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Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
Hebrews Lesson 08
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Hebrews Lesson 08

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  • - 1 st Covenant = Mosaic Covenant  Setup the arrangements of the Sanctuary AND the Sacrifice Ritual Earthly sanctuary = TEMPORARY Staff (Numbers 17:1-10) 12 leaders put staffs in, Aaron’s budded with almonds = selected for priesthood Atonement cover = “mercy seat” or “place of atonement”  blood of sacrifice for high priest and for nation sprinkled – God’s presence (cloud) Throne of Grace|| Ark of the Covenant, Mercy Seat Separation from God || Inner Veil Prayer continually offered || Incense The Bread of Life || 12 loaves of bread Light / Lampstands of the churches in Rev || Lampstand gives light continually / Fire in the wilderness (3 branches on each side for 7 lights) Jesus Sacrifice || Bronze Altar Baptism || Bronze Laver , ceremonial washing (Altar of incense referred to as being on the inside, other texts seem to indicate it’s only in the holy place – plays a SIGNIFICANT part on day of atonement, incense must be lit and blood of sin offering was sprinkled on horns of incense altar as well as the mercy seat – some also say this should translate incense censer) Altar of incense in NT (Luke 1:8-22) Luke 1:8 Once when Zechariah's division was on duty and he was serving as priest before God, 9 he was chosen by lot, according to the custom of the priesthood, to go into the temple of the Lord and burn incense. 10 And when the time for the burning of incense came, all the assembled worshipers were praying outside. 11 Then an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing at the right side of the altar of incense. 12 When Zechariah saw him, he was startled and was gripped with fear. 13 But the angel said to him: "Do not be afraid, Zechariah; your prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you are to give him the name John. 14 He will be a joy and delight to you, and many will rejoice because of his birth, 15 for he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He is never to take wine or other fermented drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit even from birth. 16 Many of the people of Israel will he bring back to the Lord their God. 17 And he will go on before the Lord, in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous-- to make ready a people prepared for the Lord." 18 Zechariah asked the angel, "How can I be sure of this? I am an old man and my wife is well along in years." 19 The angel answered, "I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I have been sent to speak to you and to tell you this good news. 20 And now you will be silent and not able to speak until the day this happens, because you did not believe my words, which will come true at their proper time." 21 Meanwhile, the people were waiting for Zechariah and wondering why he stayed so long in the temple. 22 When he came out, he could not speak to them. They realized he had seen a vision in the temple, for he kept making signs to them but remained unable to speak.
  • Outer room = holy place – continual use (lamp, incense, bread) – any member of priesthood Inner Room = holy of holies – high priest – once a year – Yom Kippur (Sept/Oct, Oct 8. this year) – Autumnal equinox Strict prescriptions for him being able to enter this room Cloud of incense covering the ark – bull sacrifice for priest and his family – goat sacrifice for people – second goat (scape goat) sins of the people The way = ALL ABOUT SEPARATION  (Verse 8) NO DIRECT ACCESS TO GOD (remember pioneer) (microwave waiting illustration) Conscience = effective barrier to God is not a material one, but an inward barrier – in the conscience, only when conscience is purified (guilt removed) that one is set free to approach God without reservation and offer him acceptable service and worship (animals useless in this regard  ceremonial / symbolic removal of pollution) Food and Drink = Food laws & Washings = externalities, not for the inward, the conscience Time of the new order = time of reformation = reconstruction
  • Good things = New Order is Here, his entrance isn’t marked by a day of fasting, but gladness and song  ascension of the Priest-King Outward justification  no inward cleansings (white washed tombs) Cleanse conscience  cleans inward sense of guilt
  • Mediator – Sacrifice is the basis of the new covenant, the blood of the new covenant Eternal inheritance – a better promise, covenant is eternal, so redemption is eternal
  • Sprinkle = joining the covenant community  Presbyterian baptism (Hyssop – used to put blood on the doors at Exodus, used by Moses at this covenant, refused by Christ at crucifixion) Tabernacle – anointed with oil, sprinkled with blood  set apart, sacred (like the priests)
  • (v. 26) Once for all – not eternally offering himself in heaven (i.e. R.C. Eucharist)
  • Law – matters of priesthood and sacrifice Image – Image vs. Copy, Christ as the exact image / representation of God
  • A body  (“ears hast though digged for me”) – The body fashioned or created by God is given back to God as a “living sacrifice” When christ came into the world = Incarnation Your will  Wholehearted obedience is the sacrifice which God really desires First  Old Order Second  New Order (Jesus) Made Holy  Sanctified / made holy by Jesus fulfilling the will of God - Through his body (in this context his whole life) and his blood (sacrifice) ONCE FOR ALL Psalm 40:1 For the director of music. Of David. A psalm. I waited patiently for the LORD; he turned to me and heard my cry. 2 He lifted me out of the slimy pit, out of the mud and mire; he set my feet on a rock and gave me a firm place to stand. 3 He put a new song in my mouth, a hymn of praise to our God. Many will see and fear and put their trust in the LORD. 4 Blessed is the man who makes the LORD his trust, who does not look to the proud, to those who turn aside to false gods. 5 Many, O LORD my God, are the wonders you have done. The things you planned for us no one can recount to you; were I to speak and tell of them, they would be too many to declare . 6 Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but my ears you have pierced; burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not require. 7 Then I said, "Here I am, I have come-- it is written about me in the scroll. 8 I desire to do your will, O my God; your law is within my heart." 9 I proclaim righteousness in the great assembly; I do not seal my lips, as you know, O LORD. 10 I do not hide your righteousness in my heart; I speak of your faithfulness and salvation. I do not conceal your love and your truth from the great assembly. 11 Do not withhold your mercy from me, O LORD; may your love and your truth always protect me. 12 For troubles without number surround me; my sins have overtaken me, and I cannot see. They are more than the hairs of my head, and my heart fails within me. 13 Be pleased, O LORD, to save me; O LORD, come quickly to help me. 14 May all who seek to take my life be put to shame and confusion; may all who desire my ruin be turned back in disgrace. 15 May those who say to me, "Aha! Aha!" be appalled at their own shame. 16 But may all who seek you rejoice and be glad in you; may those who love your salvation always say, "The LORD be exalted!" 17 Yet I am poor and needy; may the Lord think of me. You are my help and my deliverer; O my God, do not delay.
  • Sat down  did the high priests sit down? (nope), duties never done, “It is finished” - Psalm 110 again Law in their hearts (Jeremiah 31) Sins remembered no more VERSUS annual reminder of sin Jeremiah 31:33 "This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time," declares the LORD. "I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. 34 No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, 'Know the LORD,' because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest," declares the LORD. "For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more."
  • (19-25 = one sentence in Greek!) Confidence to enter vs high priest only, day of atonement only, under certain conditions only (vs. RC Church) – Priesthood of all believers (Revelation 5) What a privilege! Curtain  Inner Veil (Christ’s sacrifice, veil torn, body given up) House of God  (people of God) Sprinkle (Blood that makes even conscience clear), Washed = baptism NEXT SLIDE
  • Draw near  fully cleansed (inside and out) Hope  Christ as our anchor, based on unfailing promise of God Hope is PROFESSED / CONFESSED Together  Encourage one another, can’t happen at a distance
  • Sin deliberately – sinning with a high hand, no atonement in the Old Testament for intentional sin, - deserting the living God, renunciation of Christianity, outright apostasy, most flagrant kind of contempt - abandon the truth (the sacrifice of Christ) then there is no other sacrifice - Not a sin of ignorance but of rejecting known truth - a man sets aside the entirety of the Law of Moses Old order  lesser to greater argument It is mine to avenge (Deut 32:35) The Lord will judge his people (36)
  • Like before (6:4-8) – warning followed by assurance and encouragement Confidence – earlier = confidence to enter the most high  here = COURAGE - Loss of possessions compared with richly rewarded Persevere = patience in fulfillment of the promise Coming one  John the Baptist “Are you the one who was to come” Habakkuk 2:3 For the revelation awaits an appointed time; it speaks of the end and will not prove false. Though it linger, wait for it; it will certainly come and will not delay . 4 "See, he is puffed up; his desires are not upright-- but the righteous will live by his faith-- 5 indeed, wine betrays him; he is arrogant and never at rest. Because he is as greedy as the grave and like death is never satisfied, he gathers to himself all the nations and takes captive all the peoples.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Lesson 8
    • 2. Lesson 8 Outline <ul><li>The Blood of Animals(9:1-10) </li></ul><ul><li>The Blood of Christ (9:11-28) </li></ul><ul><li>Once for All Sacrifice (10:1-18) </li></ul><ul><li>Draw near to God (10:19-25) </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth Admonition: The Willful sin of Apostasy (10:26-31) </li></ul><ul><li>Call To Perseverance (10:32-39) </li></ul>
    • 3. The Blood of Animals Now the first covenant had regulations for worship and also an earthly sanctuary. 2 A tabernacle was set up. In its first room were the lampstand, the table and the consecrated bread; this was called the Holy Place. 3 Behind the second curtain was a room called the Most Holy Place, 4 which had the golden altar of incense and the gold-covered ark of the covenant. This ark contained the gold jar of manna, Aaron's staff that had budded, and the stone tablets of the covenant. 5 Above the ark were the cherubim of the Glory, overshadowing the atonement cover. But we cannot discuss these things in detail now. <ul><li>First Covenant </li></ul><ul><li>Earthly Sanctuary </li></ul><ul><li>Holy </li></ul><ul><li>“ Atonement cover” </li></ul>
    • 4. The Blood of Animals 6 When everything had been arranged like this, the priests entered regularly into the outer room to carry on their ministry. 7 But only the high priest entered the inner room, and that only once a year, and never without blood, which he offered for himself and for the sins the people had committed in ignorance. 8 The Holy Spirit was showing by this that the way into the Most Holy Place had not yet been disclosed as long as the first tabernacle was still standing. 9 This is an illustration for the present time, indicating that the gifts and sacrifices being offered were not able to clear the conscience of the worshiper. 10 They are only a matter of food and drink and various ceremonial washings--external regulations applying until the time of the new order. <ul><li>Outer Room </li></ul><ul><li>Inner Room </li></ul><ul><li>The Way </li></ul><ul><li>Conscience </li></ul><ul><li>Food, Washings </li></ul><ul><li>New Order </li></ul>
    • 5. Lesson 8 Outline <ul><li>The Blood of Animals(9:1-10) </li></ul><ul><li>The Blood of Christ (9:11-28) </li></ul><ul><li>Once for All Sacrifice (10:1-18) </li></ul><ul><li>Draw near to God (10:19-25) </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth Admonition: The Willful sin of Apostasy (10:26-31) </li></ul><ul><li>Call To Perseverance (10:32-39) </li></ul>
    • 6. The Blood of Christ 11 When Christ came as high priest of the good things that are already here, he went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle that is not man-made, that is to say, not a part of this creation. 12 He did not enter by means of the blood of goats and calves; but he entered the Most Holy Place once for all by his own blood, having obtained eternal redemption. 13 The blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkled on those who are ceremonially unclean sanctify them so that they are outwardly clean. 14 How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God! <ul><li>Good things </li></ul><ul><li>Eternal Redemption </li></ul><ul><li>Outwardly Clean </li></ul><ul><li>Unblemished </li></ul><ul><li>Cleanse conscience </li></ul><ul><li>So that… </li></ul>Mark 7:21 For from within, out of men's hearts, come evil thoughts …All these evils come from inside and make a man 'unclean.'&quot; John 4:23 Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks.
    • 7. The Blood of Christ 15 For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance-- now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant. 16 In the case of a will, it is necessary to prove the death of the one who made it, 17 because a will is in force only when somebody has died; it never takes effect while the one who made it is living. <ul><li>Mediator </li></ul><ul><li>Eternal inheritance </li></ul><ul><li>Last Will and Testament </li></ul><ul><li>= Covenant </li></ul>1 Corinthians 11:25 In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, &quot;This cup is the new covenant in my blood ; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.&quot;
    • 8. The Blood of Christ 18 This is why even the first covenant was not put into effect without blood. 19 When Moses had proclaimed every commandment of the law to all the people, he took the blood of calves, together with water, scarlet wool and branches of hyssop, and sprinkled the scroll and all the people. 20 He said, &quot;This is the blood of the covenant, which God has commanded you to keep.&quot; 21 In the same way, he sprinkled with the blood both the tabernacle and everything used in its ceremonies. 22 In fact, the law requires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness. <ul><li>First Covenant </li></ul><ul><li>Sprinkle </li></ul><ul><li>Tabernacle Sprinkled </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly Everything </li></ul>
    • 9. The Blood of Christ 23 It was necessary, then, for the copies of the heavenly things to be purified with these sacrifices, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. 24 For Christ did not enter a man-made sanctuary that was only a copy of the true one; he entered heaven itself, now to appear for us in God's presence. 25 Nor did he enter heaven to offer himself again and again, the way the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood that is not his own. 26 Then Christ would have had to suffer many times since the creation of the world. But now he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to do away with sin by the sacrifice of himself. 27 Just as man is destined to die once, and after that to face judgment, 28 so Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many people; and he will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him. <ul><li>Heaven itself </li></ul><ul><li>Once for all </li></ul><ul><li>Death  Judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Death  Salvation </li></ul>
    • 10. Lesson 8 Outline <ul><li>The Blood of Animals(9:1-10) </li></ul><ul><li>The Blood of Christ (9:11-28) </li></ul><ul><li>Once for All Sacrifice (10:1-18) </li></ul><ul><li>Draw near to God (10:19-25) </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth Admonition: The Willful sin of Apostasy (10:26-31) </li></ul><ul><li>Call To Perseverance (10:32-39) </li></ul>
    • 11. Once for All Sacrifice The law is only a shadow of the good things that are coming-- not the realities themselves. For this reason it can never, by the same sacrifices repeated endlessly year after year, make perfect those who draw near to worship. 2 If it could, would they not have stopped being offered? For the worshipers would have been cleansed once for all , and would no longer have felt guilty for their sins. 3 But those sacrifices are an annual reminder of sins, 4 because it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. <ul><li>Law </li></ul><ul><li>Fore shadow ing </li></ul><ul><li>Realities = “Image” </li></ul><ul><li>Repetition vs. once for all </li></ul>Psalm 51 - 16 You do not delight in sacrifice, or I would bring it; you do not take pleasure in burnt offerings. 17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.
    • 12. Once for All Sacrifice 5 Therefore, when Christ came into the world, he said: &quot;Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you prepared for me; 6 with burnt offerings and sin offerings you were not pleased. 7 Then I said, 'Here I am-- it is written about me in the scroll-- I have come to do your will, O God.'&quot; 8 First he said, &quot;Sacrifices and offerings, burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not desire, nor were you pleased with them&quot; (although the law required them to be made). 9 Then he said, &quot;Here I am, I have come to do your will.&quot; He sets aside the first to establish the second. 10 And by that will, we have been made holy through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. <ul><li>A body </li></ul><ul><li>Your will </li></ul><ul><li>First: Sacrifices, offerings, burnt offerings, sin offerings </li></ul><ul><li>Second: “Here I am” </li></ul><ul><li>Made Holy </li></ul>
    • 13. Once for All Sacrifice 11 Day after day every priest stands and performs his religious duties; again and again he offers the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. 12 But when this priest had offered for all time one sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God. 13 Since that time he waits for his enemies to be made his footstool, 14 because by one sacrifice he has made perfect forever those who are being made holy. 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 &quot;This is the covenant I will make with them after that time, says the Lord. I will put my laws in their hearts, and I will write them on their minds.&quot; 17 Then he adds: &quot;Their sins and lawless acts I will remember no more.&quot; 18 And where these have been forgiven, there is no longer any sacrifice for sin. <ul><li>Day after Day </li></ul><ul><li>Sat Down </li></ul>Being “made holy” by Christ’s Sacrifice <ul><li>Cleansing of inward guilt / conscience (Internal Heart Change) – Sanctification </li></ul><ul><li>“ Laws in their hearts” </li></ul>2. Approach God as accepted worshipers (External Status Change) – Justification “ sins remembered no more”
    • 14. Lesson 8 Outline <ul><li>The Blood of Animals(9:1-10) </li></ul><ul><li>The Blood of Christ (9:11-28) </li></ul><ul><li>Once for All Sacrifice (10:1-18) </li></ul><ul><li>Draw near to God (10:19-25) </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth Admonition: The Willful sin of Apostasy (10:26-31) </li></ul><ul><li>Call To Perseverance (10:32-39) </li></ul>
    • 15. Draw Near to God 19 Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus, 20 by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, his body, 21 and since we have a great priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near to God with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and having our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold unswervingly to the hope we profess, for he who promised is faithful. 24 And let us consider how we may spur one another on toward love and good deeds. 25 Let us not give up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but let us encourage one another-- and all the more as you see the Day approaching. <ul><li>Confidence to enter </li></ul><ul><li>Curtain </li></ul><ul><li>Sprinkle…Washed </li></ul>Revelation 5 9 And they sang a new song: &quot;You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, because you were slain, and with your blood you purchased men for God from every tribe and language and people and nation. 10 You have made them to be a kingdom and priests to serve our God, and they will reign on the earth.&quot; What a privilege to carry everything to God in prayer! Ezekiel 36:25 I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean … I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you.
    • 16. Draw Near to God 19 Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus, 20 by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, his body, 21 and since we have a great priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near to God with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and having our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold unswervingly to the hope we profess, for he who promised is faithful. 24 And let us consider how we may spur one another on toward love and good deeds. 25 Let us not give up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but let us encourage one another-- and all the more as you see the Day approaching. <ul><li>Let us… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Draw near </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hold to the hope professed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spur one another on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meet together </li></ul></ul>
    • 17. Lesson 8 Outline <ul><li>The Blood of Animals(9:1-10) </li></ul><ul><li>The Blood of Christ (9:11-28) </li></ul><ul><li>Once for All Sacrifice (10:1-18) </li></ul><ul><li>Draw near to God (10:19-25) </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth Admonition: The Willful sin of Apostasy (10:26-31) </li></ul><ul><li>Call To Perseverance (10:32-39) </li></ul>
    • 18. Fourth Admonition: The Willful Sin of Apostasy 26 If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, 27 but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God. 28 Anyone who rejected the law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 29 How much more severely do you think a man deserves to be punished who has trampled the Son of God under foot, who has treated as an unholy thing the blood of the covenant that sanctified him, and who has insulted the Spirit of grace? 30 For we know him who said, &quot;It is mine to avenge; I will repay,&quot; and again, &quot;The Lord will judge his people.&quot; 31 It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the living God. <ul><li>Sin deliberately </li></ul><ul><li>Old Order penalties vs. New Order penalties </li></ul><ul><li>The Day Approaching…Lord will judge his people </li></ul>
    • 19. Lesson 8 Outline <ul><li>The Blood of Animals(9:1-10) </li></ul><ul><li>The Blood of Christ (9:11-28) </li></ul><ul><li>Once for All Sacrifice (10:1-18) </li></ul><ul><li>Draw near to God (10:19-25) </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth Admonition: The Willful sin of Apostasy (10:26-31) </li></ul><ul><li>Call To Perseverance (10:32-39) </li></ul>
    • 20. Call to Perseverance 32 Remember those earlier days after you had received the light, when you stood your ground in a great contest in the face of suffering. 33 Sometimes you were publicly exposed to insult and persecution; at other times you stood side by side with those who were so treated. 34 You sympathized with those in prison and joyfully accepted the confiscation of your property, because you knew that you yourselves had better and lasting possessions. 35 So do not throw away your confidence; it will be richly rewarded. 36 You need to persevere so that when you have done the will of God, you will receive what he has promised. 37 For in just a very little while, &quot;He who is coming will come and will not delay. 38 But my righteous one will live by faith. And if he shrinks back, I will not be pleased with him.&quot; 39 But we are not of those who shrink back and are destroyed, but of those who believe and are saved. <ul><li>Do not throw away your confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Persevere…Promise </li></ul><ul><li>He who is coming </li></ul>Luke 7:18 John's disciples told him about all these things. Calling two of them, 19 he sent them to the Lord to ask, &quot;Are you the one who was to come , or should we expect someone else?
    • 21. Next Time…

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