TEDx Phnom Penh - Heroes and innovations in education


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Presented at a TEDx workshop session in Phnom Penh on 22 May 2012. The session reviewed existing materials on TED and looked at other innovations in education with a particular focus on developing countries (like Cambodia) and the role of technology.

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  • Appropriate that I’m a learner perhaps.I heard that experts became experts by telling people how things can’t be done.I’m here to learn from you.As much as you’re here to learn something, I’m sorry but it’s the reverse.
  • It’s not my idea at all.If you’re not prepared to be wrong you’ll never come up with something original.traditional schools are designed for an era when most jobs were in hierarchical, industrial-era corporations that needed compliant, punctual, diligent workers who were good at following written instructions. Education tailored to the needs of mass production industry is out of kilter with the times. The spread of the web, particularly through mobile phones, will allow more people than ever to access information, knowledge, and advice from skilled teachers and their peers, to participate in discussion, and to learn by their own discovery and through playing games. We have only just begun to explore how the web might be used to promote learning. Some of the most telling lessons in transformational, radical innovation will come from the bottom of the pyramid, not the top. That is why our research has focused on social entrepreneurs working in extreme social conditions in slums and informal settlements in developing-world cities.
  • Problem with increasing expectations.
  • Education for All, World Education Forum 2000.World leaders and 180 countries agreed that by 2015 all boys and girls should be enrolled in school and able to complete primary education.Cambodia is doing okay, maybe a C+Goal 1: comprehensive early childhood care and educationGoal 2: complete, free and compulsory primary education of good quality.Goal 3: equitable access to learning and life-skills programmes for young people and adults.Goal 4: 50% improvement in adult literacy.Goal 5: Achieving gender equality in education.Goal 6: Measurable learning outcomes for literacy, numeracy and essential life skills.By 2015 most eligible children will have a place at a primary school. The lesson of high-performing schools systems such as Finland’s is that to get good results, you have to attract, train, and motivate good teachers and provide them with good facilities to work in.
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XVQ1ULfQawk
  • ----- Meeting Notes (22/05/12 17:56) -----this smart guy nailed it.
  • ----- Meeting Notes (22/05/12 17:56) -----funny guy and als really smart.
  • Key trends and statistics for KHYou guys might know better than me.
  • Quick word on sources. Anecdotal, inconsistent data but reality is they all point to approx the same thing.Data that is about 1.5 yrs old
  • High pupil to teacher ratio.Teacher quality is lowNot many schools outside urban areasThe incentives are messed up.
  • Kids have better things to do. Parents think they do. Like earn a living. In fact many of them work 31 hour jobs, then attend school.Go to school for the sake of the certificate.“Are they coming for the learning or the certificate?” TrevorBribery means it’s not free. Which is fine if people actually learn.
  • GNP is very low. Well below averages.
  • UNESCO estimates there is about 400 million from various sources for 2007-2011The total budget projected for the education sector for 2007-2011 is USD $430 million. Of this amount, 1.72% is from national budget, 77.46% from international grants, 20.77% from loans, and 0.05% from local support
  • Interestingly, private sector is taking off (but not adding to quality).549 in langauge schools alone.118 universities.240 computer schools.
  • $35 tablet.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k4K3HJEELwI&feature=related and http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/rob-magazine/how-a-montreal-company-won-the-race-to-build-the-worlds-cheapest-tablet/article2282337/page3/
  • 13 million Cambodians, or 87% of the population in own a mobile.Compare that to 2% internet subscriber rate.
  • ======Going to berapidfire. SMS me questions and wecancoverit at the end of during the talk.Geoffrey Canada, HCZPrathamguyDr. Sakena YacoobiBunker RoyTaio Rocha
  • Go to khan academy.
  • Show TED video of this near the end for those who have time. He’s pretty amazing.
  • Salman profiledfor his cleverness, Sakenafor her sheerbravery.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakena_Yacoobi
  • By no means definitive. Tend to focus on innovations we could learn or adapt for Cambodia rather than developed world.
  • ----- Meeting Notes (22/05/12 18:03) -----Go have a look at this.
  • Universities or higher ed people doing this in groups in coffee shops. Why not?Discussions led by volunteers who are experts in their field. Or employers who can then pick the best people.
  • ----- Meeting Notes (22/05/12 18:03) -----People anywhere who are smart can teach. I've signed up to teach UX.
  • Would this work in Cambodia?We could do a simliar service quite easily if we had the major telcos signed up, and the content from Peace Corp.
  • Yet to try this but how many people here have a mobile phone? How many can access the internet? How many have colour screens?Chances are you have a feature phone and you can actually read books on your phone. Free books.eature phones are the largest and fastest growing segment of the global mobile market, with over 60% of the global mobile market share of almost 5 billion mobile subscribersAs of April 27 2012, the Worldreader App is on 3.9 million mobile phones, mostly in India and Africa, and we hope to reach 10 million by the end of 2012.----- Meeting Notes (22/05/12 18:03) -----dumb to smart. bit like education really.
  • Teenage mystery mobile phone novel. Available for download onto mobile phones from a website. It was also released on a mobile chat platform called MXit, which is popular among South African teens. Readers could leave comments on chapters, vote in opinion polls and enter writing competitions. Now, Yoza is an online library of m-novels, short stories, classic literature, and poetry written by local authors
  • any rural development activity to be successful and sustainable, it must be based in the village as well as managed and owned by those whom it serves.
  • Go to demo
  • ----- Meeting Notes (22/05/12 18:05) -----group activity. before you do, stay
  • TEDx Phnom Penh - Heroes and innovations in education

    1. 1. HEROES AND INNOVATORS IN EDUCATIONSam Ng, 22 May 2012@snowmansam, sam@samng.com
    2. 2. I’m a learner, not an expert.
    3. 3. Outline (2hrs) Set the scene (>7.30pm)  Education trends  Technology trends  Cambodia TED video – Charles Leadbeater on education in the slums. (>8pm)  Discussion in groups Heroes and innovations (>8.30pm) Apply innovations to Cambodia (>9pm)  Solve a problem
    4. 4. My big idea The internet, particularly though the mobile phone, is the catalyst for transformational innovation in education. In short, the mobile phone will redefine education. We have just begun to explore how the internet might be used to promote learning. These innovations are more likely to come from the ‘extremes’ – people working in difficult conditions with few resources. Places like Cambodia.
    5. 5. Education at a glance There is a general dissatisfaction with education, no matter where you go in the world. But a lot of money is spent on education. A lot of that money is spent on improving “school” and our existing ideas of education. But will this be enough to meet the exponential need for learning? Will it change quick enough? Many initiatives to reinvent school, supplement school and even transform learning.
    6. 6. Education initiatives Education for All, World Education Forum 2000.  World leaders and 180 countries agreed that by 2015 all boys and girls should be enrolled in school and able to complete primary education. Cambodia is doing okay, maybe a C+
    7. 7. EFA goals by 2015 Goal 1: early childhood care and education Goal 2: universal, free primary education Goal 3: lifelong learning Goal 4: adult literacy Goal 5: gender parity and equality Goal 6: educational quality
    8. 8. Our world is changing, fast Excerpts from Shift Happens 2012 (http://shifthappens.wikispaces.com/)
    9. 9. But are we more creative?We are educating people outof their creative capacities.We don’t grow into creativity, we grow out of it. We are running national education systems wheremistakes are the worst thing you can make.
    10. 10. What’s the point? In the next 25 years, according to UNESCO, more people worldwide will be graduating through education than since the beginning of history. Suddenly degrees aren’t worth much. India has more postgraduates than there are children in America. How do developed countries compete, how does Cambodia compete?
    11. 11. Sources
    12. 12. Statistics 58,000 teachers servicing 2.3  Teachers in Cambodia are million primary school earning merely US$20 to students. (1:40) US$50 a month, they resort to collecting informal school 27,000 teachers servicing fees of $0.02 to $0.05 per 637,000 secondary school day from students to students. (1:24) supplement their salaries 60% teachers received at  merely 1.7% of Cambodias most a secondary education. GDP (Gross Domestic 37% in remote areas had not Product) is spent on even completed primary. education. 5.4% villages have lower secondary school, 2% have upper secondary.
    13. 13. More statistics The opportunity cost of  citizens are merely attending sending their children to schools for the sake of school are very high in some obtaining paper families, making it almost qualifications impossible for the children in the families to receive  not all citizens are capable of education. undertaking tasks that their  20% of children ages 5-9 are paper qualifications state employed as child labor. they are capable of  47% for children between age 10-14 and 34% for ages 15-17  Passing rates at schools are also ill-represented due to the total work burden of the bribery. economically active children, leading to an average weekly working hours to almost 31.
    14. 14. How Cambodia compares
    15. 15. Where US$406 million comes from % funds International grants Loans National budget Local support Are the incentives right?
    16. 16. It’s not great But you already knew that.
    17. 17. Interestingly… ICT is one of the most powerful tools for educational reform across the system. ICT has significant potential for supporting education in remote and conflict –affected areas.
    18. 18. Yellow Pages > Education
    19. 19. In parallel let’s see what technology is doing Computers that cost $1000 today will be mobile devices that cost $10 in 8 years time.  Bill Joy on Moores Law. There’s a US$35 “iPad” like tablet in India. There are 5.6 billion active mobile subscriptions in the world.
    20. 20. In Cambodia
    21. 21. Tech for tech’s sake Technology itself is only useful if the teacher embraces the methodology it supports. Studies have consistently shown that merely introducing technology and digital resources alone, without a solid strategy for changing pedagogy, does not result in improved educational outcomes for students. One exception to this seems to be Sugata Mitra’s experiments.
    22. 22. COMMENTS, THOUGHTS? Get into groups of 3 to 5 around you. What did you find the most interesting in his talk? 10 minutes.
    23. 23. Heroes to profile Salman Khan, Khan Academy Jay Kimmelman, Bridge International Academy Sugata Mitra, Hole in the Wall Sakena Yacoobi, AIL
    24. 24. Salman Khan Super smart guy, started tutoring his cousin & family by putting videos on YouTube. It went viral and today it has over 3200 videos from biology, chemistry, physics, finance, history and humanities. Each video is about 10 min long and there are interactive exercises and individualize statistics. Completely free.
    25. 25. Jay Kimmelman Successful education entrepreneur who sold his American business. Went to Kenya to create “School in a Box” franchises that charges US$4 a month for private schooling. Extremely data driven, from assessments, school location selection to fee structure. Interactive SMS reporting system for the entire school system, including paying teachers.
    26. 26. McDonalds of schooling We take the best research and data on teaching and boil it down to a lesson plan that tells a teacher ‘You should write this on the board, and ask this question.’” The problem of educating so many children is simply overwhelming, and turning an adult with a secondary school education into a functional teacher of primary school students requires a focus on repeating proven practices. Expanding to 1800 schools by 2015.
    27. 27. Sugata Mitra Indian education scientist who did learning experiments called “Hole in the Wall”. Computer kiosks within a wall in slums where kids were able to use it freely. Kids were being taught by computers without any training. Putting serious research into “Self Organised Learning Environments”. Solves problem of recruiting best teachers in toughest places.
    28. 28. Dr. Sakena Yacoobi American educated professor who went back to Afghanistan to form Afghan Institute of Learning (AIL). AIL is run by Afghan women to increase women’s participation in education.  Only 13% of Afghan girls finish primary school and 80% of women are illiterate. Ran a network of 80 underground home schools for girls when Taliban in power, and trained 13,000 teachers.
    29. 29. Innovations to learn from EdX  Yoza TED-ED  Barefoot college Udemy  GoVocab BBC Janala  Others: HCV, BRAC Health improvement, PSU Movil World Reader (practice tests), Columbia & Pakistan literacy courses.
    30. 30. TED-Ed Use engaging videos to create customized lessons. Create interactive lessons from any YouTube or TED video. "Flipping" a video allows you to turn a video into a customized lesson that can be assigned to students or shared more widely. You can add context, questions, and follow-up suggestions to any video
    31. 31. EdX EdX is a joint partnership between The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Harvard University to offer online learning to millions of people around the world. EdX will offer Harvard and MIT classes online for free. The platform is open source that other universities can use. The same content – wide variety, but no certification.
    32. 32. Udemy, Udacity
    33. 33. BBC Janala A multiplatform project that uses mobile phones, the internet and television (TV) to support English language learning in Bangladesh. Content includes SMS English lessons and about 100,000 audio lessons accessible through mobile devices. users dial ‘3000’ to access hundreds of three- minute audio lessons. Calls cost around US$0.01 per minute. Includes self-assessment: gauge progress with interactive audio quizzes, or even record their own stories in English. In 9 months, it attracted over 9 million calls.
    34. 34. World Reader Turns dumb phones into smart phones. 100,000 digital books to Africans. Millions of people in the developing world have access to a library of books using a device they already own: their mobile phone. At the moment, feature phones are 60% of global market share.
    35. 35. Yoza m-novels Short cell phone stories that are free, published the 1st of each month. Readers leave comments, vote in polls and enter writing competitions. Helps with literacy and creativity.
    36. 36.  Ordinary villagers are trained to be “barefoot” professionals – engineers, health workers, mechanics. These people in turn train others. Trained more than 3 million people for jobs in the modern world. Learning is within the village and confers no qualifications.
    37. 37. Go Vocab Tries to make language learning fun with revision games and a global scoreboard. Supplements teacher’s efforts and becomes homework/revision. Gamifies a repetitive task.
    38. 38. Inspired? So what? Solve some problems. Get into the same group. Try to match challenges with inspiration from innovations. Best idea wins mystery prize.
    39. 39. Questions, comments? @snowmansam, sam@samng.com