<ul><li>3 motivators in excelling the investigation of photography: </li></ul><ul><li>Financial gain </li></ul><ul><li>Sci...
The story of photography really begins with the camera obscura  (c. 1580 AD).
camera obscura   light entering through a small hole in the wall of a darkened room casts an inverted image of the scene o...
The advantage of this technique is that the  PERSPECTIVE  is right,  Canaletto
In the 1720’s  it was commonly believed that silver compounds would darken when exposed to HEAT.
Schulze  was able to deduce that  heat  was not the element that caused the image to blacken but  LIGHT  was the culprit.
He  was not successful  in creating a permanent image,  but his investigations contributed to the development of photograp...
Thomas Wedgwood: the Godfather of Photography
Wedgwood  was not successful  at fixing the image!!!
<ul><li>A _________ is a photograph made without a camera or a lens by placing an object or an object on top of a piece of...
  photograms also referred to as   PHOTOGENIC DRAWINGS
Anna Atkins Example from British Algae
Anna Atkins (1799-1871)
Atkins leaned directly about the invention of photography through her correspondence with Fox Talbot but  learned the  cya...
Her most valuable work was Titled  British Algae This was one of the first uses of light-sensitive materials to illustrate...
<ul><li>She could be  </li></ul><ul><li>called the first  </li></ul><ul><li>female  </li></ul><ul><li>photographer. </li><...
Cyanotype   Anna Atkins
first  actual  image: view from a window  made in 1826  by  Nice’phore  Nie’pce (KNEE-eeps)   The exposure lasted eight ho...
first known photograph.
Louis-Jacques-Mande’  Daguerre A Parisisen Dandy
THE DIORAMA ♥  Vary large paintings  (72 feet long/14high) of famous places painted on transparent linen which gave a spec...
<ul><li>use his Camera Obscura to help to the draw  scenery for his theatre   </li></ul>
He regularly used a camera obscura as an aid to painting in perspective.
He made an important discovery by accident.  This important discovery that a  Latent image
KEY INGREDIENT TO AMPLIFICATION OF  THE LATENT IMAGE: MERCURY
1839, January 9 th  THE ANNOUNCEMENT  OF THE DAGUERREOTYPE His process was patent by the French Government And on August 1...
First photo. Containing human figure.  A Daguerreotype taken by Daguerre.
 
French Daguerreotypes:  1839 – 1855 BECAME THE FIRST COMMERCIALLY USED PHOTGRAPHIC PROCESS
<ul><li>The early daguerreotypes  had  several drawbacks .  </li></ul><ul><li>the length of the exposure necessary all but...
The result  was often  stylized series of positions and attitudes   Portraits and thus reflected  the method not the mediu...
<ul><li>it was very fragile.  </li></ul><ul><li>And  perhaps most limiting of all, it was   a &quot;once only&quot; system...
Q&A: Is this statement true or false? The daguerreotype requires no knowledge of drawing…and that anyone may succeed and p...
♥  Even though they enjoyed commercial success they were more expensive than paper prints. Having a daguerreotype taken wa...
The HEAD REST. The headrest was an essential piece of equipment in the nineteenth century portrait studio. .              ...
Full plate daguerreotype of group.  It was unusual for people to take large group photos such as this in 1850. 
French Daguerreotypes:  1839 – 1855.                             
Bayard!!!  Self-portrait as a dying man.  Could be considered the very first self-portrait.
CC1.    CHUCK CLOSE ' SELF-PORTRAIT I-V ' ,  2002 Five digital Iris prints on Crane Museo paper with screened varnish Each...
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Reviewfall2010lec1dag

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Reviewfall2010lec1dag

  1. 1. <ul><li>3 motivators in excelling the investigation of photography: </li></ul><ul><li>Financial gain </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Artistic needs </li></ul>
  2. 2. The story of photography really begins with the camera obscura (c. 1580 AD).
  3. 3. camera obscura light entering through a small hole in the wall of a darkened room casts an inverted image of the scene outside on the opposite wall.
  4. 4. The advantage of this technique is that the PERSPECTIVE is right, Canaletto
  5. 5. In the 1720’s it was commonly believed that silver compounds would darken when exposed to HEAT.
  6. 6. Schulze was able to deduce that heat was not the element that caused the image to blacken but LIGHT was the culprit.
  7. 7. He was not successful in creating a permanent image, but his investigations contributed to the development of photography in the nineteenth century. was not successful This is what is sooooooo important about him!!!!!
  8. 8. Thomas Wedgwood: the Godfather of Photography
  9. 9. Wedgwood was not successful at fixing the image!!!
  10. 10. <ul><li>A _________ is a photograph made without a camera or a lens by placing an object or an object on top of a piece of paper that has been coated with a light-sensitive material and then is exposed to a light source , (natural sunlight is the traditional light source, but UV lamps can also be used.) </li></ul>
  11. 11. photograms also referred to as PHOTOGENIC DRAWINGS
  12. 12. Anna Atkins Example from British Algae
  13. 13. Anna Atkins (1799-1871)
  14. 14. Atkins leaned directly about the invention of photography through her correspondence with Fox Talbot but learned the cyanotype printing method through its inventor, Sir John Herschel who was a family friend.
  15. 15. Her most valuable work was Titled British Algae This was one of the first uses of light-sensitive materials to illustrate a book.
  16. 16. <ul><li>She could be </li></ul><ul><li>called the first </li></ul><ul><li>female </li></ul><ul><li>photographer. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cyanotype Anna Atkins
  18. 18. first actual image: view from a window made in 1826 by Nice’phore Nie’pce (KNEE-eeps) The exposure lasted eight hours ,
  19. 19. first known photograph.
  20. 20. Louis-Jacques-Mande’ Daguerre A Parisisen Dandy
  21. 21. THE DIORAMA ♥ Vary large paintings (72 feet long/14high) of famous places painted on transparent linen which gave a spectacular effect when lit by combinations of light from in front and behind:
  22. 22. <ul><li>use his Camera Obscura to help to the draw scenery for his theatre </li></ul>
  23. 23. He regularly used a camera obscura as an aid to painting in perspective.
  24. 24. He made an important discovery by accident. This important discovery that a Latent image
  25. 25. KEY INGREDIENT TO AMPLIFICATION OF THE LATENT IMAGE: MERCURY
  26. 26. 1839, January 9 th THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE DAGUERREOTYPE His process was patent by the French Government And on August 19, 1839 : Publication of a brochure explaining every step of the process. This sent dozen of hopeful photographers to shops to buy the boxes, lenses, plates, and chemicals necessary to make daguerreotypes. Daguerreotype 1839-1850 ☺ PLEASE TAKE NOTE OF THESE DATES ☺
  27. 27. First photo. Containing human figure. A Daguerreotype taken by Daguerre.
  28. 29. French Daguerreotypes: 1839 – 1855 BECAME THE FIRST COMMERCIALLY USED PHOTGRAPHIC PROCESS
  29. 30. <ul><li>The early daguerreotypes had several drawbacks . </li></ul><ul><li>the length of the exposure necessary all but ruled out portraiture. </li></ul><ul><li>the image was laterally reversed (as one sees oneself in a mirror). </li></ul>
  30. 31. The result was often stylized series of positions and attitudes Portraits and thus reflected the method not the medium. As a result of the length of exposure
  31. 32. <ul><li>it was very fragile. </li></ul><ul><li>And perhaps most limiting of all, it was a &quot;once only&quot; system (UNIQUE) </li></ul><ul><li>Angle of incidence: Instead, it is an image exposed directly onto a mirror-polished surface of silver. </li></ul><ul><li>Other stuff: </li></ul><ul><li>It was expansive </li></ul><ul><li>The toxicity of the material…mm mercury yummy!! Better yet, how about a little cyanide with that photograph? </li></ul>
  32. 33. Q&A: Is this statement true or false? The daguerreotype requires no knowledge of drawing…and that anyone may succeed and perform as well as the author of the invention.
  33. 34. ♥ Even though they enjoyed commercial success they were more expensive than paper prints. Having a daguerreotype taken was expensive. The first daguerreotypes taken were mostly wealthy folk. This wealthy lady looks like she is have a grand time!
  34. 35. The HEAD REST. The headrest was an essential piece of equipment in the nineteenth century portrait studio. .                                                          
  35. 36. Full plate daguerreotype of group. It was unusual for people to take large group photos such as this in 1850. 
  36. 37. French Daguerreotypes: 1839 – 1855.                             
  37. 38. Bayard!!! Self-portrait as a dying man. Could be considered the very first self-portrait.
  38. 39. CC1.   CHUCK CLOSE ' SELF-PORTRAIT I-V ' ,  2002 Five digital Iris prints on Crane Museo paper with screened varnish Each signed, dated, and numbered &quot;Chuck Close 2002 2/30&quot; in pencil along the lower edge (recto)

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