Participation literacy surveillance&privacy1

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  • 1. POSTSCRIPT ON THE SOCIETIES OF CONTROL By Gilles Deleuze
  • 2. HISTORICAL: Disciplinary societies • "they initiate the organizations of vast spaces of enclosure. The individual never ceases passing from one closed environment to another, each having its own laws: first, the family; then the school ( "you are no longer in your family" ); then the barracks ("you are no longer in school"); then the factory; from time to time the hospital; possibly the prison, the preeminent instance of the enclosed environment.” (1%) ● Prototypes Michel Foucault Explains Disciplinary Societies in 9min 4:58 – 6:40
  • 3. HISTORICAL: Societies of control: process of replacing disciplinary societies •"societies of sovereignty, the goal and functions of which were something quiet different (to tax rather than to organize production, to rule on death rather than life); the transition took place over time...the disciplines underwent a crisis to benefit of new forces that were gradually instituted and which accelerated after WWII” (1%) •”to reform schools, to reform industries, hospitals, the armed forces, prisons. But everyone knows that these institutions are finished, whatever the length of their expiration periods. It's only”(1%)
  • 4. • “but the corporation constantly presents the brashest rivalry as a healthy form of emulation(mimicing), an excellent motivational force that opposes individuals against one another and runs through each, dividing each within” (3%) Amy Allen “ Marion Young's Conception of Power” “The corporate and legal structures and procedures that give some persons the power to make decisions about investment, production, marketing, interest rates, and wages that affect millions of other people.” (p.158) LOGIC: Societies of Control Jon Stewart Speaks Up Against Controlled Media 2:30 – 3:53
  • 5. PROGRAM: "whether animal in a reserve or human in a corporation, as with an electric collar" •"...what counts is not the barrier but the computer that tracks each person's position -- licit or illicit -- and effects a universal modulation.” (5%) • Computer can effect modulation structure of humans •"many young people strangely boast of being 'motivated'; they re-request apprenticeships and permanent training. It's up to them to discover what they're being made to serve, just as their elders discovered, not without difficulty, the telos of their discipline.” (5%)
  • 6. THE EYE OF POWER By Michel Foucault "[The hospital is] ensuring a surveillance which would be both global and individualizing while at the same time carefully separating the individuals under observation.” (7%) A conversation with Jean-Pierre Barou and Michelle Perrot
  • 7. Bentham's device: the 'Panopticon' • "the principle of the dungeon is reversed; daylight and the overseer's gaze capture the inmate more effectively than darkness, which afforded after all a sort of protection.” (7%) • "there was an observation point which served as a focus to exercise power and, simultaneously, for the registration of knowledge.” (8%) •Confidence meets dominance feeling
  • 8. Foucault: Power by Virtue • "This reign of 'opinion'...represents a mode of operation through which power will be exercised by virtue of the mere fact of things being known and people seen in a sort of immediate, collective and anonymous gaze.” (12%) • Perrot: "Here we are at the heart of the preoccupations of the Revolution: preventing people from wrong-doing, taking away their wish to commit wrong.” (13%)
  • 9. Perrot: power as Monarchical power • "there is a chief inspector who watches over the prisoners from the central tower; but he watches his subordinates as well, the personnel in the hierarchy. This chief inspector has little faith in his overseers.” (14%) • Lack of Internet control • NSA and Snowden
  • 10. Foucault: "The perfect form of surveillance consists in a summation of malveillance” (15%) • To watch in the reason of safety • "the tendency of Bentham's thought is archaic in the importance it gives to the gaze; but it is very modern in general importance is assigns to technique of power” (17%)
  • 11. Discussion Questions ● Do you think the monarchical type of surveillance could be considered part of a controlled society, even though prison is considered part of a disciplinary society? ● What were your reactions to the Jon Stewart clip of controlled media? Did it clearly depict what Deleuze considers a controlled society? What would be an example of it?