Cultural diffusion 2011SOC 101Introduction to SociologyFaculty:Mrs. Meherin TamannaAssignment:Cultural Diffusion in BracUn...
Cultural diffusion 2011What is Cultural Diffusion?Cultural diffusion is the process by which culture traits or complexes o...
Cultural diffusion 2011worn by American farmers, now clothe youths in South America, Africa, Europe, andAsia.For example: ...
Cultural diffusion 2011wearing a three quarter pant and walking in a public place. So we can understand thetwo way shock o...
Cultural diffusion 2011Now if we see all the outcome of this international friendship and understand thecultural diversity...
Cultural diffusion 2011world and met together in Brac University, on their very first day at university theyfaced cultural...
Cultural diffusion 2011world and met together in Brac University, on their very first day at university theyfaced cultural...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

SOC101-term paper-- Cultural diffusion

1,049

Published on

Sociology term paper for Ms. Meherin Tamanna's class

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,049
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

SOC101-term paper-- Cultural diffusion

  1. 1. Cultural diffusion 2011SOC 101Introduction to SociologyFaculty:Mrs. Meherin TamannaAssignment:Cultural Diffusion in BracUniversityDone by:Sl. No. Name I.D.1. Samiul Muntakin 071100032. Md. Mashruf 073100023. Mashira Khan (Pritoma) 101030204. Saikul Islam Joy 101030225. Sichan Pal Joy 111030286. Samiya Yesmin 113040431 SOC 101
  2. 2. Cultural diffusion 2011What is Cultural Diffusion?Cultural diffusion is the process by which culture traits or complexes of one societyor ethnic group are borrowed by another, resulting in their spread from a center oforigin to other distant, geographical areas. It is, along with independent discovery andinvention, an important process of culture change and is regarded by someanthropologists as the predominant force behind culture change Not all culture traitsor complexes are easily diffused to other cultures. Certain material traits areimmediately useful and are therefore readily adopted. Often ideas and concepts arenot so easily understood or accepted. Christianity or Islam is examples of intricateculture complexes that have diffused widely over the Earth, but their diffusion hasresulted from intimate contact between people and deliberate propagation. Someculture traits, although known to ethnic groups, are rejected because they areincompatible with the receiving culture. Muslims may know that domesticated pigsexist, but they may not accept the idea of raising pigs because their religious lawsprohibit the consumption of pork. Nomadic hunters may adopt simple shiftingagriculture, but fail to adopt permanent fields, storehouses, and other accoutrementsof intensive agriculture because to do so would require a complete reorganization oftheir way of life. Often it is merely habit and conservatism that cause a people toreject outright or be slow to adopt available innovations. Borrowed elements, diffusedfrom one group to another usually undergo change or adaptation over time by thepeople in the receiving culture. Many examples of cultural diffusion result from whatis called stimulus diffusion, whereby the idea or principle behind a particular culturetrait is diffused even though the culture trait itself is not adopted.Stimulus diffusion must have played an important role in the spread of agricultureand animal domestication throughout the prehistoric world. It is likely that nomadicSiberian tribes knew of domestic horses and cattle before they domesticated thereindeer. With todays highly developed communications, innovations spreadthroughout the world with remarkable rapidity. Thus it is that bluedenim jeans, once2 SOC 101
  3. 3. Cultural diffusion 2011worn by American farmers, now clothe youths in South America, Africa, Europe, andAsia.For example: Tandoori chicken is a Mughal dish (16th century invaders thought to bePersian in origin). Many Punjabi dishes especially Mughal recipes have their originsin Persia (modern day Iran) or have Persian influences. The tandoor (high heat clayoven) was introduced by the Mughals to India, as well as, many tandoori dishes &kebabs. The name "tandoor" itself is derived from the Persian "tanūr" (clay oven).The definition and theoretical work can make the terms seem more complex andartificial but relating that to normal life can make the effect more solid. In this paperwe are focus on the students of BRAC University and their experience about socialand cultural diffusion. Let’s imagine three characters such as David who came fromEngland, Habib who came from Khulna and Shaba who belongs to Dhakacommunity. If we think about the first day at university of these individuals we canfind the culture diffusion that may occur among the behavior and attitude in thesepeople.Real Life examples of Cultural Diffusion:(through a study of 3 different cases)David’s first day started with a disaster, he decided to wear a three quarter pant in thefirst day of the university as a result he had to go through a series of shocked andamazed eyes from the student and the teachers. Here we can find the conventionalterm of cultural sock which occurred from the dressing sense. Generally anEnglishman with a background of foreign culture will consider wearing a threequarter pant in a hot summer day appropriate but in Bangladesh the same culture isknown as abuse and unrealistic. If we think this situation in a sociologists view point,we can easy identify all the diffusion. First David broke the social norm and rule of aBangladeshi university. The particular norm of wearing casual but society orientedclothing in university was broken by David but as he is in a foreign country we don’texpect him to understand our culture but he should try to follow basic rules. In thewhole situation the students and teacher got a shock out of seeing a grown man3 SOC 101
  4. 4. Cultural diffusion 2011wearing a three quarter pant and walking in a public place. So we can understand thetwo way shock of the different culture oriented people.Shaba has been bought up in Dhaka by her parents and studied in English mediumschool. Her first day at university was exciting. She and her group joined a few clubshad fun and bunked all the classes. She started making new friends but in her surpriseshe saw a lot of Bangle medium student in her campus. At the beginning she wasconfused of the negative behavior of the Bangle medium students. She was unawareof the negative portrayal of the English medium student in BRAC University. ForShaba it was a society’s unusual term were she is being the victim of a situationwhich we can call the part of a direct cultural diffusion. It is also notable that how sherepresents a new kind of value and society which in class variation is known as thehigh society or the upper class.Habib came from the rural area of Bangladesh, he was born in Khulna and had donehis H.S.C from Khulna. First day was very different for him, he spend a lot of timetrying to understand the ways of BRAC University. He never expected to see girlsand boys mingling together and talking about heir day. To his surprise he saw a lot ofgirls singing and dancing in the tunes. All this experience was new for Habib and hesaw the higher key of society and the modern culture of Dhaka. A small group ofpeople was singing in the beginning and then all of the student joined in and enjoyed.This was new for Habib and he had a good time humming the tunes of songs. To hisdispute he came up with the situation where he had to face the issue of Englishmedium is better than the Bangle medium but as a new comer it didn’t affect him thatmuch. The conflict also reflects the conventional upper and middle class feuds.David, Shaba and Habib joined the same club called the Cultural Club in BRACUniversity. They were asked to come to the orientation program where for the firsttime they spoke each other. David was excited to be friends with Bangladeshistudents and in his surprise both of them where friendly with him. Shaba was excitedto know about England and had first time talked to a Bangle medium student. Habibnever went anywhere except Dhaka was fascinated to know about the British culture.He was pleased to meet Shaba who was really nice to him. They came from differentbackground and corner of the world culture and influenced each other in many ways.4 SOC 101
  5. 5. Cultural diffusion 2011Now if we see all the outcome of this international friendship and understand thecultural diversity of the situation we will understand the importance of culturediffusion. The two types of society middle class and the high class came togetherthrough Shaba and Habib in the story and the natural conception changed into a solidopinion. In this particular story the indirect culture diffusion happened as David,Shaba and Habib worked as a middle man to represent the culture of different type ofsociety. By this process each individual will require the good effect and bad effect ofthe culture for example if we consider the story we wrote, we can wonder by knowingthe class difference David may not look at our country as a racism free nation and thepositive effect can be the warmth of the people can make him understand theBangladeshi spirit. In the same way Habib can get mixed reaction and finallyunderstand the variation, knowing a different background person can change thementality about certain classes.Conclusion:Basically cultural diffusion is exchange of culture between one group to another groupof people. There are variety of culture exists in our world. People move from one placeto another and experiences multiple culture gradually learn it and start practicing thosein their day to day life, this is the process how cultural diffusion started. Many of ourgesture are basically product of cultural diffusion, we celebrate New Year eve,Valentine’s Day which are basically not our culture, we got it from other culture. Ourhabit of drinking tea, coffee or eating pizza, burger etc are also example of culturaldiffusion. Even our religion such as Christian, Islam is also spread widely over theearth through cultural diffusion. So it is very clear that cultural diffusion plays a veryimportant role for our society. It is not necessary that cultural diffusion will always haspositive impact, sometime it may have some negative impact too. Our new “DjuiceYouth” can be an example of negative impact of cultural diffusion. In our story wegave an example of cultural diffusion in Brac University. We discussed about threepeople named David, Shaba and Habib. All of them came from different parts of the5 SOC 101
  6. 6. Cultural diffusion 2011world and met together in Brac University, on their very first day at university theyfaced cultural shock. But because of their personal interest they came to know eachother and gradually David, Shaba and Habib started to understand each other’s feeling.David started to learn about Bangladeshi culture, on the other hand Shaba and habibstarted to learn the English culture. Even free mixing with girls was also a culturalshock for him but as time flows Habib became comfortable about this. This story givesus a real example of cultural diffusion. In our story we only showed the positive part ofcultural diffusion, but in the same story if we consider David as a drug addicted studentwho convinces Shaba and Habib to be drug addicted than it will be an example ofnegative impact of cultural diffusion. Because of satellites and internet facility, Now aday’s communication has become very easy in our modern society. Now we can easilyknow what others are doing and this is creating cultural diffusion. But we shouldalways remember that cultural diffusion has both positive and negative impact. So weall have to be careful about cultural diffusion. If our young generation starts to bring thenegative side of other culture in them, it will be devastating. I support that culturaldiffusion is very important for us but we should be careful about what we are bringingto our culture.6 SOC 101
  7. 7. Cultural diffusion 2011world and met together in Brac University, on their very first day at university theyfaced cultural shock. But because of their personal interest they came to know eachother and gradually David, Shaba and Habib started to understand each other’s feeling.David started to learn about Bangladeshi culture, on the other hand Shaba and habibstarted to learn the English culture. Even free mixing with girls was also a culturalshock for him but as time flows Habib became comfortable about this. This story givesus a real example of cultural diffusion. In our story we only showed the positive part ofcultural diffusion, but in the same story if we consider David as a drug addicted studentwho convinces Shaba and Habib to be drug addicted than it will be an example ofnegative impact of cultural diffusion. Because of satellites and internet facility, Now aday’s communication has become very easy in our modern society. Now we can easilyknow what others are doing and this is creating cultural diffusion. But we shouldalways remember that cultural diffusion has both positive and negative impact. So weall have to be careful about cultural diffusion. If our young generation starts to bring thenegative side of other culture in them, it will be devastating. I support that culturaldiffusion is very important for us but we should be careful about what we are bringingto our culture.6 SOC 101

×