The Importance of Physical Activty and its Effects on Learning

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This presentation discusses the importance of physical activity, particularly in young people. It focusses on how physical activity can assist students to become better learners.

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The Importance of Physical Activty and its Effects on Learning

  1. 1. The Importance of PhysicalActivity and its Effects onLearning Samantha McDonald u3037265 Sport Coaching Pedagogy UC, Semester 1, 2013
  2. 2. What is physical activity?Physical activity is defined as any bodilymovement produced by skeletalmuscles that requires energyexpenditure.  World Health Organisation (WHO), 2013
  3. 3. Physical activity… Wilson, M., 2010 Wilson, M., 2010 Be Active WA, 2012 Active for Life
  4. 4. The current health statistics… April 2009 the ABS found 63% of children aged 5-14 years had participated in organised sport or dancing at least once Participation in organised sport may be related to: ◦ Sex ◦ Age ◦ Country of birth ◦ Parents’ country of birth ◦ Socioeconomic status Physical inactivity has been identified as the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality causing an estimated 3.2 million deaths globally. (WHO, 2013) Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2012
  5. 5. What is stopping children fromparticipating in physical activity? Technology Time Cost Fear
  6. 6. How to stop Physical Inactivity! Awareness!! Government concerns. ◦ Leads to foundations and guidelines being set up ◦ At least 60 minutes every day for children. ◦ No more than 2 hours per day using electronic media for entertainment Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2012
  7. 7. What do I see in the classroom? NEGATIVE POSITIVE Some students who • Some students who are: are: ◦ Unmotivated o Healthy Enjoying Physical ◦ o Overweight Activity ◦ Lazy o Motivated ◦ Tired o Have a healthy diet ◦ Unhealthy o Happy o Energetic to learn
  8. 8. How physical activity can helpstudents in the classroom A study by Dwyer et al. 2001 ◦ physical fitness ◦ cardiorespiratory efficiency ◦ and activity levels ◦ scholastic achievement. Small but significant positive associations Tomporowski, P, D., Davis, C, L., Miller, P, H., and. Naglieri, J, A
  9. 9. How physical activity can helpstudents in the classroom Studies documenting positive effects from ◦ School and classroom wide exercise programs ◦ Putting physical activity into the curriculum ◦ Integrating outside school activities These studies have found improvements in: ◦ Standardised test scores ◦ Task behavior ◦ Time on academic tasks Kercood, S, & Banda, D 2012
  10. 10. How physical activity can helpstudents in the classroom Study comparing the effects of physical activities ◦ DURING listening comprehension task.  less time to complete the tasks  improved performance accuracy ◦ PRIOR to listening comprehension task  Continued to work at a faster pace  Performance accuracy was lower Kercood, S., & Banda, D., 2012
  11. 11. Health and Physical Education Health and PE has struggled for legitimacy in education systems Not included in the national curriculum that was implemented in 2011 by ACARA Despite research in improving academic performance Stolz, S., 2009
  12. 12. How Health and PE can help Getting students motivated and interested in physical activity Educating about the importance of physical activity Getting students outside, in a range of sporting environments to find something they like
  13. 13. References Active for life, Increasing Physical Activity in Adults Age 50 and Older, http://www.activeforlife.info/about_the_program/national_blueprint.html Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2012, Australian Social Trends, Viewed 27/3/2013, http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0Main+Features40Jun+2012 Be Active WA, 2012, The Taskforce and Local Governnent, http://www.beactive.wa.gov.au/index.php?id=312 Kercood, S, & Banda, D 2012, The Effects of Added Physical Activity on Performance during a Listening Comprehension Task for Students with and without Attention Problems, International Journal Of Applied Educational Studies, 13, 1, pp. 19- 32, Education Research Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 26 March 2013. Jacob Sattelmair and John J. Ratey, 2009, Physically Active Play and Cognition An Academic Matter?, http://johnratey.typepad.com/SattelRatey.pdf Stolz, Steven. Physical education and the national curriculum. [online]. Professional Educator; v.8 n.4 p.44-47; November 2009. Availability: <http://search.informit.com.au/fullText;dn=179754;res=AEIPT> ISSN: 1447-3607. [cited 26 Mar 13]. Tomporowski, P, D., Davis, C, L., Miller, P, H., and. Naglieri, J, A., Exercise and Children’s Intelligence, Cognition, and Academic Achievement, Viewed 27/3/2013, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2748863/ Wilson, M., 2010, Online Health Forums, http://onlinehealthfourms.blogspot.com.au/2010/09/benefits-of-exercise.html World Health Organisation, 2013, Physical Activity, Viewed 30/3/2012, http://www.who.int/topics/physical_activity/en/

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