Gretchen soils slideshow

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Gretchen soils slideshow

  1. 1. Soil layers
  2. 2. Soil food web
  3. 4. Healthy soil cycles
  4. 5. Is your soil healthy? <ul><li>Soil testing: your Extension Office can test soil for little cost, but little detail. </li></ul><ul><li>Midwestern Bio-Ag does a complete soil analysis report, showing percentage of organic material, level of micronutrients, etc. 608 437-4994 </li></ul>
  5. 6. Visual soil analysis <ul><li>Observe what plants are growing—let the weeds speak to you! </li></ul><ul><li>Color, texture, taste all contribute to understanding your soil. </li></ul>
  6. 7. How it feels
  7. 8. What it grows
  8. 9. What helps the soil
  9. 10. Composting
  10. 11. Creating bulk compost
  11. 12. Growing Power compost on asphalt
  12. 15. Compost warms greenhouses
  13. 16. Recycled gardens
  14. 17. Benefits of cover crops
  15. 18. Cover crop options <ul><li>Do you need to add biomass, or suppress weeds? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you need to fix nitrogen, or break up clay soil? </li></ul><ul><li>No matter your scale of food production, cover crops will improve your site. Naked soil does not. </li></ul><ul><li>Organic cover crop seeds available at The Feed Barn, West Chester. </li></ul>
  16. 19. Add biomass
  17. 20. Use of buckwheat <ul><li>For a summer green manure, till in after blossoms have been enjoyed by the bees. For grain, sow 3 months before fall frost, harvest after killing frost and let decompose during the winter. Till in during the spring. </li></ul>
  18. 21. Use of hairy vetch—prevent weeds in squash beds
  19. 22. Use of winter radishes
  20. 23. Use of winter wheat
  21. 24. Use of rye
  22. 25. Winter mix—rye, hairy vetch, crimson clover
  23. 26. Green manure mix for fall <ul><li>This can often include winter rye, oats, clover, field peas, and hairy vetch. The peas, oats and clover die at frost, providing biomass and soil cover. The hairy vetch and winter rye regrow in the spring to provide nutrients for new crops. </li></ul>
  24. 27. Beautifully useful—clover & batchelor’s buttons
  25. 28. No-tillage
  26. 29. Chisel plow
  27. 30. Weed suppression/organic decomposition

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