BACKWARD MAPPING:B e g in n in g wit h t h e e n d in min d Tracy Considine Middle Years ICT Consultant South Western Sydney Region
What is it?A framework used to improvecurriculum design in order todevelop and deepen students’understanding. Tracy Considine Middle Years ICT Consultant South Western Sydney Region
Where did it come from? Jay McTighe & Grant Wiggins “Understanding by Design”The “Twin Sins” of curriculum design: aimless activity superficial coverage Tracy Considine Middle Years ICT Consultant South Western Sydney Region
In the words of Covey“To begin with the end in mind means to startwith a clear understanding of your destination.It means to know where you’re going so thatyou better understand where you are now sothat the steps you take are always in the rightdirection.” Stephen R Covey, The seven habits of highly effective people Tracy Considine Middle Years ICT Consultant South Western Sydney Region
Backward mapping framework• Identify desired results Standard(s): Understandings Essential Questions Unpack the content and focus on the big ideas s t a• Determine acceptable STAGE 1 g e 1 evidence Analyse and design multiple sources Assessment Evidence of evidence aligned with Stage 1 s t Performance Task(s): Other Evidence:• Plan learning experiences STAGE 2 a g e and instruction 2 Plan the learning experiences that Activities Learning align to Stages 1 and 2 s STAGE 3 t a g e 3
Backward mapping framework• Adolescents share common struggles in Standard(s): growing up. Understandings Essential Questions• Writers use a variety of stylistic s techniques to persuade readers. t• Novelists can provide insight about a g e STAGE 1 1 human experience. Identify desired results What’s wrong with Holden? Students Assessment Evidence assume the role of a staff member at s Performance Task(s): Other Evidence: the psychiatric hospital and write a t a g e STAGE 2 letter to Holden’s parents explaining his 2 Determine acceptable behaviour. evidence Activities Learning Wiggins & McTighe STAGE 3 s t a g e 3 Plan learning experiences and instruction
Why the backward mapping framework?Without building courses ‘backward’ from keytasks, big ideas and performance standards,there are no clear priorities. Wiggins & McTighe ‘05By thinking through the assessment upfront,we ensure greater alignment of our goals,and therefore teaching is focused on thedesired results.
Links to key DET planning documents Curriculum planning and programming, assessing and reporting to parents K-12 Policy Curriculum Planning and Programming • Teaching programs will incorporate assessment as an integral component. • Teaching programs will indicate the outcomes being addressed, the teaching activities planned and the intended assessment strategies.
Links to key DET planning documents Curriculum planning and programming, assessing and reporting to parents K-12 Policy Assessing Schools plan assessment so that: • students can demonstrate achievement of outcomes for the relevant stage of learning; • valid and reliable assessment strategies are used.
Links to key DET planning documents Curriculum planning and programming, assessing and reporting to parents K-12 Policy Assessing • Teachers plan assessment strategies when developing teaching programs. • Teachers use a variety of appropriate assessments for judging student achievement.
Links to key DET planning documents K-4 Strategy 1.0 Learning confidently • provide learning opportunities which encourage students to use their imagination and to investigate and actively explore their environment • increase the use of different technologies as tools to stimulate inquiry and innovation and to broaden children’s understanding of the complex world in which they live
Links to key DET planning documents K-4 Strategy 1.0 Learning confidently • assist teachers to make more consistent judgements about student achievement, monitor the progress and achievement of each young learner in order to inform the direction of teaching and learning
Links to key DET planning documents Middle Years Strategy 1.0 Reaching higher • strengthen the implementation of quality teaching and raise the level of student expectations, engagement and achievement. • provide a challenging, cohesive curriculum across Years 5-9 that builds on prior learning and strengthens the relationship between quality teaching, learning and assessment • …expand opportunities for students to apply their learning in a real world context
Links to key DET planning documents Middle Years Strategy 2.0 Growing towards independence • expand the range of opportunities available for all students to access and engage in learning experiences that are challenging, relevant and meaningful
Links to key DET planning documents Later Years Strategy 1.0 Aiming higher • continue to find innovative and effective ways of engaging students in courses that have particular significance for university entrance. • identify ways to foster critical thinking and reflection, creative thinking and develop the skills of entrepreneurship linked to curriculum outcomes and to the skills that industry wants such as problem solving, team work and communication.
Links to key DET planning documents Review of Statewide Assessments in the context of National Developments An assessment framework for New South Wales schools 3. High-quality school-based assessment that reflects current pedagogy and curriculum, and that emphasises assessment for learning.
Links to key DET planning documents Review of Statewide Assessments in the context of National Developments An assessment framework for New South Wales schools 6. Appropriate professional learning programs on all aspects of assessment…integrating assessment and pedagogy, and using information from both school- based assessment and formal tests for student and school improvement.
Links to key DET planning documents Review of Statewide Assessments in the context of National Developments An assessment framework for New South Wales schools 9. An ongoing program of research and development in innovative assessment methods and the integration of new technologies, and the provision of support material for schools.
Links to key DET planning documents Corporate Plan 2006-2008 NSW Department of Education and Training GOAL: To deliver education and training that inspires students to succeed, fosters high expectations and prepares them for participation in a democratic and sustainable society. Strategy: Create learning environments that are relevant and engaging and that prepare students, in all their diversity, to succeed in the modern world.
Links to key DET planning documents State Literacy Plan 2006–2008 School-based and state-wide literacy assessment data will be used to inform teaching and to evaluate the impact of teaching and learning programs on student achievement Regions will support schools by…coordinating professional learning support and encouraging schools to access state and regional programs which assist teachers to implement quality, syllabus based literacy assessment and teaching practices on entry to school and throughout the subsequent years of schooling
Links to key DET planning documents State Numeracy Plan 2006–2008 Schools will support teachers by…supporting teachers in developing and applying optimum teaching practices and to share and reflect on successful and unsuccessful approaches Implementing teaching programs that develop students’ numeracy through building upon what they currently know. Regions will support schools by…engaging regional consultants to support numeracy networks and providing focused support on optimum numeracy teaching practices
Links to key DET planning documents NSW model of pedagogy 1. What do I want my students to learn? 2. Why does it matter? 3. How will they demonstrate their learning? 4. What is the quality that I want them to produce?
Students as the experts…Allowing students opportunities to playan ‘expert’ role and engage in authentictasks for different audiences using arange of appropriate technologies, willassist in maximising engagement,relevance and deep understanding.