then I got a message—the first and only time in my career—from my speakers’ bureau. The American Hospital Association is a big client of theirs. And the AHA chief executive had called the president of the speakers’ bureau and more or less demanded that he order me to shut up—and quit propagating that scurrilous number. Naturally the speakers’ bureau told him that my content was up to me, not them. I was of course delighted—it suggested that the number was correct, and that I had drawn blood. But my point here is that this was the only time in three decades that such censorship has been sought. (Of course I can see why the AHA was embarrassed—they damn well should have been!! And still should be!!)
  95. 95. 5. How “it” “works” (and feels) …
  96. 96. Journalist Tim Noah writes about his wife’s cancer treatment in a high-rep private med center: “ Much of our effort involved retrievin g information from one source and sendin g it to another . This wasn’t something we could count on happening on its own. Very expensive blood test results, we observed, had perhaps a 50% chance of being misplaced under a pile of faxes and therefore not finding their way into Marjorie [William’s] medical chart. So we made a habit of getting the labs to fax to our house. Films of CT scans would be misfiled perhaps 30% of the time and thus become permanently irretrievable. So I took my checkbook to all of Marjorie’s CT scans and purchased my own spare copy on the spot.” Source: Foreword to Best Care Any where: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours, Phillip Longman
  97. 97. “ My most memorable brushes have been with an eminent surgeon,” Marjorie [Longman’s wife, on the receiving end of cancer treatment] wrote in her next-to-last column for the Washington Post , “whose method is to stride into the examining room two hours late, pat your hand, pronounce your certain death if he can’t perform an operation on you, and then snap at your husband to stop taking notes, since he can’t possibly follow the complexity of the doctor’s thinking.” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  98. 98. These are all too common reports. Patient safety guru Don Berwick, a renowned M.D. and Harvard Med School faculty member, was moved to his vociferous patient-safety advocacy, not by analytic deduction, but by the insane frequency of errors in his wife’s treatment at a “prestigious Boston medical center.”
  99. 99. 6. You must be your own boss!
  100. 100. “ He shook me up. He put his hand on my shoulder, and simply said, ‘Old friend, y ou have g ot to take char g e of y our own medical care .’ ” Source: Hamilton Jordan, No Such Thing as a Bad Day , on a conversation with a doctor pal following Jordan’s cancer diagnosis)
  101. 101. Longman (his wife, Robin, treated for cancer): “The more time we spent in the Lombardi Center and Georgetown hospital, the more I was disturbed by the way they managed ‘the little things.’ … I was similarly shocked at how little the various specialists involved in her care seemed to consult with one another, or to keep up to date on the results of tests. … There seemed to be little attention given to managing information and coordinating care. … I came awa y feelin g that no p atient should ever enter a hos p ital without havin g some kind of fulltime advocate—a carin g , calm, shrewd relative or friend at least .” Source: Best Care Any where: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours, Phillip Longman
  102. 102. For the patient, the immediate answer to this sad state of affairs is to become one’s own healthcare quarterback—and to quit trusting “the guys in the white coats.”
  103. 103. TP: “Just one second, please. You do know I’ve got a pacemaker, lower limit only, 60bpm, no defib? And that I take 150 mg of Coumadin a day? …”* *In 3 of 4 cases, in a 2-day period, the answer was in part, at least, “No” —including set-up for an echo stress cardio test (reading and results dependent on the above info)
  104. 104. My own pitiful experience—I was and am enraged. (March 2008, “prestigious Boston medical center.”)
  105. 105. 7. Over-treatment !!!!!!!!
  106. 106. 3%
  107. 107. This section buggers the imagination.
  108. 108. “ The big cause of skyrocketing healthcare costs has been increasingly intensive use of technologies and treatments that, when we look at their effects on the population as a whole, have brou g ht onl y ne g li g ible im p rovement in p ublic health and lon g evit y.” Best Care Any where: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours, Phillip Longman
  109. 109. The previous slide and the next four that follow presumably require no elaboration—except for me to say that I could have offered a 20-slide array, not just these few, had I so desired.
  110. 110. “ We spend between one-fifth and one-third of our healthcare dollars, an exorbitant amount of money, between five hundred and seven hundred billion dollars , on care that does nothing to improve our health.” Source: Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer , Shannon Brownlee
  111. 111. 400,000 heart bypass surgeries, 1,000,000 angioplasties per year: “Yet recent studies show that only about three p ercent of the patients who receive such operations benefit from them; most would be better served j ust takin g as p irin or low-cost beta blockers .” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  112. 112. “ Americans undergo millions of tests—MRIs, CT scans, blood tests— that do little to hel p doctors dia g nose disease, and sometimes lead them to find and treat conditions that would never have bothered their p atients had the y never been found . We undergo back surgery for pain in the absence of evidence that the surgery works.” Source: Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer , Shannon Brownlee
  113. 113. “ [Dartmouth Professor Elliott] Fisher and his colleagues discovered that patients who went to hospitals that spent the most— and did the most p rocedures —were 2 to 6 percent more likely to die than patients that went to hospitals that spent the least.” Source: Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer , Shannon Brownlee
  114. 114. “ The most powerful reason doctors and hospitals overtreat is that most of them are paid for how much care they deliver, not how well they care for their patients.” Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer , Shannon Brownlee
  115. 115. “ Teach to test” is the Achilles heel of our “education” system—the only acquired skill is test-taking; and the essential love-of-learning is diminished, not enhanced. Likewise, “pay for procedure” is the perverse centerpiece of our health“care” system—denigrating the very health for which we were intended to care.
  116. 116. Hospital intake interview with yours truly, Boston, March 2008 Physician’s Assistant: “What did your mother die of?” TP: “Too many specialists.” PA: “No, really? TP: Really!!”
  117. 117. Hospital intake interview, Boston, March 2008 Physician’s Assistant: “What did your mother die of?” TP: “Too many [excellent] specialists.” PA: “No, really? TP: Really!!”
  118. 118. Hospital intake interview, Boston, March 2008 Physician’s Assistant: “What did your mother die of?” TP: “Too many [excellent] specialists [who never communicate/d with one another] .” PA: “No, really? TP: Really!!”
  119. 119. I was not joking. As the end hove in sight, my Mom was being treated for a sizeable number of problems (she was 95); it seemed as though no more than a couple of days passed before she was over-reacting to one med that other docs were not aware of. They’d cut that one back, then enhance another. At 95, she was simply wearing out—but her overload of non-coordinated specialists pretty clearly pushed her out the door. (This is not just my conclusion, but that of a couple of my M.D. pals.)
  120. 120. “ If we sent 30 percent of the doctors in this country to Africa, we might raise the level of health on both continents.” —Dr Elliott Fisher, Center of Evaluative Clinical Sciences, Dartmouth Medical School (“Overdose,” Atlantic , Shannon Brownlee.)
  121. 121. He’s not kidding! (Elliott Fisher is one of the real super-heroes among those trying to push the rock-of-reform up the mountain of med system resistance.)
  122. 122. “ America has twice as many hospitals and physicians as it needs.” —Med Inc ., Sandy Lutz, Woodrin Grossman & John Bigalke
  123. 123. Ditto Fisher.
  124. 124. $PD(USA) > $PD(J + G + F + I + S + UK + A + NZ + C + M + B + A) > $G(USA) > $HEX2(USA)* *U.S. spending on prescription drugs in 2005 ($250,000,000,000) is greater than the combined spending on prescription drugs by Japan plus Germany plus France plus Italy plus Spain plus the United Kingdom plus Australia plus New Zealand plus Canada plus Mexico plus Brazil plus Argentina (all except Mexico, Brazil and Argentina have longer life expectancies than we do); and our prescription drug bill also is more than our gasoline bill and two times more than our higher ed bill. Source: Our Daily Meds: How the Pharmaceutical Companies Transformed Themselves into Slick Marketing Machines and Hooked the Nation on Prescription Drugs —Melody Petersen
  125. 125. $PD(USA) > $PD(J + G + F + I + S + UK + A + NZ + C + M + B + A) > $G(USA) > $HEX2(USA)* *U.S. spending on prescription drugs in 2005 ($250,000,000,000) is greater than the combined spending on prescription drugs by Japan plus Germany plus France plus Italy plus Spain plus the United Kingdom plus Australia plus New Zealand plus Canada plus Mexico plus Brazil plus Argentina (all except Mexico, Brazil and Argentina have longer life expectancies than we do); and our prescription drug bill also is more than our gasoline bill and two times more than our higher ed bill. Source: Our Daily Meds: How the Pharmaceutical Companies Transformed Themselves into Slick Marketing Machines and Hooked the Nation on Prescription Drugs —Melody Petersen
  126. 126. Again, words like “insane” or “ridiculous” or “outrageous” are the only ones that come to mind.
  127. 127. “ a grossly overprescribed nation” —Arnold Relman, professor emeritus, Harvard Med; former editor, The New England Journal of Medicine Source: Our Daily Meds: How the Pharmaceutical Companies Transformed Themselves into Slick Marketing Machines and Hooked the Nation on Prescription Drugs —Melody Petersen
  128. 128. “ Creating a disease” —from a slide by Neil Wolf, Pharmacia, at the 2003 Pharmaceutical Marketing Global Summit (Philadelphia) Source: Our Daily Meds: How the Pharmaceutical Companies Transformed Themselves into Slick Marketing Machines and Hooked the Nation on Prescription Drugs —Melody Petersen
  129. 129. I am not an instinctive basher of the pharmaceutical industry. Yet the evidence is clear—the industry has repeatedly made mountains (worth $$$$$billions) out of mole-hills. (Or “no-hills.”)
  130. 130. 8. F.Y.I.: The dominating (!) Role of healthcare in the American economy
  131. 131. “ What’s Really Propping Up the Economy: Healthcare has added 1.7 million jobs since 2001. The rest of the private sector? None .” Source: Title, cover story, BusinessWeek , 0925.2006
  132. 132. U.S. Healthcare Expenditures 2008: $2.2 trillion 2016: $4 trillion Source: John Hammergren & Phil Harkins, Skin in the Game: How Putting Yourself First Today Will Revolutionize Healthcare Tomorrow
  133. 133. We spend over $2,000,000,000,000 on healthcare in America—and it is also our engine of job growth. Increasingly, “healthcare economics” are “ American economics.”
  134. 134. 9. Pick of the litter: Our “best” hospitals?
  135. 135. “ Generally, the more p resti g ious the hos p ital you check into, and the more eminent and numerous the physicians who attend you, the more likel y y ou are to receive low- q ualit y or even dan g erous and unnecessar y care .” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  136. 136. Flabbergasting.
  137. 137. “ The more doctors and specialists around, the more tests and procedures performed. And the results of all these tests and procedures? Lots more medical bills, exposure to medical errors, and a loss of life ex p ectanc y. “ It was this last conclusion that was truly shocking, but it became unavoidable when [Dartmouth’s Dr. Jack] Wennberg and others broadened their studies. They found it’s not just that renowned hospitals and their specialists tend to engage in massive overtreatment. They also tend to be poor at p rovidin g critical but routine care .” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  138. 138. “ [Dartmouth’s Dr. Jack] Wennberg and others … found it’s not just that renowned hospitals and their specialists tend to engage in massive overtreatment. They also tend to be poor at providing critical but routine care. For example, Dartmouth researcher Elliot S. Fisher has found that among Medicare patients, who share the same age, socioeconomic, and health status, their chances of dying in the next five years are greater if they go to a high-spending hospital. One reason is that patients in high-spending hospitals with lots of specialists and high technology are also less likely to receive many proven routine treatments [e.g. aspirin, flu vaccine]. … This general lack of attention to prevention and follow-up care in high-spending hospitals helps to explain why not only heart-attack victims but also patients suffering from colon cancer and hip fracture stand a better chance of living another five years if they stay away from ‘elite’ hospitals and choose a lower-cost competitor.” Best Care Any where: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours, Phillip Longman
  139. 139. “ The more doctors and specialists around, the more tests and procedures performed. And the results of all these tests and procedures? Lots more medical bills, exposure to medical errors, and a loss of life expectancy.” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  140. 140. Flabbergasting.
  141. 141. 10. See no evil: A culture of cover-up
  142. 142. “ culture of cover-up that pervades healthcare” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  143. 143. One begins to feel that there is no end to the insults to which patients-citizens are subjected by this most “modern” of American industries.
  144. 144. “ When a plane crashes, they ask, ‘What happened?’ In medicine they ask: ‘Whose fault was it?’ ” — James Bagian, M.D. & former astronaut, now working with the VHA
  145. 145. Success Through Positive Acknowledgement of Failures Wernher Von Braun, re the Redstone missile engineer who “confessed” to a screw-up and was awarded a bottle of champagne. Award to the sailor on the aircraft carrier Carl Vinson—for reporting a lost tool on the deck (that could have caused a crash). Amy Edmonson on successful nursing units—with the highest reported adverse drug events. Source: Karl Weick & Kathleen Sutcliffe, Managing the Unexpected
  146. 146. Reward admissions of mistakes … it can be done.
  147. 147. Ken Kizer/VA 1997: “culture of cover-up that pervades healthcare” “Patient Safety Event Registry” … “looking for systemic solutions, not seeking to fix blame on individuals except in the most egregious cases. The good news was a thirt y -fold increase in the number of medical mistakes and adverse events that got reported.” “ National Center for Patient Safety Ann Arbor”
  148. 148. The VA “gets it.” (Again.)
  149. 149. thirty-fold
  150. 150. The enormity of the possible improvement is staggering—perhaps one of the few hopeful signs.
  151. 151. 11. And “they” call it “science” I: overwhelming Lack of treatment validation
  152. 152. “ stunning lack of scientific knowledge about which treatments and procedures actually work.” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  153. 153. Here we go again: “flabbergasting.”
  154. 154. “ The high rates of surgery were not being driven by patients, but rather by doctors.” “They had no idea how different their practices were from their colleagues..” “Wennberg came to an unsettling conclusion. Medicine wra pp ed itself in the mantle of science, y et much of what doctors were doing was based more on hunches than g ood research. … In fact, as research would show over the coming decades, stunningl y little of what p h y sicians do has ever been examined scientificall y , and when man y treatments and procedures have been p ut to the test, the y have turned out to cause more harm than g ood . In the latter part of the twentieth century, dozens of common treatments , including the tonsillectomy, the hysterectomy, the frontal lobotomy, the radical mastectomy, arthroscopic knee surgery for arthritis, X-ray screening for lung cancer, proton pump inhibitors for ulcers, hormone replacement therapy for menopause, and high-dose chemotherapy for breast cancer, to name just a few, have been shown to be unnecessary, ineffective, more dangerous than imagined, or sometimes more deadly than the diseases they were intended to treat.” Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer , Shannon Brownlee
  155. 155. “ As unsettling as the prevalence of inappropriate care is the enormous amount of what can only be called ignorant care. A sur p risin g 85% of ever y da y medical treatments have never been scientificall y validated . … For instance, when family practitioners in Washington were queried about treating a simple urinary tract infection, 82 physicians came up with an extraordinary 137 strategies.” Source: Demanding Medical Excellence: Doctors and Accountability in the Information Age , Michael Millenson
  156. 156. 85 %
  157. 157. “ The Search for Quality: It All Begins on the Autopsy Table” Source: Chapter title, Severed Trust: Why American Medicine Hasn’t Been Fixed , George Lundberg
  158. 158. “ Learning organization”—the typical hospital ain’t.
  159. 159. “ Most people think that quality of care is defined by medical interventions, such as a hip replacement, lens implant, or coronary bypass operation, but g enuine q ualit y of care is defined b y action based on good information . Definitions of quality are often counterintuitive. Multiple lab tests do not constitute quality medicine. … Entrepreneurial physicians have a greater stake in doing more than in doing good. Medicare, for example, provides funding for autopsies of every hospitalized beneficiary, and good science suggests that at least 30 percent of deaths should be autopsied. Very few are.. … In fact, lack of autopsy is the ultimate cover-up in medicine, and the signature of poor quality care. … The whole issue of patient safety is based on honesty, and the autopsy is central in a system that finds truth, deals with it honestly, and tries to improve patient care.” Source: “The Search for Quality: It All Begins on the Autopsy Table,” chapter title, Severed Trust: Why American Medicine Hasn’t Been Fixed , George Lundberg
  160. 160. 12. And “they” call it “science” II: Astounding Geographic treatment variation
  161. 161. “ In health care … geography is destiny.” Dartmouth Medical School 1996 report, from Demanding Medical Excellence: Doctors and Accountability in the Information Age , Michael Millenson
  162. 162. Sound absurd? Read on.
  163. 163. “ What [Wennberg and his Dartmouth colleagues] found was that medicine was all over the map, literally. If Wennberg had been using a microscope to look at medical care in New England, his team was now standing on a mountaintop looking at the entire nation, yet they were seeing precisely the same patterns he had found in Vermont and Maine. Only now they could tell it wasn’t just tonsillectomies; hysterectomies and prostatectomies were being used far more in one region than another. It was CT scans, office visits, cardiac catheterizations. It was blood tests and hospitalizations, back surgery, chest X-rays, and knee replacements. In one part of the country, p racticall y ever y woman with breast cancer was still getting a mastectomy long after clinical trials had shown that a breast-sparing lumpectomy with radiation was just as effective. In another, babies were being put in neonatal intensive care when they didn’t need it. They found that patients with back pain were 300 p ercent more likel y to get surgery in Boise, Idaho, than in Manhattan. Doctors affiliated with Harvard Medical School admitted patients to the intensive care unit four times more often than their colleagues at Yale University School of Medicine. Arthroscopic knee surgery –which would later be shown to be entirely ineffective at treating knee pain due to arthritis—was performed five times more often on arthritic patients in Miami than Iowa City. Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer , Shannon Brownlee
  164. 164. Geography Is Destiny E.g.: Ft. Myers 4X Manhattan—back surgery. Newark 2X New Haven—prostatectomy. Rapid City SD 34X Elyria OH—breast-conserving surgery. VT, ME, IA: 3X differences in hysterectomy by age 70; 8X tonsillectomy; 4X prostatectomy ( 10X Baton Rouge vs. Binghampton). Breast cancer screening: 4X NE, FL, MI vs. SE, SW. (Source: various)
  165. 165. Geography Is Destiny “ Often all one must do to ac q uire a disease is to enter a countr y where a disease is reco g nized—leavin g the countr y will either cure the malad y or turn it into somethin g else . … Blood pressure considered treatably high in the United States might be considered normal in England; and the low blood pressure treated with 85 drugs as well as hydrotherapy and spa treatments in Germany would entitle its sufferer to lower life insurance rates in the United States.” – Lynn Payer, Medicine & Culture
  166. 166. Almost funny. (If the stakes were not so high.)
  167. 167. “ Practice variation is not caused by ‘bad’ or ‘ignorant’ doctors. Rather, it is a natural conse q uence of a s y stem that s y stematicall y tracks neither its p rocesses nor its outcomes, p referrin g to p resume that good facilities, g ood intentions and g ood trainin g lead automaticall y to good results . Providers remain more comfortable with the habits of a guild, where each craftsman trusts his fellows, than with the demands of the information age.” —Michael Millenson, Demanding Medical Excellence
  168. 168. “ Nothing has changed since our Science paper in 1973. …”* —Dr Jack Wennberg *“Nothing of course, except the fact that American medicine has swelled into a behemoth industry equal in size to the entire economy of Italy.”—SB Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer , Shannon Brownlee
  169. 169. 35 years.
  170. 170. 13. Shining star, a/ the …
  171. 171. “ What’s needed in the U.S. is nothing short of a medical revolution and the VHA has gone further than most any other organization to revamp its culture and systems.” —RAND
  172. 172. There is an exception among big systems—the Veterans Administration/VA hospitals. And yes, “everyone” is amazed. (Mr Longman’s book, Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours, is a masterpiece—required reading for any healthcare professional, as I see it.)
  173. 173. Ken Kizer, 1994, per Longman: “ reorienting the VHA away from a system that emphasized acute care delivered in hospitals by specialists and toward one that put overwhelmin g em p hasis on p revention and p atient-centered mana g ement of chronic conditions .” Best Care Any where: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours, Phillip Longman
  174. 174. Ah, health is the goal! (What a fascinating idea.)
  175. 175. “ Because the VA lacks any financial incentive to engage in overtreatment, it saves money by avoiding unnecessary surgery and redundant testing.” Best Care Any where: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours, Phillip Longman
  176. 176. No doubt at all, the VA incentive scheme, the antithesis of the mainstream programs, is a big help.
  177. 177. VA costs up 0.8 % in 10 years, Medicare up 40.4 % (Note: VA patients “older, sicker, poorer and more prone to mental illness, homelessness, and substance abuse;” ½ > 65, 1/3 smoke, 1/5 diabetes vs 1/14 overall; chronic diseases, frailty—especially vulnerable to medical errors ) Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  178. 178. Key point, the VA is dealing with a tougher than normal population—so they aren’t blessed with any systemic advantage on that score.
  179. 179. *** 2003, New England Journal of Medicine publishes quality study results: 11 measures of quality compare VA and fee-for-service plans. VA “significantly better” on 11 out of 11 … *** 2004, Annals of Internal Medicine , RAND study: VA vs commercial managed care; VA “outperforms all other sectors of American healthcare in 294 measures of quality” … *** National Committee for Quality Assurance top-rated, JHU, Mayo, Mass General; “In ever y sin g le cate g or y the veterans healthcare system outperforms the highest-rated non-VA hospitals” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  180. 180. Wow.
  181. 181. E.g.: On-time appointments, appointment with specialist, Institute for Health Care Improvement/Don Berwick: “[VA is] spectacular” Best Care Any where: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours, Phillip Longman
  182. 182. Pretty damned impressive. (Understatement.)
  183. 183. VA/Strengths/Foci *Safety *Evidence-based medicine *Health promotion and wellness programs *“Unparalleled adoption of electronic medical records and other information technologies” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  184. 184. The VHA gets it! E.g.: Laptop at bedside calls up patient e-records from one of 1,300 hospitals. Bar-coded wristband confirms meds. National Center for Patient Safety in Ann Arbor. Docs and researchers discuss optimal treatment regimens—research center in Durham NC. Doc measures & guidelines; e.g., pneumonia vaccinations from 50% to 84%. Blame-free system, modeled after airlines. “What’s needed in the U.S. is nothing short of a medical revolution and the VHA has gone further than most any other organization to revamp its culture and systems.”—Rand
  185. 185. 14. IS/IT: The “dark ages” saga continues
  186. 186. “ Shockingly, despite our vaunted prowess in computers, software and the Internet, much of our healthcare system is still operating in the dark ages of paper records and handwritten scrawls. American primary care doctors lag years behind doctors in other advanced nations in adopting electronic medical records or prescribing medications electronically. This makes it harder to coordinate care, spot errors and adhere to standard clinical guidelines.” —”World’s Best Medical Care?”, New York Times, August 2007
  187. 187. “ Dark ages” —here we go again!
  188. 188. “ Some grocery stores have better technology than our hospitals and clinics.” —Tommy Thompson, former HHS Secretary Source: Special Report on technology in healthcare, U.S. News & World Report
  189. 189. “ We’re in the Internet age, and the avera g e p atient can’t email their doctor .” —Don Berwick, Harvard Med School
  190. 190. “ Home Depot does a better job of tracking a box of nails than your local hospital does in tracking you.” Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer , Shannon Brownlee
  191. 191. VA/Strengths * Safety * Evidence-based medicine * Health promotion and wellness programs * “ Un p aralleled ado p tion of electronic medical records and other information technolo g ies ” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  192. 192. Information technology: group of off-the-radar experiments, performed surreptitiously by “ the Hard Hats.” Dr Kenneth Dickie, 1979, brought together, as VistA , 20,000 software protocols “originally written by individual doctors and other professionals working secretly in VA facilities all around the country” “ This unique, integrated information system has dramatically reduced medical errors at the VA while also vastly improving diagnoses, quality of care, scientific understanding of the human body, and the development of medical protocols based on hard data about what drugs and procedures work best.” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  193. 193. The VA got it early—and with a homegrown system!
  194. 194. “ As with many other institutions, the software these [VA] high priests wrote, or more often procured from private vendors, wasn’t ver y g ood , in large part because the p eo p le who actuall y had to use it had little role in its develo p ment .” Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours, Phillip Longman
  195. 195. Homegrown … makes all the difference, especially where adoption is concerned, the Achilles heel of most systems.
  196. 196. Scanner: “Skunkworks” project started in Kansas, 1992, hand-held scanner, idea from nurse Sue Kinnick when she observed usage in rental-car return area. “It wound up eliminating some 549,000 errors by 2001; there was a 75 % decrease in errors involving the wrong medication, a 62 % decrease in errors involving the wrong dosage, a 93 % reduction in the wrong patients receiving medicine, and a 70 % decrease in the number of times nurses simply forgot or didn’t get around to giving patients their meds.” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  197. 197. Again, the numbers are staggering. I’m hardly suggesting that putting this system in place was a cakewalk—on the other hand, the basic idea is hardly rocket science! (Most of these breakthrough ideas aren’t; e.g., rewarding the reporting of errors so that learning can ensue.)
  198. 198. “ Our entire facilit y is di g ital . No paper, no film, no medical records. Nothing. And it’s all integrated—from the lab to X-ray to records to physician order entry. Patients don’t have to wait for anything. The information from the physician’s office is in registration and vice versa. The referring physician is immediately sent an email telling him his patient has shown up. … It’s wireless in-house. We have 800 notebook computers that are wireless. Physicians can walk around with a computer that’s pre-programmed. If the physician wants, we’ll go out and wire their house so they can sit on the couch and connect to the network. They can review a chart from 100 miles away .” — David Veillette, CEO, Indiana Heart Hospital
  199. 199. It helps to have a “greenfield” facility—but this is also a non-VA demo of making effective IS the centerpiece of the enterprise.
  200. 200. 15. k.i.s.s./Keep it simple, stupid: Un-sexy “stuff” Could save tens of thousands of lives and extend hundreds of thousands of others
  201. 201. A lot of “the fix” is very straightforward; in fact, the system’s infatuation with clever, complex tools is “part of the problem.” (A big part of the problem.)
  202. 202. “ The simplest treatments often fall through the cracks —making sure a patient knows how to use an asthma inhaler , for instance. And when doctors and hospitals try to deliver the right kind of care, such as keeping track of a heart patient’s weight gain … , they lose money.” Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer , Shannon Brownlee
  203. 203. More on the perverse “losing money for doing the right thing” in a moment.
  204. 204. “ For most Americans, the two biggest determinants of what kind of treatments they receive are how many doctors and specialists hang a shingle in their community and which one of them they happen to see. The more doctors and specialists around, the more tests and procedures performed. And the results of all these tests and procedures? Lots more medical bills, exposure to medical errors, and a loss of life expectancy. It was this last conclusion that was truly shocking, but it became unavoidable when [Dartmouth’s Dr. Jack] Wennberg and others broadened their studies. They found it’s not just that renowned hospitals and their specialists tend to engage in massive overtreatment. The y also tend to be poor at p rovidin g critical but routine care . For example, Dartmouth researcher Elliot S. Fisher has found that among Medicare patients, who share the same age, socioeconomic, and health status, their chances of dying in the next five years are greater if they go to a high-spending hospital. One reason is that patients in high-spending hospitals with lots of specialists and high technology are also less likely to receive many p roven routine treatments [e.g. aspirin, flu vaccine ]. … This general lack of attention to p revention and follow-up care in high-s p endin g hospitals helps to explain why not only heart-attack victims but also patients suffering from colon cancer and hip fracture stand a better chance of living another five years if they stay away from ‘elite’ hospitals and choose a lower-cost competitor.” Best Care Any where: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours, Phillip Longman
  205. 205. Aspirin saves lives. (Lots of.)
  206. 206. K.I.S.S./Keep It Simple, Stupid: Wrong site surgery: “ The most effective p art of the drill is sim p l y asking the p atient, in lan g ua g e he can understand, to state (not confirm) who he is, his birth date or social securit y number, and what he’s in for .” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  207. 207. And your name is …
  208. 208. “ If God spoke to me by saying, ‘Mark, you’re down to your last three words: What would you want to say to your fellow humans that would make the most positive impact?’ It would be a close call between Love Thy Neighbor and Wash Your Hands . A close third would be Move, Move, Move.” —Mark Pettus, M.D., The Savvy Patient “The most important thing you can do to keep from getting sick is to wash your hands . ” — CDC /National Center for Infectious Diseases
  209. 209. “ Sanitary revolution”: mortality in major cities down 55 % between 1850 and 1915 Source: Tom Farley & Deborah Cohen, Prescription for a Healthy Nation
  210. 210. Compression hose would mostly fix the hospital problem: “According to the American Heart Association, up to two million Americans are affected annually by deep vein thrombosis. Of those who develop pulmonary embolism, up to 300,000 will die each year. ... Deep vein thrombosis also is among the leading causes of preventable hospital death. Even more disturbing is the fact that, according to a U.S. multi-center study published by two of ClotCare's editorial board members, 58% of p atients who develo p ed a DVT while in the hos p ital received no p reventive treatment des p ite the p resence of multi p le risk factors and overwhelmin g data that p rophylaxis is ver y effective at reducin g these events .” —Marie B. Walker, clotcare.com, March 2008
  211. 211. One study I came across concluded that you could save 20,000 lives per year in UK hospitals—by issuing compression hose-socks to virtually every hospitalized patient. (As I said, we ain’t talkin’ rocket science.)
  212. 212. The EMS Myth: “Speed* has never saved anybody’s life. Period.” — W.H. Leonard, Medical Transportation Insurance Professionals *Ambulance, accident site to hospital Source: USA Today
  213. 213. I am always amused, in a perverse sort of way, when I come across stuff like this. Urban legend: Speeding EMTs in ambulances are mainly a turn-on for speeding EMTs in ambulances.
  214. 214. 20%: not get prescriptions filled 50%: use meds inconsistently Source: Tom Farley & Deborah Cohen, Prescription for a Healthy Nation
  215. 215. Market Forces RediClinic.CheckUps.Take Care.MinuteClinic* (*“We treat these 16 rules-based disorders”/ “Go-no go” tests.15 minutes.$39) Wal*Mart.CVS.Target. Walgreens.RiteAid Source: FT (10.06.06); NYT (12.31.06)
  216. 216. I am an unabashed champion of such non-conventional healthcare delivery vehicles—hospitals are fighting them tooth and nail. (Hilariously, hospitals have declared them unsafe—talk about pots calling kettles black!) (Interestingly, these convenient-care operations may significantly push the greater “system” in the direction of electronic medical records—the CC clinics are 100% electronic.)
  217. 217. Case: The “simple” Checklist!
  218. 218. I absolutely love this story!
  219. 219. 90K in U.S.A. ICUs on any given day; 178 steps/day in ICU. 50% stays result in “serious complication” Source: Atul Gawande, “The Checklist” ( New Yorker , 1210.07)
  220. 220. ** Peter Pronovost , Johns Hopkins, 2001 **Checklist, line infections **1/3 rd at least one error when he started **Nurses/permission to stop procedure if doc, other not following checklist **In 1 year, 10-day line-infection rate: 11% to … 0% Source: Atul Gawande, “The Checklist” ( New Yorker , 1210.07)
  221. 221. Wow. (Zerooooooo.)
  222. 222. **Docs, nurses make own checklists on whatever process-procedure they choose **Within weeks , average stay in ICU down 50% Source: Atul Gawande, “The Checklist” (New Yorker, 1210.07)
  223. 223. Wow.
  224. 224. **Replicate in Inner City Detroit (resource strapped—$$$, staff cut 1/3 rd , poorest patients in USA) **Nurses QB the process **Project manager for overall process implementation **Exec involvement (help with “little things”—it’s all “little things”) **Blue Cross/insurers, small bonuses for participating **6 months, 66% decrease in infection rate; USA: bottom 25% in hospital rankings to … top 10% Source: Atul Gawande, “The Checklist” ( New Yorker , 1210.07)
  225. 225. Tough test. Initial resistance, in the face of resource cuts, enormous.
  226. 226. “ [Pronovost] is focused on work that is not normall y considered a si g nificant contribution in academic medicine . As a result, few others are venturing to extend his achievements. Yet his work has already saved more lives than that of any laboratory scientist in the last decade .” —Atul Gawande, “The Checklist” (New Yorker, 1210.07)
  227. 227. Medicine Nobel, anyone?
  228. 228. “ Beware of the tyranny of making Small Changes to S mall Things. Rather, make Bi g Changes to Bi g Things.” —Roger Enrico, former Chairman, PepsiCo
  229. 229. Are we sure? Or …
  230. 230. “ Beware of the tyranny of making S mall Changes to S mall Things. Rather, make Big Changes to Big Things … using Small, Almost Invisible Straightforward Levers with Bi g S y stemic Im p act .” —TP
  231. 231. Think checklist. Think “wash your hands.” Think “take your aspirin.” Think “What’s your name?” Think compression hose. Etc. Etc.
  232. 232. 16. “Organizational effectiveness” “Tools” that would put the focus on the patient.
  233. 233. “ Clinical microsystem,” linked microsystems, patient-centric “care teams” —Paul Batalden/DHMC Source: “What System?” Dartmouth Medicine , Summer 2006 ( Quality By Design: A Clinical Microsystems Approach , by Eugene C. Nelson, Paul B. Batalden, and Marjorie M. Godfrey)
  234. 234. The idea here is to break down the functional barriers and bring all resources together in micro-units aimed directly at the patient.
  235. 235. Numerous Experiments: “Medical Homes”
  236. 236. And the idea here is to install co-ordinators who track and guide the patient’s overall pattern of interaction with the system—Medicare is experimenting with this..
  237. 237. 17. Wellness-prevention: No good deed goes unpunished
  238. 238. “ Every $1.00 spent on its wellness program ended up saving [Citigroup] $4.70 , according to an academic study.” —WSJ/0329.07
  239. 239. We can demonstrate the enormous value of emphasizing wellness-prevention.
  240. 240. Pursuing “Health”: 1995, Duke Medical Center, “Nurses regularly called patients [with congestive heart failure] at home to monitor their well-being and to make sure they took their medications. Nutritionists offered heart-healthy diets. Doctors shared data about their patients and developed evidence for what treatments and dosages had the best results. And it worked—at least in the sense that patients became healthier. The number of hospital admissions declined and patients spent less time in the hospital. “ Quality doesn’t pay”: “By 2000, the hospital was taking a 37% hit in its revenue due to the decline in admissions and the absence of complications. Ten hospitals in Utah had a similar experience after implementing integrated care for pneumonia.” “ No investment in q uality g oes un p unished .” “But there is a problem: Who will pay for it? … An idealistic commitment to best p ractices doesn’t p a y the bills .” Source: Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours /Phillip Longman
  241. 241. Whoops. (Alas.) (FYI, I also read recently that Duke shut down its “family practice” specialty program—for lack of interest.)
  242. 242. 18. from “healthcare” to “health”: The “oughta s ”
  243. 243. TP Recommendation #1 : Dubai Healthcare City to Dubai Health City* *Cleveland Clinic and Canyon Ranch
  244. 244. Dubai is investing billions in a “Healthcare City”—in a keynote presentation I begged them to call it “Health City.” (Words do matter.)
  245. 245. MHHA/Michigan Health and Hospital Association
  246. 246. Hats off to the MHHA for adding “Health” to their association name!
  247. 247. “ I had done what doctors do well in this country, which is to treat people when they come in with a disease. M y p atients had g ood medical care but not, I be g an to think, g reat healthcare . For most, their declines, their illnesses, were thirty-year problems of lifestyle, not disease. I, like most doctors in America, had been doing the wrong job well. Modern medicine does not concern itself with lifestyle problems. Doctors don’t treat them, medical schools don’t teach them and insurers don’t pay to solve them. I began to think that this was indefensible.” —Henry Lodge, Younger Next Year
  248. 248. “ Medicine” to “Health.”
  249. 249. Childhood Obesity > Terrorism Source: Mike Levitt/Secretary HHS
  250. 250. A/the “health” problem that is becoming a/the “medicine” problem. (Behavioral, not medicinal!)
  251. 251. Bust fat docs!
  252. 252. “ Model the way” is leadership “Rule One.” Fat docs hectoring kids to give up fast foods is not on … as far as I’m concerned.
  253. 253. Go Mayor Mike!
  254. 254. Three hearty cheers for Mayor Bloomberg’s transfats ban.
  255. 255. TP’s Canyon Ranch epiphany—and rage!
  256. 256. I’ve always been lucky enough to have “very good doctors”—starting with my pediatrician, Dr Elizabeth Peabody, in Annapolis in the 1940s. But in 2003 I went to Canyon Ranch (Berkshires) aiming to “get my shit together.” There I met nutritionists and others—the first “healthcare folks” I’d met, especially M.D.s, focused on “health.” In short order, I had wildly reversed most of the adverse readings in my blood tests. I had in effect reversed aging—and that is not an exaggeration. And I was furious! That is, why, at age 61, was I “hearing about this”—”health stuff”—for the first time? (Despite my continuous care by “terrific docs”—Stanford trained, etc.)
  257. 257. Behavioral Primacy! E.g.: plate size; location of platters, 6.5 feet Away = -63% “Seconds” Source: Brian Wansink, Mindless Eating (20 lbs per year; 200 decisions per day)
  258. 258. Working on the basic “behavioral stuff”—no mean feat—provides enormous payoff. (Yes, it’s difficult to do—but, mainly, it is most definitely not the focus of our $2,000,000,000,000 health“care” industry.)
  259. 259. Sprint/Overland Park KS: Slow elevators, distant parking lots with infrequent buses, “food court” as “poorly” placed as possible, etc. Source: New York Times
  260. 260. Lovely!
  261. 261. Health + Social Factors combination = 20% fewer admissions, 40% less bed occupancy [over 65] Source: Unicare/UK/Dr David Lyon/ Pulse , 1123.06
  262. 262. (Can work for the VA, NHS—but, as noted above, thwarted by our “pay per procedure” “culture.”)
  263. 263. Q.W.P. * *Quality. Wellness. Prevention .
  264. 264. Tom’s “bias.”
  265. 265. 19. HEALTHCARE MEETS HEALTH: The Case of the PLANETREE ALLIANCE
  266. 266. I will conclude this presentation with a “good news” case, that of the Planetree Alliance.
  267. 267. Planetree : A Radical Model for New Healthcare/Healing/ Wellness Excellence Tom Peters
  268. 268. &quot;All sane persons agree that 'healthcare needs an overhaul.' And that's where the agreement stops. Healthcare issues are thorny, and system panaceas are about as likely as the sun rising in the West. But there is good news here and there — and great news courtesy the Planetree Model.   &quot;In the midst of ceaseless gnashing of teeth over 'healthcare issues,' the patient and frontline staff often get lost in the shuffle. Enter Planetree. While oceanic systemic solutions remain out of reach, Planetree provides a remarkable demonstration of what healthcare — with the patient at the center — can be all about; and is all about among Planetree Alliance members.   &quot;I know this may sound ridiculous, but everything about the 'model' works. It is great for patients and their families — and is truly about humanity and healing and health and long-term wellness, not just a 'fix' for today's problem. It is great for staff — Planetree-Griffin is rightly near the top of the 'best places to work in America' list, year in and year out. And Planetree also works as a 'business model' — any effectiveness measure you can name is in the Green Zone at Griffith.   &quot;For 25 years my 'gig' has been 'excellence.' Put simply, there is no better exemplar of customer-centered, employee-friendly excellence, in any industry, than Griffin-Planetree. The Planetree model works — and in my extensive work in the health sector, I 'sell' it shamelessly, and pray that my clients are taking it all in.&quot;   tom peters/response to request for comment on Planetree  
  269. 269. Five pianos
  270. 270. (Explanation to come.)
  271. 271. “ It was the goal of the Planetree Unit to help patients not only get well faster but also to stay well longer.” — Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  272. 272. And this is done within the context of the private-incentive scheme — i.e., it can be done.
  273. 273. “ Much of our current healthcare is about curing . Curing is good. But healing is spiritual, and healing is better, because we can heal many people we cannot cure.” —Leland Kaiser, “Holistic Hospitals”
  274. 274. “ The most basic question we need to pose in caring for others is this: Is this a lovin g act ?” —Leland Kaiser, “Holistic Hospitals” Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  275. 275. Determinants of Health Access to care: 10% Genetics: 20% Environment: 20% Health Behaviors: 50 % Source: Institute for the Future
  276. 276. The 9 Planetree Practices 1. The Importance of Human Interaction 2. Informing and Empowering Diverse Populations: Consumer Health Libraries and Patient Information 3. Healing Partnerships: The importance of Including Friends and Family 4. Nutrition: The Nurturing Aspect of Food 5. Spirituality: Inner Resources for Healing 6. Human Touch: The Essentials of Communicating Caring Through Massage 7. Healing Arts: Nutrition for the Soul 8. Integrating Complementary and Alternative Practices into Conventional Care 9. Healing Environments: Architecture and Design Conducive to Health Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  277. 277. 1. The Importance of Human Interaction
  278. 278. Press Ganey Assoc : 139,380 former patients from 225 hospitals: none of THE top 15 factors determining P atient S atisfaction referred to patient’s health outcome PS directl y related to Staff Interaction PS directl y correlated with Employee Satisfaction Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  279. 279. “ There is a misconception that supportive interactions require more staff or more time and are therefore more costly. Although labor costs are a substantial part of any hospital budget, the interactions themselves add nothing to the budget. Kindness is free . Listening to patients or answering their questions costs nothing. It can be argued that negative interactions—alienating patients, being non-responsive to their needs or limiting their sense of control—can be very costly. … Angry, frustrated or frightened patients may be combative, withdrawn and less cooperative—requiring far more time than it would have taken to interact with them initially in a positive way.” — Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  280. 280. “ Perhaps the simplest and most profound of all human interactions is KINDNESS. … But if it is so sim p le, it is sur p rising how fre q uentl y it is absent from our healthcare environments . … Many staff members report verbal ‘abuse ’ by physicians, managers and coworkers.” — Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  281. 281. “ Planetree is about human beings caring for other human beings.” — Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel (“Ladies and gentlemen serving ladies and gentlemen”—4S credo)
  282. 282. 2. Informing and Empowering Diverse Populations: Consumer Health Libraries and Patient Information
  283. 283. Planetree Health Resources Center/1981 Planetree Classification System Consumer Health Librarians Volunteers Classes, lectures Health Fairs Griffin’s Mobile Health Resource Center Open Chart Policy Patient Progress Notes Care Coordination Conferences (Est goals, timetable, etc.) Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  284. 284. 3. Healing Partnerships: The Importance of Including Friends and Family
  285. 285. “ When hospital staff members are asked to list the attributes of the ‘perfect patient and family,’ their response is usually a passive patient with no family.” — Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  286. 286. The Patient-Famil y Experience “ Patients are stripped of control, their clothes are taken away, they have little say over their schedule, and they are deliberately separated from their family and friends. Healthcare professionals control all of the information about their patients’ bodies and access to the people who can answer questions and connect them with helpful resources. Families are treated more as intruders than loved ones.” — Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  287. 287. “ Family members, close friends and ‘significant others’ can have a far greater impact on patients’ experience of illness, and on their long-term health and happiness, than any healthcare professional.” — Through the Patient’s Eyes
  288. 288. “ A 7-year follow-up of women diagnosed with breast cancer showed that those who confided in at least one person in the 3 months after surgery had a 7-year survival rate of 72.4 % , as compared to 56.3% for those who didn’t have a confidant.” —Institute for the Future
  289. 289. Care Partner Programs (IDs, discount meals, etc.) Unrestricted visits (“Most Planetree hospitals have eliminated visiting restrictions altogether.”) (ER at one hospital “has a policy of never separating the patient from the family, and there is no limitation on how many family members may be present.”) Collaborative Care Conferences Clinical Guidelines Discussions Family Spaces Pet Visits (POP: Patients’ Own Pets) Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  290. 290. 4. Nutrition: The Nurturing Aspect of Food
  291. 291. Meals are central events vs “There, you’re fed.” * *Irony: Focus on “nutrition” has reduced focus on “food” and “service” Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  292. 292. Kitchen Beautiful cutlery, plates, etc Chef reputation Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  293. 293. Aroma therapy (e.g., “smell of baking cookies”—from kitchenettes in each ward) Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  294. 294. 5. Spirituality: Inner Resources for Healing
  295. 295. S p iritualit y : Meanin g and Connectedness in Life 1. Connected to supportive and caring group 2. Sense of mastery and control 3. Make meaning out of disease/ find meaning in suffering Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  296. 296. Griffin : redesign chapel (waterfall, quiet music, open prayer book) Other : music, flowers, portable labyrinth Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  297. 297. 6. Human Touch: The Essentials of Communicating Caring Through Massage
  298. 298. “ Massage is a powerful way to communicate caring.” — Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  299. 299. Mid-Columbia Medical Center/Center for Mind and Bod y Massage for every patient scheduled for ambulatory surgery (“Go into surgery with a good attitude”) Infant massage Staff massage (“caring for the caregivers”) Healing environments: chemo! Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  300. 300. 7. Healing Arts: Nutrition for the Soul
  301. 301. Planetree: “Environment conducive to healin g ” Color! Light! Brilliance! Form! Art! Music! Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  302. 302. Florence Nightingale/ Notes on Nursing /patient’s need for b eaut y, windows , flowers : “ People say the effect is only on the mind. It is no such thing. The effect is on the body, too.” Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  303. 303. Griffin : Music in the parking lot; professional musicians in the lobby (7/week, 3-4hrs/day) ; 5 pianos ; volunteers (120-140 hrs arts & entertainment per month). Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  304. 304. 8. Integrating Complementary and Alternative Practices into Conventional Care
  305. 305. Griffin IMC/Integrative Medicine Center Massage Acupuncture Meditation Chiropractic Nutritional supplements Aroma therapy Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  306. 306. CAM (Complementary & Alternative Medicine): 83M people use in US (42%) CAM visits 243M, greater than to PCP (Primary Care Physician) (With minimum insurance coverage) Well educated-High income CAM “users” don’t tell PCP (40%) Lack of true testing a red herring: <30% procedures used in conventional medicine have undergone RCTs (randomized clinical trials) Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  307. 307. 9. Healing Environments: Architecture and Design Conducive to Health
  308. 308. “ Planetree Look” Woods and natural materials Indirect lighting Homelike settings Goals: Welcome patients, friends and family … Value humans over technology .. Enable patients to participate in their care … Provide flexibility to personalize the care of each patient … Encourage caregivers to be responsive to patients … Foster a connection to nature and beauty Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  309. 309. Sound Texture Lighting Color Smell Taste Sacred space Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  310. 310. Access to nurses station: “Happen to” vs “Happen with” Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  311. 311. The Eden Alternative* *ElderCare
  312. 312. Planetree approach applied to eldercare.
  313. 313. The Ten Principals of the Eden Alternative 1. The three plagues of loneliness, helplessness, and boredom account for the bulk of suffering among Elders. 2. Life in an Elder-centered community revolves around close and continuing contact with children, plants, and animals . These ancient relationships provide young and old alike with a pathway to a life worth living. 3. Companionship is the antidote to loneliness. In an Elder-centered community we must provide easy access to human and animal companionship. 4. A healthy Elder-centered community seeks to balance the care that is being given with the care that is being received. Elders need opportunities to give care and caregivers need opportunities to receive care. Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  314. 314. “ The Eden paradigm allows elders to care for animals, birds, and children as well as each other.” —Susan Eaton, Harvard/JFK school Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  315. 315. The Ten Principals of the Eden Alternative 5. Variety and Spontaneity are the antidotes to boredom. The Elder-centered community is rich in opportunities to sample these ancient pleasures. 6. An Elder-centered community understands that passive entertainment cannot fill a human life. 7. The Elder-centered community takes medical treatment down from its pedestal and and places it into the service of genuine human caring . Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  316. 316. The Ten Principals of the Eden Alternative 8. In an Elder-centered community, decisions should be made by the Elders or those as close to the Elders as possible. 9. An Elder-centered community understands human growth cannot be separated from human life. 10. Wise leadership is the lifeblood of any struggle against the Three Plagues. For it, there can be no substitute. Source: Putting Patients First , Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel
  317. 317. Conclusion: Caring/Growth “Experience ”
  318. 318. Care!/Love!/Spirit! Self-Control! Connect!/learn!/ involve!/Engage! Understanding!/Growth! De-stress!/heal! Whole patient & family & friends! be well!/stay well!
  319. 319. F.Y.I.: It works!
  320. 320. Griffin Hos p ital/Derb y CT (Planetree Alliance “HQ”) Results : Financially successful. Expanding programs-physically. Growing market share. Only hospital in “100 Best Cos to Work for”— 7 consecutive years, currently #6. —“Five-Star Hospitals,” Joe Flower, strategy+business (#42)
  321. 321. Learn more about Planetree/ The Planetree Alliance: www.planetree.org
  322. 322. 9 July/HealthLeaders 2008 Top Leadership Team in Healthcare: Griffin Hospital
  323. 323. And the awards flood in ....
  324. 324. 20. My Concerns … my ideal
  325. 325. TP & Healthcare/May 2008: ***Prevention and wellness ***Population outcomes, outcomes in general; key metrics ***EMR, info-tech for procedural integration and guidance for evidence-based Treatment. ***Safety ***Quality ***Chronic care ***Provision of the basics ***Simple tools (Checklists) ***Clinical micro-systems (Patient Care Teams) ***Patient Quarterbacks (Family Practice specialists, PAs, Nurses) ***Patient-centric/Healing environments (Planetree/Griffinn) ***Evidence-based medicine ***Primary care ***Overtreatment ***Obesity
  326. 326. In summary, the areas I worry about most.
  327. 327. TP’s Ideal Hospital Org Chart, Circa August 2008 CEO, CMO/CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER, CNO/CHIEF NURSING OFFICER, CFO, ETC. [traditional jobs] DEPUTY CEO/PATIENT SAFETY & QUALITY Director “Hands Clean” Mandate Director Error-free Medications Program Director Simple-Tools-That-Save-Lives Programs Director Over-treatment Evaluation & Management CHIEF CLINICAL EVALUATIONS OFFICER Director Evidence-based Medicine Initiatives Director Best-practices Program Director Error Reporting & Evaluation Initiative CISO/CHIEF INFORMATION SYSTEMS OFFICER Director Electronic Medical Records Director Cross-functional IS Engagement & Implementation Teams DEPUTY CEO/HEALTH & HEALING & COMMUNITY OUTREACH Director Wellness & Prevention Programs Director Follow-up Patient Behaviors Program Director Public Health Initiatives Director Wellness Programs Director Kids’ Education Programs CPCCO/CHIEF PATIENT-CENTRIC CARE OFFICER Director Patient Experience Programs Director Planetree Practices Programs Director Patient “Home Port” & Self- & Family- Management Programs DEPUTY CEO/PEOPLE Director Teams-based Organization CCCO/CHIEF CHRONIC-CARE OFFICER DEPUTY CEO CROSS-FUNCTIONAL COORDINATION OFFICER Director Patient-Treatment Teams Implementation Director Cross-functional Communications Initiatives
  328. 328. This is not really a “fix”—it amounts to the injection of hopeless bureaucracy. On the other hand, my “ideal” hospital exec team emphasizes concerns that seem to be second order in most institutions..
  329. 329. 21. TP’ s Nobels
  330. 330. TP’s “Nobels” in Medicine Don Berwick John Wennberg Elliott Fisher Ken Kizer The VA Peter ProNovost Team Planetree
  331. 331. 22. Some resources
  332. 332. *** Best Care Anywhere: Why VA Healthcare Is Better Than Yours —Phillip Longman *** Medicine & Culture —Lynn Payer *** Our Daily Meds: How the Pharmaceutical Companies Transformed Themselves into Slick Marketing Machines and Hooked the Nation on Prescription Drugs —Melody Petersen *** Overtreated: Why Too Much Medicine Is Making Us Sicker and Poorer —Shannon Brownlee *** Demanding Medical Excellence: Doctors and Accountability in the Information Age —Michael Millenson *** Putting Patients First —Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel [The Planetree story]
  333. 333. Thank you for your time!
  334. 334. END Part 9
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