LEADERSHIP Leadership is the ability to influence and directing people towards the accomplishment of a goal or objective Types of Leadership: 1.Formal Leadership 2. Informal Leadership
IMPORTANCE OR NEED TO LEADERSHIP
Leadership is necessary for accomplishment of group objectives. It helps in goal-setting of a group.
It motivates employees to work enthusiastically towards attainment of organizational objectives. A motivated employee has high morale.
It builds good employee relations resulting higher performance.
It facilitates the spirit of cooperation and coordination by encouraging mutual understanding, team spirit.
A leader takes the responsibility of representing the group and thereby protects its interest and defends its integrity.
Leadership instills the spirit of confidence in the followers by making them aware about their qualities and capacities and strengthening their emotions.
Leadership facilitates change by easing the employee resistance and thus enables the enterprises to cope with fast changing and complex environment.
CHARACTERISTICS OF LEADERSHIPS:
Leadership is a process of stimulating the group members.
Leadership is a complex relationship which exists between the leader, the followers, the organization , the social values and the economic and political condition. Each of these factors has its own peculiarities which are the cause of the complexity of this relationship.
The leader’s role and the degree of its acceptance by the group members condition the leadership
The core of leadership is to motivate the employees by integrating their individual goals with those of the organization.
When a leader leads, he/she serve also. He is concerned about the goals of the followers and guides them to achieve their goals without any deviation.
A leader has commitment, good judgement and confidence in making timely decisions and willingness to act.
Autocratic or Authoritarian Style
Democratic or participative style
Free rein or laissez faire or permissive style.
Leader makes decisions without reference to anyone else
High degree of dependency on the leader
Can create de-motivation and alienation of staff
May be valuable in some types of business where decisions need to be made quickly and decisively
It leads to low morale and conflict among the subordinates.
Subordinates are induced to avoid responsibility, initiative and
Full potential and creativeness of subordinates are not utilized .
DISADVANTAGES : ADVANTAGES :
Quick Decision making
Provides strong motivation and satisfaction to the leader
Yield positive results
Need less competent subordinates at lower level
May help motivation and involvement
Workers feel ownership of the firm and its ideas
Improves the sharing of ideas and experiences
within the business
Can delay decision making
It is time consuming and causes delay in decision making.
It is not workable where subordinates do not take extra
responsibility of sharing n decision making .
It improves job satisfaction and morale, develops positive attitudes,
Reduces resistance to change, increase productivity and generate
‘ Let it be’ – the leadership responsibilities are shared by all
Can be very useful in businesses where creative ideas are important
Can be highly motivational, as people have control over their working life
Can make coordination and decision making time-consuming and
lacking in overall direction
Relies on good team work
Relies on good interpersonal relations
LAISSEZ-FAIRE : DISADVANTAGES:
Without a strong leader the group will be left directionless and uncontrolled
It ignores the role of the leader and contribution
2. TRANSACTIONAL VS TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP CHARACTERISTICS OF TRANSACTIONAL LEADERS:
Management by exception
CHARACTERISTICS OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERS
Transactional leaders are those leaders who guide or motivate their followers in the direction of established Goals by clarifying role and task requirement. Transformational leaders are leaders who provide individualized consideration And intellectual stimulation and who possess charisma.
3. VISIONARY LEADERSHIP CHARACTERISTICS OF A VISIONARY LEADER:
The ability to explain the vision
Skill to express the vision through leader’s behavior
Able to extend vision to different leadership contexts
Visionary leadership is the ability to create and articulate a realistic, credible, attractive vision of the future for an Organization that grows out of and improves upon the present.
SUGGESTED QUALITIES OF LEADERSHIP:
Preoccupation with a role
A clear sense of purpose
Rejection of determinism
Ability to encourage and nurture those that report to them
Awareness of environment
The ability to choose winners
Sense of humor
Four Leadership Strategies
Attention through Vision
Meaning through Communication
Trust through Positioning
Deployment of self
THE ESSENCE OF LEADERSHIP
THANK YOU DESIGNED BY: D. SAMUEL MANIRAJ. MBA.,M.Com.,M.Phil.,MA.,PGDCA.,ADCHN., CHENNAI, TAMIL NADU, INDIA.