A Guide to Prayer in Islam  Complete
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A Guide to Prayer in Islam Complete

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THis is a guide for the prayers in Islam. it consists of the five time prayers and the requirements of the salat to be excepted by Allah s.w.t. besides it is also completed by some sah hadiths ...

THis is a guide for the prayers in Islam. it consists of the five time prayers and the requirements of the salat to be excepted by Allah s.w.t. besides it is also completed by some sah hadiths related.for the ibadah.

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A Guide to Prayer in Islam  Complete A Guide to Prayer in Islam Complete Document Transcript

  • E N G L I S- 1 0 ENGLISH - 1033 H A GUIDETO AGUIDETO PRAYER PRAYER IN ISLAM IN ISLAM Saqib M. Abdul Karim SaqibThe Co-operative forCsll to.eigne.s Office Guidance Sullrnah atThe Co-operative Office for Call & foreigners Guidance at SultanahUnder suoeftsron lhe 0llvinistrv samc Alla and 0lUnder the supervisIOn 0 I Ministry 01 Islam ic AHai rs and Endowment and Cal I and Gu idance $ Endowmenland Gu Caland danceTe 4240C// 4251005P0 F 80x926i5Riyadh11663EnE Sullanah22@halmaTel 4240077 Fax 4251005 POBox 92675 Riyadh 11663 E-mail Sultanah22@holmail com com
  • *i f!fi li #1rt:i# INIHE NAME OF ALLAH IN THE NAI}IE ALIJH11IE MERCIFUL IHE COMPASSIONATETIIE MERCIFI,L THE COMPASSIONAIE
  • ~lo~4~.., $iJl ;Ii4 LL.c GII]I]DtrA GUIJD)E TO ililPilIRAYililE ms nsn,aMt IN ISJLAM M. ~lJdul KfJrim SoqilJ fi|. tbdul Karin fagib
  • A G U I D E T O PRAYER GUIDE TO P R A Y E R INl ISLAM ri rsLAM* by: Researched and Edited by: Renearched Edited and Mohammed AbdulKarim Saqib. Mohammed Abdul KarimSaqib.* Translated by: Translated by: Ijaz Begum Saqib. ljazBegum Saqib.
  • FOREWORDDFOREWOR the Subiect SalatThere are many books dealing with the Subject of Salat inThere are many books dealingboth Arabic and Urdu. Many thesebooks are lvellboth Arabic and Urdu. Many of these books are well writtenand provide an informative and comprehensiveviewand provide an informative and comprehensive view of Salat should be performed according the teach-how Salat should be performed according to the teach- Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Unfonunately( thereings of Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Unfortunately~. thereings the subjectinare very few books in English which deal with the subject inare very few books in Englishwhich dealthe same informative and comprehensive way. The books,the same informative and comprehensive way.The books,whichwhich do exist, have three main disadvantages. exist, havethree main disadvantages.Firstly, literature concerningSalat availablein English isFirstly, literature concerning Salat available in English iseither so does cover essentialpointseither so brief that it does not cover essential points innearly enough detail,nearly enough detail, or it is so bulky and detailed that it is so bulky and detailedthatbecomes difficult to use it for quick reference, and es~becomes use quick reference,and es-sentialpoints may get lost in the unnece$sarysential points may get lost in the unnecessary detail. detail.Secondly,the the Salat lacksthe qualitySecondly, the text of the Salat lacks the quality of direct directresearch from the zunnah the Prophet Muhammadresearch from the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad(SAW). There are also books which contain materialwith-(SAW). There are also books which contain material with-out any reference to the original sources. any reference the originalsources.Thirdly, the majority of books have been written accord- the majority books have been accord-inging to the views held by certain schools of thought and for the views held certain schools thought andthis reasonsome peoplehesitatethis reason some people hesitate to follow them. them.Because these weaknesses existing literature in EnglishBecause of these weaknesses in existing literature in English inwe prgduce medium sizedwe felt that the need existed to prpduce a medium sized the need existedbook on Salat which would approachthe subjectaccordingbook on Salat which would approach the subject accordingio the teachings the Prophet Muhammad(SAW). Theto the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). TheProphet,himself,said,Prophet, himself, said,"Pray as you haveseenme praying.""Pray as you have seen me praying."Such book needs.to contain all the essentialSuch a book needs to contain all the essential details of detailsSalatSalat without being too bulky or complicated so that the being too bulky complicatedso that thereadercan use as journeyreader can use it as a point 01 reference on a journey or at oJ referencehome. .homeIt was also fE~lt that a comprehensive book on Salat inft was also felt that comprehensive book on Salat inEnglish would be usefulEnglish would be useful for converts to Islam and for converts lslam andMuslim youth brought up in this country. KeepingMuslim youth brought up in this country. Keeping in 5
  • mind the needs of our brothers and sistersevery effort has needs brothers and sisters every effort hasbeen made to produce this book in simple and easybeen made produce simple and easylanguage.language.During research sometimes differencesDuring our researchwe sometimes found that differencesoccurred between established practices various prayeroccurred between established practices in various prayerbooks. In these circumstances we referred to authenticbooks. these circumstances referred authentic Prophet Muhammad (SAW), sohadiths of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), so that thehadiths ofpoints could be clarified as much as possible.This was,points could be clarified as much as possible. This was,because, for a true Muslim there is no greater proof forbecause, for Muslim there is greatersettling arguments than authentic hadiths and practicessettling arguments than authentic hadiths and practices Prophet Muhammad(SAW).of Prophet Muhammad (SAW).We hope that Allah will accept this humble attempt be-We hope Allah accept this humble be-cause without his support and help we would never havecause without his and help we never havebeen able to do this work.been abfeFinally we ask all our Muslim brothers and sisters to studyFinally we ask all Muslim brothers and sisters studythe text and to strive to pray according to it. If anyone and strive according lf anyonefinds anything unacceptable or to be against the sunnahfinds anything unacceptable be against sunnah Prophet (SAW) we be gratefulof the Prophet (SAW) we would be grateful if they wo!!ld worrldinform us. us. Muhammad Abdul Karim Saqib Muhammad Abdul Karim Saqib 6
  • c0ilrEilrsCONTENTS Pages PagesForewordForeword ......................•....... 5NotesNotes .............................. t 010Chapter One ...............................12 2 ... .t Before doing Wudu (Ablution) Before Wuqu ...............................12 2 ... .t Tooth Stick (Siwak) (Siwak) ...............................I.2 . . . 12 Niyat for Wuflu (Ablution) Niyat Wuc;lu ..............................12 J2 Actions of wudu (Ablution) Actions of (Ablution) .............................. . . r 2 . . . 12 Special facilities Ab.ution. Specialfacilities in Ab.ution. .............................. .13 , . . . I .3 Dua end of Ablution Dui[ at the end of Ablution . . . . .I. 3 13 Tayammum .............................. l 4 14 TwoChapter Two .............................. 16 r6 of ~alat (Prayer) Time of $alat (Prayer) .............................. . 6 . . . . 16 I Forbidden Times for PraYer for Player ............................... 17t 7 ,.. .. ~alat (PraYer) Placefor $alat (Prayer) Place ...............................18 . . . l.8 Dress for ~alat (Prayer) Dress $alat (Prayer) . . . . . l.8 ...............................18 . (Prayer) Types of $alat (Prayer) Types of $alat ...............................19 . . . I.9 FarQ or Obligatory Pra}er Far{ ObligatoryPraPr ...............................19 . . . I. 9 Nafl Prayer Prayer . . . l.9 .......•.......................,19 Sunnat Muakkadah (canpulsory) .............................. 202 0 Sunnat Muakkadah(conPulsory) ,..... Nafl (extra) Prayer (extra) PraYer .............................. 20 20 Number of Rakats Number Rakats .............................. 222 2Chapter ThreeChapter Three ..............................22 22 Story of Azan Aian ..............................233 2 The Muazzin The Muai2in .............................. 23 23 Text of the Aian Text of the .............................. 24 24 Azan for Fajr Aian for Fajr .............................. 24 24 Listening to the AZan Listening to the Aian .............................. 255 2 Dariidafter the Azan Danidafter the A2an .............................. 255 2 Du"a after the Azan Duii after the Aian ..............................266 2 lqamat lqamat ..............................266 2 Text of Iqamat Text of Iqamat 7
  • Chapter FourChapterFour . . . 282 8 .. Sutra Sutra . . . 282 8 .. Qiblah Qiblah . . . 282 8 .. Intention (Niyat) Intention(NiYat) . . . 282 8 .. Talcbir Tahrimah Takbir Tahrimah .....29 29 Folding of hands Folding hands . . . 292 9 .. .Recitation before Fatihah Recitation beforeFatihah . . . 292 9 .. Taawwuz Taawwuz . . . 303 0 .. fasmiah fasmiah .....30 30 Surah Fatihah Surah Fatihah . . . 31I3 .. Recitation of Surah Fatihah Behind an Imam ..-.-.32 Recitation SurahFatihah Bdrind an Imam 32 Ameen Ameen .....32 32 Recitation after Surah Fatihah ._ Recitationafter SurahFatihah .........-....-.33 33 Ruku (J,owing) Ruku (&owing) Duas in Ruku Duas Ruku (standing afterRukfr) Qawman (standing after Rukii) :"::::::::::::: 34 35 ................36 36 Qawman Duas in Qawmah Duis Qawmah .....37 37 First Sajdah First Sajdah .....38 .38 Duas in Sajdah Du[s Sajdah .....38 38 Jalsah (sittingbetween Jalsah (sitting between two Sajdcbs) two Sajddrs) .....39 .39 Second Sajdah Second Sajdalt .....40 40 (sittingfor rest) Jalsah-e-Istarahat (sitting for rest) Jalsah+-Istarahat .........40 40 Second Rakat SecondRakat .....40 40 Tashahud Tashahud .....40 40 Standing up for third Rakat up Standing for third Rakat ................41 .41 ~alat Alan-Nabi (Darfid) $alatAlan-Nabi (Dariid) -. ................42 .42 Du5safter~a1at Alan-nabi (Darfrd) Duas after $alatAlan-nabi (Dari"xl) ........42 .42 Ending the Prayer Fnding the Prayer 45 Duas after Salutation Du6s .45 Chapter Five 48 Witr Prayer Witr Prayer .48 Number of Rakat of Witr PraYer of ofWitr Prayer 48 Time of Witr Prayer Time Prayer 49 How to PrayWitr How Pray Dui Qunfitin witr Prayer Dui Quniit Prayer ::::::::::::::::: 49 50 ................50 Text of DuEQunilt Dui 50 Jumah (FridayPrayer) Jumah (Friday Prayer) · · .................5 511 Importance FridayPrayer Importance of Friday Prayer ..---...........51 51 lmportance Cleanliness lriday Prayer .....51 Importance of Cleanliness for Iriday Prayer of 51 Going earlyto FridayPrayer Going early Friday Prayer ...-............52 52 Prayer before Jumah PrayerbeforeJumalt 52 8 I
  • Listening to Khutbah (Sennon Listening Khutbah (SermonPrayer after Jumah Prayerafter JumahEid Prayer :::::::::::::::::: 53 54 .544 5 Eid PrayerJanazah l)rayerJunazuh llrayer 56 56Conduct,f JanazahConduct If Janazah Prayer I Prayer 577 sFirst TakbirFint l-akbir 57 57Duas of startingDuEs starting 57 57Surah FatihahSurah Fatihah 58 58Recitation of a SurahRecitation a Surah 58 58Second TakbirSecond 58 58Third TakbirThird Takbir 59 59Duas of JanazahDufrs Janazah 59 59Ending the Janazah PrayerEnding the Janazah Prayer 61r 6 TakbirFourth Takbir 61l 6PrayerDuring a JourneyPrayer During a Journey 61l 6When shortenand combinePrayersWhen to shorten and combine Prayers ........62 62Duration journeyD-uration of journey 63 63Nafl Prayeron a journeyNatl Prayer on a journey .63 63 •••••••••••• oo oa oo oo oo tt 9
  • thtes about the Transliteration Notes about the Transliteration The following system beenadopted represent has The following system has been adopted to represent corresponding t0 r:orresponding sounds theArabic of Alphabet. sounds of the Arabic Alphabet. letter ArJbic letter Ar.rbic English English Example l e Examp Example l e Examp Equivalent Equivalent I Arabic) c ) tArabi ( English) h ) Englis I a Allah h Alla ~pplel e App ~ Y b bismillah bismillah bat bat ~ dr t Tirmiziz i Tirmi !oy loy ,i• -oJ rh th uthman n uthma t.Drough h throug c C J Jabiri r Jab jugg iu c C; h h Ra~eem Raheem bate [ate c C kh kh Khalifah Khalifah no English no English equivalent equivalent ..) J d Dn, mi Dn.mi the lbe j i oJ Aian Aian re~emble reEemble ) J r I Asr fur river liver ) J z 2 zahid zahid gero !ero tA IJ" s salam sal5m seen ~een ... ,.* fJ" sh sh shuaib shuaib shop mop .c oj ~ I ~alat salat ~ardine sardine ~ f j; -b , d { I wu~u wudu fahir fahir guhr no equivalent no equivalent no equivalent no equivalent , 1 ? , ~uhr razor ra~or e e Jam6at JamItat no equivalent no equivalent ~ e 15 gh gh f Maghrib Maghrib Fajr Fajr- no equivalent no equivalent fan lan g q lqamat Iqamat queen queen ~ (l, k kitab kitab feen f,een J J I Jibreel Jibreel lean lean r I m Muhammad Muhammad !!loon l[oon o U n Nisai Nisai noon noon t j w wu{u wUQu wallet fiallet j ~ h janazah janazah ttour [our • I , no equivalent no equivalent in the middleof the letterI( in the middle of the letter)t c.S L5 v y year year to 10
  • The following system has been adopted to represent someof theThe followingsystemhas been adoptedto represent some of the complex sounds theArabiclanguage.complex sounds of the Arabic language. of A macron (-) placed on a transcribed Arabicvowel indicates A macron(-) placed0n a transcribed Arabic vowel indicateslengthening thesoundof thatletter. lengthening of the sound of that letter. ofArabicArabic English English Example Example Example Example Equivalents Equivalents (Arabic) (Arabic) ((E n s l i s)h English) .- a e Allih AilAh Apple Apple .sL r5l ee ee Raheem Raheem seen seen J ) Ii istanja istanja sit sit ISo iio r e e or ee seen seen .Jb hi hT he he 1 6 II u boot boot )1 -u true ll u 0awfid Dawud true jji f aw aw sew sew )1 ii aww aww awwal awwal shovel shovel (51 $i ay ay baY bay Cf t5i ayy aYy age age ~~ 13t ivv iyy sound according itsNote: Sometimes an Arabic letter changes sound according to itsNote:$ometimes Arabic an letterchanges t0 whether is at theheginning, it inposition in the word; for example; whether it is at the beginning, inposition theword;for example; inihe middle at the end. such 0r In circumstances theArabic letterhasthe middle or at the end. In such circumstances the Arabic letter hasheen representedmore by than English one equivalent.been represented by more than one English equivalent. Abbrwirtionr AbbreviationsThefollowing abbrwiations been in thisbook.The following abbreviations have been used in this book. have usedSo ,A . U v , SAl--lAl LANU AlAYHI WA SAL- LAM$ AW 0 0 lIA $Al,- $tt ul. Lllltj ALAYlll LAt II PEACt AND BLESSING OF AllAH BE UPON HIM II PtACr 8l.tS$lll0 ALt 8t uP0t l{lt At0 0F Af{R .A .R A 0 0 RADI ALLAHU|J ANHU I/ANHA RA0tAil.llf Ailll|| lillA IIMAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITh HIMI/ HER tAy Aruil 8t PLtA$t0 llh lllt l{tR |1 11 1 1
  • ChcrpterChapter IBEFOREHDOING G I J O UB E F O D O I N WUQU E Wlf someone needs go to thetoilet, should the toiletanddo toIf someone needs to go to the toilet, he should use the toilet and do he useistanja before doing wudu.istanja before doing wudu.A B L U T INABLUTION OSIWAK KT O T H- S T I C K ) ( OS I W A (TOOTH--STlCK) It is a goodpractice clean teethwith a tooth-stick, a tooth- toIt is a good practice to clean the teeth with a tooth-stick, or a tooth- the orbrushbefore performing wudu. In this way you can avoidmanybrush before performing wudu. In this way you can avoid many whichdiseases arecaused unclean bydiseases which are caused by unclean teeth. teeth. fu mentioned the hadith Aisha (R.A.) As mentioned in the hadith Aisha (R.A.) reported Allahs messen- in reportedAllahsmessen-gerassaying:- The useof a tooth-stick a means purifyingger as saying:- The use of a tooth-stick is a means of purifying the is of themouth andis pleasing the Lordaswell" tomouth and is pleasing to the Lord as well" ) (Ahmad. (Ahmad. Oarmi, and Nisai ..l 0armi, Nisai and Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) said:- "lf wouldnt Prophet Muhammad (S.A.WJ also said:- "If I wouldnt have felt also have feltthat it is diffic,ult my people wouf have forthat it is difficult for my people I would have ordered them to use a d orderedthemto use atooth-stick with everyprayer,tooth-stick with every prayer, that is, before doing each wuQu. So" that is, before doingeach wudu. So,muslims should (S.A.W.).muslims should always try to fulfil this wish of our Prophet (S.A.W.). always to fulfilthiswishof ourProphet tryMAKING INTENTION N 0 RWUI}UU N | Y A T ) (M A K T N I N T E N T | 0 FOR W U g (NIYAT) G FBefore starting actions wu~u theBefore starting the actions 0 wu{u it is necessary to make niyat. o is necesary makeniyat. t0MakeNiyatthat the act of performing wu~u is for the purpose ofMake Niyat that the act of performing wuf,uis for the purposepurityonfy.Niyatshould made theheartpurity only. Niyat should be made in the heart becauseis anaction be in because it is an actionof theheart not of thetongue.of the heart andnot of the tongue. and Niyatby words not approved Prophet is by Muhammad (S.A.W.l. Niyat by words is not approved by Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.). Then start the wu~u by saying:- Bismillah hir-ra[rma Thenstartthe wu{u by saying:-Bismillbh hir-ra~ma nir-raheem nir-raheem(ln thename Allah, most graciou$, merciful)(In the name of Allah, mostgracious, mostmerciful)" most IIACTIO]tIS PER RMIIIIG LUTIOI{.ACTIONS FORPERFORMING A8 FOR FO ABLUTION.l. Wash hands to the wrist making1. Wash the hands up the wrist making surethat n0 partof the the up sure that no part the hands left dry. hands is left dry. is2. Rinse mouthtaking water2. Rinse themouth taking up water w;ththe righthand. the up with the right hand.3. Clean the nose: sniffwaterup from the rightpalmandtheneject3. Clean nose: the sniff water up from the right palm and then eject waterwith the left hand. water with the left hand. 12 12
  • a. Wash the face,from earto ear, andforehead chin making sure4. {ash the face, from ear -eat, forehead to chin making and sure that no partof the faceis left dry. that no part the face is left dry.5. Then wash the forearms (right forearmfirst) up to the elbou,s5. Then rvashthe forearms (right forearm first) up the elbows making that no partof themis left dry. making sure sure that no part them is left dry.6.Rub the head asfollows:- as6. Rubthehead follows:- Wet your fingers andthen wipe the head with yourfingerqnstarting and Wetyour fingers thenwipethehead with your fingers,starting from the forehead, takingthem to the napeof the neck,then from the forehead, taking them to the nape the neck, then bring thembackto theforehead. bring them back to the forehead.7. Clean eanby inserting tipsof theindex7. Clean theears by inserting thetips the index fingers the the fingers wetted wetted with with unter into the ears, water into the ears, twist themaround foidsof the ears twist them around the foids the ears then the then pass thumbbehind ears pass thethumb behind theears fromthebottom, the the from the bottom, upwards. upwards.8. *Washthe feet (right foot fint) up to the ankles8. *Wash the feet (right foot first) up to the ankles making sure making sure that no parts the feetareleft dry, especially between the toes. that no parb of the feet are left dry, especially betrueen toes. the*SPECIALAFACILITIESEINl A B L U T I O T {* S P E C I F A C I L I T I IS ABLUTION L i Rubbing the socks with wet hands instead of washing the feet;; Eubbing sockswith wet hands the instead washing feettheallowed, provided the socks have been on after perfonrallowed, provided that the socks that have been put 0n afterperfonr,lg put ,rgan ablution, including washing the feet. This is allowed for 24 hoursan ablution, including washing feet.Thisis aflowed 24 hours the forfrom the time of ablution, and for 3 days if the person is on a journey.fromthe timeof ablution, for3 days theperson and isona journey.After this time the feet must be washed. Similarly if there is a woundAfter thistime the feetmustbewashed. Similarly there wound isin any pars the bodywhichhasto bewashed ablution,in any parts of the body which has to be washed in ablution, and if in and that particular part is likelyt0 cause harm, is permisiblewashing that particular part is likely to cause harm, it is permissiblewashingto wipethedressing thewoundto wipe the dressing of the wound with a wet hand. of with wethand.HADITH HHAOIT Mughira shubah bin said, "Prophet(S.A.W.) performed Mughira bin shubah said, "Prophet (S.A.W.) performed ablution ablution and wiped over his socks and his sandals." andwiped over socks hissandals." his and (Ahmad, (Ahmad, Tirmizi, Abu Dawud, and Ibn Majah). Tirmizi,Abu Dawild, lbn Maiah). and Eachdetail ablution been of has performed Prophet Each detail of ablution has been performed by Prophet Muhammad by Muhammad (S.A.W.) once,twice 0r threetimes(except (S.A.W,) once, twice or three times (except rubbing of head and rubbing headand of cleaning ears,i.e. actions and shouldonly bb doneonce). cleaning of ears, i.e. actions 6 and 7 should only be done once). of Sinceall the above methods meet Prophet (S.A.W.)tSince all the above methods meet Prophet (S.A.W,}s approval we approval we can perform ablution by doing the actions once, twice or three times. canperform ablution doing actions by the once, twice0r three times. provided no parthasbeen drY. provided that no Dart has been left dry. that left Amr bin Shuaib, quoting fatheron the authority hisgrand Amr bin Shuaib, quoting his father on the authority of his grand- his offathernarrated that Prophet {S.A.W.) said,"lf anyonefather narrated that Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) said, "If anyone Muhammadperforms actions ablution of morethan timesrhe doneperforms actions of ablution more than 3 times,he has done wrong, has wrong,transgressed, and done wickedly.tramgresed, donewickedly. and (Nisai, Majah) (Nisai, Ibn Majah) lbnDUAA T THEEEND OFFABLUTION T {O U AT T H E i l DO A B L U T I O A "Ash hadu an Iii iI aha "Ashhaduanl5 itaha iIIallahu wah dahu Ifshareeka lahu illalldhurmh dahu shareeka lf lahfi 13 13
  • wa ash hadu an-na waash haduatrna abduhE wa Muhammadan abduhu wa illuhammadan (Mrnliml. rasuluhu: (Muslim). rruluhu: fi;*l t f $jli,Et l,frglilfS *r;i;*i "e,ji rfii-*$s;#l alnse minat "Allah hum maj alnn minat "Allahhummai sni hlneo minal taw-wlbeen"Mj alnee minal trpwlbmn mubph-hiren."(Tirmiril. muta 18h-hireen." (TirmizH.<tr;:toiriFi"isl..v}bQy*;5lrtirest;ay;$rf "l tctify that there no deityexcept Allahalone. And testify "1 testify that there is no rjeity except Allah alone. And I testify is (S.AW.I His andthat Muhammad (S.A.W.) is His servant and messenger."thatMuhammad is servant messenger." (Muslim) (Muslim) Allahmake among me those who arepenitent make "0 Allah make me among those who are penitent and make me and me who purified." thoss areamong those who are purified."among (Tirmizil (Tirmizi)TAYAMMUMTAYATIi,IUIt| In circumstances when water cannot be found, or justenough is when In circumstancs rvater cannot found,or just enough be isarailable drinking, for or is iniufous health: such in situationsavailable for drinking, or it is injurous to health: in such situations t0 (dryTayammum ablution) beperformed.Tayammum (dry ablution) can be performed. can The procedure below given according Ouran to and Hadith. The procedure below is given according to Ouran and Hadith. is ".........And you dontfind anywater, thentakeclean ".........And if you dont find any water, then take clean earth eafth(orsand) rub on yourface, hands. and Allahdoes wish not(or sand) and rub it on your face, and hands. Allah does not wish andto put you in a difficulty, hewants make clean, to but to you andto put you in a difficulty, but he wants to make you clean, and tocomplete-His untoyou,so youshould grateful Him." frvour be tocomplete -His favour unto you, so you should be grateful to Him."(Surah verse (Thepermision use to sand thispurpose for(Surah V. verse 6). (The permission to use sand for this purpose is V. 6). isallowed in the Quran).allorved theOuran). inPRO U8E CEOPROCEDUREl. Make niyat thehmrt. in1. Make niyat in the heart. with2. Begin with the name of Allah.2. Begin thename Allah.of3. Strike both palms handon clean3. Strike both palms of hand on clean sand, dust or anything con- of sand, dustor anything con- taining these, wall or stone etc.fren blowinto the palms. taining these, e.g. wall or stone etc. then blow into the palms. e.g. pan the pafms both hands overthe faceonce thenruh pass the palms of both hands over the face once and then rub of and your ritrt hand with the left palmandlett hand with the right your right hand with the left palm and left hand with the right palml. palm). (Bukhari Mrslim). (Bukhari and Muslim). and 14 14
  • 4. Finish with thesameDua asgiven theendof ahlution.4. Finish with the same Dudas given at the end ablution.Note: Other procedures includethe forearms shoulders wellmf{ote: 0ther proceduresinclude the forearms andshoulders aswell as .and asarmpits. Thesehave beentransmitted reputablearmpits. These havebeen transmitted by reputable scholanbut the scholars themostpreferable authentic thatgivenmost preferable andauthentic is that given above. and is above. o o o oooooo o o o 15 15
  • Chspter 2Chapter 2 TIME·- PLACE -- DRESS and -- TYPES OF SALAT TIME PTACE DRESS and TYPES OF SALAT1.. TIMEEO FSALAT TI T I M OF S A L AEach,qalat. be offered or during_iuEach ~alat must be offered at or during its proper time.. No flist Cln Tult at proper time..No plat crnbe offered before time.There five.obligatory iiiiaai. itsbe offered before its time. There are five obligatory falat in a day. are datFAJRR R A Y E BF A J PRAYER P The time for the Fajror the morning The time for the Fajr or the morning prayer starts at dawn and prayer starts dawnand at at ends sunrise. ends at sun-rise.ZuhrPnyerZuhr Prayer The time for Zuhr or the earlyaftemoon prayer The time for Zuhr or the early afternoon prayer starts when the rtartswhenthe sun begins to decline from its zenith and ends when the size of an sunbegins decline rom its zenithandendrwtren rize an to f the objects shadow is equal to the ~ize of the object. obiecttshadow equal thesize the obiect. is to of (R.A.l narrated, The Jabir bin Abdullah (R.A.) narrated, "The angel Jibreel came Jabirbin Abdulfah angel Jibreel cams to Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) saidto him, Stand and to Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and said to him, Stand up and and up pray Zuhr. the messenger Allah (S.A.W prayedZuhr pray Zuhr. So the messenger of Allah (S.A.W prayed Zuhr So of I when the sun had declined when the sun had decl ined from its zenith. Then the Angel from its zenlth.Then tne Anget Jibreel again the time of Asr andsaid,Standup and Jibreel came again at the time of Asr and said, Stand up and came at Pray Asr~ Then Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) prayed Asr when PrayAsri ThenProphet Muhammad (S.A.W.) prayed Asrwhen the shadow of everything wasequal to itself. Then Jibreel the shadow everything equal itself.ThenJibreel came was came the next day to Prophet the next day to Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) said,Stand Muhammad (S.A.W.) and said, Stand and !p and prayZuhr.Then Prophet up and pray Zuhr, ThenProphet Muhammad (S.A.W.) Muhammad (S.A.W.) prayed prayed Zuhr whenthe shadow everything equalto itself.Then Zuhr when the shadow of everything wasequal was itself. Then Jibreel cameagain at Asr time andsaid,Stand andprayAsr. Jibreel came again Asr time and said, Stand up and pray Asr. at up Thenhe prayedfur whenthe shadow everything trvice Then he prayed Asr when the $hadow of everything rvastwice was its length itslength _ Therr Then Jibreel said, (afterpraying 10 prayers Prophet Jibreel said, (after praying prayers with Prophet Muham- 10 with Muham- mad (S.A.W.)in nruo mad (S.A.W.) in two consecutive that the time of prayer consecutive days) days) that the time prayer is in between is in between th$e two timesl" these two times:" Ahmad, Nasai,Tirmizi and Bukhari remarked Ahmad, Nasai, Tirmizi and Bukhari remarked that this is that this is the most authentic hadith giving times prayer. the mostauthentic hadith giving the times of prayer. the We find that many books on $alatstatethe endingtime We find that many books on ~alat stat~ the ending time of Zuhr prayerand the startingtime of fui prayerwhen the Zuhr prayer and the starting time Asr prayer whEnthe shadow something twice itself.But this contradicts shadow of something is twice itself. But this contradicts the is the above above hadith 0n thefirstdayJibreel hadith ason the first day Jibreel asked as asked Prophet Prophet Muhammad Muhammad (S.A.W.) prayfur whenthe shadow everything equaf (S.A.W.) t0 pray Asr when the shadow of everything waseQuat to was to itself.This means wasthe endtime of Zuhr prayer. to itself. This means that was the end time of Zuhr prayer. And that And we alreadyknow that all the ulamas the MuslimUmmah we already know that all the ulamas of the Muslim Ummah of 16 16
  • agree unanimously n0 prayercan be offered agree unanimously that no prayer can be offered before time. that before its time. itsAsr PrryerArr Prayer The time for Asr or late afternoon prayer Thetrmefor Asror lateafternoon starts whentheshadow prayer starts when the shadow of something is equal to itself andends just before sunset. of somethingequal itselfand ends bef sunset. is to just ore It is betterto offerfur prayer orethesunbeeomes It is better to offer Asr prayer bef the sun becomes yellow before yellow because eventhoughit is allowedto offer the orayerat this because even though it is allowed to offer the prayer at this time the Prophet (S.A.Y{.} timethe Prophet disliked Muslims 0elayAsr prayer (S.A.W.l disliked Muslims to Oelay fur prayer to up up to this time. He remarked that the Munafiq (Hypocritel this time. He remarked that the Munafiq(Hypocrite) offered his prayer at this time. his offered prayer thistime. atMaghrib PraycrMaghrib Prayer The time for the Maghrib 0r th~ sunset prayer Thetimefor the Maghrib th0sunset or starts justafter prayer starts after just sunsp.t and ends whentwilighthas disappeared. sunset endsand when twilight hasdisappeared.!sha Prayer!sha Prayer The time for lshaor nightprayer The time for Isha or night prayer starts starts fromthe disappearaitue from the disappearance of twilight andends justbefore midnight. and of twilight ends before just midnight. It ii preferable offer this prayerbefore midnight it is preferable io offer this prayer before to midnight but but can be offered rightuo tn thebreak dawn can be offered right uo to thp. break of dawn. ofl,lote:- In countries Note: In countries wheredue to cloudyweather sun is not where due to cloudy weather the sun is not the always visibleit is advisable follow printedcalendars giving alurnys visible is advisable to follow printed calendars to giving the the accurate timeof each PraYer. time accurate of each prayer.FORBIDDEN T I TIMES OF PRAYERF O R B I D D E NM E S FP H A Y E R O Uqbah bin Amir said, " There were three times at which Allahs uqbahbin Amir said, There H, were three times which at Allahs messenger (S.A.W.) used forbidus to pray0r bury our dead. messenger (S.A. W.) used to forbid us to pray or bury our dead. to (i) When the sun began to rise untir it was fully up. (i) When sunbegan rise the to untit wasfullyup. (jj) When the sun was at its height at midday til! it p~sed (ii) Whenthe sun was at its heightat middaytil! passed the meridian, themeridian, (iii) When sundrewnear setting (iii) When the sun drew near to setting till it had set: the to till hadsetl (MUSLIM) M ) (MUSLI FORBIDDEN E iIl M E S O RN A F LP R A Y E R FOBBIDD T TIMES FOR NAFl PRAYER F (i) {i} Abu Saeed Khudree al (R.A.) reported Allahsmes$enger Abu Saeed al Khudree (R.A.) reported Allahs messenger (S.A.W.) saying, "No prayeris to be saidafter the Fair (S.A.W.) as saying, "No prayer is to be said after the Fajr as prayeruntil the sun rises, after the fur prayer until the prayer until the sun rises, or after the Asr prayer until the or sun sets: sunsetsl (Bukhari-&i Muslim)m ) (Bukhar Musli& Only nafl prayer forbidden these timesbut a missed Only naf1 prayer is forbidden at these times but a missed is at Mostof the ulamas theMuslim of fard prayer can de offered. Most of the ulamas of the Muslim fard prayer de offered. san fard prayerafter Ummah allowed the offering of missed fard prayer after Ummahallowedthe offeringof missed Fajrandfur because thefollowing of hadith Fair and Asr because of the following hadith (S.A.W.) said, 1/Vho forgotten Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) said, Who has forgotten ProphetMuhammad has the prayerhe shouldpray it whenever remembers the prayer he should pray it whenever he remembers it: he iti (Bukharia& i Muslim)m ) (Bukh & Musli r (ii) (ij) A nafl prayercannotbe offeredoncethe lqamatfor fard A nafl prayer cannot be offered once the Iqamat for fard prayerhas beensaid. Abu Hurairah prayer has been said. Abu Hurairah nalrated that the mes: flarrated that the mes- 177 1
  • t{hen the lqanlat been senger Allah (S.A.W.l has said, senger of Allah (S.A.W.) said, "When the Iqamat has been said" of said, thenrthere no prayer is valid (Nafl or sunnat) then, there is no prayer valid (Nafl or sunnat) except the except the Fard prayer whichthe lqamat said." Fard prayer for which the Iqamat was said." for was (Ahmad Muslim) (Ahmad & Muslim) is seen practice in that manypeople It is seen in practice that many people continue with the continue with the sunnat prayer sunnat prayer even though the iqamat has been said for the wen thoughthe iqamat beensaidfor the has far~ prayer especially in the Fajr prayer. They feel that the far{ prayer epecially the Fajr prayer. in They feel that the 2 Rakat sunnat of Fajr can only be offered before the Far~. Rakat sunnat Fajrcanonly be offered of before Far{. the This practice against This practice is against congregation Philosophy, discipline is Philosophy, congregation discipline of Jamaat, and a clear violation of Hadith. They should Jamdat, and clearviolation Hadith.They should offer 2 rakat sunnat of Fajr immediately after the Fard or offer rakatsunnatof Fairimmediately after the Fardor after sunrise. aftersunrise.2.. PLACE E O RS A L A T2 P L A C FOR SALAT F or building which is used the purpose woship A place or a building which is used for the purpose of worship place for ofand prayeris called mciid (Mosque). hadithtellsus that "alland prayer is called a masjid (Mosque). A hadith tells us that "allthe earthhasbeenrendered the Muslims, mosque for (Purethe earth has been rendered for the Muslims, a mosque (Pure and andclea!l)."clmn)." This means that wherever a muslim might be he can offer his This mearsthat wherever muslimmight be he can offer hisprayerbut the reuard prayer offeredin mosque far grmErprayer but the revvard of a prayer offered in a mosque is far greater isthanthat offered an ordinary in place. following The pointsthan that offered in an ordinary place. The following points should shouldbenoted whenchoosing place prayer.be noted when choosing a place for prayer. for(a) The place(a) The place should be clean and pure. ~Iat in a dirty, filthy and shouldbe clan andpure. $alatin dirty, filthy and impure place such as a rubbish tip, slaughter house, bathing impure placesuch if rubbishtip, slaughter house,bathing place pen place and a camel pen is forbidden. and camel is forbidden.(bl The placeshouldbe free from danger.(b) The place should be free from danger. The danger could be The danpr could be due to someone or something that may disturb the worshipper. due to someone something may disturbthe worshipper. or that(c) prayerplacewherethe worshipper(c) A prayer place where the worshipper might hinder movement might hindermovement of others should be avoided, e.g. busy pavements, public road- of othersshouldbe avoided, busy pavements, e.g. public road- ways etc. waysetc.(d) lt is forbidden prayon the roofof Baitullah (Kabahl.(d) It is forbidden to pray on the roof of Saitullah (Kabah).(e) lt is forbidden prayon top or facing(e) It is forbidden to pray on top of or facing towards a grave. to towards grave.3. DRESS FOR SALAT3. DRESS FORSATATMENNME(i)(j) The dres for the menshouldbe suchthat covers The dress for the men should be such that it covers from the from the navel the kneemt navel to the kneesat least. lect. 18 18
  • (iil(in The shoulders should beleft uncovered. ThEshoulders should not be left uncovered. not(iiil(iii) $alatcan be prayedin one garment it coversthe body $alat tan be prayed in one garment if covers the body from the navel the knees wellastheshoulders. from the navel to the knees aswell as the shoulders. as "None of you must pray in a sin$e garment whirh no "None you must pray in single garment of whilh no part comes overthe shoulder: over partcomes theshoulderj ( B U K H A R IM U S L I M } & (BUKHARI & MUSLIM) lf, however, grment is not long enough uoverthe If, however, the garment is not long enough to cover the the to shoulders then parts the body between the naveland shoulders then parts of the body between the navel and the knees should least covered. the knees should at least becovered. at beWOMENWOM N EThe dress the womanshouldbe suchthat it covers wholeThe dress of the woman should be such that covers her whole herbody from headbody from headto foot leaving only the face and the hands un foot leaving only the faceand the hands un·covered. A prayer offered transparent clothing not valid.Alsocovered. prayeroffered in transparent A in clothing is not valid. Also istight fitting clothing which shows the shape of the body shouldtight fitting cfothing whichshows the shape the body should ofbeavoided.be avoided.4 T Y P E OF ~ALAT4.. TYPES S FS A L A T Oa) Far~ or obligatory $alat.a) Fard obligrtory or Salat. Far~ prayer is an obligatory prayer. Every believer is ordered Fardprayer an obligatory is prayer. is [very believer ordered prayers a day. Failure to by Allah to offer five obligatory prayers in a day. Failure to by Allahto offer five obligatory in observe one of the five obligatory any prayers a serious observe anyone of the five obligatory prayers is a serious and is and punishable punishable sin. sin.b) NafJ Prayer.b) ltlaflPrayer. Thisis a voluntary prayer whichthe Prophet (S.A.W.) This is a voluntary prayer which the Prophet (S.A.W.) observed observed before or after Far~ at special and isolated occasions. It also before after Fardat special or and isolated lt occasions. also includes those which encouraged he Muslims prav. includes those which he encouraged Muslims to pray. to The Nafl Prayer can be divided into three categones. TheNaflPrayer bedivided three can into categortes.(i) Sunnat (compuhory)(i) Sunnat Muakkadah (compulsory) Muakkadah Thatisthose whic,h emphasizedthe HolyProphet are by (S.A.W.) That is those which are emphasized by the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) and offeredregularly him beforeor afterthe Fardprayrlr. and offered regularly by him before or after the Far~ praYI~r. by(iil Gheir (optional)(ii) Ghair Muakkadah (optional) Muakkadah only occasionally Prophet Muhammad That is those offered only occasionally by Prophet Muhammad That is thoseoffered by (s.A.w.l. (S.A.W.). r9 19
  • (iiil thfl Prryrr(Extnl(iii) Nell Preyer (Extrl) Thb is an extraprayer. There a reward praying andno is for it This is an extra prayer. There is a reward for praying it and no sinfor leaving lt can offered anyisolated it. be at instance sin for leaving it. It can be offered at any isolated instante atcord- accord- ingto thetimeandcapacity thebeliever. of Prophet Muhammad ing to the time and capacity of the believer. Prophet Muhammad (S.AW,)encouraged believers praynall to helpmake the (S.A.W.) encouraged the believers to pray natl to help make t0 up for anyminor ombsions other or defec$ the obligatory up for any minor omissions or other defects in the obligatory in praysr. prayer.5. TUTIBER RAKATS OF FORTHEFIVEOETIGATORY5. NUMBER OF RAKATS FORTHE FIVE OBLIGATORY PRAYERS PRAYERS(il Frir Prryrr.(0 Fejr Prlyer. 2 rakar sunnat Muakkadah, 2 Rakats 2 rakats sunnat Muakkadah, 2 Rakats Far~. Fard.(ii) ZuhrPrryrr,(ii) Zuhr Prlver. or rakats sunnatMuakkadah, rakab far{, rakats 2 or 4 rakats sunnat Muakkadah, 4 rakats far~, 2 rakats sunnat sunnat Muakkadah anunspecified and number naflro timeandcap- of Muakkadah and an unspecified number of nafl as time and cap- acity alloun. acity allows. lbn Umar(R.A.) said"l prayed with Allahsmesengel Ibn Umar (R.AJ said "I prayed alone with Allahs messenger alone (S.A.W.) rakats and rakats afterthe Zuhrprayer." (S.A.WJ 2 rakats before and 2 rakats after the Zuhr prayer." before (BUKHARI R I MUSLIM)M ) (BUKHA & MUSLI is familiarpractice offer rakatssunnatbeforeZuhr It is a familiar practice to offer 4 rakats sunnat before Zuhr to prayer, this hadith proves prayer, but this hadith proves that 2 rakat sunnat before the but that rakat sunnatbeforethe Zuhrprayer also Zuhr prayer is also allowed. is allowed.(iiil Arr Prryrr.(iii) Asr Praver. 0r rakat sunnat$rair Muakkadah, rakatsFard. 2 or 4 rakats sunnat ghair Muakkadah, 4 rakats Fard. Ali (R.A.) said, "Allahs messenfr (S.A.W.} t0 pray 4 rakafu Ali (R.A,) said, "Allahs messenger,(S.A.W,) used to pray rakats used before r prayer Ae ssparatang witha salu them before Per prayer separating them with a salll tation........" tation........" (TlBftllZll (TfRMIZI) hadith narrated Ali (R.A.) by says, "Allahs Another hadith narrated by Ali (R.AJ says, "Allahs messenger Another mesenger (S.A.W.} to pray two rakas (S.A.WJ used to pray rakats before prayer." used two Asr before Asr prayer." _ (ABU (ABU DAWUO} DAWUO)(ivl Mrghrib(iv) Meghrib Prryar. Preyer. rakats nafl, 3 rakanfard, 2 rakats 2 rakats nafl, rakats fard, rakats sunnat sunnat Muakkadah Muakkadah and and an unspacified an unspecified number nafl 6 time and capacity number of nafl as time and capacity allows. of allows. Abdullah Mughaffal bin reported the Prophet (S.A.W.) saying, Abdullah bin Mughaffal reported Prophet the (S.A.W.) assaying, as 20 20
  • "Pray beforethe Maghrib prayerj "Pray before the Maghrib prayer; adding when saying it the adding when saying the thirdtime,"Thisapplies those wish d0s0." third time, "This applies to those who wish to do so." to who to (BUKHARI R tMUSLIM)M I (EUKHA &MUSL| & That wasbecause did not wish people treat asa com- he That was because he did not wish people to treat it as a com- t0 pulsory pulsory sunnat. sunnat. rakats aftersunset before maghrib nafl 2 rakats nafl after sunset and before the maghrib prayer and the prayer areeallowede do r tliose e v h owish hto doo : 0 . For r this sthee abovev e a r a l l o w for t l i o s who w i s t o d ::0. F o t h i t h a b o f l hadithis a sureproof.However, somepeople hadith is a sure proof. However, some people forbid this and forbidthisand othersfind very srrange they seea person others find it very suange if they see a person offer 2 rakats offer rakats naflbefore natl before Maghrib. Maghrib.(v) lshaPmyer.(v) Isha Prayer. An unspecified number nafl rakats An unspecified number of nafl rakats according to the time 0f according the time to andcapacity, rakats and capacity 4 rakats fard, 2 rakats sunnat Muakkadah, un- I fard, rakats sunnat Muakkadah, un- specified number of nafl as time and capacity allows and 3 specified numberof nafl as time and capacity alloranand witr. witr. Somepeople insistvery emphatically Some people insist very emphatically upon the offering of 4 upon the offering of sunnatbeforethe ishaprayerbut duringour rakats optional sunnat before the isha prayer but during our rakatsoptional entireresearch could not find a single proof,any practice entire research we could not find a single proof, any practice we or orderfrom Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) his companions or order from Prophet Muhammad (S.A.WJ or his companions or to justifythis claim. Certainly it is allowed tQ pray nafl while to justify this claim.Certainly is allowed praynaflwhile it ta waiting for Jamaat. waiting Jamdat. for Some people offer 2 rakats ~nafl after the witr prayer. How- Somepeopleoffer rakats .nafl after the witr prayer. How- evet,thereis an authentic hadithwhichstates ever, there is an authentic hadith which states that the witr that the witr prayer should offeredafterall the naflwhicha person be wishcs prayer should be offered after all the nafl which a person wishes to prayhave to pray have been offered. been offered. lbn Umar(H.A.)reported the Mesenger Allah(S.A.W) Ibn Umar (R.A.) reported that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) that of "Make witr asthelat prayer yournightprayerl said, "Make witr as the last prayer of your night prayer: said, of (MtsHKATI (MISHKAT) o o o o o 21 21
  • Chspter tChapter J AZAN AZAN ..... IQAMAT IQAMAT As you know, in alf MuslimcountriesAian is calledaloud As you know, in all Muslim countries Aian is called aloudfivetimesa day andyou musthave it. you wonderedfive times a day and you must have heard it. Have you ever wondered heard Have everhow it started?how stafted?sroRY n2nr*r 0FSTORY OF AZAN whenthe Muslims migrated from Makkah MadinahA long time ago when the Muslims migrated from Makkah to Madinah longtimeago tothey usedto agree abouta fixedtime for the congregational prayer.they used to agree about a fixed time for the congregational prayer.They found difficultt0 remember time fixed for the prayerThey found it difficult to remember the time fixed for the prayer thesometimes, especially when they were busy doing their work. Onesometimesrespecially they were busy doingtheir work. One when (S.A.W.) and the Muslimsday Prophet Muhammad (S.A.WJ and the Muslims discussed theday ProphetMuhammad discused the the people the congregational prayerat thematter of calling the people for the congregational prayer at thematter of calling forexacttime. Some the believersexact time. Some of the believers suggested the use of something like of suggested useof something the likethe bell of the Christians, others suggested the use of a horn like thatthe bell the Christians, othes suggested uss a hornlike that theof the Jews, Umar but (R.A.)of the Jews, but Umar (R.A.) suggested sending someone to announce suggested sending somsone announce t0 prayer.Then Allahs Messenger (S.AW.)appointedthe prayer. Then Allahs Messenger (S.A.W.) appointfd Bital tothe Bilal t0call the people prayer.call the people to prayer. But it seems through the study of ahadith t0 But seems through study ahadith thethat the methodwas not satisfactory. Then Prophetthat the method was not satisfactory. Then Prophet Muhammad Muhammad(S.A.W.} agreed usea Naqoose eonch), to (a(S.A.WJ agreed to use a NaQoose (a oooch), something like the bell something the bell likeof Christians but he was not happy to use it because of its similarityof Christians he wc not happyto use because itssimilarity butwith the Christians.with the Christians. AfterProphet (S.A.W.) ordered bellto bemade had After Prophet Muhammad (S.A.WJ had ordered a bell to be made Muhammad aso that couldbe struckto gather people prayer; thatso that it could be struck to gather the people to prayer; on that the to on bin Abdullah Zaidbin Abd Rabbihirsaid,same day a companion, Abdullah bin Zaid bin Abd Rabbihi"said, "1same day a companion, "lwas sleeDing when I saw a man carrying a naqoose in his hands, and sleeping when avrras Servant sawa mancarrying nagoose his hands, in and said, Allah,will you selfthis to me?When ckedI said, Servant of Allah, will you sell this to me? When he asked hewhat woufddo with it?l replied,that would use to callthewhat I would do with it?t replied, that we would use it to call the wepeopfe prayer. said, Shalf not guide to somsthing t0 He youpeople to prayer. He said, Shall I not guide you to something better betterthan that? repliedrCertainly, tnld me t0 sav, so hethan that? I replied/Certainly, so he told me to sav. Allehu Akbar, AllEhu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Altdhu AI/ahu Akbar, A/llJhu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, AI/shu AkMr, ,Ash lE ildha illal lEh, xh hduAkbar,. Ash hadu an Ii ilaha illal lah, ash hadu an la ilaha li il6haillal lEh, AshiI/allah, Ash hadu an-na Mul)ammadar resulu/·/iJh, Ash hadu an-ru, Mufiammadar resitut4en, Ashan-na MuQammadAr rafilullEh, al4 galEh,an-na Mul)ammadilr rasulul-llJh, I)ayya a/Sf $a/ah, payya alq galdh bayya alal-falEh bayya alal falal), Qayya alaI-fa Ilh AllahualSf ~aISh, payya alaI fa6h, fuayya fuayya AllEhuAkbar, AI/ahu Akbar, La ilaha iI/allah. Aktur, AllEhu Aktur, G ilffia illal lilh.l · 22 22
  • After the Aian the stranger kept quietfor a while and then After the Aian the stranger kept quiet for a while and thensaid, {lhen thecongregationrea~y youshouldsaid, When the congregation is readyyou should say:- Allihu Akbar, is say:- Allahu Akbar, Allfihu Akbar, Ash hadu an Iii lilaha illallah,fuh hadu annaMuham-All6huAkbar.Ashhaduan li lilahaiIIallah, alalhaduan·na [luham- Ash alaqsalah, bayyamadarrasOlul-lah, hayya ala, galih,bayya alai fal-ah, qEma madar ras0lul-lifr, ~ayya fala~, qad qama tis qad tis~Iah, qad qama tis salah, AII3hu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, la ilatll illalsatah,qad q6matii iaieh,A[l6huAkbar,All6huAkbar,li ilihillal lah.Hh. When II told AllahsMessenger (SA.W.) the morning When told Allahs Mesenger (S.A.W.) in the morning what what said, lt had seen1he said, is true vision, inshaAllah,getup alongII hadseenrhe It isa truevision, insha·Allah, so get up along with so withBilal,andwhenyou havetaught him whatyou have Bilal, and when you have taughthim what you have seen him use seen let him use let the prayer, for he has stronger voicethanyou it in making call to prayer, he hasstronger making the call for voice than you have.have. So I got up alongwith Bilaland begnn teachit to him, and So I got up along with Bilal and began to teach him, andheused in making callto grayer.. he used it making the call praver. the Umarbin al-Khattab heard this when he was in his house, and Umar bin al-Khattab heardthis whenhe wu in hishouse, and he came out trailing his cloak andsaid, Mesenger Allah (S.A.W.),he came trailing cloak said,Messenger of Allah(S.A.W.), out his and by Him who has sent you with the truth, I have seen same by Him who hassentyou with the truth, I have seen the same kind the kind oi thin~ as has been revealed", To this Allahs Messenger (S.A.W.) of thing as hasbeenrevealed this AllahsMesenger To (S.A,WJ replied, Praise to Allah!" replied, Praise be Allah!" be (Darmi, (Oarmi, Ntmad,Ibn Maiah, Khuzahah, Ahmad, lbn Majah, lbn, KhuzaicDah, Tirmizi) Ibn, Tirmizi) So from that day0n t0 the present Aian is saidto gather So from that day on to the present day Aian is said day gather people thecongregational prayer. people for the congregational for prayer.THE mun2iruTHE MUAizlNA person who calls people for the congregational prayer is called person who callspeople the congregational for is Frayer called saying Aian he should facinga Muaziin Before saying the Aian he should stand facing Kabaha Mua2iin Before the stand Kabahin Makkah. shouldraisehis hands his ean puttingthe tipsin Makkah. He should raise his hands to his ears putting the tips He toof forefingers his earsand call in a loud voice. Whenhe saysof forefingers into his ears and call in a loud voice. When he says into HavvaalC Saldh should turn his faceto the rightandwhenhe~ayya al~ ~alah he should turn his face to the right and when he hesays ~ayya alai Fala~ he should turn his face to the left.$yiflayya"aialFalElr should he turn hisfaceto the left.TEXT OF THE AlANTEXT OFTHE ANT.I f.-5{ Ji i -.;3 $et -";3 ftii*-::;l,}A glfif {tfr::t ,ri,!r^ll9e1;41 ,,"iif rt^t JFui#&)rjsAil, jr,IJ#fsJa, St"offi rF"i ;*V b;~~~ J"i~J::s..:r " rji*rt l -e9^1-rr ~-r~~::# lr ~~l~~ og{.dt&G va$5te% J~~T~; ,i5fu"t ~ ,r{Si,Aii (i, l7 j o"ir 9yUfX 23 23
  • Allihu AkbarAllihu Akbar Allahis the greatestAllah is the greatest AllEhu AkbarAlliJhu Akbar Allahis the greatestAllah is the greatest Allahu AkbarAllahu Akbar Allahis the greatestAllah is the greatest Allihu AkbarAlliJhu Akbar Allahis the greatesrAllah is the greatest Ash hadu an lE il6ha illal l1hAsh hadu an la i!§ha iI/allah I bearI bear witness that thp.re is no deity but Allah. witnes thatthere no deitybut Allah. is Ash hadu an ld it1ha iilat LEhAsh hadu an la ilaha illal LahII bear witness that there is no deity but Allah. bear witnes that there no deitybut Allah. isAsh hadu an~na Muhammadar rasululliJh Ash hadu an-na Muhammadar rasulul Eh bear witnes thatMuhammad (S.A.W.I the messengerAllah.I bear witness that Muhammad (S.A.W.) is the messenger of Allah. ls of Ash an-na Mul"tammadar rasulul lEhAsh hadu an-na Muhammadar rasululliJhII bear witness that Muhammad (S.A.W.) is the messenger of Allah. bear witness Muhammad that tS.A.tiJ.)the messengerAllah. is ofHayyalalag galahl;Iayya~/a~ ~alah tiometo prayer(;ome to prayerHayyaalag sal1h1;Iayya ala1 salah Come Prayer.Come to Prayer. toHayyaalal falah/;/ayya alaI falal) Come yourGoodCome to your Good toHayyaalal falahI;!ayya alaI falalJ Come yourGodA.Come to your Good. toAlldhu AkbarAllihu AkbarAllah is the greatestAllah is the greatestAllahu AkbarAllihu AkbarAllahis the greatestAllah is the greatestLlI iliha illal lahLE ildha LahThere is no deity but Allah.There no deitybut Allah. is ainru FoR AZAN FOR FA"IB FAJRAn additional phrase included the Aian for the Fajr prayerAn additional phrase is included in the Aian for the Fajr prayer is in alalafterthe second ~ayya Fal~~after the second thyya alai Fal6h !:j,lrr+:+!it>iat e+Att;Hr)-iit ~hayrum minan nawm -A~ ~al5tu Kh-ayrumminan nawm . prayer better Prayer is better thansleep. is than sleep.4tr+1lfl!As. prayer better sleep.~ ~aliJtu Khayrumminannarvm- ralatu Khayrum minan nawm- Prayer is better thansleep. is thanTISTEIIIilG THEA2AilLISTENING TO THE A!AN TOll whenthe beliaren1) When the believers hearthe Aian theyshourd hear the Aian they should risten ir in listen to it in to 24 24
  • and silence repeat each phrase the Aian in silence immedi silence and repeat eachphrase of the Aian in silence immedi· ately afterthe Muaiiin has ately after the Muaiiin has finished saying the phrase. finished sayingthe phrase.2l When the Muaziin says:- t:tayya al4 ~alah and I:tavya alat2) When the Muaiiin says:-tlayyaal~ salEh Havyaalal- and falah :. thQ.ljstener fal-ah should say in reply:-- Lahawla Walaquw . the listener shouldsay in reply:--Lahawla Wala quw- wata Bil-hh. wata rllaBil-lah. Ina d+V,Ei-id;JF!3) When Aian hasbeen3) When the Aian has been completed, listener the the completed, the listener andthe the and Muaziin Muaiiin recite Dariid unto Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.} recite Oariid unto ProphetMuhammad (S.A.W.) followed by the Dua. follomif by the Du f;.OARUO AFTER AZANOARiiDAFTER THEAiAN THE J3 3t hi3 +fu,J IgG,; ;f.e- ULJljfrti |*1ai,+G1 g.at*i fu:irb++P?;i,"f 4r th.l i+V,1,# -JI:$ W Jt F i $t!. JL1tV "*l dt *4q# UL-i;+tJ:. )t &i ald"Allah humma ¥l1·li ala Mul)ammadin wa ali ali Muf1am· "AlEh Eal-li hlE Mufiammadin wa 1li Muftam- ald ali Ibraheemamadin kama ~/-Iayta ali Ibraheema wa ala ili lbrEhema kamE qal-laytaalE lbr1hffima wainnaka lJameedum majeed. " fiamedum maied.""0h Allah, let your peace comeupon Muhammad (S.A.W.)"Oh Allah, let your peace come upon Muhammad (S.A.W.) and andthe family of Muhammad (S.A.W.} you havesent peacethe family of Muhammad (S.A.W-l as you have sent peace upon as uponlbrahim tA.S.) and his family. Truly you are praiseworthyIbrahim (A.S.) and his family. Truly you are praiseworthy and andgloriouJ~"glorioug:" alE 6li Multam-!!ilEh~Allah ffirik alE Mulammadin wa humma barik ala Mul}ammadin wa ala ali Mu/;Jam- alE Eli lbrEheema ali Ibraheema wa aliJ ali Ibraheemamadin kama blJtakta alll lbrhheema wa kamd bitaktainnaka I}ameedum majeed. "innaka hamedum maied.""0h, Alah,bles Muhammad (S.A.W.) the family Muhammad"Oh, Allah, bless Muhammad (S.A.W.) and the family of Mlihammad and of(S.A.W.) you hare blessed as lbrahim(A.S.)and his family.Truly(S.A.W.) as you have blessed Ibrahim (A.S.) and his family. Trulyyou are praiseworthy and glorious."you arepraiseworthy glorious." and OFDUA A2ANOUA OF AZAN H,:.L33),:il,i-*{6r-tff:tr{+L:7iur:t
  • t|*.-*3,tA"r;32,i#;rlJi?,ttvei3iyi onJJUb$ty "AllEh"Allah humma rabbarabbaHazhi hid da~wa tit Hathi dawa tittdm was saldtam mati was salatil Qa imati iJiitit Oi imati hiiMufiammada ni I waseelataMuhammada nil waseelata ath-huwaf Far;Jeelata wab ~ath-huwal Fa{eelata wabmaqimam mahmhdamaqamam mahmuda nil lazee wa ad tahfi."taiee wa ad tahu.""0h Allah! Lord of this complete prayer oun. By the blesing"Gh Allah! Lord of this complete prayer of ours. By the blessing ofof it, give Muhammad (S.A.W.) eternalof it, give Muhammad (S.A.W.) his eternal rights of intercession, his rightsof intercesion,distinction and highest class(in paradise). raisedistinction and highest class (in paradise). And raise him to the And him t0 thepromised youhave rank promisedpromised rank you have promised him. him. Jabir(R.A.)reported Allahs Mesenger (S.A.W.) sayin$"lf Jabir (R.A.) reported Alla~s Messenger (S.A.W.) as saying, "If asanyone says whenhe hears Aian 0 God,Lordof thisperfectanyone says when he hears the Aian ,. 0 God, Lord of this perfect thecallandof the prayer whichis established time, forall grantcall and of the prayer which is established for all time, grant Muham- Muhamrmad(S.A.W.) Wasila excellency, raise up in a praise- theImad (S.A.W.) the Wasila and excellency, and raise him up in a praise- and and himworthy position which you havepromised, will h asuredofworthy position which you have promised, he will be assured of hemy intercession."my intercession." (Bukhari) (Bukhari)IOAMATIQAMATlqamat the second to prayer is uttered isIqamat is the second call to prayer and is uttered immediately before call and immediately beforethe beginning the obligatory of prayerofferedthe beginning of the obligatory prayer offered with congregation. with congregtion.TEXTTOF IOAMAT TT E X O FI O A M A o@N 54;i i,ltl ly:,iYtJrIal c,,arr r;:Ltt Sag tCi: cAY.aSt r,;*:e,:t& e Jt,s 6-qrt l*ii3 ie!&tl5t3ii I.r i. :rlr* y:r{1.,i$fi;{i3 %iAllahu Akbar AkbarAllahis thegreatestAllah is the greatestAllahu Akhar AkbarAllahis thegreate$tAllah is the greatest 26 26
  • Ashhadu an ld il6ha illal l6h en Ii ilaha il/alliJh bear witnesthatthere no deitybut Alah. I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah. is Arh hadu anna Muhammadar nsfrlul lEh Ash hadu anna Mufiammadarrasulullah I bear witness that Muhammad (S.A.W.} them$sengpr Allah. bear witnesthat Muhammad (S.A.W.) h the messenger of Allah. is /:Ia yya alaq ldh Hayya alaf $Blah Gome prayer Come to prayer to Hayya alaI faldh /:Iayya hlal fa/a/} Come yourgood Come to your good to Dad qmatiS salah Qad QiJmatis galEhJamlatis rcadyJamlatis ready Qad qlmatiq sal6h Dad qamatis salahJam. at is rea~y . isJamtat reaCy Alldhu Akbar Allihu Allah isthe Greatest is Allah theGnatest AI/shu Akbar All1hu Akbar Allahisthegreatest Allah is the greatest La ilaha illallah LE ildha illal lEh There nodeitybut Allah. There is no deity butAllah. is Thistext of lqamat the same that mentioned the hadith ~ in This text of Iqamat is the same c that mentioned in the hadith is of Abdullah Zaidbin Abd Rabbihi wc the fint to haYe of Abdullah bin Zaid bin Abd Rabbihi who W~ the. first to have bin wtto a vision about Azan . a vision aboutAzan. .-==========.- 27 27
  • Chopter 4Chapter4CONDUCTT OF SALAT (PRAYER) )CONDUC Ot SALAT (PRAYERSUTRA ASUTR Beforea personstaru t0 pray he shouldplacesomething Before a person starts to pray he should place something 8 ashortdistance front of him of the place in where prmtratc (doeshort distance in front of him of the place where he prostrates (does heSajdah). Suc,h object called an is whenthepemonSajdah). Such an object is called SUTRA and is used when the person SUTRA is used andis praying alone. person pasinginfront of the penonin prayer,is praying alone. A person passing infront of the person in prayer,should pass theoutside thesutra. onshould pass on the outside of the sutra. of If someolle is praying in congregation, then the imam acts as lf someone prayingin congregation, the imamac8 as is thenthe sutra.The imam,however, musthavehis own individualthe sutra. The imam, however, must have his own individual sutrasutrainfrontnoff him. .infro o him tQIBlAH0 fE t A H Wherever person in the world,he shouldfacetowards a is Wherever a pernon is in the world, he shoul d face towards the the Kabah whenhe is going pray. toKa bah when he is going to pray. The Kabah is in the sacred mosque The Kabah in thesacred is mosgueof Makkah Saudi in Arabi.Facing 0iblah(Kabah) a veryof Makkah in Saudi Arabi. Facing towards Qiblah (Kabah) is a very towards isimportantconditionof performance prayer.However, theimportant condition of performance of prayer. However, if the ofperson is in a place such as a desert, jungle,person in a placesuchas desert, is jungle, unknown strange city unknown strangecityor a place wherehe doesnot know the diiection the Oiblah,or a place where he does not know the direction of the Qiblah, he of heshould his bestto find out the direction Oiblah tryshould try his best to find out the direction of Qiblah from others. of from othen.However, if it is not possible then he should use his judgmentHowever, is not possible then he shouldusehis judgment and andfacein direction whichhe thinksis that of Oiblah Allahwillface in a direction which he thinks is that of Qiblah and Allah will andaccept prayer. hisaccept his prayer. It is important to start the prayer ft is important startthe prayer facing the direction of Qibtah to facing direction 0iblah the ofand it does not matter if his o;rection changes while he is prayingand doesnot matter his d;rection changes while he is prayinge.g. in a ship, a train or an aeroplane etc.e.g. ship, train0r anaeroplane in etc.N0TE: Nowadays,compass is available which gives the directionNaTE: Nowadays, a compasis available whichgives direction theof 0iblah.In strangeof Qiblah. In strange places aeroplanes it is a useful instrument places and aeroplanesis useful and instrumentto poses.to possess.IilTEttlT|ONINTENTION After facinq the Qiblah the person shouldmakeniyat(inten- After fac.ing the 0iblahthe person should make niyat (inten- T h e i n t e n t i o i s m a d e i t h i nh i s m i n d , 0 t h e p e r s os h o u l d nt i o n ) ,The intention is made wtion). within his mind, s the person should so nt h i n ka b o u t h e p a r t i c u l a r l i g a t o r0 p t i o n a lo r n a f lp r a y eh e I n -think about the particular o b obligatory, optional or natl prayer he in- y, rtertds perform. shouldnot utter the wordsof niyataloud,ten ds t0 perform. He should not utter the words of niyat aloud, to Hea st h i si s n o ta u t h e n t 0c a p p r o v e d t h eP r o p h e t . A . W . ) .as this is not authentic. orr approved b y the Prophet ( S i by (S.A.W.L 28 28
  • TAKBIR TAHRIMAHTATBIR TAHRIMAH After making nivat the person should start his prayer After making niyatthe penon should starthis prayer saying saying "AllEhu akbar"(Allah the greatest)"AIIIhu akbar" (Allah is the greatest) raising both of hishands is raising of his hands to both toth~ shoulders, with fingers stretching to the earlobes. He shouldthe shouldsrs, fingers with stretching the earlobes. should to Hethen hishands hischestthen fold his hands over his chest right hand over the left hand. fdd over right hand over lefthand. This the Thistim "Anihu Akbar" is called Takbir Tahrimah because after sayingfirst "AlliihuAkbar"is called Takbir Tahrimah because saying afterTakbir Tahrimah every common and worldly action, talk or move-Takbir Tahrimah every common worldly and action, or move- talkment forbidden. is Throughout prayerment is forbidden. Throughout the prayer theeyesof the wonhipper the theeyesof worshipper theshould point thespot to restsshould point to the spot where the forehead rests in Sajdah. where forehead in Sajdah. theWHERE ESHOULD DTHEE HANDS SBE FOLDED D f { O PLACED DWHER SHOUT TH HAI{D BE FOTDE A AND P L A C EAFTER SAYING TAKBIR TAHRIMAH?AFTER SAYITG TAKBIR TAHRIIIAH? Some people place their hands under the navel, others place Somepeopleplacetheir hands underthe navel, othersplacethem uDder the chest but there are hadiths which state that Prophetthem uoder chest therearehadiths the but whichstate that Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) to place handsMuhammad (S.A.W.) used to place his hands over his chest. ued his over chest. hisal HalbAlaee(R.A.)repofted: sawthe Prophet (S.A.W.)a) Halb A!aee (R.A.) reported: "1 saw the Prophet (S.A.W.) pfacing "l placing hisrighthandover left hand his over chesti(Ahmadrlirrrnizi). his right hand over his left hand over his chest: (Ahmad"Tirtnizi). hisbl Wlll b. Hair (R.A.)said:"l prayedb) Wiil b. Hajr (R.A.) said: "I prayed with Prophet Muhammad with Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) he put his right handoverhis left hand overhis (S.A.W.) and he put his right hand over his left handover his and cho$t." (lbn Khuzaimah, Dawld,Muslim). chest." (Ibn Khuzaimah, Abu Oawtid, Muslim). Abu There are some other narrations which state that some Fuqha There some are othernarrations whichstatethatsomeFuqhaused placeused to place their hands under the chest but above the navel. to theirhan& under chest above navel. the but theFlacing hands either these the in of positions correct"Placing the hands in either of these positions is correct but it is better is but is betterto placethem overthe chest according the practice Prophetto place them over the chest according to the practice of Prophet t0 ofMuhammad (S.A.W.) mentioned the aboveMuhammad (S.A.W.) as mentioned in the above authentic hadiths. as in authentic hadiths.RECITATIONOB E F O R fATIHAH HR E C I T A T I BEFORE F A T I H A T{ E There are several duas which Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W There are several duts which ProphetMuhammad {S.A.W,used recite to Fatihah. will mentiontwo of them. Weused to recite before Fatihah. We will mention two of them. before ij tJ;( (;- 3V& 1# i,#i+r:. iliri,,, 733Ui" L:41L#)i o --Ft5 rt4)t .* jr=:ag46 o#.1r-"+",iit 5rllH r{cs,V, iili +L sf,? ? + 6a o "Alleh humma beid banee wa bayna khat|yEya KamE "Allah humma baid barnee wa bayna khat5yaya Kama/iiadta baynal mashriqi wal maqhribi, Allah humma naqEadta baynal mashrigi wal maghribi, Allih humma naq- 2g 29
  • qinee min kha6yEya Rama yunag-qath thawnul a,by$!qinee min khafiJyaya kama yunaq·qath thawIJul abyaquminad dan*i, AtEh hum maghsilnie min KhatEyEya bilminad danasi, Allih hum maghsilnee min Khatayaya bilmEee wath thalii wal bardi." (Bukhari and Muslim).maee wath thaJji wal bardi." (Bukhari and Muslim). "0 Allah set me apart from my sins as East and West are apan "0 Allah set me apartfrom my sinsm East andWestareapartfrom each other.from each other. o Allah, cleanse me from my sins as a white garment is deansed 0 Allah,cleanse from my sinsasa white garment uleansed me is wCIhing.from dirt after thorough washi ng.from dirt afterthorough o Allah, wash me off from my sins with water, snow and hail." 0 Allah,unshme off from my sinswith water, snowandhail." lf a penon doesnot know the dud iust mentioned If a person does not know the duli just mentioned then he then heshouldrecitethe followingone. Umar (R.A.) is reportedto hatreshould recite the following one. Umar (R.AJ is reported to haveused this dui after saying Takbir Tahrimah.used dua- this aftersaying Takbir Tahrimah. ~ -" ",,, " 3 .i+UtiS#-.. / / )iL|j;,fr)t it; rirg,, ~~~~~~,I ~J.;Z- :!J~j~t Zi~ ,.., !,rVj.t r, ..":_ --. eaSi;al,i; ~tJ: c~AJtJ .. ,;4 fiamdika watabhra "Subpana Kallah humma wabi f)amdika wataliiJra " SubfrEna KaltEh wataald jad-duka wali ildha ghamtk.kasmuka wata ala iad-duka wallJ illJha gh;wruk.kasmuka "Glory be to you, 0 Allah, and alt praises are due unto you·, "Gfory be to you, Allah, and all praisss due uflto yoor aroand blessed is your name and high is your majesty and none is wonvandblessed your name highis your maie$yandnoneisrwnlry is andof wonhipbut youJof worship but you: A persol1 can read both duls, together or just one of them or person can readboth du 6s, together just one tftemor orany of the other duas which are approved by Prophet Muhammadpy the other du6swhich areapproved Prophet by Muhammad(S.A.W.),andrthere about7. These(S.A.W.),and,there are about 7. These duas tan be found in different are du& canbefbundin differerttplaces several Books of Hadith, e.g. Muslim, Tirmizi, Musnad-.places of sevenl Books Hadith,e.g.Mulim, Tirmizi, Musnad.rImam Ahmad,!I.* Ahmad, Abu.Dawiid, Dar-qutni, Nisai,lbn Majah, Ibn Hibban, Abu Dawid, Dar-qulni, Nisai, Ibn Majah, llibban, lbnMuatta lmamMalik).Muana Imam Malik). • All of the 7 duas can be read together beforerettting surah All the duf,scan be read tqether before recitfutg surahFatihah.Fatihah. This recitationis called Du#ul-lstiftah This recitation is called Dua:ul-Istiftah which meansDuE of which means Duistarting. 0ui-ul lstiftahshouldstarting. Du/a-ullstif tah should only be recitedin the first rakat. only be retited in the first rakat.TA,A}WYUiTAAwwui Thenthe person is praying Then the person who is praying should who should say:- say;· (~~8,~k/~~f t;,:;rrp,i*lr 4;(;*i ,,; - _" ",.. ,.,; v A uiu bi/./ahi minash Shayta nir-rai-eem. " Auiu biLEhi minah Shaygdnir-raipm." " "1 seek Allahtprotection satan is accursed." "l seek Allahs protection fromsatan whois accursed." from who Thisshould onlybesaid thefirstrakat. This should be said in the first rakat. only inTASMIA}ITASMIAM Then the person whois praytng Then penon the who is praying should should say: say: 30 30
  • , .,...:?~,. _ _ o+ij}$rj1 :.)~ ~ L.~. ::J,PF, I .... ~~- A~. -... .... A-~ ~J.- "Bismil lEh hi rnhmd nir-rahnm. " "Bismfllah hir-rabma nir-raheem. " "In the name of Allah, the most kind and the most mercifuli "ln the nameof Allah,the mmt kindandthemostmerciful: reciting rurahFatihah. Thisshould saidin weryrakatbefore reciting This should be said in FNery rakat before be surah Fatihah.SURAH FATIHAHSURAH FATIHAH praying Then percon the should iurahFatihah. recite ;Du i:-*il 6 ;# 6 r i ;u Id4l P. 6.i;{" !Vyi*4i AVL"t-it ; 5+:^J 3 i;rV l] e .=1e i#i( g rt,ur= e*idrig;;ott - *t"l S dJ,btiirydJb-;ih"F "Alltamdu |il-Ehi rab-hil6lameen. "A/hamdu li/-/ahi rab-bil a/ameen. Ar rahma nir-raheem. Ar rafrma-nir-ralrem. Mali ki yawmid - deen. Mefiki yawmid : den. Iyyaka nabudu wa lyydka nabudu iyyaka nastaeen. nastaeen. Ihdlna~ siratal mustaqeem. Ihdl nagsirital mustagmm. alayhim. Sira(al Lazeena an amta alayhim. $iragal Laieena anamta Ghayril magh{1ubi Ghayril maghQubi _ - alayhim walap gal-Ieen. Ameen. " hlaVhim walayddl-leen.A,mffin." "Praise unlyfor Allah,Lord "Praise is only for Allah, Lord is of the Universe. of the Univene. The most kind, the most merciful. Themostkind,themostmerciful. The master of the Day of Judgment. Themaster the Dayof Judgment. of Youalone worship to youalone You alone we worship and to you alone we and we pray for help. un prayfor help. Show us the straight way, Showusthestraight way, thewayof those whomyou have the way of those whom you have blessed. blessed. Whohave deserved anger, not your Who have not deserved your anger, Nor gone astray: Nor gone astray." Reciting Fatihah soimportant Prophet is that Muhammad (S.AW.) Reciting Fatihah is so important that Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) wiqhoutthe recitationof said that no prayer was acceptable wi1thout the recitation of said thit no prayerwG acceptable Fatihah. Fatihah.a) Ubadahbin Samit (R.A) reported All:thsMessengera) Ubadah bin Samit (R.A.) reported Allahs Messenger (S.A.W.)(S.A.W.) Thereis no prayer acceptable with_outreciting as saying: "There is no prayer acceptable without reciting Surah as saying: $ol, Fatihah.; {Bukhari Muslim, Abu Dalfrd, Tirmizi,Nhai, Fatihah." (Bukhari Muslim, Ahmad, Abu Oawud, Tirmizi, Nisai, Ahmad, IbnnMajah).h ) . lb Maia (n.A.)reported theMessenger of Allah(S.A.W.)b) Abu Hurairah (R.A.) reported thatthe Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) b) Abu Hurairah that wassaying that anyone who prayed kind of prayer did any and was saying that anyone who prayed any kind of prayer and did 311 3
  • not nad in thatrUmmulOuran pnd in one version not read in that,Ummul (luranl.and in one version Fatihah·tul·Fatihah.tul. Kitsb hir prayrrwill bodeficient, bedeficienr, bedeficient, Kitab his prayer will be deficient, will be deficient, will be deficient, will will andnot complete. (Bukhrri, and not complete. (Bukhari, Muslim Ahmad). Mrrlim Ahmad). cl Abu Hurrirah (R.A.l reportedAllahs Messengerc) Abu Hurairah (R.A.) reported Allahs Messenger (S.A.W.) as (S.AW.} as rrying: "[Io praysr wifl benefita person saying: "No prayer will benefit a pe~an who did not read in who did not readin ftrt rurdr Fatihah."(lhn Khuzaimah, that .nlh Fatihah." (Ibn Khuzaimah. Ibn Hibban. Ahmad). lbn Hibban.Ahmad). In the ligrt of the above In the Ii-.t of the above hadiths we understand that Surah hadiths undentand we that surah Fatihdrmurt be rscitedor readin everyrakatof anytype of prayer.Fatihah must be recited or read in every rakat of any type of prayer.BECITATIOil SURAHRECITATION OF SURAH fATIHAH BEHIND AN IMAM. OF FATIHAHBEHIITID IMAM. Af{ $ome.pgopl.o Some people are very confused whet~er they should or should gE.ysly confused whetherthey shouldor shouldnot rsad surah Fatiharrnot lIad Surah Fatihah while praying in congregation. But there whire prayingin congiegrion.Bui ih;;;drouldnot b0 any confusionshould not be any confusion in this matter as ir,Jiorro",ingtilli; inthii niatter-i the following hadithvry clmdy.ansnrers question. thevery clearty answers the Question.al Ubadah $amit.(R.A.) bin 1Ale8) Ubadah bin ~amit (R.A.) said: We were behind the Prophet said: werebehind Prophet the (s.A.w.) in the Fair praver, (S.A.W.) in the Fajr prayer, and he recited a passage from the and he recited passagea fromthe Ouran, the recitation but auran, but the recitation became difficult for him. Then when became difficurtforhim.Then when he finishedhc said, Do you recitebehindyour lmam?we he finished he said, Do you recite behind your Imam? We replie.{,.yE, Messenger of Attah(S.A.W.). replied, yes, ^tlgfengglof Allah (S.A.W.). Then the Messenger Then Messenger the of Allah (S.A.W.) said: Do not reciteanything of Allah (S.A.W.) said: Do not recite anything (behind the (behind t-he lmam) except Fatihah-tul-Kitab (surah raiitratrj because Imam) except Fatihah-tul·Kitab (Surah Fatihah) because he he who doesnot include in his recitation prayer prayer who does not include it in his recitation in prayer his prayer in his is notvalid. (AbuDawEd, is not valid. " (Abu Dawiid. Tirmizi). Tirmizi).bl Abu Hurairah (R.A.)reported the Mesenger Allahb) Abu Hurairah (R.A.) reported that the Messenger of Allah thst (s.A.w.) (S.A.W.) said: "If anyone observes prayer (~alat) in which he does said:"lf anyone obsewes prayer (salatl whichhedoes in not read ummul 0ur5n {FatihahLit deiicient, is deficient, not read Ummul Quran (Fatihah), it is deficient, it is deficient, is it is deficient, and not complete." lt wassaid to Abu Hurairahi is deficient, not complete." was saidto Abu Hurairah: and It What What should we do whenwe are behind lmam?,,He, should do when we arebehind an Imam?" He, (Abu we an (Abu H u r a i r a h(lR . A . )r e p l i e d ," R e a dt i n s i r e n c e . ." .(.M u s l i m ) . Hurairah) (R.A.) replied, "Read iit in silence....... . (Muslim). .."AMEEIU:AMEEN: It is sunnah *y Ameenwhen a person is sunnah io say Ameen when person finishes-recitation to finishes_recitationof SurahFatihah. he is praying Surah Fatihah. lf he is praying aloneheshould "Ameen"in If alone he should say "Ameen" in saysilence if hg is prayingsilence and h~ is praying with congregation and with congregation behind lmamthen behind an Imam then anhe shouldsay Ameenhe should say Ameen fairlyloudlywhenthe lmamfinishes fairly loudly when the Imam finishes saying sayingthe lastverseof SurahFatihah.the last verse Surah Fatihah. when saying When saying Emeenthe voiceoT Ameen the voice ofthewtrolethe whole congregation congregation should should resound thesame resound at the same timu. at timlt Thereare manyhadiths There are many hadiths which provethat sayingAmeen aroud which prove that saying Ameenaloudis Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (S.A.w.) it wasiheiegularis Sunnah the HolyProphet of (S.A.W.) andit was the regular practice and practiceof the companions. will mentiona few of thesehadiths here.of the companions. we will mention few We these hadiths here.a) Naeem Mujammar "l prayeda) Naeem al Mujammar said:"I prayed behind Hurairah al said: behind Abu Hurairah (n.A.) Abu (R.A.) He recited He recited Bismilfdh Bismillah hir-ra[ma hir-rahma nir-raheem, he recited nir-raheem, then hE recited surah then surah Fatihahrand Fatihah, and when he reached when he reached walad{alleen, he saidrAmeen wala·p c)a.!.:lee-n, he said, Ameen a f t e riit a n dtthe p e o p l e e h i n d i m s a i dAmeen ...... . , .(Bukhari). i ) . after t and h e people b behind h said A m e e n . . " ( . "u k h a r him db) Abu Hurairah (R.A.) reported the Messenger ol Allahb) Abu Hurairah {R.A.)reported thattheMessengerAllah that of (s.A.w.)said: when the lmamsaysGhayril MaghQubi arayhim (S.A.W.) said: When the Imam says GhayriiMaghd0bi alayhim 32 32
  • walaQ.. ~al-Ieen} all of you should sa~, Ameen, becuase the Angels wala{dal-leenrallyou should of say,Ameen, becuase Angels the gty Ameenand the f mam saysAmeen. ~y Ameen and the Imam says Ameen. And whosoever says And whosoever says Ameen and his voice Ameen and his voice blends with that of the angels he would blends with that of the angels would he beforgiven sins." (Ahmad, Dawld,Nisail. be forgiven his sins." (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Nisai). his Abuc) Aisha(R.A.) reported that the Mesenger Allah (S.A.W.)c) Aisha (R.A.) reported that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) of said:"Jewsare rnore said: "Jews are more envious of Muslims in two things ~) our envious Muslims two thinp la) our of in greeting someone Assalamu with alaykum (b) saying greeting someone with Assalamu alaykum and (b) saying Ameen and Ameen (aloud) db e h i n theeImam: i (Ahmad, d b nMajah).h ) . ( a l o u behind dh l m a m ( A h m a Ibn M a j a ) t l,dl Ata said:"l found200of thecompanionsd) Ata said: "I found 200 of the companions praying in the mosque praying themosque in of the Prophet (S.A.W.) whenthe lmam_said dal-!een, of the Prophet (S.A.W.) and when the Imam_said wala~ ~al·leen, and walad the I heard the echo of their voices resound with Ameen". heard echo theirvoices of resound Ameen". withRECITATION O N T E R U R A H A T I H A HB E C I T A T I AFTER SURAH FATIHAH AF S F It is sunnah a person for who is praying It is sunnah for a person who is praying that he should read that he should reada surah from 0ur5nafterFatihah the firsttwo rakats thefarda surah from Quran after Fatihah in the first two rakats of the fard in ofprayer. canrecite or m0re He one Hereprayer. He r.an rer.ite one or more surahs. Here are a few short Surahs surahs. area fewshort Surahswhich youcanrecite.whic.h you can recite.a) Surah Ikhlasa) Surah lkhlar #).FJt$g--a t An63d3 d;!*Fa"";Zt I4:,i5 itXrt- 8rratfj-rL,jiq;s3 "Oul ldhu ahad. NQul huwal tahu ahad. Allah hus-samad. . huq-qamad. yalid walam yhlad. Lam va/iff walam yu/ad. Walam yakul-lahl ahad." Wa/am yaku/-/ahu Kufuwan a,!ad. " "Say:Heis Allah, onlyone. "Say: He is Allah, the only one. the Allah helps and does not need help. Allah helps does need and not help. Heedoes s o t p r o d u ca child,danddHee H d o e not produce ec h i l a n H n , Was born of anyone. Was not bornof anyone. not Therer es no oneeequalato Him." " T h e is n o o n e q u tlo H i m . i Falaq.b) Surah FalaQ.b) Surah c#itt*;S;IF9.:", 7 A)65;u:+31 d Ft P. k5.iri Jrb L*ii ih.lJJ ;-G u3 F i5 d Astil v4v h-,gti:*<ii- 33 33
  • Qui Au}ubi rab-bil fs/aq. ilul AlAIubi rab-bil falaq. Min shar-rima KhaJaq. Min shar-rimd Khalag. min shar-ri gh*iqin iia waqab. Wa min shar-ri ghisiqin iia waqab. Vrla Wamin shar-rin naf-fdthdti fil uqad. Wa min shar-rin nat-famati fil #uqad. Wa min shar-ri hasidin /za Hasaa Wamin shar-ri hxidin lia Hasao HSay: seek refuge the Lordof thedawn, "Say:II seek refuge in the Lord the dawn, fromthewil of all that Hehastreated, from the evil all that He has ereated, andfromtheevilof thedarkness nightwhen it falls, and from the evil the darkness of night when falls, and from the wil of those(charmers) blow into knots. and from the evil those (charmers) who blow into knots. who And from the evil the envier whenheenvies." Andfrom theevilof theenvier when he envies." c) Surlh Nls. cl Surrhilar. oA-{;tfY 3}orr+ r)3 d -rfu rd) d .4Lr*F d *t. :??,5i; I ,t:,, 2et)- t t,!t .t( t ,(t. lry r-:t(r/tt ^ or.;uli2t.v4 uiy- Gr^ll o --yt-=l Lvr"$V4 t qEJr;93At(a Ail Auzubi Qui Auiuhi rab-bin nas. rab-bin n&. Malikifl nis. IIi hin-nas. Malikin n*. lld hin-n*. Min shar-ril waswa sil khan-nas. shar-ril waswd sil khan-n-a- Attaii Yuwaswisufee gudE rin+,fu- AI/ari yuwaswisu fx fudu rin-nas. niA Minai iiinati wan-nas. jin-nati wan+t*. Say: seek re{uge thegustainer mankind. of Say: I seek refuge in the sustainer of mankind. in theOwner Mankind, of Mankind. the Owner of Mankind, Lord of Mankind. of Lord From wil of thesneaking the whisperer. From the evil of the sneaking whisperer. Whowtrispen thehearB mankind. Who whispers in the hearts of mankind. in of iinns mankind." or (Whether he be) from among jinns or mankind." (Whether be)fromamong heRUKUU_ BOWING I GBUK - BOWIT Then the person prayingshouldsaY "Alldhu Akbar" raising Then the person praying should say "Allahu Akbar" raisingboth his hands to shoulder levelwith the palmsfacingoutwardboth his hands to shoulder level with the palms facing outwar~ He stretching eadobes. should then bendin ruku soand fingers stretching to eartobes. He should then bend in ruku soand fingers tothat his trunk (i.e.from headto hif) is perpendicular the rest tothat his trunk (i.e. from head to hips) is perpendicular to the rest shouldrest on his knees with the finpnof the body. His hands should rest on his knees with the fingers of the body. His handsspnad apart,takingcarethat his armsdo not touchhis body.Thespread apart, taking care that his arms do not touch his body. The psron slrould calmand composed the ruku posture not in andperson should be calm and composed in the ruku posture and not h hurry it Thenhe shouldread:tubhana rab-biyal azeem" lmst athurry it Then he should read :"Subhana rab-bi yal azeem" at leastthree times. $rse times. . o~ o-p*---$li A;g[fi*-j* I rr 34 34
  • This This means: means: s"Glorybe to my Lordwho is theverygrmtmt:"Glory be my lord who the very greatest~Hecanread it (3,5,7, 9, 1l etc.)He tan read (3, 5, 7, 9, 11 ett.) times. times.Therearesgmeotherdu& whichGanbe roadwith subfEnaThere are some other duls which can be read with subbinarab·bi yal a~eem or instead of sub~ina rabbiyalr;rm. Twoof thsmrab.bi a3eem imtead subfrina yal or rab-bi yalll~m. TWD themarementioned below:-are mentioned below:-Other Duis Ruku:0ther Duas in Ruku: in Aisha (R.A.) reported that the melsengpr Allah (S.AW-) Aisha(R.A.) reportod that the messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) ofmmtly read thefollo~ng dui in his ruku and sajdah.mostly read follonring in hisrukuandnidah. the dua -41 (tf4tj~)oj~~4JJ2J~;8,-J~~~ ") rtt i, "J?+ifrh l,f*n;r. t; a vl tl.L.l t,r .. ,/.; "" .","Subl)ana Kalld humma rab-banE wabifuamdika"Sublpflna Kalla humma rab-bana wabi(1amdikaAlEh hum maghfirln." " (0ukhari, Musliml.AllAh maghfirlee. fBukhari, Muslim); This means: Thismeans: "Glory beto you,oh our Lord,andall praise "Glorybe you, oh our lord, and aU praise beto you. 0 h Allah, forgive me: be you. 0h Allah,forgive mei Ali (R.A.) reportedthat the Messenger Aflah used read Ali (R.A.) reported that the Messenger of Allah used to readthe fonowing Dua in Rttku:thefollowing Duain Ruku: $Q,l i :-)j5 3;J, f .b?5&;3s +a Ld"Nv, V h.,za-; *Lz;,#s e,gs 6F;=--e-f -,ziJLli ir {*r ro r.t t1,, r_;j hr!,xL o;,-ii{U, I "AlEh "Allah humma laka Rakatu laka Rakatu, wabika amantu, ffiika Ennntu, , walaka aslamtu, vnlaka alunru, ~ta rab-bT khashia samee trta rab-bTRhahia samee wa mukh-kt E wa azme Wab~ wa mukh-khee wa azmee qafu wa ~abee wa masta qal - lat . wa vn mista gal tat bihe qada mav-ya lil-Ehi. bihee qada may-va lil-Iahi. rab-bil alameen." rabSil Elameen! (Ahmad, Muslim, Abu Dawiid etc.) Mtslim, Abu Dawfid etc.) "0h! my Lord, borwd to you and believed you and sub- "Ohl my Lord, I bowed to you and I believed in you and Ilrub inmitted to you. You are my lord. My ear, my sight, my brain, mymitud t0 you. You are my Lord. My mr, my sight my brrin, mybones, my ten dons and whatever has been carried by my feet is sub-bones, tendomand whatever beencarriedby my fnt b rub my hrmitted for the lord of the worlds:mittedfor the Lord of theworl&l Thereare otherdu& whichProphet Muhammed (S.AW.}rnd in There are other duas which Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) .-.d inRuku and they can be found in other Books of Hadith.Rukuandthey canbefurnd in otherBooks Hadith. ofPerfection of Ruku and Saidah.Perfection RukuandSaidah. ol Abi Mrud al Badri (R.A) rrported ilrrt the Meseqrrr of Al*t Abi Masud a Badri (R.A.) reported thlt the Messenger of Allah(S.A.W.) said: {S.AW.} said: 35 35
  • "Allah doesnot conslder prayerof man who doesnot the "Allah does not consIder the prayer of aa man who does not his straighten backwhenbowingfor Rukuandperformingstraighten his back when bowing for Ruku and performing Sajdah: Saidahj(Ibn n K h u z a i m alh ,n H i b b a Tabrani).n i ) . ( l b Khuzaimah, Ibn Hibban, n , a b r a b T Abi 0atEdah(R.A.l reportedthat the Messenger Allah Abi Gatadah (R.A.) reported that the Messenger of Allah of (S.AW.)(S.A.WJ said:said: The n0rst thiefis onewhosteals hisprayer., The WOBt thief is one who steals in his prayer." in Thenthe companions asked, "H0w cansomeone from his Then the companions asked, "How can someone steal from his stear prayer?"prayer?" Prophet (S.A.W. ansnered. Prophet (S.A.W.))ansmred, "Hedoes nOlcomplete his RUKU and Sajdah with perfection." Or "He does nncomplete Ruxuandsajdah his with perfection." al hesaid,he said, "He doesnot makehis backsrraight Ruku and Sajdah., "He does not make his balk straight in Ruku and Sajdah." in(Ahmad, d , a b r a nIbnnKhuzaimah, aH a k i m ) . ( A h m a Tabrani, lib K h u z a i m Hakim). T , h, Thesehadiths provethat Ruku and saidahshouldbe done These hadiths prove that RlJku and Sa;dah should be done cafmfy,calmly, slowty and perfectly, slowlyand perfer.tly, otherwIse sa/at of the person will be otherwrse of the penonwill be salat deficient.deficient.QAWMAH, I(STANDING{ AFTER R U K U }O A U W I ( S T A i l O I t G F T E RUKU) AH A B After the perfect Ruku the personprayingshould raisehis After the perfect Ruku the person praying should raise hishead from Ruku saying:-head from Ruku saying:- 6;FdiJ"ol,*- "Samihllehhu liman "Sami allAh hu liman ~amida: hamidai, "verily. "Verily Allah listens toone who praises t0 him."and* raise han& Allahlistens onewho praises him." and * raise ~is hands hisup to the levelof his shouldersup to the level of his shaul deB with palmsfacingoutwards with palms facing outwards and andf ingenstretched the earlobes thenhe shouldfingeB stretched to the earlobes and then he should lower hishands to and lower his hands his sides. In the standing position should erectso that theto his sides. the standing In position he should be erect so that the he bejointsof his bodygo hackin place.joints his body go hack in place. while in thisposition should While in this position he should hereciteone 0r all of the followingduas iN manytimesas he likes.recite one or all the following duis as many times as he likes. *some peopte *Some people get very annoyed get very annoyed when they seesomeone when they see someone raising raising his handswhile goinginto Rukuand againraising his hands his hands while going inro Ruku and again raising hands whili his while liftinghishead lifting his head from huku. from kuku. Thereare,however, There are, however, authentic authentic hadiths hadiths whichprovethat rrrophet which prove that ?rophet Muhammad (s-A.w.)usedt0 raisehis handsat the beginning Muhammad (S.A.W.) used to raise his hands ai the beginning of of prayer,before and after Rukuandwhenstanding foithe ihird prayer, beforeand after Ruku and when standing up for the third uprakat.^Fuglvsingle Book of Hadithlike Bukhari,Muslim, Muatti rakat. Every llngfq Book of Hadith like Bukhari, filuslim,Mual~a lmamMalik,Abu Dawud, Tirmizi,Nisai, rbn Majah, Khuzaimah, Imam Malik, Abu_Dawr.rd, Tirmizi, Nisai,Ibn Majah, lbn Khuzaimah, IbnHakim,Ahmad,Shafaee, Hakim, Ahmad, Shafaee, Tabrani,Baihaqi etc. etr. mentions Tabrani, Baitraql etc. mentions these etc. thesehadiths.Nearly four hundred hadiths. Nearlyfour hundred companions narrate practice comDanions also narrate this practice also thisof Prophet of Prophet Muhammad Muhammad {s.A.w.}.s0, (S.A.W.). So, there;s not theslightesi there is not the slightest doubt doubtthat the raisingof handsis sunnatand a personwho fractises that the raising of hands is sunnat and a person who practises this this sunnat gets a greater rewardthan the person who doesnot practisesunnatgets a greaterreward than the person who does not practiseit. However, it. However, eventhoughthe actionis mentioned the hadiths, even though the action is mentioned in the hadiths, inall the ulamas all the ulamas agreethat the prayerof a penonwho doesnot raise,continued agree that the prayer of a person who does not raise r on n tt n u e37) CO d o n ppage age 37) 36 36
  • ouAstltloAwtttAH DUAS IN QAWMAH a) "Rab-bana lakal ~amd: a) "Rabbaha hamdl lakal 6i;;+,tsu*.5 "0h, 0ur Lord, the praises to youl "Gh, our Lord, all the praises be to you; all be b) "Rab-bana lakal hamd,hamdan b) "Rabbani lakalllamd,l;ramdan Katheeran ~ayviban niubaraka.n fee: Katheeran tayyiban mubarakan feei ,If ,. "- .I ., ", ,~ ~ ~;~~,~,~~~~-, o 9Q:1ts&^Wfi#r-t^3 O~~ » .. • ii.;Jltt 6 "0h our Lord, Praises to You, be "Gh OlJ( Lord, all praises be to you, all andblesedpraises to y9u. be Very many, pure and blessed praises be to you." Verymany, pure AliS.r*oif (rtuuitt in.n.t saysthat whenthe mesenger of t) Abi Saeed al Khudree (R.A.) says that when the messenger of cl Allah(S.A.W.) to say:- Allah (S.A.W.) used to say:- ued "Sami all5h liman "Sami allah hu liman hamida" he would follow it with:- hu hamida" wouldf ollow with:- he * S;*,"i+i =.5U-;.rr1Y^,i;.3q ui: #ti t J6rg (,;.ZV i|*t Jii-i-ii hiJ;aJ-n4u | ; ii,L-{t W €;9 }^i -"rJiU urt;,.glj r t- glrt!tt - .^--.J # &t),.i,2 - I i Li; fi JiJ WJ,a) a,r,4 - 1ird1,.drrr) "Alldh llamdu mil as "Allah humma rab-bana lakal l;1amdu mil as rab-bani samawati wa mil al ardi wa mil ama smEwEti wa mil arQi wa mil shita min shayin badu:ah lath shita badu: ah maidiahag-gu mE qdlal thanaee wal majdiahaq-qu ma qalal than1e abdu WaKullu-na abdu Wa Kullu-na Laka /abd, Allah humma Lakaabd, AlEh lE m1nia limi atpyta wal6 muSya lima 16 mania lima atayta wala mutya lima wala yanfau Zal jad-di minkal jad: manata wala yanfau tal iad-di minkal iad! (Muslim, Ahmad, Abu Dawud) Ahmad, Abu Daw0d) "0h Allah,our Lord, all praises to you, as muchas they tan "Gh Allah, our Lord, all praises be to you, as much as they tan be fill the heavens and the earth and everything which you want to be fill the heavens the earthandeverything and whichyou want to be filled afterthat. You deserve be praised filled after that. You deserve to be praised and glorified. You deserve andglorified. You deserve morethan what your servant said and all us areyour slavc. more than what your servant has said and all of us are your slaves. has Nobodycan prwent whatever want to giveand nobodycangive you Nobody can prevent whatever you want to give and nobody can Rive you umntt0 prevent and penon with high rankcannot whatever you want to prevent and a person with high rank cannot whatever benefithimselfor anotherfrom his high rank aginst your will." benefit himself or another from his high rank against your will." his hands is acceptable. Therefore) Muslims should not fight over his handsis acceptable. Muslims Therefore, shouldnot fight over this issue. If someone does not wish to raise his hands he should this issue.lf someone doesnot wish to raisehis handshe should not discourage(continuation not discourage others from doing so because it is not a major con-(continuati_o4. othersfrom doingso because is not majorcon-from p4e36)$sysrtialpoint.from page 36) trovertia point. 37 37
  • Thereare someother duis which can be readin the 0awmah There are some other duas which can be read in the Qawmahpotitionandthece be foundin otherBooks Hadith.position and these can be found in other Books of Hadith. canFIRST SAJDAH (PROSTBATIOTI.FIRST SAJDAH (PROSTRATION). After the perfectqawmah person the praying shouldmwe After the perfect qawmah the person praying should moveto perform nidahsaying:to perform sajdah saying:- "AllihuAkbar," putting palmsdownwards theground on "Allihu Akbar," putting palms downwards on the ground below belowthe ean. The knees be should brought downrvards the ground.the ears. The knees should be brought downwards on the ground. onHis fingenand toesshouldbe pointing torvardsHis fingers and toes should be pointing towards Qiblah without 0iblahwithoutspreading fingers the han&.During the of prostration seven partsspreadinp the fingers of the hands. During prostration seven partsof thebody should touch ground: theof the body should touch the ground:(i)(j) the forehead along with the tip of the nose. the forehead along with thetip 0f the nose.(iil(ii) both hands bothhands(iiil(iii) both knees bothknees(ivl(iv) the bottom surface of the toes of both feet. the bottomsurface the toes both feet. In thisposition should In this position he should say:- he say:- . ;:.- l, -;i ,,/,....... ~ ~ .}t?tOi6t+p,,, J ~-~ -=.-J ~~ , .I ., a16" "Subl)ana Rabbi yal ala" "Subl76na He shouldsay this at least times0r 5, 7, 9, I I etc.tirnes. He should say this at least 3 times or 5, 7, 9, 11 etc. times. "Oh Allah, glory be to you, the most high." "0h Allah, glorybeto you,the mosthigh." Thereare $omeother duft which can be readin the sajdah There are some other duis which can be read in the sajdah position. position.OTHER DUAS IN SAJDAHOTHEB III DUAS SAJDAHi)i) Ali (R.A.)saidthat the Mesenger Allah(S.A.W.) Ali (R.A.) said that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W-l used to say of used say while doing sajdah:- whiledoing saidah:- , / -"" - ~ /~/"/" / 1 ..... /- ...... ..... -g.ilt, ;,/ :./ 3-;J irl,i:It;i :>t-ii +5 LirA-![.. ~~- ~~--,~l~.-~I~ "~~cr, " , t... z t t / r ( "r 7 i -. . ( . . .i.- . t . z ) /,/, , -- / " /" / - L-.. - /" 1 ; :, , """, 1,. . r . , i , . - -rfi_l, / , ". ., / " (." - #"" . : :- ,,,,,::,,. •• ". ", ,,.... ~ ~~ 6.J~ ~lj &.J~ ~ ~ I.S~/~ A-rs-,F: oJFo *;+u r)y4, a-}li -9 gj"_ ~ (~)~~~~""-.,.:j~2Jj~~- (fl-. 1,..1g.r-Gj I JA.*t!:U:X;e; ; "Allah humma laka sajadtu, wabika amantu, "Allehhumma sajadtu, laka wabika Emantu, walaka aslamtu , rmlaka clamtu . saiadaranjhiya Littaiikhalaqahl sajada wajhiya LillaZikhalaqahii Waspw -vrarahfi af.rsana Wasaw-warahii fa ahsana suwarahu, fa guwarah-u, FaShaq-qa samahu waba~rahu qa mah wabaqa Fashaq- sa fr rah-u fatab-arakal-l6hu al.rsanul iqeen ". fatabara kal-Iahu a~sanul khill iqeen". kh-al (Ahmad, (Ahmad, Muslim). Muslim). 38 38
  • "0h Allah,for you I haveprostrated, in you I have "0~ Allah, for you have prostrated, and you have faith, and faith, and unto you I havesubmitted, my forehead prostrated and unto you have submitted, forehead hasprostrated in my has front of onewho created and gave front one who created it and gave shape it and madeit shape to and made perfeutly. perfectly. Thenhe gavepower of hmringandsightandblesed Then he gave power hearing and sight and blessed is Allah5name whois theperfect is Allahs nafils who is the perfect creator." treator."ii) Abu Hurairah (R.n.)saidthat the Mesenger Allah(S.A.W.}ai) AbuHurairah (R.A.) said that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) used to say in his saidah:- to used sayin hissaidah:- ;" . ( / t; . / t (~ ; " i ","l /- , | /;.,,, /tLt ~~~:~~~&~~~-:;~-"~~~ ;+;~~~(¥) (t t/ 4,yi;{2.r} dj !rL-}d.3>"Y+ ; J, !.ffn " I .. ,r.4 V (1t-a) , / . , . (~)-,.~ .- ~Allah hummaghfirlee Zanbee "Allehhum maghfirlee Zanbee kul-lahD kul-Iahjj diq-qahi, diq-qahu, ""h3 -akhirahf, wajil-lahfwa aw-walah-uakhirahu, wa wa jil-Iahu wa aw·walahu wa wa wa aldniy-yatah-u sir-rahfi. alii niy-yatahu wa sir-rahu. " wa (Muslim, A Oawud, H Abu Hakim). { M u s l i m ,b uD a w D d , a k i m ) . "0h Allah, "Oh Allah, forgive all of my sins, minor forgive of my sins, all minor ones and major ones, ones major and ones, Ones I committed previously 0nes committed previously and and Ones I commit in the future. 0nes commit thefuture. in Ones I commit openly Ones commit openly And ones I commit secretly." Andones commit secretly." which the Mesenger Allah There are some other du as whith the Messenger of Allah There are some other duEs of (S.A.W.) used say in his Saidah these to but duis aret00 longto (S.A.W.) used to say in his Sajdah but these duas are too long to Books Hadith of mention here. They tan be found in authentic Books of HaeJith like menti0n here. Theycanbe foundin authentic like Muslim,Ahmad, Nisai Abu Dawddetr,.lt is not surprislng Muslim, Ahmad, Nisai Abu DawTId etc. It is not surprising that that (S.A.W.) stayed RukuandSaidah long in Prophet Muhammad (S.A.WJ stayed in R.uku and Sajdah for long Prophet Muhammad for intervals. intervals. All of the authentically approved duas tan be said with sub~ana All of the authentically approved duds besaid can withsub[Ena Rabbi ald 0r 0n theirown or altogether yal according thetime Rabbi yal aia or on their own or altogether according to the time to available capacity theperson. available and capacity of the person. and of In Saldah position wonhipper at his closest Allah. the is to In Sajdah position the worshipper is at his closest to Allah. Hence, Sajdah should performed be calmly, quietly, without HenLe, Sajdah should be performed calmly, and quietly, and without should t0 read manyduas he as figgeting, and the worshipper should try to read as many duas as he the figgeting,and worshipper try as possiblyl y a n . p o s i b can. c JAlSAH {SITTING BETWEEN TWO SAJDAH) JALSAH {SITTING TWO BETWEEII SAJDAH) ------- After performing sajdah perfectlyand calmly, perr,on the After performing one sajdah perfectly and r.almly, the person one praying shouldraise headfrom saidah his saying, "AllaJtu praying should raise his head from sajdah saying, "Allahu akbar",akbar", bending left f oot andsittingon it whilekeeping rightfootthe bending the left foot and sitting on it while keeping the right foot the propped with in toespointing towards 0iblah,the palms propped up with its toes pointing towards the Qiblah, the palms up the of his hands shouldreston his thighs and knees. backshould the of his hands should rest on his thighs and knees. the back should be straight that the iointsgo backin place. is sunnat say lt t0 be straight so that the joints go bac.k in place. It is sunnat to say so the following du a while sitting in between the two sajdahs. thefollowing while dua in the sitting between twosaidahr. 39
  • *:liiryvlr?.lrr-r;€tt3e,rP;N 6c>J;:ticiiLtj "AlEhhummaghfirlee rvarfrmnee wahdinee "Allah hum maghfirlee warlJamnee wahdinee m WI f,finee warzuqnes war wajburnee fanos" ifinee warzuqnee wajburnee war fanee" (AbuDawild). (Abu DawOd). "0h Allah,forgive andhave mercy m0, 0n "Oh Allah, forgive me, and have mercy on me, me, andkeep ontherightpath, me and keep me on the right path, andkeep healthy, me and keep me healthy, andprovide withhalal me sourcc living of and provide me withhalal sources of living, and complete shortcoming, my and complete my shortcomings, andmake rank my hidr." and make my rank high." The worshipper can say this dui once or _ many times _ he Thewonhipper saythis dui onco0r G many can timr c helikes.likes.SECOTIOSAJDAHSECOND SAJDAH Then person the should perform second the sajdah ".Allahu Then the person should perform the second sajdah saying, ".Allahu saying,Akbar" npeatwtrat didin thefint sqideh.Akbar" and repeat what he did in the first siUdah. and he .JAI$AH- E- ISTAFAHAT (SITTIITG RESTI. FONJALSAH - E-ISTARAHAT (SITTING FOR REST). Thenhe should raise head saying his up AllEhuAkbar" Then he should raise his head up saying .All1hu Akbar" and sit rnd sitfor a short whilec hedid in jalsah. He dooE befonstanding Hefor a short while as he did in ialsah. does this before standing up frh upfor thesecond rakat.for the second rakat.SECOTD RAKATSECOND RAKAT Afterstanding for thesecond up rakat should hishands After standing up for the second rakat he should fold his hands he foldorcr his chect he did in the first rakatandstarthb recitation bv asover his chest as he did in the first rakat and start his recitation bvreading "Bismill6h..........and Fatihahreading "Bismillih Surah and Surah Fatihah follorrmd anypffige followed by any passagl byor a chapter theHoly0uran."or chapter of the Holy Ouran." Then should of Then heshould complete rscond he complete hissecond hisrakat themanner thefint one.rakat in the manner of the first one. in of Whilechoming passage a chapter the rocitation the While choosing a passage or chapter for the recitation in the or for inscond or a subsequantsecond or subsequent rakatthe worshipper rakat the worshipper shoufdobserve should observe the theorderin whichthey mcur in the Holy OurEn.order in which they occur in the Holy Ourin. Al$0,eoch Also, each Surah Surah or orwne should shorter the onerecitedverse should beshorter thanthe one recited before Hence, be than before it. Hence, longer it. longersurahs rcited beforesurahs arerecited before shorter are shorter surahs. surahs.TASHAHUDTASHAHUD Aftercompleting lrotsajdah thesecond t~e After completing the last sajdah of the second rakat, penon the rakat, the personshouldshould nisehis head saying: "All6trAkbar". should ashesat raise his head srying: "Allah-Akbar". Heshould sit as he sat He sitbetween the two sajdah, puttinghis left handon hls left kneebetryreon two sajdah, the putting his left hand on his left knee and andrighthan&nhis rigrt knee. fist of therighthand cfosedright handon his riltlt knee. TheJist the right hand is closed sxcept The is exceptfor ths indexfinpr whichis protruded. is protruded thatthefor the index finger which is protruded. lt is protruded so that the It so 40 40
  • {$t t~~mb is brought to the second division of the index finger. Inriqht thu.mb brought thesecond b 1o division theindex of finger. Inftbporitionthepefion rhouldthllposltlon the person should read:- rad:- ,+Jsl$*ie qii.r 6 b rtat6*y Lu;iit gl ; ,W #s ilqi;c;l-Jl i it,J,-J,tt;i; rii ;ffi gfirff-iei,rV:[yl j Se-, or#-L;"1 p r (+Jeili:., .fr;$;il+5 At-tal|iy-yEtu lil-Ehi "At-tal}iy-yatu liI-lshi waf ~alawatu war-ray yibiJtu. wq salawatu wat-lay yiffitu. As-salBmu alayka ay-yuhan-nabiy-yu Aseafiniu-alayka ay-yuhrt-nabiy-yu W,J ral)ma tUJlahi wa barakiJtuhu wt ral1ma tullEhi bankEruhi As+alEmu alaynE wahl6 ibediLE his+alihen." As-salamu alayna waala iblJdil-/a hi~-~aJiheen." "Ash hadu anli iliha il/al/ahu hdu anlaildha illal lEhu wa ash hadu an-na Mul}ammadan ah hdu Mul7ammadan abduhi ab~uhu wa rasOluh. " rafiluh." "All compliments, physical prayer, "AII compliments, all physical prayer, all and all monitary worship are for Allah. andall monitary wonhiparefor Allah. Peace be upon you, Oh Prophet, Peace uponyou, 0h Prophet, be and Allahs mercy and blessings. andAllaht mercy andblessing. Peace be on us and on all righteous Peace on u andon all righteous be slaves of Allah." slares Allah." "1 bear witness that no one is worthy of "l bear witness no oneisworthy that worship except Allah. worship except Allah. And I bear witness that Muhammad And bear witnesthat Muhammad (S.A.W.} Hisslare (S.A.W.l is His slave and Messenger." b andMessenger." While reading"Ash hadu......abduh-u rasilluh." person While reading "Ash hadu ......abduhu wa rasiiluh." a person washouldrabe the index fingerof his right handslightlyand returnshould raise the index finger of his right hand slightly and return to in prarious finsihed saying it.it to its previous position after.he has finsihed saying it. pmitionafterhehao person praying rakats A person praying 2 rakats only should continue to the next stage only shouldcontinue the next stage to is wfrich Salat Alan-Nabi (Dar[d]. which is Salat Alan-Nabi (Darud).STANDING{ G PFOR THIRDOR A K A TS T A f { D I I UP F O RT H I R RAKAT U If a person is praying three or four rakats, then he should stand lf penonis praying three four rakats, or thenheshould standup after tashahud saying "All-ahuup after tashahud sayIng "Allahu Akbar" and raising his hands as he Akbar" and raising hands he his asdid in TakbirTahrimah start his recitation with "Bismill6h.....anddid in Takbir Tahrimah start his recitation with "Bismillah.....andthen SurahFatihah."In the third or fourth rakatof fard prayermen Surah Fatihah." In the third or fourth rakat of far~ prayerrecitation of Fatihah is sufficient. There is no need to say anotherrecitation Fatihah sufficient. of is There no needto sayanother is 41 41
  • But praying sunnat naflpraYer read surahSurah. But a person prayingSurah. a pgrson sunnat or nafl prayer canread a surah or can aafter Fatihah. he continue t0 complete his After recitation he should continue completeafter Fatihah. After recitation should to histhird rakat (or fourth rakat he is praying four).thirdrakat(or fourthrakat if heispraying if four). Atter the cornpletion lrot rakatheshould for tashahud After the completion of last rakat he should sit for tashahud sitasdescribed (ashe satafterpraying 2 rakats).as described above hesat after praying rakats). abpve (as After TashJhud he should read Salat Alan-Nabi (0rr0d]as follor,rrs:After Tashthud shouldreadSalatAlanltlabi he (Dariid) as follows:- aL 3ih(J,fai,J r&Gi,{J4 U Ugiit #) 12+6 {Lri>L,6- )t,}-i I-^+ ytir, r3.1 ;#!jt$t CLs$qk6 JJ;i,P &54Y ;1#rol"+ltjyoa2V.y)lgi: "Allah humma sal-Ii ala "AlEh humma sal-li blE Muhammadin wa atEali Muhimmadin, ala 6ti Muhammadin, . Kama fal-Iayta ald Ibraheema KamE qal-layta ala lbrEheema Waala Eli lbrdheema Wahld ali Ibriheema innaka bameedum majeed." hameedum majud." "Oh Allah, "0h Allah, send grace honour send grace and honour on and on Muhammad (S.A.W.) Muhammad (S.A.W.) and and (S.A.W.), On the family and true folloVYers of Muhammad (S.A.W.), 0n the familyandtruefollovrnrs Muhammad justas you sent Grace and Honour on just asyousentGrace Honour and on (A.S.) Ibrahim (A.S) lbrahim andon thefamilyandtruefollowen lbrahimof (A.S.) and on the family and true followers of Ibrahim (A.S.) Surely, you are praiseworthy, the GF1!at. IJ Surely, arepraiseworthy, Grgat you the " "Allah humma barik ala Muhammadin "AlEh bilrik hll wa ala ali Muhammadin, wa htE dti MuQammadin, • Kama blIrakta·ala Ibraheema KamE b1raktaall lbraheema aldali Wa ala dli Ibraheema Wa lbrdheema innaka lJameedum majeed. " fiameedum maied. "0h Allah, send on (S.A.W.) "Qh Allah, send your blessing on Muhammad (S.A.W.) yourblessing Muhammad andthetruefollowers Muhammad of (S.A.W.)riust and the true followers of Muhammad (S.A.W.),just asyousentblesings lbrahim 0n (A.S.) as you sent blessings on Ibrahim (A.S.) and his true followers. andhistruefollowen. Surel~ you are praiseworthy, the Great." Surelvryou praiseworthy, Great." are the DU,ES AFTER SALATALAI{-I{ABI(DAR[D} DUAS AFTER SALAT ALAN-NABI (DARUD) (S.A.W-)used to There are quite a lot of duas which Prophet (S.A.W.) used to There quitea lot of duds are wtrichProphet say after DarEdand he taught them to the companiom. Herewe say after Dariid and he taught them to the companions. Here we will mention a few of them. will mention fewof them. a i) Abdullah Amr (R.A.) thatAbu Bakr(R.A.) saidto the i) Abdullah bin Amr (R.A.) said that Abu Bakr (R.A.) said to the bin said 42 42
  • Masengerof Allah, "Pleaseteach a dud so II can say it in Messenger of Allah, "Pleaseteach me a duf so tan say it in me my prayer." my prayer." SotheMesengnr Allah(S.A.W.l So the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) said, of said, s.y:- Sry:- ijl$;J-t i t;*sA3 d,- 3#3$ ;fin,, :i i s: yl,j; rY+4r;7iilJ A*-C dliJ1 (~~.J:.J:) -a};$;-Jt r{,std) ~~ "Allah hllmma innee zalamtu nafsee "All6h humma innee zalamtu nafsee Zulman Katheran , wa| yaghfi ruz ?uJman Katheeran wala yaghfi ruz zuncJba iunr.lba ilia anta faghfirlee maghfiratam min illd anta faghfirlw maghfiratam min indika, war I)amnee innaka Mtal indika, war fiamnee innaka antal ghaflirur ra!)eem. " ghaffirur ral7eem." (Bukhari and Muslim). ( B u k h a ain dM u s l i m ) . r "Oh Allah, I have been "0h Allah,I have very cruel to myself (by ignoring my duty been verycruel myself ignoring duty (by my you) and there is no one who can forgive the sins Extept to you) and there is no one who can forgivethe sinsexcept you. So forgiveme because are the only forgiver have you. So forgive me because ygu are the only forgiver andhave you and mercy on me. Verily.you are the forgiver and merciful." mercy me.Verily.you theforgiver merciful." on are andii) Shadad Aus(R.A.)reported the Prophet Allahii) Shadad bin Aus (R.A.) reported that the Prophet of Allah bin that (S.A.W.) used to say in his prayer:- (S.A.W.) to sayin hisPraYer:- used ,*1 g-e -A i.i il|4 LhAriLI;ilti " tA3:i{ttj 4;Y+ iJLiiffi1ii ei;3i; Li ufi,b1$39 r, +6Lv; ur.r" r "Alleh humma innee asdtu katn ThubatA "Allah hUlnma in nee as-diU katn ThubatJ azeemata fil alnri, wal azeemata alar rushdi, fil amri, wal blar rushd[, wa as-aluka shukra nimatika ,, wa as-alukashukra nimatika ib1datixa, wa ai-aluka wa I]usna ibadatil< a, wa as-aluka wa l4usna qalban saleeman, wa lisanan facJiqan, qalban saleeman, wa lis-ananq4diqan, wa as-aluka min khayri rna wa asaluka min khaYri m:a Talamu, wa auzubika min Talamu, wa a,uzubika min Shar-ri rna talamu, wa as taghfiruka, Shar-ri mE talamu, wa as taghfiruka, Ii m-atalamu."( Nisai lima talamu."(Nisai). ). "0h Allah, askyou for strength everymatter dean "Oh Allah, II ask you for strength in every matter of dean and in of and a stron~ will power to be on the right path. And II ask you to a stronqwill powerto be on the right path.And askyou to 43 43
  • m0k0me thankfulfor your bountir andgiveme abilityto make me thankful for your bounti. and gilR me ability nronhip perfectly. I askyou to make hoart worship you perfectly. And ask you to make my heart rincsrs you And my sincere and my tongustruthful. I aakyou for cvorygoodnas and my tongue truthful. ask you for every goodness known known to you and I stek refuge you from arerything thatyou you and seek refuge in you from everything badthat you in bad know bad. know is bad. is ask your forgiveness for all mistakes youknow." I ck yourforgivenessallmistakm know." for you(iiil Aisha (R.A.) reported thatthe Prophet (S.A.W.) to say(iii) Aisha (R.A) reported the Prophet that (S.A.W.) tsedto say this used this dut in hisprayen:- dui in his prayers:- fuU+) Ft.) 1,-,tLL,4 rfu3 +ilLi Vt*nr r", t c_,Li))jril3 r ?fu, * t;!l SJ,r.F,fu r tf cv ;rl,rti +tbt 4+:tAeUii:rt ) "Allih humma innee AEiubika min "AlEh humma inneeAiiiubika Aiibil qabri, wa A1iubika min Alibil qabri, va A Uzubika fitna tid daj-jali, wa Aiiubika dai-iEli, wa A uzubika mabYi wal mam*t. min fitna til mal}yi wal mamat. Alfah humma innee Afriuhika minal Allih humma innee A uzubika Mathami wal maghrami. 1 Mathami wal maghrami.t {Bukhari Mrslim}. (Bukhari and Muslim). and "0h Allah seekrefuge you from the punishment the of 1I0h Allah I seek refuge in you from the punishment of the in grave, and seekrefuge you from the troublc of dqiial, grave, and I seek refuge in you from the troubles of daj-jal, in and seekrefuge you fromthe difficulties troubles and of and I seek refuge in you from the difficulties and troubles of in the life anddeath. Allah, seek refuge you fromnrery in the life and death. Oh Allah, I seek refuge in you from every 0h kindof sinand unexpected troubles." kind of sin and unexpected troubles." F6}+j rL9-+ i+ir;:i"ltl+1,;:&*r 5 <rt 3 J.r} 33r.4;4 ; L .ng.iJ:,Jl+t K!, W .r | / 1r o?-14l(iv)"Rab bijalnee muqeemBf salati wa min livlBab bijbtnee mug*mE gatatiwa min tur-riy yateerab-banE wata gab-bal zur-riy yatee rab-bani wata qab-bal du E,rab-ba naghfirle waliwali day-ya dua,rab-ba. naghfirlee waliwaliday-ya wa lil mumineena yawma yaqfrmul wa iii mumineena yawma yaqumul /}isab. " fiisEb. I "0h Lord, make and children upprayers, me my "Oh Lord, make me and my children keep up prayers, keep 0ur Lord, accept prayer, Our Lord, accept our prayer, our OurLord, forgive and parents Our Lord, forgive me and my parents me my and theBelieven theDay Judgment." all and all the Believers on the Day of Judgment. " 0n of 44 44
  • Although mmt people rmd Rabbijalnee Although most people read Rab bijalnee after Oariid; it is per- afterDarEd; is per. it mittedto reciteany niceduE Howwer,it shouldbe knownthatmitted to recite any nice dui. However, it should be known thatthis du6is not one of thosedua-s which Prophet(S.A.W.)this dui is not one of those duas which Prophet (S.A.W.) used usedt0 say after Darfrd.lt is preferable readboth Rabbijalneeto say after Darud. It is preferable to read both Rab bijalnee and to andthe dua-swhich areauthentically proved (S.A.W.)the duas which are authentic.ally proved from the Prophet (S.A.W.) from the Prophetand thosehe taughtto his comprniom. havementionedand those he taught to his compllnions. We have mentioned only We onfyfour but there are about twelve.However,four but there are about twelve. However, they are too lengthy they are too lengthyto mentionto mention here. here.ENDING {THEEPRAYER HEIIIDIt TH PRAYE G After prayingor himself much theperson After praying for himself as much as the person wishes he should f as as wishes should heendhisprayerend his prayer saying:- saying:- j oiltus:r;j*i$!ji-i "As-salflmuataykum wa rafimatul lehr" As-salamu ~alaykum wa ra/;lmatullfJh, " "Peace on youandthe mercy Allahr" "Peace be on you and the mercy of Allah," be of turningthe facefirst to the right and then to the lett, both turning the face first to the right and then to the left, bothtimes thetimes over the shoulder. over shoulder. Thisbrings two, threeor four rakats the prayer com- This brings the two, three or four rakats of the prayer to tom- the of t0pletion.pletion.DUAS S F T E R A T U T A T I O T { SD U A AFTER SALUTATIONS A S There are many duas which Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) There are many dua-s which ProphetMuhammad (S.A.W.)used sayaftersalutation. to So, person prayingused to say after salutation. So, a person praying should try to memo should t0 mem- tryorisethemand follow the practice Prophet (S.A.W.).arise them and follow the practice of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.). of MuhammadSome these of duaiwe will mentionSome of these duas we will mention here. here. It wasthe continuous practice Prophet of Muhammad (S.A.W.l It was the continuous practice of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.)when he turned away from his prayer say:-when turned he away fromhisprayer to say:- tor.1. oljsirnf ,,) o~~1At, r, " ~ ,~ .. ~ ~ 1" ~ ~l oit;)3:J , /1 ct",6oYr"11it i*t34ii-l"i, wr c,,,: 9>:: 04>~· * 0 4U~.. ~ 0 4UA· . . ~.. (r, *;^ ; V::J;, (;j..5l:J I ~~ja~1r:aHr (r)t ~1;~ d)y -L6u:,ai^ii t iu ~~ c, . (~) (;~~".~!j q-l*l ScratPlts a) Allahu Akbar (once a) Allahu Akbar (onte aloud) aloud) (Allahis thegreatestl (Allah is the greatest) b) tutagh firul·liih (3 times) b) Astagh firul-f6h times) (3 (l rokAllahto forgive (I ask Allah to forgive mel. me). r.l Allah humma antas salEmu I•. ) Allih humma antas salamu Wa minkas saldmu Wa salamu taharakta ya tabarakta yd ialialali waf ikrim. wal ikram. 45 45
  • Oh Allah, you are the peace, 0h Allah, you arethe Peace, And you are the source of peace, of And you arethesource Peace, youareblessed, posessor Glory you are blessed, 0 possessor of Glory of and dHonour). r(MUSLIM)M ) an Honou (MUSLI). o+ 5V 1g)4]& lJ#z&a";Afri2. Altahhummaainneeatd iikrika2, Allah humma ainnee ali Zikrika ibadatika wa shukrika wa Qunsni ibadatika. wa wa shukrika hunsni (Ahmad, Daw-ud). (Ahmad, Abu Dawud). Abu you (0hAllah, meto remember allthetime, (Oh Allah, help me to remember you all the time, help Andto thinkyou,and worship perfectly!. you And to thank you, and to worship you perfectly). to # j J,UjAjj,oj i+? I LSgtr;r fudlf{ ,b^t; i#Li nr, eu,t ,;il{ip r6" q V -*J IjE!{ * af*g r,He,6, r1 ; :3l(t t3. afLa ilaha i itlal lahu wal)dahil Ii shareeka lahu.3. ta ibha lIal tah| wahdah7 la shareekatahl. Lahul Mulku wala hul hamdu Lahul Mulku hul Qamdu ald kul-li shayin qadrer. wa huwa ala kul-li shay-in qadeer. " wa bfAllah humma la minia lima atayta Alarcn mdnia limd agayta wa Iii mu:riva lima manata wa la wa la mulgiva limE manata ld yanfau Zaljad-di minkal iad. I, yanfau Zaljad-di minkal jad. " (Bukhari, (Bukhari, Muslim). Muslim). There a) There is no God but Allah, a) is no Godbut Allah, Heis the onlyoneandhas partner, He is the only one and has no partner, no Sovereignty praise onlyfor Him. Sovereignty and praise are only for Him. and are Andhehas authority And he has full authority over everything." full over everything." b) "Nobody prwentwhatever want b) "Nobody can prevent whatever you want can you to give andnobody give to give and nobody can give whatever you can whatwer you wantto prevent want to prevent and a person with high and pers0n with high rankcannot rank cannot benefit himself or another benefithimself another or fromhishighrankagainst from his high rank against your wilL" yourwill." -tt*j(3iit( . A 33 tb,ir.a) ( - t55 iit 6g-* ...J~34.~JTAt ~-:!, ~ ~r -.JL33 ~S~ , rs /; . /4. It issunnat say to subh6 (33 nalfEh timest, "Glorybet0 Allah."4. It is sunnat to say sub~a nallah (33 times), "Glory be to Allah." Alhamdu (33times), "Praise to Allah." AI~amdu lillah (33 times), "Praise be to Allah." lillah be andAlldhu (34 Akbar times) "Allah thegreat6t." and Allahu Akbar (34 times) "Allah is the greatest." is 46 46
  • There veryrnany are du[swhich Prophet Muhammad (S.AW.} There are very many duas which Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.)used sayand he taught to themto his companions. canbe Theseused to say and he taught them to his companions. These can befound famous in Books Hadith. offound in famous Books of Hadith. •• •• •• •• •• •o• or oo oo ol oo l 47 47
  • ChapterCheipter 5,OCCASIONATOCCASIONAL PRAYERS PRAYERSWITBWITR PBAYER PRAYER is Muakkadah. lt is very much Witr Prayer b sunnat Muakkadah. verymuch emphrized WitrPrryer runnat It is emphasizedby ProphetMuhammad (S.A.W.). did not leave Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.). He did not leave this prayer He this prayer even evendudnga joumoyor whenmounted camelbac,k.during journey when mounted on camelback. on WI so mt.ch emphasized that some Muslim scholars that It rns ro machemphacized someMuslim scholars under- under-stood that was wajib (compulsory) but after careful study ofstood that it was wajib (compulsoryl after a c,areful but studyhadiths can be said that is not wajib but very much emphas-hadithsit can be saidthat it is not wajib but a very muchemphas-ized prayer.izedprayer. Witr prayeris often mistrkenlythought of as part of the lsha Witr prayer is often mistakenly thought of as part the Ishaprayer.This is not so. Witr prayer a separateprayer. This is not so. Witr prayer is separate prayer is prayer whichcanbe which can beoffered after the Isha prayerright up to the breakof dawn. For theofferedafter the lshaprayer right up to the break dawn.For theconvenience the believers Prcphet(S.A.W.)convenience of the believenPrcphet (S.A.W.) allowed Witrs to be allowed Witn to beoffered straight after Isha.offered straightafter lsha. One.In hadiths Mesenger the In Arabic tne word witr means, One. In hadiths the Messenger tn Arabictne word witr means,of Allah says: "Allah is one-so helikesthe number, ONE." Allahsays: "Allahis onqsohelikesthe number, 0NE." (Muslim). {Muslim}. Allah also likes odd numbers because wten an odd number Allah also likes odd numbers because when an odd numberis divided 2rtheremainder always by is one.For thisreasonis divided by 2"the remainder is always one. For this reason ProphetProphet(S.A.W.} preferred numbers. odd Helikedto thinp in oddnumbers(S.A.W.) preferred odd numbers. Helikedto do things in odd numbers doin his routinelife, also, suchas: whensaying prayers,in his rOlltine life, also, such as: when saying prayers, saying duas, saying duds, asked believers theeating dates etc. That is why Prophet (S.A. W.) asked the believerseatingdatesetc. That is why Prophet {S.A.W.}to praywitr at the end of the nightprayer that canmaketo pray witr at the end of the night prayer so that it can make the so thenight prayer into an odd number.night - prayerinto anoddnumber. Abdullahbin Umar (R.A.! saysthat the Messenger Allah Abdullah bin Umar (R.A.) says that the Messenger of Allah of(S.A.W.) said:"Nightprayer to be offered(S.A.W.) said: "Night prayer is to be offered in 2 rakats units. When is in rakats units. Whenoneof you feels that dawnis near thenheshould offer rakatone of you feels that dawn is near then he should offer 1 rakat which whichcanmake the nightprayer offered anoddnumber."can make all the night prayer he offered into an odd number." all he into {Bukhari, rMuslim}. ) . (Bukha Muslim i, NUMBER OFFRAKATS S FWITRRP H A Y E R ] I U M B EO B A K A T OF W I T PRAYER R O bin Umat (R.A.)said that the mesenger Allah Abdullah bin Umar (R.A.) said that the messenger of Allah Abdullah of(S.A.W.) l,Vitrprayer onerakatat the endof thenaflprayer(S.A.W.) said: Witr prayer is one rakat at the end of the nafl prayer is said:at night."at night." Abu Ayub (R.A.)says Abu Ayub (R.A.) says that Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) said: that Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) said: praywitr. Anvone who likes pray5 rakats t0"Every Muslim should pray witr. Anyone who likes to pray 5 rakats"EvervMuslim shouldof fwitrrheeshould ldooso, ,a n y o f rw h olikes s opray y rat:kats,t s ,eshould l d o w i t h s h o u d s o anyone who l i k e to p r a 3 r a l k a he s h o u e t 3 n who likesto prayone rakat, shorrld s0." hedo so, and anyone who likes to pray one rakat, he should do so."do so, and anyone d0 (Abu uDawud,dNisai,a IbnnMaiah).h ] . ( A b O a w [ N i s it,b M a i a , 48 48
  • We understand from the abovementioned We understand from the above mentioned hadiths that the hadithsthat theactualwitr prayeris one rakat,althougha personcan offer, 1,3,actual witr prayer is one rakat, although a person can offer, 1,3,5,7, or 9 rakats of witr prayer. All of these numbers are approue~5,7,or I rakatsof witr prayer.All of thesenumbers apprnved areby Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) authenticby Prophet Muhammari (S.A.W-l in authentic hadiths. in hadiths. TIMEEOFFWITRR B A Y E R T I M O W I T PRAYER P Witr prayer afterthe lshaprayer Witr prayer can be oftered after the Isha prayer right up to the can be oftered rightup to theoreak dawn.oreak of dawn. of Aisha(R.A.) said: "ProphetMuhammad (S.A.W.) Aisha (R.A.) said: "Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) prayed witr prayed witrduringall timesof the night.Sometimes prayedduring all times of the night. Sometimes he prayed Witr during the he Witr duringthefirst part of the night,sometimes duringthe middlepart of thefirst part of the night, sometimes during the middle part of thenight,andsometimuduringthe end part of the nightbut he usednight, and someHmes during the end part of the night but he usedto complete prayer theto complete the prayer before the break of dawn. " before break dawn. the of o (Bukhari, (Bukhari, Muslim). Muslim). However, personwho thinks he could not get up to pray a However, a person who thinks he could not get up to praywitr at the end part of the night can offer witr immediatelywitr at the end part of the night can offer witr immediately after atter lsha or beforehe goesto bed. But someoneIsha or before he goes to bed. But someone who thinks that he who thinksthat hecan get up andpraynafl at nightshould praywitr at the endof hiscan get up and pray nafl at night should pray witr at the end of hisnightprayer.night prayer. Jabir (R.A.) saidthat the Prophet Jabir (R.A.) said that the Prophet (S.A.W.) said: "Anyone of {S.A.W.) said:"Anyoneofyou who could not get up at the end part of the nighthe shouldyou who could not get up at the end part of the night he shouldpraywitr in the first partof the nightandanyone you who thinkspray witr in the first part of the night and anyone of you who thinks ofhe can get up at the end partof the nighthe shouldhe can get up at the end part of the night he should pray witr then, praywitr then,because angels present the prayer the arebecause the angels are present for the prayer offered at the end part for offeredat the endpartof the night. " the night. II (Muslim, (Muslim, Ahmad, Tirmizi, Ibn Majah). Ahmad, Tirmizi, Majah). lbn HOW TO PRAY WITR HOW PRAY TO WITR When praying one Witr a person offer it as the usual prayer. Whenpraying Witr person can offer asthe usual one can prayer. When praying 5, 7 or 9 rakats of witr prayer Whenpraying 3, 5, or I rakats witr prayer there is mon~ 3, thereis mornthan one way the prayer beoffered.thanonewaythe prayer can be offered. can Forexample:- For example:- a) A personpraying3 rakats witr can pray 2 rakats like the a) A person praying rakats can pray rakats like the usual prayer. After the Salutation, As-salSmu alaykumwa usual prayer.After the Salutation, As-salamu alaykum wa rahmatul-Iah, first to the right and then to the left he should nhmatul-16h, first the rightand then to the left he should get up immediately complete the third rakat. This way gei up immediately to com-plete third rakat.Thisway of the offering witr prayer called, bil fasal. . offering prayer is called, witr bil f~al. is b) A personpraying3 rakatsor 5 rakaisWitr shouldnot sit b) A person praying rakats or rakats Witr should not sit for Tashahud between rakaBexcept the lastrakat. for Tashahud in between the rakats except in the last rakat. in the in c) A penonpraying 5 or 7 rakats c) A person praying 3, or rakats Witr should in Tashahud 3, Witr should sit in Tashahud sit in the last but one rakat,€.9. in the second in the last but one rakat, e.g. in the second rakatif he is rakat he is offering3 Witr, fourth rakatif he is offering5 witr, or sixth offering Witr, fourth rakat he is offering witr, or sixth rakat he is offering Witrandso on. Heshould rakat if he is offering 7 Witr and so on. He should read read Tashahud then get up for the lat rakatandcomplete Tashahud and then get up for the last rakat and complete it. and it. 49 49
  • All 33methods are authentic and are prac.tised by the great ulam~ All methods authentir. arepractised thegreat are and by ulamasand scholars. So Muslims r~an lhoose anyone of these 33methods to r;an andsuholars. Muslims uhoose oneof these methods So any to offer the witr prayer. Whenpraying rakats,offer the witr prayer. When praying 33 rakats, witr, however, ititisis witr, however, a basProphetpreferable to Lhose method a or b ~ ~rophet Muhamma.d (S.A.W.~, preferable r.hose to meth0d or Muhammad (S.A.W.)said:i d : D onot t m a kyourwitr i t p r a y similarl atr yourumaghnb rpraye~. e r . " sa "00 n o make e o u r w prayer e ri m i to0 y 0 rm a g h ip r a y " y r s b (Qiamul·lall).l a i l ) . (Oiamul- DUA AO U N UINN W I T R B A Y E R P D u , DUNUT T WITR PRAYER I Reading du ei Dunut in the last rakat of the Wi~r Prayer is aa Reading dua Ounutin the last rakatof the Witr Prayer is proved practir:e Prophet (S.A.W.) it canbe readproved practire of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and It c.an be read of Muhammad andbefore rruku uo raftererui<.u.u . b e f o r u k or a f t r u k e a) someonewho wantsto readOunutbefore a) Someone who wants to read Qunut before ruku he should ruku he should read afterhe has inished it f reciting read it after he has finished reciting surah Fatihah and chapter surah Fatihah cr,apiei ana of f theeHolyl yDuran. nWhiler er e c i t i ndua aQunut ta person n? r n o t h H o 0 u r a w h i reciting d u 0 u n 0 . p r o o tan . g . . rupp hisi shandsdinn front rof f him or i h e can nleavev themmf o f d e d . l u h h a n s f r o n o h i m o he c a l e a eh e folded. i t b) someone who wantsto readdua- b) Someone who wants to read dua Dunut after the ruku he 0unu:t itter ttre ruku he can nread di t withhhis shandsdcuppedeinn front toff him orr heecan c a r e a it w i t h i h a n s u p p d f r o n o h i m o h c i n c i let his hands re6tat his sides. let his hands rest at his sides. Saying dua after the ruku sayingduE aftertne ruku andrupping hands frontis preferalle thiswas in and Lupping hands in front is preferaQle as this was the as the practice Prophet of Muhammad (S.A.t/.). practice of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.JV.). some Fuqhas insisr Some Fuqhas insist that reading dua Qunut is compul· that reading dui 0un[t is compul- sory in the lastrakatof the witr andsomeothers it is sory in the last rakat of the Witr and some others say it is say rompulsory the lastrakatof the Fajrprayer, if you in compulsory in the last rakat of the Fajr prayer, but if you but studyhadiths carefully will finclthatitis not ,orirt- you study hadiths carefully you will find that it is not compul- sory eitherin the Witr or in the Fajr prayer. Therefore, it a sory either in the witr or in the Fajr prayer. Therefo if a re, person person leaves ei ounilt in hiswitr prayer prayeiwilr leaves dua Dunut in his witr prayer his prayer will du his not be deficient. if someone notknow not be defic.ient. Also,if Also, someone does know du,i 0unfit does not dua Qunut he neednot sayanother he need not say another uhrpter the Ouran0r anyother chapter of the Ouran or any other wordsin its replacement. ounDtcan be reaoin iny words in its replacement. Dua QunIit can be read in any Ou(j prayer. prayer. T E X T FOUAA U r u U T TEXT O D U O OF QUNUT a) Hasan Ali (R.A.)said thattheMessengerAllah (S.A.W.) a) Hasan bin Ali (R.A.) saidthat the Messenger of Allah(S.A.W.) bin of taughtme thewoidswhich II should in thedu,d witr:- taught me the words which should say in the dua oi witr:- say of + ; i iilbL ;;+&;L,.Viq^h ;*j i j4;i t j#, ;)t,1:? ; €!j--ii tfo |).!:.Uj :i#,#l -nC -, G !+*/ l.t.ta-e j;$f; b?hi j:,j;r, J_H,; a;r2; ; ej gj1 U,,tG ;;1+. j t .ai-rt6eoirtAC it$,S. fr i ; 50 50
  • "AlEh hum mahdinu feemanhadaYta, "Allah hum mahdinee feeman hadayta, Wa ifinu feman Efayta, Wa 5finee feeman afayta, wata tanl-lanrefeemantawal-layta, wata wal-Ianee feeman tawal-Iayta, wa barik lee f*mE ataita, wa barik lee feemi ataita, waqinee shar-ra ma qa~ayta, waqine shar-ramE qaQayta, fa-innakaaqde wald yug(Etalayk, fa-innaka taqdee wala yuCl/aalayk, innahDlE Yaiillu manw innahu II Yazil-lu manw wllayt, walEyaiz-zu man Edaita, wala yaiz-zu man Idaita, tabeJakta rabbanEwata Elaia, tablJrakta rabbana wata !Iaita, n alagh fi iil *a wanatu i lav ka, bu nastaghfiiuka wanatubu ilavka. qal-lal lahu alan--nabee." Wa sal-Ial lahu alan nabffi." Wa Abu Dawfid, Nisai,tbn Maiah). (Abu Dawud, Nisai, Ibn Majah). "0h Allah.make among me those whomyou have "Oh Allah, make me among those whom you have guided, guided, andmake among me thosewhom you have and make me among those whom you have saved, and make and saved, make meamong those you wtrom have me among those whom you have chosen, and bless whatever chocen, blcs whatever and you hwe given andprotect fromtheevilwhich me, me you you have given me, and protect me from the evil which you hrvedecreed; you verilyr decide things nobody the have decreed; verily., you decide the things and nobody can and can decide you; against surely penson befriended the you decide against you; surely the person you befriended cant cant bedlsgraced, thepenon opposed behonoured. and you be disgraced, and the person you opposed cant be honoured. cant You areblecsed, Lord, exalted, aslr yourforgivenes our and rtr tor You are blessed, our lord, and exalted, we ask tor your forgiveness andturn t0 you. Peace mercy Allahbe upontheProphet." and and turn to you. Peace and mercy of Allah be upon the Prophet." ofb g ; )s -!i;;;E:)vfiut + b * jrJaiL*,, {1;!5K4; s H ;Fi i* b::"i b6; d;k5 UfiLrr! V;ilri -!j!,rt- i- t#t Iii; .tk: F.j i 3+{ i Hj ?$ts 3&5, r ,! ? A:J;);)u3 V,4r:e L y4,i; "AlEh "Allah humma inna nastaeenuka .w nastaghfiruka wa innd nistaeenuka w nntaghfirukanuminu bika vn natawak-kalu atayka yw nuthne alayk-alnuminu bika wa natawak-ka/u a/ayka .w nuthnee atayk-al Wakhayr. Wa nashkuruka wa 16 nakfuruka wa nakhlau wa /5 nakfuruka nakhlaunatroku man-y yafjurka. Allah humma iyyaka nabudunatruku Allih iyyhka nebuduwa laka nugal-le wa nasjudu wa ilayka nasi wa nahfiduwa /aka nu~al-lee wa nxjudu vn ilayka n*d tn naltfiduwa narjO nak hsha azabake azfrakawa narj0 rahmataka wa nakhshE hzibake inna azabakabil kuf-fari mulhiq.bil kuf-fdri mulhig. "0h Allah,we askyou for helpand seekyour forgivenes, Allah, we ask you for help and seek your forgiveness, and we believe in you and h~Ye trust in you, and we praise and we believe you and havetrtst in you, andwe praiso in you in the bestway and we thank you and vveaIE not un- you in the best way and we thank you and we are not un- grateful to you, and we forsake and turn iNlay from the one gratefulto you, andum forsake turn awayfrom the one and wtro disobeys you. Allah, we worship you only and pray who disobeys you. 0 Allah,we worship you only and pray 51 51
  • to you andprostrate you,andwe run towards to you and prostrate ourselves before you, and we run towards 0urselves before you and serve you, and we hope to re~eive. your m~rcy, a.nd ycu and serve your you, and we hopeto rec,eive mercy, and we fear your punishment. Surely, the disbelievers will receive we fearyour punishment. Surely, disbelievers receive the will youu rp u n i s h m e n t . " y o r punishment." someulamas recommend Some ulamas recommend this·dua in the witr prayer. Of course, this-dua- the witr prayer. courue, in 0f it uanbe read it is a nicedui but it is not oneof those asit Lan be read as it is a nice dua but it is not one of those duas which du6s which Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) in his0unfrt,Prophet Muhammad (S.A. W.) read in his Qunut. read There some are otherdufswhichProphet There are some other du as which Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W-l Muhammad (S.A.W.}used to read in his Qunut in the Witr prayer or in his other prave~.usedto readin his 0un[t in the Witr prayer in his otherpraves. 0r A penonuan readall these together jusi oneof them A person Lan read all these duas together or jUSl one of them dufrs ororcombine them with other duas.or combine themwith other dua-s. JUMAH H F R 0 A Y PRAYER)R I ( f J U M A (FRIDAY P R A Y EIMPORTANCE C E ATTENDINGNFRIDAY Y B A Y E RI M P O R T A N OFF A T T E N D I F H I D A PRAYER O G P FridayPrayer veryamp0rtant lslam. has its ownmoral, is Friday Prayer is very important in Islam. It has got its own moral, in lt gotsocial and political benefits. is obligatory every,social and political benefits. It is obligatory for every Muslim except lt for Muslim exceptw0men, children, slaves,seriously people travellen.women, children, slaves, seriously ill people and travellers. They can ill and TheycinprayJumah it is not obligatory them. butpray Jumah but it is not obligatory on them. on Prophet Muhammad (s.A.w.) has givena strongwarning a Prophet Muhammad (S.A. W.) has given a strong warning to a toperson leaves Jumah who prayerperson who leaves his Jumah prayer without a good reason. his withouta good reason. In one hadithAbdullah (R.A.) narrates In one hadith Abdullah bin Masud (A.A.) narrates what the bin Masu-d whattheMessenger Allah (S.A.W.) ofMessenger of Allah (S.A.W.) once said about the people who did oncesaidabourthe people who didnot come the Friday t0 Prayernot tome to the Friday Prayer without a good reason. withouta goodreason. .l wishto appoint "I wish to appoint someone to leadthe prayer and myself go to someone leadtheprayer myself to to and gothe houses thosewho missed FridayPrayer ofthe houses of those who missed the Friday Prayer and set fire to the andiet fiie totheirhouses the occupants t~em."their houses with theoccupants in tl-em." with in (Muslim, Ahmad}. {Muslim, Ahmad). Another Another hadithstates, "A pen;on hadith states, pen;on who leaves Fridayprayers who leaves 3 Friday prayersuonsecutively, puts seal hisheaft."Lonsecutively, Allahputs a seal on hi:) heart." Allah on (Ahmad, (Ahmad, Tirmizi, Dawfd). Tirmizi, abuOawud). abuI M P O R T A N C EC L E A N L I N EF O RF B I O A Y B A Y E RIMPORTANCE O F CLEANLINESS FOR FRIDAY P OF SS PRAYER Because FridayPrayer c0mparatively number Mus- Because in Friday Prayer a comparatively largenumber or Mus- in large 01limsgather a big placersorlslamlims gather in big place,so,lslam emphasizesthe physical in emphasizes 0n the physical clean- on clean-linesaswell.liness as well. Prophet (S.A.W.) Prophet (S.A.W.) said,"A person said, person who hasa bath on Friday, who has bath on Friday,cleanses himselfcleanses himself fully, uses andperfume; fully, uses cil and perfume; thengoes themosgue oil then goes to the mosqueearlyin the afternoon takeshis placeearly the afternoon and takes his place quiefl1,withoutpushing and quieti, without pushing disturbing people; then he prays(optionalor disturbing people; then he prays (optional prayeras muchas prayer as much ash e w a sa b l etto p r a y ) ;then n i t sq u i e t l y i s t e n i ntto tthe K h u t b a r h ; h ehe was able o pray); t h e s quietly llistening g h e Khutbah;he sits owill be forgiven sinsbetween Jumahand the nextJumah."will be forgiven his sins between this Jumah and the next Jumah." his this (Bukhari). (Bukhari). 52
  • IMPORTANCE OF GOING EARLYTO FRIDAY PRAYERITIPORTATTGE OF GOIIIGEARTY FRIDAY TO PBAYER 0n Friday is morerewarding gnt readyquirklyto goto the On Friday it is more rewarding to get ready quickly to go to the tomosque.mosque. Abu Hurairah(R.A.) narrated Abu Hurairah (R.A.) narrated that the Messenger I)f Allah that the Mesengnr Atlah of(S.A.W.} "0n Friday Angels(S.A.W.) said, "On Friday the Angels stand Q. t the door of the mosque said, the stand the doorol the nrosque otand write downthe names the people the orderin whichtheyand write down the names of the people in the order in which they of inenterthe mosque Fridayprayer. for The first groupof peopleenter the mosque for Friday prayer. The first group of people who who getenterthe mosque the rewardequivafent that of sacrificingenter the mosque get the reward equivalent to that of sacrificing a to a the people afterthemgetthe rermrdcamel, the people who enter the mosque after them get the rewardcamel, who enterthe mosqueequivalent that of sac,rificingcow. The people toequivalent to that of sacrificing a cow. The people who enter the a who enterthemosque after them get the rewardequivalent that of sacrificingmosque after them get the reward equivalent to that of sacrificing t0a ram and the people geta ram and the people who follow on likewise get the reward of a who follow 0n likewise the rarard of achic,ken, ands0 0n thereis a gradation raruards the peoplechicken, egg and so on there is a gradation of rewards for the people egg of forasthey enter. angels The keep writing names the people theyas they enter. The angels keep writing the names of the people as they the of asenterthe mosque until the lrnam sitsdownto giveKhutbah.Thenenter the mosque until the Imam sits down to give Khutbah. Thenthe angelsthe angels collect their registers and sit and listen to the Khutbah." collecttheir registers sit andlisten the Khutbah." and to (Bukhari, (Bukhari, Muslim). Muslim).PRAYER BEfORE JUMAH HP R A Y E R E F O RJ U M A B E parson who goes attendFriday to prayercan prayas many A pdrson who goes to attend Friday prayer can pray as manynaflsashe wishes afterthe sunhasdeclined from its zenith wherr tonafls as he wishes after the sun has declined from its zenith to whtmthe lmamcomes giveKhutbah. to Anyhow is expected prayatthe Imam comes to give Khutbah. Anyhow he is expected to pray at he toleast rakats sunnat.least 2 rakats sunnat.LISTENING{TO KHUTBAH H S E B M O N } (L I S T E i I I t T O K HU T B A (SERMON) G Once the Khutbah starts, the whole congregation should listen 0nue the Khutbah starts, the wholecodgregation shouldlistento in silence. person lf arrives whilethe lmamis givingto it in silence. If a person arrives while the Imam is giving Khutbah Khutbahthen this person shouldpray rakatsthen this person should pray 2 rakats nafl before sitting down to nafl before sittingdorrun tolisten to Khutbah.listen Khutbah. to Jabir (R.A.) said that the Messenger Allah (S.A.W.) Jabir (R.A.) said that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) said of saidw h i l e ewas s i v i n g h u t b a h : gwhile he w a giving Khutbah: h K "lf anyone you goes attend "If anyone of you goes to attend the Friday Prayer while the of to the Friday Prayer whiletheImam is delivering Khutbah he should pray 2 rakats and shouldlmam is delivering Khutbah shouldpray he rakats and shouldnot t make eh e mlong.". "n o m a k them l o n g t (Muslim). l . (Muslim is hadith. Jabir(R.A.) There is another hadith. Jabir (R.A.) says that once a man came There another says that once mancameto FridayPrayer whilethe MessengerAllah(S.A.W.) deliveringto Friday Prayer while the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) was delivering of was soKhutbah. Allahs messenger (S.A.W.) Khutbah, so Allahs messdnger him, "Did you pray?" asked him,"Did you pray?" (S.A.W.) asked "N0", he answered. "No", hganswgrgd. Then Prophet (S.A.W.l to him,Stand andpray." ThenProphet (S.A.W.) said him, Stand up and pray: said to up (Bukhari, (Bukhari, muslim, Dawfd,Tirmizi]. muslim, Abu Dawud,Tirmizi). Abu is continuous practice Saine mosques thosewho It is a .continuous practice in soinemosques that those who in thatarrivewhilethe lmamis givingarrive whiletheImam is giving speech downand listento the speech sit down and listen to the sitspeech. Whenthe lmamhasfinished speech givesspeech. When the Imam has finished the speech he ~ives time to the the he time thelate arrivals to pray or rakats sunnat. After that the lmamgiveslatearrivals pray2 or 4 rakatrsunnat. to After that the Imam gives a 53 53
  • in praying the Jumah Prayer. shortKhutbah Arabicbefore praying Jumah short Khutbah in Arabic before the Prayer. These people get very annoyed if they see a person offer Thete people veryannoyed theyseea person get if offer 2raxassunnatwhile lmam is giving 2rakats sunnatwhile the Imam is giving speech. the speech. TheyJeel that the They -feelthat the psnon is beingdisrespectful the lmam.This is incorrect person is being disrespectful io the Imam. This is incorrect and to and unproved fromthe practice Prophet unproved of Muhammad (S.A.W.). from the practice of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.). ft is alsoagninst It is also against thosehadiths whichwe mentioned those hadiths which we mentioned above above and andilteonewe arementioningthe one we are mentioning below. below. Abi 0atadah(R.A.l that the Mesenger Attah(S.A.W.) Abi Oatadah (R.A.) saysthat the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) says $id, "Whaneyer of you enters said, "Whenever ong you enters the mosque shouldnot sit one the mosque he should not sit he down without offering 2 rakats." downwithoutoffering rakats." ( B u k h a rM u s f i m ) . i, (Bukhari, Muslim), These hadithsclarify the pointswhichare mispractised Thesehadiths clarify the points which are mispraetised above. above. The lmams"nd ulamas The Imams and ulamas who haveevena slightfearof Allahand who have even slight fear of Allah and respect nadithand the sunnah Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) respect for nadith and the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad for (S.A.W.) shouldstop this practiceand shouldnot become should stop this practice and should not become annoyed annoyed when when others pray ra leats. othenpray2 rakats. ACTUAL J JUMAH P PRAYER ACTUAT UMAH RAYER Prayer is rakats fard.If a person lateandfindsonty Jumah Prayer 2 rakats Jumah is far~. lf person is late and finds only is1 rakatwith the congregation he should complete thesecond rakatI rakat with the congregation should he complete second the rakatalone. lf a penon arrives so late that he misesthe Jumahprayeralone.If person arrives late that he mis:;es the Jumah prayer socompletely then he has to offer 4 rakatfar{ of Zuhr prayer.completely then he has to offer rakat far~ of Zuhr prayer. The The prayeris replacement Zuhr prayer but the lmamhastoJumah prayer is replacement of Zuhr prayer but the Imam has toJumah ofrecite Qirat aloud in Jumah Prayer.recite Oir6t aloud Jumah in Prayer.PRAYER AFTER JUMAHPRAYER AFTER JUtt,IAH After the Jumah Prayer rakats sunnat of prayer an authen- is After the Jumah Prayer 2 rakats of sunnat prayer is an authen- tically proved practice Prophet of Muhammad (S.A.W.) some tically proved practice of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) but some but companions used pray or rakats to sunnat aftertheJumah companions used to pray 4 or 6 rakats sunnat after the Jumah Prayer. Prayer- lbn Umar (R.A.l saysthat the Messenger Allah (S.A.W.) of Ibn Umar (R.A.) says that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) didnot pray after the Fridayprayer until he went homeand thendid not pray after the Friday prayer until he went home and then heeprayede2 rakats.t s h pray d raka (Bukhari, rMuslim). ) . (Bukha Musrim i, Abuu Hurairah a hR . A . )narrated e dh a t thee Messenger eoff Allah h ( A b H u r a i r (R.A.) n a r r a t that t h M e s e n g o A l l a t r (S.A.W.} said:"Anyone you who is going prayafter Friday (S.A.WJ said: "Anyone of you who is going to pray after the Friday of t0 the prayer, he should pray 4 rakats." prayer,he should pray4 rakats." (Muslim).m ) . (Musli Atadsays:sWheneverv e rb d u l l aibnn Umar r( 8 . n . ) prayede Jumah h At say : l V h e n e Abdullah n U m a (R.A.) p r a y d u m a A ib J wouldmovea little forward afterthe Jumahin Makkah,he would move a little forward after the Jumah prayer in Makkahrhe prayer then he would movea little forwardand offer 2 rakats; then he would move a little forward again andandoffer2 rakats; again and offer 4 rakats. And whenever prayed he Jumah Madinah, did inoffer 4 rakats. And whenever he prayed Jumah in MadinahJ he did he afterthe Jumahprayer unti!hewentbacknot pray in the mosque after the Jumah prayer until he went back not prayin the mosquehome;ethen nhee prayede 2 rakats.t s . h e n ewas sa s k ewhyyheediddnot t h o m t h e h p r a y d r a k a When he w a asked w h h d i This ; 2 W h d no after the Jumahprayer,Heanswered,pray in the mosque after the Jumah prayer. He answered, This pray in the mosquewas st h epractice co f Prophet e t u h a m m (S.A.W.): "") : u a the p r a c t i of P r o p h Muhammad a S . A . W . e M (d Theses hadithshclarify f y h a t2, , 4 or r 6 rakats tcannbeeofferedeafter r T h e e a d i t c l a r i that 2 h s t o S raka ta b offer d fte s a 54 54
  • the Jumah prayerthe Jumah prayer according to the time and capacity of the person. according thetimeandcapacity theperson. to of It is not goodpractice accuse peopleIt is not good practice to accuse people who read 2 rakats only to who read2 raka$only because toorwas authentic this, the practice Prophetbecause this, too, was the authentic practice of Prophet Muhammad of Muhammad (s.A.w.l.(S.A.W.). EIO PRAYER EIDPRAYE RP T A CF O EIO PRAYER E E PPLACE FORR I D R A Y E R Eidprayer should offdred be 0utd00r theopen, in a park Eid prayer should be offered outdoor in the open, e.g. in a park in e.g.field,or a desert ff it is wet or not posible finda suitable etc.field, or a desert etc. If it is wet or not possible to find a suitable tooutdoor place can prayed a mosque a large it beoutdoor place it can be prayed in a mosque or a large hall. in 0r hall. (AbuDawfid] (Abu Dawlid)TIME E FEIDD R A Y E RT I M OF E I PRAYER O P Eid prayer be should offered whenthe sunn obvious Eid prayer should be offered when the sun IS obvious above abovethehorizon.the horizon.I{UMBER BAKATS EIDPBAYER OFNUMBER OF RAKATS OF EID PRAYER OF Eid prayer 2 rakats. is There no nafl.prayer is Eid prayer is 2 rakats. There i5 no nafl. prayer before or after before after ortheEidPrayer. There no lqamat azin for EidPrayer. is orthe Eid Prayer. There is no Iqamat or azim for Eid Prayer. lbn Abbas (R.A.)reported: "N0 doubt, Prophet Ibn Abbas (R.A.) reported: "No doubt, Prophet Muhammad Muhammad (S.A,W.} to pray rakats for EidPrayer. did not pray(S.A.W.) used to pray 2 rakats only for Eid Prayer. He did not pray used only Heanything before after or that.anything before or after that. (Bukhari, (Bukhari, Mrslim). Muslim).COI{D OFEIO UGT PRAYERCONDUCT OF EID PRAYER 2 rakats Eidprayer of be should offered thesame 2 rakats of Eid prayer should be offered in the same manner in manner 6 asthe rakats the usual of prayerthe 2 rakats of the usual prayer except that thereare7 takbinin except that there are takbirs inthe first rakatandfive takbirs thesecond inthe first rakat and five takbirs in the second rakat. rakat. WithEch extra With each extratakbirthe hands should raised to the shoulder (asin betakbir the hands should be -raised up to the shoulder level in up level (asTakbir Tahrima).Takbir Tahrima). All extra takbirs should be pronounced All extratakbin should pronounced before be before starting starting Oir6t Girst(recitation).(recitation). Kathirbin Abdullah reported from his fatherand his father Kathir bin Abdullah reported from his father and his fatherfrom grandfather Prophet (S.A.W.Ifrom grandfather that Prophet (S.A.W.) said 7 takbin in the fint that said takbirs in the firstrakatof Eid prayerrakat of Eid prayer and 5 takbirs in the second and takbinin thesecond rakat EidPrayer rakat of Eid Prayer ofbefore beginning recitation.before beginning recitation. (Tirmizi, Majah, (Tirmizi, lbn Majah, Darmi). Ibn Darmi).EIDO R A Y EIS OFFEREDE D F O RK H U T B A HE I PRAYER IR O F F E B B E P S E BEFORE KHUTBAH Jafar bTrl--MlJhammad (R. A.-)-re-p-o-rte-d-:---N-o-do-u-bt-,-P~ro-p-h-et- JafarUin f,rtutrammad lgporteo- 19.a1 "No doubt, ProphetMuhammad (S.A.W.I,Muhammad (S.A.Wol, Abu Bakr (R.A.l and Umar(R.A.)said7 Abu Bakr (R.A.) and Umar (R.A.) saidexrratakbin in the firsr rakat of their Eid and Rain Prayer andextra takbirs in the first rakatof their Eid and RainPrayer and 55
  • five extra takbirs in the second rakatof their Eid and RainPrayer.five extratakbin in the second rakat their Eid and Rain Prayer.Prophet(S.A.W.) offered Eid Prayer beforeKhutbahand recitedProphet (S.A.WJ offeredEid Prayer before Khutbah and recited "aloud."aloud. (Shafaee). (Shafaee). J A N A Z A H R A Y E H U N E R AP R A Y E R } JANAZAH P PRAYER ( F L (FUNERAL PRAYER)JANAZAH PRA YERJATIAZAHRAYER P is right of Muslim that whenhepasses otherMuslims It is a rightof a Muslim that when he passes awayother Muslims awayshould prayer for him. Janazah prayer supererogatory pray Janazah prayer him.Janazahshould prayJanazah for prayer issupererogatory isprayer. no onefromthe wholeof the Muslimprayer. If no one from the whole of the Muslim Community lf Community prayedprayedt h eJ a n a z aprayer; r ; t h etheew h o l e o m m u n i tw o u l db e c o n s i d e r e dthe Janazah p r a y e then tn whole c h h community would be considered ysinfulin the sightof Allah.lf some thepeoplesinful in the sight of Allah. If some of the people prayed Janazah of prayed theJanazah theprayer then the wholecommunity saved is frornthe anger Allahprayer then the whole community is saved from the anger of Allah ofeven though the reward will only be given to the participantseven though the reward will only be given the participants only. to only. In hadiths Prophet (S.A.W.) In hadiths Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) emphasized and eu-- Muhammad emphasized err--andcouraged the Muslims to attend funeral ceremonies. So,every Muslimcouraged Muslims attend the to funeral ceremonies. Sorevery Muslimmale should hisbest to futf hisdut,, tnedeceased. try to tl formale should try his best tUlfll his dut/ for me deceased.1.l. Janazah prayer Janazah prayer should be prayed congregation as this is more should prayed in congregation be in asthisis more rewardful. !t can be prayedin more than one congregation but rewardful. c,an prayed in morethanonecongregation lt be but by different people. by different people. prayer shouldbe offered an openplace but in case2. Janazah prayer should be offered in an open place but in case2. Janazah in of rain or bad weather any otherreason canbe prayed of rain or bad weather or any other reason it can be prayed 0r it in a mosque or a hall etc. in a mosque a halletc. or3.. WHILE E R A Y I N JANAZAH H R A Y E R P3 W H I L PRAYING J A N A Z A PRAYER P G standlevelwith the headandshoulders of The Imam should stand level with the head and shoulders of The lmamshould standlevel withthe dead body if the body is male. Imam should stand level withthe deadbody the body is male.lmamshould partof thebodyif it isa female.the middle part of the body if it is a female.themiddle4.. WHERE JANAZAH PRAYER DIFFERS S4 W H E RJ A N A Z A H R A Y E D I F F E R E P R Janazah prayer only slightly is different from otherprayers Janazah prayer is only slightly different from other prayers in inthat thereis no ruku,no sajdah, no Tashahud it. There no inthat there is no ruku, no sajdah, and no Tashahud in it. There is no and isfixedtime for offering prayer. hasto be prayed a standing lt infixed time for ,offering this prayer. It has to be prayed in a standing this like purification, facing0iblah,position only. Other conditions like purification, facing Qiblah,positiononly. 0ther conditionssutra, etc. to as prayers.sutra, dress etc. have to be satisfied as in the usual prayers. dress have besatisfied in theusual5. . CONDUCTC TFJANAZAH H R A Y E R5 C O N D U OF J A N A Z A PRAYER O Pa. Like other prayersa. Like other prayers facing Qiblah is a necessary condition. The facingOiblah a necessary is condition. The lmam shouldask the people straighten their rows.There Imam shoul d ask the people to straighten their rows. There to be of as rewardful. should be an odd number of rows as it is more rewardful. should an oddnumber rows it is m0reb. Making intention necessaryJanazah is prayer it is necessaryb. Making intention is necessary in Janazah prayer as it is nec.essary in as in other prayers. Before beginning prayerthe intention in other prayers. Before beginning prayer the intention should should 56 56
  • be made theheart uttering words niyataloudwas not be made in the heart asuttering anywords of niyat aloud wasnot in as any the practice Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) of his comp the practice nf Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) or or hi~ comp- anions. anions.c. F I B S T A K B I R RT A K B I FTAHRIMA.A . FIRST T TAKBIR O TAKBIR T A H B I M OR prayer contains 4 Janazah prayercontains Janazah Takbim. First Takbir is Takbir Tahrima. The Imam says Alldhu Takbirs. FirstTakbiris TakbirTahrima. lmamsays The Allahu akbar and raises his hands up to the shoulder levelwith fingers his up akbarand raises hands t0 the shoulder level with fingers stretching the earlobes the congregation the same stretching to the earlobes and the c.ongregation doa the same. and does Then the lmamfoldshis handson his chestright handover Then the Imam folds his hands on his chest right hand over the lett. the lgft.d. DUA 0F STARTING. OFd . DU,A STARTltrlG. Dua of Starting. Thenthe person readone of those 0u6of Starting. Then the person can read one can those duas duas which are recommended in the first rakat of the usual prayer which are recommended the first rakatof the usualprayer in before recitation Fatihah. examplo before recitation of Fatihah. Forexamplo of For 4 ~~~j~8j~;,;j~;;~/j~~~~ ~" i ~ 1+ tti: srr^t l;V; I )el$)t " lit;.i ..., ~ ". "",g~"" ".",:-J/ ~~~"""";1.J "izft.L,^I,U "SubfiEnaKaltdh humma wabi hamdikawa tabara kasmuka #Sub!}ana Ka//ah humma wabi f}amdi ka wa tabara kasmuka wata ala jadouka wafS il5ha ghayruk." iata"dli jad-duka wali ildha ghayruk." "Glory be to you, Altah,and all praises are due unto you, "Glory be to you. 0 Allah, and all praises due unto you, are and blessed your nameand high is your majesty none and blessed is your name and high is your majesty and none is and isworthyof worship you." ;s worthy of worship but you." but 0r he can say otherdu?s.Somescholan not recommend Or he can say other duas. Some scholars do not recommend do du a of starting in Janazah prayer but reading it is preferable. du5 of starting Janazahprayer in but reading is preferable. However, if someone does not read it, it does not affect his However, someone doesnot readit, doesnot affecthis prayer. Bothways practised Muslim prayer. Both ways are practised by Muslim scholars.. are by scholas..e. Then the person should say:- Then person the should say:- ~~ o~ ~JL~Uz;~ ~~~;~ 6tl;..1r .+L:J 6r +! ;fr jI ,... """", - o j, "~11. ~,~~ o J)-.yj;, ~ " l+!" " ,;:T ".,i-3;l l" ,/ "Afiu biHehi minash uA uiu bil-Iahi minash shaY!8 nir rajeem: shayg1 rajeem! "Eismilldhhir-rahnEnir-rafieem." "Bismill5h hir-rahma nir-ral;eem" andthenheshould recite surah Fatihah. and then he should recite surah Fatihah. t i*v{^:tb;#r.r;i;rd ;i41it >;S 3*6}i i """" ryri-qtur;;6# !tiui#556-I , t- 1a - -t / - . / 8 Jd)tt1;, N J#-i W L;1;l,6 3x,^iJ)rti W- - catf 57 57
  • "Alfamdu lillehi rab-hil 6lameen. "AIJ:1amdu lil-Iahi rab-bil alameen. Ar ralt ma n i r -rafieerfi. Ar rahma nir·raheem. Mefiki yawmid - deen. Maliki yawn1id: deen. Iyyaka nabudu lyydka nabudu wa iyyaka nasta een. iyyika nastaeen. Ihdina~ ~ira!al mustaqeem. Ihdi n ag gi rEgal m ust aqeem. $irEgalladheenaanamtaalayhim. Sirafalladheena an amta alayhim. Ghayril maghdUbi Ghayril maghdubi _ - alayhim walaf, cjal-Ieen. Ameen." alayhim wala{1 /dl-leen. Ameen." " P r a i siis o n l yf o r A l l a h L o r d "Praise e only for Allah, , s Lord the Universe. of the Universe. T h em o s tkind, , h em o s t e r c i f u l . The most k i n d t most m the merciful. T h em a s t eoff t h e D a yo f J u d g m e n t . The master o the Day of Judgment. r YOI; alone we worship and to you alone Y o .a l o n w ew o r s h ia n dt o y o ua l o n e e p we pray f help. w ep r a y o r h e l p . for Showw st h es t r a i g h t a y , S h o u the straight w us way, t h ew a yo f t h o s e h o n y o uh a v e l e s s e d . the way of those w whom you have b r blessed. Who have not deserved your anger, Whohave deserved anger, not your N o rgone e s t r a y " . Nor g o n astray". a Some people not read surah Fatihah in Janazah prayer Somepeople do not read do surahFatihah Janazah in prayer but but~urah Fatihah is necessary forsurahFatihah necesary is for the validityof anytypeof prayer the validity of any type of prayer as as (S.A.W.) saidthat no prayer valid isProphet Muhammad (S.A.W.) has said that no prayer is valid withoutProphet Muhammad has withoutsurah Fatihah.surah Fatihah. Talhah h i n Abdullaha h i n Aouf f (R.A.) . ) a y s h a t hee prayede dh e T a l h a bin A b d u l l bin A o u ( R . A says that h p r a y the b b s t tJanazah aprayere rb e h i n dA b d u l l a h i n Abbas s R . A . )andd Abdullaha h (J a n a z p r a y behind Abdullah bin A b b a (A.A.) a n A b d u l l h bbin Abbas(R.A.) readsurahFatihah Afterwards said:bin Abbas (R.A.) read surah Fatihah aloud. Afterwards he said: aloud. he "1l didd read ditt out t louddsoo that t youu may yknowwthat titt iss thee " di rea i ou lou s tha yo ma kno tha i i thsunnahaoff Prophet e t u h a m m aS . A . W . ) . " (ds u n n o P r o p h Muhammad (S.A.W.)." h M ( Bu k h a r (Bukhari). i ) . Ihis hadithproves surahFatihah necesary is fhis hadith proves that reciting surah Fatihah is necessary in that reciting inJanazah prayer as well.Janazah prayer well. as6. . RECITATION O N A SURAH H6 R E C I T A T I OFF S U H A O chapter part of a r"napter be read A chapter or part of a chapter can be read after the recitation or ran afterthe recitationof surah Fatihah it is notessential readof surah ratihah but it is not essential to read it. but to it.7.. SECONDNTAKOIRI RI SECO TAKB D Then nt h e Imamms h o u l d a ytheesecondntakbir i ra n dtheecongreg- r e g - T h e the l m a should say t h s e c o t a k b and t h r . ) o n g s dation ns h o u l rfio l l o wb u t itt iss not t necessary atro raises theehandsduppto a t i o shoulrl follow but i i n o n e r e s s to yr a i eh h a n u t 0 t stheeshoulder e e v ebut t iff someone nd o e sitt iss alright.h tB o t hw a y s r et h s h o u l d level b u i s o m e o does, i, i a l r i g Both ways are lr l e . a practised greatpractised by great ulamas and scholars. by and ulamas scholars. s8 58
  • 8. . AFTER R H ES E C O NTAKBIR R8 A F T E THE SECOND T A K B I T D Takbir the per$on prayingJanazah After the second Takbir the person praying Janazah should After the sec.ond should darid in his heart.lt is preferable readthe dar0dwhich toreLite darud in his heart. It is preferable to read the darud whichreuitea pers0n reads Tashahud hisusual in of prayer.a person reads if! Tashahud of his usual prayer.9. . THIRD D A K B I R9 T H I H TAKBIR T Then the Imam ~hould say the third takbir and the c.ongregation Thenthe lmamshould the thirdtakbirandthecongregation sayshouldfollow. Now, eachperson shouldpray for the deceased.should follow. Now, eac.h person should pray for the deceased. Alternatively lmamcanprayout loudandthe congregation Alternatively the Imam tan pray out loud and the congregation the say,Amin,afterhim. All kindsof duBs the benefit the for ofcan say; Amin, after him. All kinds of duas for the benefit of ther.an Some these mentioned are below.deceased Lan be said. Some of these are mentioned below.deceased besaid. t.an of10. . DUAAOF JANAZAH H1 0 D U O FJ A N A Z Aa. . Abuu Hurairah a(R.A.) . ) a i dthat t thee Messenger e rf Allah h(S.A.W.) )a A b H u r a i r ( R . A said t h a t h M e s e n g of A l l a ( S . A . W h s o prayed Janazah a Muslim hesaidin his du? (thefollow prayed Janazah of a Musim and he said in his dua (the follow- of and inggwords): ) : in words ,.. I" -!..,/ ,; . .;.; . (+-1 *,jfri., (j - +;r $vs(++ .... Li:w~ ~,/; ~_~ ::. j>~y-vv ~,~ ~ ~ *r u++ ; /; "J~l .... /"./ ,/ .., ...... ,/.r;;- ;.~/ - (, "/,; / "" /...1,;" ./ / ..".) ",/ La"t+=15~~ f-[Li,i~-.J~~- .:". -( :- - -,.; 1 ~ . ;.. --.P. 1, . ;. ~A.,o. _~ •• . ~..; _U-=AI rt$";;u;3;~!) l:-"-t ./ ..... , ""...- / /" /.,. GZ :"~;.:i~j~~~~~G ,.". ",,, ~ ri ,a,-JJr:r9",.n;+)tj"yl ... ,* ,-/ ~./- ,., t-dJ~ (M_~~~~~~8~~~1r ;r- ! I ,{, -;i-J"u+ii 7;o-$ g}-;..:,.lH)i ~I~~~ q "Allahhum maghfirli "Allah hum maghfirli ~ay-yina wa may-yitina. wa shahidina wa hay-yina mayyitina.wa shihidiniwa wa gha-ibina, wa sagheerina wa kabeerina wa zakarina wa unthana, gh6-ibinE, sagheerinE kabeerinSwa wa wa iakarin-a waunthiinl, alal Alleh hummaman ahyaytahI la Allah humma man ahyaytahu mlO-oa fa ahyihee alai islam. mrn-nd ahyihee isldm. wamantawaf-faytahu min-na fatawaf-fahu waman tawaf-!aytahu min-na fatawaf-fahu alai iman. Allah alal iman.Allah hummJ Iii tahrimmi ajrahu wah~ taftin-na badahii" humnrala tahrimna airah[wal6taftin-nibadahil." . (nhmad, (Ahmad, Abu Dawlid, Tirmizi, Ibn Majah). Abu Dawld, Tirmizi, Maiah). lbn Allah,forgive people "0 Allah, forgive our people who are still alive and who have our who arestill aliveandwho have pasedav,Ey, forgivethosewho are present passed away, forgive those who are present here and those who hereandthosewho forgive youngandour elderly, are absent, forgive our young and our elderlv, forgive our males are absent, our our forgive males and females. Allah,the one whom you r sh to keepalive and females. 0 Allah, the one whom you " :sh to keep alive from among makehirn liveaccording ls. n, andanyone from among us make him live ac.cording to Is, 11, and anyone us to whomyou wishto diefrom among let him 0rrin belief whom you wish to die from among us, let hi;n Ql1 in belief and us, and faith. Allah,do not deprive from his reward faith. 0 Allah, do not deprive us from his reward and do not us and do not put us in fitna {hardship any type of trial}afterhis death." put us in fitna (hardship or any type of trial) after his death." orb 4ouf bin Malik(R.A.)saidthat the ft4essenger of Allah(S.A.W.) Aouf bin Malik (R.A.) said that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) prayeda Janazah prayer prayed a Janazah prayer and I heard him saying the following and heardhim saying following the dua and I memorised it . dudand memorised tlt., /. r) jJf +is ,rjj-Jn 6aAtiirliitr;liffr 59 59
  • ++ i H):id-! t; i# V:4*VaiL *v ; t U$i +h At,#.1,.S.-reg;13UtSHtt S 5^ ti;Yri; +J fi; ,[L.u3ij Pri;ilirLrit3 3,x ; j&i "t+ # 3l4 lrja;5 #j b rfrrqrtt warhamhti wafu inhu wa dfihee "Allah hum maghfirtahu warhamh[ "All6h hum maghfidahfr wafu anhu wa afihee wa wa akrim nuzulohu wa was-si hudkhalah-u, akrim nuzulohI un was-sif waghsilhu bil maee mudkhalahu, waghsilhu m-aee bil minal khatdy1 Kama yunaq wath thalji wal bardi, wa naq-qihT minalkhataya Kama wath thalji wal bardi,wa naq-qihl- yunaq- qath thawbul al)ya~u minad danasi, wa abdilhu d6ranKhayram wa qath thawbulabya{uminaddanasi, abdilhu d3ran Khayram min darihT, wa ahlan Khayram ahlihTwa wa mindarihr-, ahlan min zawjan khayrum Khayram min ahlihi wa zawian khayrum min min zawiihiwa adkhilhul jan-nata, zawjihi, wa adkhil hul jan-nata, waqihT fitnatal qabriwa Aia waqihT fitnatal qabri waAia ban nar." banndr" (Muslim) ,Musrim) "0 Allah, forgive him, have mercy on him, pardon Allah,forgive him, have him, grant mercyon him, pardon him, grant him security, provide him a nice placeand spacious lodgings, him security, provide him nice place andspacious lodgings, washhim (off from his sins)with water,snowand ice,purify wash him (off from his sins) with water, snow and ice, purify him fromhissins whitegarment cleansed dirt,replace him from his sins as a white garment is cleansed from dirt, replace as is from his present abode with betterone,replace present his family his present abode with a better one, replace his present family with betterone,replace present partner with betterone, with a better one, replace his present partner with a better one, his makehim enterparadise sarehim from the trialsof grave make him enter paradise and save him from the trials of grave and and the punishment of hell." andthe punishment hell." ofc.t. Abu Hurairah (R.A.l saidthat the mssenger Allah(S.A.W.) Abu Hurairah (R. A.) sa id that the messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) of prayed said:- prayed and said:- and ii , . . ~~ j" a,v" . . t" ~ :. /1--: gr1i ~~./~ ~J.4~/, ... ..... ~~ & ) . . ,. #I- .... .~,/ #. .J)~..:J~O~~ jei$$ ~~->~, ", , " ~,/ /" / .> "# J;jvtj,i 3:i i l;i: +Y-;gt lL$55 ~~G~.JJ ~ ~-,~~...}U/~~~~ r ".; ,/--:A.I~/ ,/ "" l,^+. :.0" j~~~~~-"U:"_- . ~ ~ :J c~· ilui4iriiii if [+ l|#Jciw? ~ ,""" " .. 1-;: / (.JI_>~.>J.I ) prt -lrVtr I "Alleh anta reb-buh| ,, wa anta KhalaqtaltS, wa "Allah humma anta r3b-buha " wa anta Khalaqtaha, wa anta razagtahS, wa anta hadaytahE lil islEm, vw anta anta razaqtaha, wa anta hadaytaha IiI islam, VIla anta qabacjta rD!)aha ,, wa anta a Iam~ bisir-riha wa ~/a niy- gaba{ta rilfiahl wo anta alamu bislr-rihi wa hlE niy- yatiie, ii ni shuiaaa,faghfir lah} Lan banu " yatiha, ji n~ shufaaa, faghfir lahu Zan -banu " Abu Daw0d, Ahmad). (Abu DawiJd, Ahmad). "0 Allah,you are its Lord,you havecreated andvou have "0 Allah, you are its Lord, you have created it, and vou have it, guided toramrds it lslam, and you havetakenouthis guided it towards Islam, and you have taken out his soul and soufand you know bestaboutits secret you know best about its secret and open deeds. We have come and opendeeds. have we come as intercessors, so forgive him." asintercesors. forqive so hi0.: - r 60 60
  • Onethingwe cansee clearly fromtheobovo One thing we can see clearly mentioned hadiths from the above mentioned haditMthat every companion wtro narrated duT of Janazahthat everycompanion who narrated ilo dui the Janazah prayer prayersays that he heard the Prophet (S.AW.Iraysthat he heard Prophet the (S.A.W.) $ying fio wordsof dut saying the words of duiin Janazah prayer. Thir prores ths MosssngorAllsh(S.A,W.!in Janazah prayer. This proves that the M .nger of Allah (S.A.W.) that .used prayer or at least theduis in Janazah prayor say the Janazah prayer at least duB in Janazahused to saytheJanazah or the prayeraloud. there should not be any objection or confusion ifaloud. Therefore, should bs anyobjection confusion Therefore, there not orthe Imam recitesthelmam aloud in Janazah Prayer. recites aloud Janazah in Prayer. Thereare$ome other duis which are narrated from Prophet There are some otherduis whichare narrated from ProphetMuhammad (S.A.W.)and canbe foundin HadithMuhammad (S.A.W.)and they can be found in Hadith Books. they Books. All Allof these du?scanbesaidtogether individually. duft canof these duis can be said together or individually. 0therduis can or Otherbe said with these dutr but it is better stickto duE approvedbe saidwith thesa duis but is better to stick to duis approved toby Prophet (S.A.W.}.by Prophet (S.A.W.). c JANAZAH P R A Y E(R 0 U R T HTAKBIR)· FENDING{T H E A i l A Z A PRAYER (FO URTH T A K B t R I .E r { o t ] THE J H Thenthe lrnam shoufd the fourthtrkbir andfie congngl Then the I mam should say the fourth takbir and the congreg- sayationshould follorru afterthat tre lmamation should follow and after that the Imam should say "As-alimu and should "Ar*alimu rayalaykum ra~matul·lih" turning his face to the right tim and then yvaalaykum wa rafmatul-16h" turning face theri$t firt rndthsn his toto theleft;and congregation dotho$mB.to the left; and the congregation should do the same. the shouldIlote:- Some peopleNote:- Some stress lot onsaying & aftsrthscompletion du people stress a lot on saying du. after the completion aof Janazah prayer we did not find a single hadith ruppgrtingof Janazah prayer but we did not find a ringlehadithlupp~rting but$is idea. Janazah prayer designed that all dto dub a poronthis idea. Janazah prayer is designed so that all the du. a person is souyants say for the dececed be nid afbr fie ftird bkbir. t0wants to say for the deceased can be said after the third mkbir. canThis was the authentic practice of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.)This was the authentic pnctice of Prophet Muhrmmrd (S.AW.} andhn compantons. and hiS companions. PRAYEBURIilG JO URTEY PRAYER DURING A JO URNEY D lslamis a practical of lite andcorsiden rituatior in tre Islam is a practical way of life and considers the situations in waywhich it follorwn may facedifficulties. Allah hc made Sowhich its followers may face difficulties. So Allah h. made the the in Included ths$ inthings easy for the believers in suclLsituations. Included in th_thinp emyfor the believen such.situatiom.facilities thepermision shortening combining prayoll and dailyfacilities is the permission for shortening and combining daily prayers is forduring joumey.during a journey. a (SHORT PRAYERI.1. QASR PRAYER (SHORT PRAYER).I. OASR PRAYER s When a Muslim is on a journey he should pray 2 rakats far~ for prry raks6far{ for he When Muslim on a iournoy should a remoin they rre. cZuhr, Per and Isha. Fajr and maghrib prayers remain. they are.Zuhr, lcr and lsha.Fair and m4hrib Prayg62. IT IS ]TOREREWARDFUL PBAY OASRPBAYER2. IT IS MORE REWARDFUl TO PRAY A QASR PRAYER TO ($HORT (SHORT PRAYER) PRAYERI wtrile a iournoy. on It is more rewardful to pray a Qasr Prayer while on a journey. is morerervardful praya 0asrPrayer toThe Ms$snger Allah(S.AW.) said:"lt h a gift fromAllrh hhhhThe Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) said: "It is a gift from Allah which ofhe has bestowed u~on you;so you should accept it."hshc bectornd you;t0yourhould upon accept it." (tttrsliml. (Muslim). 61 61
  • 3.. COMBININGN G A Y E R S .3 C O M B I N I PRAYERS. PR A person on a journey combine Zuhr and Asr prayers to- person a journey can combine on can Zuhr andAsr prayers t0-gether praying thembothat Zuhror Asrtime.He canalsogether praying them both at Zuhr or Asr time. He can also combine combine and lshaprayers praying them both at MaghribMaghrib and Isha prayers together praying them both at MaghribMaghrib togetherorr Isha ai m e .o l s h time. t lbn Abbas(R.A.)saysthat the Mesenger Allah (S.A.W.) Ibn Abbas (R.A.) says that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) ofused to combine Zuhr and Asr together when he was on a journey toused combine Zuhr and Asr together whenhe wason a journey heandalso used combine Maghrib lsha.and also he used to combine Maghrib and Isha. to and (Bukhari).r i i . (Bukha Mu62(R.A.)saysthat the Messenger Allah (S.A.W.) Mu/az (R.A.) says that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) was of wason a journey the Battle of Tabook. If the sun had already de-on a journey for the Battle Tabook. the sun hadalready for of lf de-clined when he wanted to start his journeyclinedwhen lre wanted starthis journey after having camped t0 after having campedsomewhere, would combine Zuhr and fur prayerssomewhere, he would combine his Zuhr an"d Asr prayers together he his togetherand praythembothat Zuhrtime,and he decided move toand pray them both at Zuhr timet and if he decided to move before before thenhe delayed Zuhr prayerthe sun had declined then he delayed the Zuh r prayer and prayedthe sun had declined the andprayed cornbined fur prayer Asrtime.And thesunhadalreadyit combined with Asr prayer at Asr time. And if the sun had already with atset whenhe wanted movehe wouldcombine t0 Maghrib lshaset when he wanted to move he would combine Maghrib and Isha andtogether Maghrib at time.And thesunhadnotsetwhen wantedtogether at Maghrib time. And if the sun had not set when he wantedheto move e ewouldl ddelay y a g h r ianddpray yitt withh Isha a t Isha a i m e .t o m o v he w o u d e l a Maghrib a n p r a i w i t l s h at l s h time. h M b a t (AbuuDawud, d , i r m i z i ) . ( A b D a w i l Tirmizi). T These hadiths very clearin their meaning prove These hadiths are very clear in thei r meaning and prove that are and thatcombining prayers while on a journeyis a proved and a regularcombining prayers while 0n a journey is a proved and a regularpractice coff Prophpt eMuhammad a S . A . W .Still, lthere r e epeople lwhoop r a c t i o P r o p h M u h a m m (S.A.W.). S.t i l , t h e are p e o p w h e t (d ) ar e prayers together whilethey aretravel-do not believe in combining prayers together while they are travel-do not believe combining inling, However, is a gift from Allahwhichthe believersling. However, this is a gift from Allah which the believers should this shouldaccept gratefully and someone wantsto rejectAllahsaccept gratefully ard if someone wants to reject Allahs and his and his offer is up to him.Messengers offer it is up to him.Mesengers4.. WHEN N OSHORTENEA N DCOMBINENP B A Y E R S .4 W H E TO S H O R T AND C O M B I PRAYERS. T N E Now, there is the question ~ to what is the limiting distance Now,thereis the question to what is the limitingdistance mandd thee durationo n f thee j o u r n e yo make e h e facilityt y f Qasrs andda n t h d u r a t i of t h journey to m a k the f a c i l i of O a a n o t t o rJama valid.Jama valid.a. . Yahya a i n Yazeedesaid,d , l askede d n a s i n Maliki k(R.A.). ) h e na Y a h y bin Y a z e s a i "I a s k Anas bin M a l ( H . A when b d " A b w the Oasrprayer Anas(R.A.)answered the the Qasr prayer was allowed." A.nas (R.A.) answered that the wasallowed." that Mesenger Allah (S.A.W.) Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) whenever he went away about of whenever went awayabout he miles prayed Oasr. 3 miles he prayed Gasr. he (Muslim,m ,h m a d , b uDawud,d Baihaqi). i ) . ( M u s l i Ahmad, Abu D a w f B a i h a q A A ,b. . Abuu Sa/eede d R . A . )says sthat t wheneverv eRasulullahl l a h . A . W . l (b A b S a e (R.A.) s a y t h a w h e n e R a s u l u (S.A.W.) r (S travelledl eaboutu t1 farsakh kapproximatelyt e l miles, sheewouldl dpray y travel abo d farsa approxima 3 y ile h wou pra h m , Qasr. 0asr. (Talkhees eb nHajr). ) . ( T a l k h e Ibn H a i r l s 0 n t h b a s o t h e hadiths a p e r s c a p r a Qasr a n c a On theebasis ioff theses e a d i t ha personocannpray y 0 a sanddcann s h s n r combine nprayers rwhen nthee distance chee travels laway y r o mhome e c o r n b i p r a y e w h e t h d i s t a n h t r a v e a w a from h o m e s e s f iss 3 miles. sThisi sdistance cise thee minimum mi m i tforr Qasrs prayer. r . i m i l e T h d i s t a n i s t h m i n i m u limit f o O a p r a y e . f r However, e r , e r eare e many yvaried d p i n i o n onn thee minimum m H o w e v there a r m a n v a r i e opinions s t h m i n i m u th o 0 limiti toff theedistancecfor fexample 9e,lliles, s . 4 miles s r one e a y s l i m o t h d i s t a n e e x a m p l m i l e 48 m i l e or o n days or I 8 0 d 62 62
  • journey journey etc. etc. Inn our r opiniono n h e correct cdefinition noff a journeye ys what t I o u o p i n i the o o r r e d e f i n i t i o a i o u r n is w h a t t n i the society as a whole recognises urlder their c.ircUlllstances, the society a whole reCognises as utrdettheircircurttstances, theeminimum mm i tbeing 3 miles. s . t h m i n i m u limit b e i n g m i l e li 35. . DURATION OFFJOURNEY Y5 D U B A T I O iO J OU R N E l person can pray Oasrand combine prayers as long A person can pray Qasr and combine his prayers for as long his forashe remains a on journey, it whether takes weeks,months yearu. oras he remains on a journey, whether it takp.s weeks, months or years. Even he stays in oneplace fulfil the purpose hisiourneyEven if he stays put in one place to fulfil the purpose of his journey if put to ofhe can continue pray Oasrand combine prayers.he can continue to pray Qasr and combine his prayers. However, to his However,if he intended stayin a place a fixednumber daysthen ofif he intended to stay in a place for a fixed number of days then t0 fortheeopinions nd i f f e ro n how long gh ecan ng 0onncombiningi n g d s h o r t e n " ant h o p i n i o differ on h o wl o n he c a go o c o m b i n and shorten- s inghisprayers, e.g.4days, days, 10 lTdays, days 18ing his prayers, e.g. 4 days, 10 days, 17days, 18 days etc.. etc. Aft~r rt careflll study of hadiths we can say that when someone Aftsra careful studyof hadiths cansaythat whens0meone westays a fixedplace in telnporarily wouldbe considered he a travellerstays in a fixed place temporarily he would be considered a traveller on a journey, thereis no limit on the nunrber dayshe carton a journey, and there is no limit on the number of days he can and of prayOasr combine prayers.pray HaST and combine his prayers. and his6. . NAFL L R A Y E ON AJOURNEY Y6 N A F PRAYER O NA J O U R N E P R Prophet (S.A.W.) Prophet (S.A.W.) always offered Witr prayer during his journey always offered Witr prayer during journey hisand he exmphasized and expressed the importance of 2 rakat sunnatandhe exmphasized expressed importance rakatsunnat and the ofof the Fajrprayer.of the Fajr prayer. Therefore, the believers should praythese, Therefore, believers the should pray these, while whileonna journey. y .o ajourne Butwhatabout othernaflandsunnat any prayer? But what about any other nafl and sunnat prayer? Thefollowing hadithanswers question. The following hadith answers this question. this Hafsf s i n Asim says, s"1l accompanied iAbdullahab i n U m a r R . A . ) H a bin f u i m s a y " a c c o m p a n A b d u l l bin Umar (R.A.) b , ed h (onn a journeye to Makkah. h . 0 nh e wayyto Makkaha h e ledd u s i n t h eo a j o u r n yo M a k k a On the w a t 0 M a k k he l e us in the t tZuhr prayer and offered rakats. Thenhe went to sit in his tent.Zuh r prayer an d offered 2 rakats. Then he went to sit in his tent. He sawsomepeople praying and asked what they were doing. meHe saw some people praying and asked me what they weredoing.Theyy aree prayingn g a f l ,s a i dI.. Then nh e said,d , l f l ccould p r a yn a f lT h e a r p r a y i nafl, said l T h e he s a i If I o u l d pray nafl nthen should have prayed complete prayer. Then hecontin-then I should have prayed the complete farq prayer.Then contin- the fard he lued, I accompanied the Messenger of Allahon i, journey. didued, accompanied Messenger Allah on (. journey. He did the of Henot pray during travels his morethan rakats. ThenI accompaniednot pray during his travels more than 2 rakats. Then accompaniedAbu Bakr,Umarand Uthmanand thev did the same as ProphetAbu Bakr, Umar and Uthman and they did the sameas Pr.ophetMuhammad (S.A.W.}. ThereF good example you in theMuhammad (S.A.W.). There IS a good example for you in the for practice Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.). J)practice ofof Propher Muhammad {S.A.W.)., (Bukharil. (Bukhari). Therearesome otherhadiths whichprove There are some other hadiths that some of the com- which prove thatsome the com-panions used pray nafls during thelrjourney. is betternot t0panions used to praynaflsduring to their journey. lt is better not to Itpraynaflswhiletravellingpray nafls while travelling but if you staysomewhere have but you stay somewhere andhave time and timeyoumaydoso.you may do so. •• •• •• •• •• •• l•• o o o l ot ol oo lt ao 10 c •• •• 63 63
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