Operating Systems and Utility Programs

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Operating Systems and Utility Programs

  1. 1. Discovering Computers 2011 Living in a Digital World
  2. 2. Objectives Overview Define system Describe the Summarize the software and identify functions of an startup process on a the two types of operating system personal computer system software Summarize the Summarize the Briefly describe features of several features of several various server stand-alone operating embedded operating operating systems systems systems Explain the purpose of several utility programsSee Page 397 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 2for Detailed Objectives Chapter 8
  3. 3. System Software• System software consists of the programs that control or maintain the operations of the computer and its devices Operating Utility systems ProgramsPage 398 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 3 Chapter 8
  4. 4. Operating Systems• An operating system (OS) is a set of programs containing instructions that work together to coordinate all the activities among computer hardware resources Start and shut Provide a user Manage Manage down a interface programs memory computer Establish an Coordinate Configure Monitor Internet tasks devices performance connection Provide Automatically Control a Administer utilities update network securityPages 398 - 399 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 4 Chapter 8
  5. 5. Operating SystemsPages 398 – 399 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 5Figure 8-1 Chapter 8
  6. 6. Operating System Functions• The process of starting or restarting a computer is called booting Cold boot Warm boot • Turning on • Using the a computer operating that has system to been restart a powered off computer completelyPage 400 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 6Figure 8-2 Chapter 8
  7. 7. Operating System Functions Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 8, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Windows Registry below Chapter 8Page 401 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 7Figure 8-3 Chapter 8
  8. 8. Operating System Functions A boot drive is the drive from which your computer starts •You can boot from a boot disk •A recovery disk contains a few system files that will start the computerPage 402 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 8 Chapter 8
  9. 9. Operating System Functions• An operating system includes various shut down options Sleep mode saves any open documents and programs to Hibernate saves any open RAM, turns off all unneeded documents and programs to functions, and then places a hard disk before removing the computer in a low- power from the computer power state Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 8, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Sleep Mode below Chapter 8Page 402 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 9 Chapter 8
  10. 10. Operating System Functions • A user interface controls how you enter data and instructions and how information is displayed on the screen • With a graphical user interface (GUI), you interact with menus and visual imagesPages 402 – 403 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 10Figure 8-4 Chapter 8
  11. 11. Operating System Functions• With a command-line interface, a user uses the keyboard to enter data and instructionsPage 403 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 11Figure 8-5 Chapter 8
  12. 12. Operating System Functions• How an operating system handles programs directly affects your productivity Single tasking Single user and Foreground and and multiuser background multitasking Preemptive Multiprocessing multitaskingPages 404 - 405 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 12 Chapter 8
  13. 13. Operating System FunctionsPage 404 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 13Figure 8-6 Chapter 8
  14. 14. Operating System Functions• Memory management optimizes the use of RAM• Virtual memory is a portion of a storage medium functioning as additional RAMPage 406 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 14Figure 8-8 Chapter 8
  15. 15. Operating System Functions• The operating system determines the order in which tasks are processed Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 8, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Spooling below Chapter 8Page 407 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 15Figure 8-9 Chapter 8
  16. 16. Operating System Functions Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 8, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Plug and Play below Chapter 8Page 408 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 16 Chapter 8
  17. 17. Operating System Functions• Operating systems typically provide a means to establish Internet connectionsPage 408 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 17Figure 8-10 Chapter 8
  18. 18. Operating System Functions• A performance monitor is a program that assesses and reports information about various computer resources and devicesPages 408 – 409 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 18Figure 8-11 Chapter 8
  19. 19. Operating System Functions• Operating systems often provide users with the capability of: Searching for Viewing Securing a Managing files files images computer Uninstalling Cleaning up Defragmenting Diagnosing programs disks disks problems Backing up Setting up files and disks screen saversPage 409 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 19 Chapter 8
  20. 20. Operating System Functions• Automatic update automatically provides updates to the programPage 409 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 20Figure 8-12 Chapter 8
  21. 21. Operating System Functions • Some operating systems • A network are designed to work administrator uses the with a server on a server operating system network to: • A server operating – Add and remove users, system organizes and computers, and other devices coordinates how – Install software and multiple users access administer network and share resources on security a networkPage 410 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 21 Chapter 8
  22. 22. Operating System Functions • Each user has a user account – A user name, or user ID, identifies a specific user – A password is a private combination of characters associated with the user namePage 410 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 22Figure 8-13 Chapter 8
  23. 23. Types of Operating SystemsPage 412 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 23Figure 8-14 Chapter 8
  24. 24. Stand-Alone Operating Systems• A stand-alone operating system is a complete operating system that works on a desktop computer, notebook computer, or mobile computing device Windows Mac OS X 7 UNIX LinuxPage 412 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 24 Chapter 8
  25. 25. Stand-Alone Operating Systems• Windows 7 is Microsoft’s fastest, most efficient operating system to date and is available in multiple editions: Windows 7 Windows 7 Home Starter Premium Windows 7 Windows 7 Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 8, Click Ultimate Professional Web Link from left navigation, then click Windows 7 below Chapter 8Pages 413 - 414 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 25 Chapter 8
  26. 26. Stand-Alone Operating Systems• Windows 7 provides programs such as: Windows Windows DVD Firewall Maker Windows Desktop Media Player Gadget GalleryPage 414 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 26 Chapter 8
  27. 27. Stand-Alone Operating SystemsPage 414 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 27Figures 8-16 – 8-17 Chapter 8
  28. 28. Stand-Alone Operating SystemsPage 415 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 28Figure 8-18 Chapter 8
  29. 29. Stand-Alone Operating Systems• The Macintosh operating system has set the standard for operating system ease of use• Latest version is Mac OS X Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 8, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Mac OS X below Chapter 8Page 415 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 29Figure 8-19 Chapter 8
  30. 30. Stand-Alone Operating Systems UNIX is a multitasking operating system developed in the early 1970s Linux is an open-source, popular, multitasking UNIX- type operating system Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 8, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Linux below Chapter 8Pages 416 – 417 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 30Figures 8-20 – 8-21 Chapter 8
  31. 31. Server Operating Systems Windows UNIX Linux Server 2008 Solaris NetWarePages 417 - 418 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 31 Chapter 8
  32. 32. Server Operating Systems• Windows Server 2008 is an upgrade to Windows Server 2003 – Part of the Windows Server 2008 family – Multiple editions• Most editions include Hyper-V, a virtualization technology – Virtualization is the practice of sharing or pooling computing resources Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 8, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Virtualization below Chapter 8Pages 417 - 418 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 32 Chapter 8
  33. 33. Embedded Operating Systems• An embedded operating system resides on a ROM chip on a mobile device or consumer electronic device Windows Windows Palm OS iPhone OS Embedded CE Mobile Google Embedded BlackBerry Symbian OS Android LinuxPages 418 - 420 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 33 Chapter 8
  34. 34. Embedded Operating Systems Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 8, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click iPhone OS below Chapter 8 Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 8, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Blackberry below Chapter 8Pages 419 – 421 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 34Figures 8-22 – 8-26 Chapter 8
  35. 35. Utility Programs• A utility program is a type of system software that allows a user to perform maintenance-type tasksPage 421 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 35Figure 8-27 Chapter 8
  36. 36. Utility Programs • A file manager is a utility that performs functions related to file management – Displaying a list of files – Organizing files in folders – Copying, renaming, deleting, moving, and sorting files and folders – Creating shortcutsPage 422 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 36Figure 8-28 Chapter 8
  37. 37. Utility Programs• A search utility is a program that attempts to locate a file on your computer based on criteria you specifyPage 422 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 37Figure 8-29 Chapter 8
  38. 38. Utility Programs • An image viewer allows users to display, copy, and print the contents of a graphics file • An uninstaller removes a program, as well as any associated entries in the system filesPage 423 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 38Figure 8-30 Chapter 8
  39. 39. Utility Programs• A disk cleanup utility searches for and removes unnecessary files – Downloaded program files – Temporary Internet files – Deleted files – Unused program filesPage 423 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 39Figure 8-31 Chapter 8
  40. 40. Utility Programs • A disk defragmenter reorganizes the files and unused space on a computer’s hard disk so that the operating system accesses data more quickly and programs run faster – DefragmentingPages 423 – 424 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 40Figure 8-32 Chapter 8
  41. 41. Utility Programs • A backup utility allows users to copy files to another storage medium • A restore utility reverses the process and returns backed up files to their original formPage 424 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 41Figure 8-33 Chapter 8
  42. 42. Utility Programs • A screen saver causes a • A personal firewall display device’s screen detects and protects a to show a moving image personal computer or blank screen if no from unauthorized activity occurs for a intrusions specified timePage 425 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 42Figures 8-34 – 8-35 Chapter 8
  43. 43. Utility Programs A virus describes a potentially damaging computer program that affects a computer negativelyA worm copies A Trojan horse An antivirus itself hides within or program repeatedly in looks like a protects a memory or legitimate computerover a network program against virusesPages 425 - 426 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 43 Chapter 8
  44. 44. Utility ProgramsPages 425 – 426 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 44Figures 8-36 – 8-37 Chapter 8
  45. 45. Utility Programs Spyware is a program placed on Adware displays an online a computer without the user’s advertisement in a banner or knowledge that secretly collects pop-up window information about the user• A spyware remover detects • An adware remover is a and deletes spyware and program that detects and other similar programs deletes adwarePage 426 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 45 Chapter 8
  46. 46. Utility Programs• Filters are programs that remove or block certain items from being displayed Web Anti-spam filters programs Phishing Pop-up filters blockersPages 426 - 427 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 46 Chapter 8
  47. 47. Utility Programs• A file compression utility shrinks the size of a file(s) – Compressing files frees up room on the storage media – Two types of compression • Lossy • Lossless• Compressed files sometimes are called zipped files – Can be uncompressed Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 8, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click WinZip below Chapter 8Page 427 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 47 Chapter 8
  48. 48. Utility Programs• A media player allows you to view images and animation, listen to audio, and watch video files on your computerPage 427 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 48Figure 8-38 Chapter 8
  49. 49. Utility Programs • Disc burning software writes text, graphics, audio, and video files on a recordable or rewritable optical disc Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 8, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Burning Discs below Chapter 8Page 428 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 49Figure 8-39 Chapter 8
  50. 50. Utility Programs • A personal computer maintenance utility identifies and fixes operating system problems, detects and repairs disk problems, and includes the capability of improving a computer’s performancePage 428 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 50Figure 8-40 Chapter 8
  51. 51. Summary Definition of an Functions common to operating system most operating systems Variety of stand-alone operating systems, server operating Several utility programs systems, and embedded operating systemsPage 429 Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World 51 Chapter 8
  52. 52. Discovering Computers 2011 Living in a Digital World Chapter 8 Complete

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