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Motivation
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Motivation

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Motivation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. MOTIVATION
  • 2. DEFINITION OF MOTIVATION Motivation is the set of reasons that determines one to engage in a particular behavior. The act or process of stimulating to action , providing an incentive or motive, especially for an act. The psychological forces that determine the direction of a person’s behavior, a person’s level of effort, and a person’s level of persistence.
  • 3. NATURE OF MOTIVATION
    • Motivation is a unending process
    • It is a psychological concept
    • It is concerned with each and every individual of organization
    • It is always hampered by frustration
    • Motivation leads to the Goals
    • It works as a unifying force
    • Motivation may be positive or Negative
    • Motivation may be Intrinsic or Extrinsic
    • Motivation may be Financial or Non-financial
  • 4. IMPORTANCE OF MOTIVATION
    • It leads to high level performance of an organization
    • A motivated employee stays in the organization more and
    • their absenteeism is quite low
    • Willingness of employee to work hard
    • Drives to the best result to the Goals
    • Helpful in building good labor relation
    • Improvement of skill and knowledge
    • Is important tool of Management
    • Improves relation between Manager and employees
    • Decreases wastage and accidents
  • 5. KINDS OF MOTIVATION
    • Positive or Negative
    • Intrinsic or Extrinsic
    • Financial or Non-financial
  • 6.  
  • 7. POSITIVE VS. NEGATIVE MOTIVATION POSITIVE MOTIVATION : 1. Through reward. 2. Fulfilling the needs of employee. 3. Supposed to be true motivation. NEGATIVE MOTIVATION: 1 .Through reactions which people want to avoid. 2 . Fear of dismissal, demotion, group disapproval etc. 3. Supposed to be of false motivation.
  • 8. FINANCIAL VS. NON-FINANCIAL MOTIVATION Financial Motivators: 1 Wages 2 Incentive 3 bonus 4 retirements benefits 5 Shares Non-financial Motivators: 1 Ego satisfaction 2 Self actualization 3 responsibility 4 appreciation
  • 9. INTRINSIC VS. EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION
    • Intrinsically Motivated Behavior:
    • 1 Behavior that is performed for its own sake.
    • 2 Includes Recognition ,status, authority, Participation etc.
    • Extrinsically Motivated Behavior:
    • 1 Behavior that is performed to acquire material or social rewards or to
    • avoid punishment.
    • 2 Includes Incentive, bonus, reward etc.
  • 10. MOTIVATIONAL TRIGGERS
    • Achievements
    • Challenge
    • Affiliation
    • Competence
    • Power
    • Growth
    • Recognition
    • Participation
    • Appreciation
    • Respect
    • Fear
    • Incentive
    • Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation
    • Self control
  • 11. MOTIVATIONAL THEORIES
    • Drive Reduction Theory
    • Need Achievement Theory
    • Herzbergs two factor Theory
    • Alderfer’s ERG theory
    • Goal Setting Theory
  • 12. DRIVE REDUCTION THEORY
  • 13. NEED ACHIEVEMENT THEORY
  • 14. HERZBERGS TWO FACTOR THEORY
  • 15. ALDERFER’S ERG THEORY
  • 16. WHICH MOTIVATE EMPLOYEES TODAY
    • Opportunity to Learn, Develop and Advance as an Employee
    • Flexible Hours/Work – Life Balance
    • Recognition
    • The Opportunity to Contribute
    • Independence and Autonomy
    • The Image of the Organization
  • 17. HOW WE CAN MOTIVATE THE SPECIAL GROUPS: Motivating Professionals
    • Provide challenging projects
    • Allow them the autonomy to productive
    • Reward with educational Opportunities
    • Reward with recognition
    • Express interest in what they are doing
    • Create alternative career paths
  • 18. Motivating Contingent Workers
    • Provide opportunity for permanent status.
    • Provide Opportunities for training.
    • Provide equitable pay.
    Motivating the Diversified Workforce
    • Provide flexible work, leave, and pay schedules.
    • Provide child and elder care benefits.
    • Structure working relationships to account for
    • cultural difference and similarities
  • 19. Motivating Low-Skilled Service Workers
    • Recruit widely
    • Increase pay and benefits
    • Makes jobs more appealing
    Motivating People Doing Highly Repetitive Tasks
    • Recruit and select employees that fir the job
    • Create a pleasant work environment
    • Mechanize the most distasteful aspects of the job
  • 20. THANK YOU DESIGNED BY: D. SAMUEL MANIRAJ. MBA.,M.Com.,M.Phil.,MA.,PGDCA.,ADCHN., CHENNAI, TAMIL NADU, INDIA.