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Semester:SecondSubject:CALLAssignment no 2Submitted by: Sumreen Kiran PaulSubmitted to: Ms.Amna ShahidCourse: ELT (PGD)Ses...
GrammarClauses and its Kinds
What is Clause? A clause is the principal unit of which sentencesare composed.A sentence may consists of of oneor more cl...
Kinds of Clauses Clauses have two kinds Dependent Clauses Independent Clauses Independent Clause:An independent clause...
Contd...... Dependent Clause:• A dependent clause begins with a subordinator suchas,when,while,if, that, who,etc.A depend...
Types of Dependent Clause Dependent clauses are of the following types 1) Noun Clause 2) Adjective Clause 3) Adverb Cl...
Noun Clause A noun is a dependent clause can be used as anoun or pronoun.It can be a Subject Predicate Nominative Dire...
Examples of Noun ClauseWhat he said was nothing but a pack of lies.Subject PredictaeSubordinateClauseIndependentClauseNoun...
Contd........••He is afraid of what you have shown to him.SubjectVerbSubordinatingConjunctionPredicateDependent Clause aso...
Adjective Clause A dependent adjective (relative) clause beginswith a relative pronoun such aswho,whom,whose,which etc.An...
Contd......••Last year we went to Karachi which is an excellent placeNoun Relative PronounAdjective ClauseIndependent Clause
Adverb Clause A dependent adverb clause begins with anadverbial subordinator such aswhen,while,because,although ,if,so th...
Contd...........Farmers use chemical pesticides so that they can grow biggerharvests.Independent Clause Adverbial ClauseP...
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Clauses hierarchy

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Transcript of "Clauses hierarchy"

  1. 1. Semester:SecondSubject:CALLAssignment no 2Submitted by: Sumreen Kiran PaulSubmitted to: Ms.Amna ShahidCourse: ELT (PGD)Session:2013-2014
  2. 2. GrammarClauses and its Kinds
  3. 3. What is Clause? A clause is the principal unit of which sentencesare composed.A sentence may consists of of oneor more clauses. A clause is a group of words having a subject anda verb (predicate).
  4. 4. Kinds of Clauses Clauses have two kinds Dependent Clauses Independent Clauses Independent Clause:An independent clause contains a subject and a predicateand expresses a complete thought.It can stand alone as asentence by it.An independent clause is formed with :“Students read alot of books in college.”oSubject Predicate
  5. 5. Contd...... Dependent Clause:• A dependent clause begins with a subordinator suchas,when,while,if, that, who,etc.A dependent clause doesnot express a complete thought and cannot stand alone asa sentence by it.A dependent clause is formed with:• Subordinate+subject+predicate +(independent clause)• They generally stand with these words• After,Before,That, Although, Even though, Though,• As,How,Unless, As if, Untill, As soon as,Since, What• Because,So that, Whether,Whenever,Which,Who,Whose,Whom
  6. 6. Types of Dependent Clause Dependent clauses are of the following types 1) Noun Clause 2) Adjective Clause 3) Adverb Clause
  7. 7. Noun Clause A noun is a dependent clause can be used as anoun or pronoun.It can be a Subject Predicate Nominative Direct Object Appositive Indirect Object Object of the preposition
  8. 8. Examples of Noun ClauseWhat he said was nothing but a pack of lies.Subject PredictaeSubordinateClauseIndependentClauseNoun Clause
  9. 9. Contd........••He is afraid of what you have shown to him.SubjectVerbSubordinatingConjunctionPredicateDependent Clause asobject of prepositionPreposition
  10. 10. Adjective Clause A dependent adjective (relative) clause beginswith a relative pronoun such aswho,whom,whose,which etc.An adjective clausefunction as an adjective;that is itdescribes/modifies a noun aor pronoun.e.g•Women who are not married are called spinsters.Subject Predicate NounAdjective ClauseRelative Pronoun
  11. 11. Contd......••Last year we went to Karachi which is an excellent placeNoun Relative PronounAdjective ClauseIndependent Clause
  12. 12. Adverb Clause A dependent adverb clause begins with anadverbial subordinator such aswhen,while,because,although ,if,so that etc.Although he is dunce he gets a good gradeAdverbialSubjectPredicateA dverbialClauseIndependent Clause
  13. 13. Contd...........Farmers use chemical pesticides so that they can grow biggerharvests.Independent Clause Adverbial ClausePurpose adverbial Clause
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