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Hong Kong

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  • 1. Hong Kong 香港
    Geography, People. Culture and History
    By Sammy Lee
  • 2. Geography
    • Hong Kong is located on China's south coast
    • 3. It is surrounded by the South China Sea on the east, south, and west, and borders the Guangdong city of Shenzhen to the north over the Shenzhen River
    • 4. The territory of Hong Kong is about 426 Miles2
    • 5. Spanning over three main areas: Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and the New Territories
    • 6. Hilly to Mountainous
    • 7. Much of Hong Kong's terrain is hilly to mountainous with steep slopes, less than 25% of the territory's landmass is developed
    • 8. The highest elevation in the territory is at Tai Mo Shan, at a height of 3,140 ft above sea level.
  • Geography (Cont.)
    Pollution
    • 80% of the pollution in Hong Kong comes from other parts of the Pearl River delta
    • 9. Hong Kong suffers from increasing pollution compounded by its geography and tall buildings.
    Weather
    • Summer is hot and humid with occasional showers and thunderstorms, and warm air coming from the southwest.
    • 10. Winter weather usually starts sunny and becomes cloudier towards February, with the occasional cold front bringing strong, cooling winds from the north.
    • 11. The most pleasant seasons are spring, although changeable, and autumn, which is generally sunny and dry.
    Purple = Developed Areas
  • 12. People
    • Demographics
    • 13. Population: 7.03 million.
    • 14. Hong Kong continues to grow due to the influx of immigrants from mainland China, approximating 45,000 per year.
    • 15. Life expectancy in Hong Kong is 79.8 years for males and 86.1 years for females. Among the highest in the world.
    • 16. About 95% of the people of Hong Kong are of Chinese descent
    • 17. Major ethnicities are: Cantonese, Taishanese, Hakka and Chiu Chow
    • 18. Residents from Mainland China are not allowed to enter, or relocate to Hong Kong freely
    • 19. A daily quota of 150 people from Mainland China with family ties in Hong Kong are granted a 'one way permit'.
  • People (Cont.)
    • Languages
    • 20. Hong Kong's de facto official language is Cantonese
    • 21. English is an official language
    • 22. 3.1% of the population use English as an everyday language and by 34.9% of the population as a second language.
    • 23. Mandarin is becoming more common, as more people come from the mainland
    • 24. Denonym: Hong Konger
    • 25. People who live in Hong Kong can be referred to as “Hong Kongers”
  • Culture
    • Religion
    • 26. Freedom of Religion in Hong Kong, unlike in Mainland China
    • 27. 90% of Hong Kong practices a mix of local religions
    • 28. Predominately Buddhist (Mahayana)
    • 29. 8% of the population identify as Christian (600k People)
    • 30. Legal System
    • 31. Based on British Common Law (Unlike China’s Civil Law System)
    • 32. The legal system is just one of the major British cultural remnants left over after HK was handed over to China.
    • 33. Special Autonomous Region
    • 34. the Hong Kong government is responsible for all governing issues except those regarding diplomatic relations and defense.
    • 35. Hong Kong has it’s own constitution, with three distinct branches of government: The Executive, The Legislature, and The Judiciary.
  • Culture (Cont.)
    • Food
    • 36. Hong Kong is truly an international city, and the diverse cuisine is a reflection of this.
    • 37. East + West = Fusion
    • 38. From the roadside stalls to the most upscale restaurants, Hong Kong provides an unlimited variety of food in every class.
    • 39. Cantonese: Since the predominant culture group is Cantonese, Hong Kong often identifies with Cantonese Cuisine; Dim sum is an example.
    • 40. Pop Culture
    • 41. Hong Kong has one of the biggest movie industries in the world.
    • 42. Cantopop – a distinct Hong Kong style of Cantonese Pop Music
  • History
    • In 1839, the refusal by Qing Dynasty authorities to import opium resulted in the First Opium War between China and Britain.
    • 43. Hong Kong Island became occupied by British forces in 1841, and was formally ceded to Britain under the Treaty of Nanking at the end of the war.
    • 44. In 1860, after China's defeat in the Second Opium War, the Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutter's Island were ceded to Britain under the Convention of Peking
    • 45. When the People's Republic of China was proclaimed in 1949, more migrants fled to Hong Kong in fear of persecution by the Communist Party.
    • 46. In 1983, Hong Kong was reclassified from a British crown colony to a dependent territory
    • 47. In 1984 the two countries signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration, agreeing to transfer sovereignty to the People's Republic of China in 1997
  • History (Cont.)
    • The transfer of sovereignty occurred at midnight on 1 July 1997
    • 48. Hong Kong's economy was affected by the Asian financial crisis, and the H5N1 avian influenza, both in 1997.
    • 49. Hong Kong suffered again due to an outbreak of SARS in 2003.
    • 50. Today, Hong Kong continues to serve as an important global financial centre, but faces uncertainty over its future role with a growing mainland China economy, and its relationship with the PRC government in areas such as democratic reform and universal suffrage.
  • Sources
    • Hong Kong wiki http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong
    • 51. Wikipedia was the primary source used for this assignment.
    • 52. Some of the content was copied verbatim from Wikipedia (i.e., Information listed in the History slides).

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