Hong Kong

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Hong Kong

  1. 1. Hong Kong 香港<br /> Geography, People. Culture and History<br />By Sammy Lee<br />
  2. 2. Geography<br /><ul><li> Hong Kong is located on China's south coast
  3. 3. It is surrounded by the South China Sea on the east, south, and west, and borders the Guangdong city of Shenzhen to the north over the Shenzhen River
  4. 4. The territory of Hong Kong is about 426 Miles2
  5. 5. Spanning over three main areas: Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and the New Territories
  6. 6. Hilly to Mountainous
  7. 7. Much of Hong Kong's terrain is hilly to mountainous with steep slopes, less than 25% of the territory's landmass is developed
  8. 8. The highest elevation in the territory is at Tai Mo Shan, at a height of 3,140 ft above sea level.</li></li></ul><li>Geography (Cont.)<br /> Pollution<br /><ul><li> 80% of the pollution in Hong Kong comes from other parts of the Pearl River delta
  9. 9. Hong Kong suffers from increasing pollution compounded by its geography and tall buildings.</li></ul> Weather<br /><ul><li> Summer is hot and humid with occasional showers and thunderstorms, and warm air coming from the southwest.
  10. 10. Winter weather usually starts sunny and becomes cloudier towards February, with the occasional cold front bringing strong, cooling winds from the north.
  11. 11. The most pleasant seasons are spring, although changeable, and autumn, which is generally sunny and dry.</li></ul>Purple = Developed Areas<br />
  12. 12. People<br /><ul><li> Demographics
  13. 13. Population: 7.03 million.
  14. 14. Hong Kong continues to grow due to the influx of immigrants from mainland China, approximating 45,000 per year.
  15. 15. Life expectancy in Hong Kong is 79.8 years for males and 86.1 years for females. Among the highest in the world.
  16. 16. About 95% of the people of Hong Kong are of Chinese descent
  17. 17. Major ethnicities are: Cantonese, Taishanese, Hakka and Chiu Chow
  18. 18. Residents from Mainland China are not allowed to enter, or relocate to Hong Kong freely
  19. 19. A daily quota of 150 people from Mainland China with family ties in Hong Kong are granted a 'one way permit'.</li></li></ul><li>People (Cont.)<br /><ul><li> Languages
  20. 20. Hong Kong's de facto official language is Cantonese
  21. 21. English is an official language
  22. 22. 3.1% of the population use English as an everyday language and by 34.9% of the population as a second language.
  23. 23. Mandarin is becoming more common, as more people come from the mainland
  24. 24. Denonym: Hong Konger
  25. 25. People who live in Hong Kong can be referred to as “Hong Kongers”</li></li></ul><li>Culture<br /><ul><li> Religion
  26. 26. Freedom of Religion in Hong Kong, unlike in Mainland China
  27. 27. 90% of Hong Kong practices a mix of local religions
  28. 28. Predominately Buddhist (Mahayana)
  29. 29. 8% of the population identify as Christian (600k People)
  30. 30. Legal System
  31. 31. Based on British Common Law (Unlike China’s Civil Law System)
  32. 32. The legal system is just one of the major British cultural remnants left over after HK was handed over to China.
  33. 33. Special Autonomous Region
  34. 34. the Hong Kong government is responsible for all governing issues except those regarding diplomatic relations and defense.
  35. 35. Hong Kong has it’s own constitution, with three distinct branches of government: The Executive, The Legislature, and The Judiciary.</li></li></ul><li>Culture (Cont.)<br /><ul><li> Food
  36. 36. Hong Kong is truly an international city, and the diverse cuisine is a reflection of this.
  37. 37. East + West = Fusion
  38. 38. From the roadside stalls to the most upscale restaurants, Hong Kong provides an unlimited variety of food in every class.
  39. 39. Cantonese: Since the predominant culture group is Cantonese, Hong Kong often identifies with Cantonese Cuisine; Dim sum is an example.
  40. 40. Pop Culture
  41. 41. Hong Kong has one of the biggest movie industries in the world.
  42. 42. Cantopop – a distinct Hong Kong style of Cantonese Pop Music</li></li></ul><li>History<br /><ul><li> In 1839, the refusal by Qing Dynasty authorities to import opium resulted in the First Opium War between China and Britain.
  43. 43. Hong Kong Island became occupied by British forces in 1841, and was formally ceded to Britain under the Treaty of Nanking at the end of the war.
  44. 44. In 1860, after China's defeat in the Second Opium War, the Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutter's Island were ceded to Britain under the Convention of Peking
  45. 45. When the People's Republic of China was proclaimed in 1949, more migrants fled to Hong Kong in fear of persecution by the Communist Party.
  46. 46. In 1983, Hong Kong was reclassified from a British crown colony to a dependent territory
  47. 47. In 1984 the two countries signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration, agreeing to transfer sovereignty to the People's Republic of China in 1997</li></li></ul><li>History (Cont.)<br /><ul><li> The transfer of sovereignty occurred at midnight on 1 July 1997
  48. 48. Hong Kong's economy was affected by the Asian financial crisis, and the H5N1 avian influenza, both in 1997.
  49. 49. Hong Kong suffered again due to an outbreak of SARS in 2003.
  50. 50. Today, Hong Kong continues to serve as an important global financial centre, but faces uncertainty over its future role with a growing mainland China economy, and its relationship with the PRC government in areas such as democratic reform and universal suffrage.</li></li></ul><li>Sources<br /><ul><li> Hong Kong wiki http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong
  51. 51. Wikipedia was the primary source used for this assignment.
  52. 52. Some of the content was copied verbatim from Wikipedia (i.e., Information listed in the History slides).</li>

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