Ec seminar ppt 1


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Ec seminar ppt 1

  2. 2. 3 January 1730Born Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu, India the exact date of her death is notDied known (it was about 1790). Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu, IndiaName Velu NachiyarOccupatio Queen of Sivagangai, Tamil Nadu,n Circa 1760-1799Succeedin British Indiag State
  3. 3. Maruthu Pandiyar
  4. 4. The Marudhu Pandiyar brothers (PeriyaMarudhu and Chinna Marudhu) ruledSivagangai, Tamil Nadu towards the endof the 18th century.The Elder was born on 15.12.1748 in asmall hamlet called Narikkudi nearAruppukkottai in then Ramnad principalstate (now Virudhunagar district). In1753 the younger Marudhu Pandiyar wasborn in Ramnad.
  5. 5. Full name Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja TitlesKerala Simham, Chandrakula Vira, ShaktanRajah, Vira Pazhassi Born January 3, 1753Birthplace Kannur, Malabar Died November30, 1805
  6. 6. Dheeran Chinnamalai
  7. 7. Born: April 17, 1757, ErodeDied: July 31, 1805, Sankari Dheeran Chinnamalai was a Kongu chieftain and Palayakkarar from Tamil Nadu who rose up in revolt against the British East India Company in the Kongu Nadu, Southern India.
  8. 8. Veerapandiya Kattabomman
  9. 9. Veemaraja JagaveeraFull name Pandiya KattabommanBorn 3 January 1761 Panchalankurichi,TamilBirthplace NaduDied 16 October 1799Place of death Kayathar,Tamil NaduSuccessor British RuleFather Jagaveera KattabommanMother Arumugathammal
  10. 10. PuliThevar(1715 -1767)
  11. 11. Born - - Puli Thevar was a poligar (orpalayakarar) who ruled Nerkattumsevalsituated in the Sankarankoil taluk ofTamil Nadu.[1] Puli Thevar who belongsto the warrior Maravar community wasone of the earliest freedom fighters. Heis one of the first Indian kings to havefought and defeated the British in India.
  12. 12. Visuvanatha Nayagar to 1736 ) (1529King-Puli Thevars struggle-quotedFrom Caldwells History ofTirunelveliIn 1755, Nawab unwisely requested Britishhelp to bring the turbulent Polygars intocontrolThis part of the story is puzzling indeed.Kattabomman could have easily paid the sum
  13. 13. First Siege of Nelkattumseval,1755Heron was forced toacknowledge that he could notstorm the fort, so he asked thata paltry sum of 20,000 rupeesbe paid, to which Thevarreplied-“My country doesnthave that much
  14. 14. Battle & Siege of Kalakadu, 1755Mahfuz KhanSiege of Srivilliputtur, 1756Battle of Tirunelveli, 1756 Both sides were evenly matched with20,000 men apiece, but Mahfuz Khan hadsuperiority in cavalry. On 21 March 1756,some 40,000 men clashed.Capture of Tirunelveli, 1756Siege of Palamkotta, 1756Battle of Gangai Konda [1756]
  15. 15. Stand At Settur & Aftermath,1759Puli Thevar camped his enemy-held surrounding zone. YusufKhan besieged the Settur fort,whose Polygar troops inside theSettur fort, only 15 miles fromSrivilliputtur and their joint forceravaged the lost nerve andexpelled Thevar’s troops, paid a
  16. 16. Thevar’s troops re-groupedand they seized all enemyoutposts from Nelkettumsevalto Tirunelveli and massacredthe garrisons they overran. Thisgreat success elated Thevarand his confederates and theyattacked and captured theUttumalai fort held by a pro-English Polygar and prepared to
  17. 17. Siege of Vasdevanellur, 1759– 1760 last 3–4 weeks As both sides prepared for the final struggle forVasudevanellur, Thevar collected 3000 of hisablest Maravas and led them in a night marchfrom Nelkattumseval to Vasudevanellur.Once he approached Vasudevanellur’sneighbourhood, Thevar led his troops throughthe forest below the fort to avoid detection byenemy and sprang into a surprise attack on
  18. 18. The EndSoon Yusuf Khan received hugereinforcements and massive quantities ofammunition.He decided to conquer Thevars country inchby inch. Thevar and his men put up mostvaliant resistance but their strongholds fellone by one and finally Nelkettumseval also fell.Thevar and men retreated from fort to fortand once they lost forts they fled in junglewhere they continued fight until 1761.
  19. 19. He was made to march to a hillnamed Kalugamala [VulturesMountain] to be hanged. It isreported that he escaped on route.But it is also said that he requestedhis captors to pray in a Parvatishrine before his execution and hesang praises in the sanctumsanctorum of the temple andsuddenly on sound of chains fall,guards rushed into the sanctum
  20. 20. ,