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Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation
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Motivation

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  • 1. MOTIVATION
  • 2. DEFINITION OF MOTIVATION Motivation is the set of reasons that determines one to engage in a particular behavior. The act or process of stimulating to action , providing an incentive or motive, especially for an act. The psychological forces that determine the direction of a person’s behavior, a person’s level of effort, and a person’s level of persistence.
  • 3. NATURE OF MOTIVATION <ul><li>Motivation is a unending process </li></ul><ul><li>It is a psychological concept </li></ul><ul><li>It is concerned with each and every individual of organization </li></ul><ul><li>It is always hampered by frustration </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation leads to the Goals </li></ul><ul><li>It works as a unifying force </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation may be positive or Negative </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation may be Intrinsic or Extrinsic </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation may be Financial or Non-financial </li></ul>
  • 4. IMPORTANCE OF MOTIVATION <ul><li>It leads to high level performance of an organization </li></ul><ul><li>A motivated employee stays in the organization more and </li></ul><ul><li>their absenteeism is quite low </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness of employee to work hard </li></ul><ul><li>Drives to the best result to the Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Helpful in building good labor relation </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of skill and knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Is important tool of Management </li></ul><ul><li>Improves relation between Manager and employees </li></ul><ul><li>Decreases wastage and accidents </li></ul>
  • 5. KINDS OF MOTIVATION <ul><li>Positive or Negative </li></ul><ul><li>Intrinsic or Extrinsic </li></ul><ul><li>Financial or Non-financial </li></ul>
  • 6.  
  • 7. POSITIVE VS. NEGATIVE MOTIVATION POSITIVE MOTIVATION : 1. Through reward. 2. Fulfilling the needs of employee. 3. Supposed to be true motivation. NEGATIVE MOTIVATION: 1 .Through reactions which people want to avoid. 2 . Fear of dismissal, demotion, group disapproval etc. 3. Supposed to be of false motivation.
  • 8. FINANCIAL VS. NON-FINANCIAL MOTIVATION Financial Motivators: 1 Wages 2 Incentive 3 bonus 4 retirements benefits 5 Shares Non-financial Motivators: 1 Ego satisfaction 2 Self actualization 3 responsibility 4 appreciation
  • 9. INTRINSIC VS. EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION <ul><li>Intrinsically Motivated Behavior: </li></ul><ul><li>1 Behavior that is performed for its own sake. </li></ul><ul><li>2 Includes Recognition ,status, authority, Participation etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Extrinsically Motivated Behavior: </li></ul><ul><li>1 Behavior that is performed to acquire material or social rewards or to </li></ul><ul><li>avoid punishment. </li></ul><ul><li>2 Includes Incentive, bonus, reward etc. </li></ul>
  • 10. MOTIVATIONAL TRIGGERS <ul><li>Achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Affiliation </li></ul><ul><li>Competence </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciation </li></ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul><ul><li>Fear </li></ul><ul><li>Incentive </li></ul><ul><li>Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Self control </li></ul>
  • 11. MOTIVATIONAL THEORIES <ul><li>Drive Reduction Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Need Achievement Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Herzbergs two factor Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Alderfer’s ERG theory </li></ul><ul><li>Goal Setting Theory </li></ul>
  • 12. DRIVE REDUCTION THEORY
  • 13. NEED ACHIEVEMENT THEORY
  • 14. HERZBERGS TWO FACTOR THEORY
  • 15. ALDERFER’S ERG THEORY
  • 16. WHICH MOTIVATE EMPLOYEES TODAY <ul><li>Opportunity to Learn, Develop and Advance as an Employee </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible Hours/Work – Life Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>The Opportunity to Contribute </li></ul><ul><li>Independence and Autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>The Image of the Organization </li></ul>
  • 17. HOW WE CAN MOTIVATE THE SPECIAL GROUPS: Motivating Professionals <ul><li>Provide challenging projects </li></ul><ul><li>Allow them the autonomy to productive </li></ul><ul><li>Reward with educational Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Reward with recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Express interest in what they are doing </li></ul><ul><li>Create alternative career paths </li></ul>
  • 18. Motivating Contingent Workers <ul><li>Provide opportunity for permanent status. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Opportunities for training. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide equitable pay. </li></ul>Motivating the Diversified Workforce <ul><li>Provide flexible work, leave, and pay schedules. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide child and elder care benefits. </li></ul><ul><li>Structure working relationships to account for </li></ul><ul><li>cultural difference and similarities </li></ul>
  • 19. Motivating Low-Skilled Service Workers <ul><li>Recruit widely </li></ul><ul><li>Increase pay and benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Makes jobs more appealing </li></ul>Motivating People Doing Highly Repetitive Tasks <ul><li>Recruit and select employees that fir the job </li></ul><ul><li>Create a pleasant work environment </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanize the most distasteful aspects of the job </li></ul>
  • 20. THANK YOU DESIGNED BY: D. SAMUEL MANIRAJ. MBA.,M.Com.,M.Phil.,MA.,PGDCA.,ADCHN., CHENNAI, TAMIL NADU, INDIA.

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