Teaching learning method

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  • See lecture on CML at www.pitt.edu/~super1/lecture/lec35161/index.htm
  • See lecture on CML at www.pitt.edu/~super1/lecture/lec35161/index.htm
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  • Teaching learning method

    1. 1. Teaching learning methods Rakesh Biswas MD, Professor, Department of Medicine, People's College of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, India, Medical education workshop People’s College of Medical Sciences 21st October 2008
    2. 2. Problems in Medical Education: Too much information, too little time, too many students in crowded rooms, and exams that discourage real learning. Advan. Physiol. Edu. 31: 283-287, 2007
    3. 3. How we learn/learnt… When we were medical students… And now…are we still learning or just teaching?
    4. 4. Teaching learning theory in medical education suggests that medical students and physicians will learn best when learning  Is in the context of patient care,  Answers their questions,  Is not directly applicable to their work,  Does not take too much time.
    5. 5.  “Half of what you are taught as medical students will in 10 years have been shown to be wrong.” And the trouble is none of your teachers know which half.” So the most important thing to learn is “how to learn on your own”. Dr. Sydney Burwell, Dean Harvard Medical School In: Evidence based medicine, Sackett et al, 2000: 31
    6. 6. Top down and bottom up Approaches to teaching learning in Medical education
    7. 7. The old way of learning, was knowing what you should know. BMJ 2003;327:1430-1433
    8. 8. Now the way of learning is knowing what you don't know, not feeling bad about it, and knowing how to find out. BMJ 2003;327:1430-1433
    9. 9. Uncertainty was discouraged and ignorance avoided. Now, uncertainty is legitimized and questioning encouraged BMJ 2003;327:1430-1433
    10. 10. Medical education was learning by humiliation, with naming, shaming, and blaming. Now, students are encouraged to question received wisdom. BMJ 2003;327:1430-1433
    11. 11. Active learning means: 1) increasing study activity during exam time 2) learning as a self directed student generated participatory activity 3) Studying must know factual content and topping exams 4) Learning and accepting the content offered by teachers
    12. 12. Teaching/learning methods Mass instruction (Conventional lectures and taught lessons; Film and video presentations; Educational broadcasts; mass practical work Individualized learning (Directed study of texts, study of open-learning materials; mediated self-instruction; PBLs.) Group learning (Class discussions; PBLs, seminars; group tutorials; games and simulations; group projects; etc.
    13. 13. Traditional structured text book learning Background …is a …disorder characterized by increased… Pathophysiology …is an acquired abnormality that involves the… History The clinical manifestations of … are
    14. 14. PEOPLE”S COLLEGE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES DEPARTMENT OF MEDICINE SESSIONAL EXAMINATION  Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100  Answer all questions Answer each section in a separate answer book. SECTION – ‘A’ 1) A 37-year-old lady, has come with 3 months history of generalized ill health and a dragging sensation in her left hypochondria. On examination her spleen is massively enlarged. a) What are the possible causes? b) Describe investigations and treatment. (4+3+3)
    15. 15. Differentials:  Myeloproliferative  Infections  Storage disorders  Hemolytic anemia disorders
    16. 16. In Problem based learning the role of the teacher is:  That of an active enthusiast in student learning  Active instructor who explains all their student’s queries  That of a facilitator who talks only minimally  Passive mentor who doesn’t take much interest
    17. 17. Summary: Learning points-
    18. 18. Create your own method
    19. 19. Summary: Medical education can be patient centered Ample content in our day to day practice Formative Assessment needs to be stressed
    20. 20. To teach individual self-directed learning competencies, the following are important:  (1) Situate learners to experience "real" problems;  (2) encourage learners to reflect on their own performance;  (3) Create an educational atmosphere in clinical training situations.  (4) Encourage learners to memorize factual content that is not contextual.
    21. 21. Feedback Please let me know your thoughts: 1) 2) 3) Your idea of an ideal teaching learning method What were the positive and negative aspects of this presentation? Would you go about implementing patient centered learning in your curriculum and how?

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