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What is Clause? A clause is the principal unit of which sentencesare composed.A sentence may consists of of oneor more clauses. A clause is a group of words having a subject anda verb (predicate).
Kinds of Clauses Clauses have two kinds Dependent Clauses Independent Clauses Independent Clause:An independent clause contains a subject and a predicateand expresses a complete thought.It can stand alone as asentence by it.An independent clause is formed with :“Students read alot of books in college.”oSubject Predicate
Contd...... Dependent Clause:• A dependent clause begins with a subordinator suchas,when,while,if, that, who,etc.A dependent clause doesnot express a complete thought and cannot stand alone asa sentence by it.A dependent clause is formed with:• Subordinate+subject+predicate +(independent clause)• They generally stand with these words• After,Before,That, Although, Even though, Though,• As,How,Unless, As if, Untill, As soon as,Since, What• Because,So that, Whether,Whenever,Which,Who,Whose,Whom
Types of Dependent Clause Dependent clauses are of the following types 1) Noun Clause 2) Adjective Clause 3) Adverb Clause
Noun Clause A noun is a dependent clause can be used as anoun or pronoun.It can be a Subject Predicate Nominative Direct Object Appositive Indirect Object Object of the preposition
Examples of Noun ClauseWhat he said was nothing but a pack of lies.Subject PredictaeSubordinateClauseIndependentClauseNoun Clause
Contd........••He is afraid of what you have shown to him.SubjectVerbSubordinatingConjunctionPredicateDependent Clause asobject of prepositionPreposition
Adjective Clause A dependent adjective (relative) clause beginswith a relative pronoun such aswho,whom,whose,which etc.An adjective clausefunction as an adjective;that is itdescribes/modifies a noun aor pronoun.e.g•Women who are not married are called spinsters.Subject Predicate NounAdjective ClauseRelative Pronoun
Contd......••Last year we went to Karachi which is an excellent placeNoun Relative PronounAdjective ClauseIndependent Clause
Adverb Clause A dependent adverb clause begins with anadverbial subordinator such aswhen,while,because,although ,if,so that etc.Although he is dunce he gets a good gradeAdverbialSubjectPredicateA dverbialClauseIndependent Clause
Contd...........Farmers use chemical pesticides so that they can grow biggerharvests.Independent Clause Adverbial ClausePurpose adverbial Clause