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Introduction to anatomy and physiology
Introduction to anatomy and physiology
Introduction to anatomy and physiology
Introduction to anatomy and physiology
Introduction to anatomy and physiology
Introduction to anatomy and physiology
Introduction to anatomy and physiology
Introduction to anatomy and physiology
Introduction to anatomy and physiology
Introduction to anatomy and physiology
Introduction to anatomy and physiology
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Introduction to anatomy and physiology

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Transcript

  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 1 ESS 201
  • 2. • Anatomy: • Physiology:
  • 3. Levels of Organization • Atoms • Molecules • Macromolecules • Organelles • Cell • Tissue • Organ • Organ System • Organism
  • 4. Characteristics of Life Metabolism: • Movement • Responsiveness • Growth • Reproduction • Respiration • Digestion • Absorption • Circulation • Assimilation • Excretion
  • 5. 5 Requirements of Organisms • Water • Food • Oxygen • Heat • Pressure
  • 6. Homeostasis • Definition: • Receptors: • Effectors: • Set point: • Negative feedback mechanism:
  • 7. Organization of the Human Body Body Cavities: • Appendicular • Axial -Cranial cavity -Vertebral canal -Thoracic cavity -Abdominopelvic cavity
  • 8. Organ Membranes • Parietal Pleura • Visceral Pleura • Pericardial Membranes • Peritoneal Membranes
  • 9. Organ Systems • Integumentary • Skeletal • Muscular • Nervous • Endocrine • Cardiovascular • Lymphatic • Digestive • Respiratory • Urinary • Reproductive
  • 10. Anatomical Terminology: Position Anatomical Position- • Superior • Inferior • Anterior • Posterior • Medial • Lateral • Proximal • Distal • Superficial • Deep
  • 11. Anatomical Terminology: Body Sections • Sagittal plane- • Transverse plane- • Frontal plane-

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