Behind the power curve

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Behind the power curve

  1. 1. Behind the Power Curve Samip Patil (Team Hawks)
  2. 2. A Power Curve
  3. 3. Technicality <ul><li>“ Behind the power curve” is an aviation expression that refers to the point in flight --- usually either coming in for landing or when rapidly slowing down to lose altitude, when the airplane’s drag starts to slow it down faster than the engine can recover from quickly. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Generalized meaning <ul><li>The aviation expression has been generalized to refer to situations where you are really behind external circumstances and it will take a lot of catching up to just get even with the outside world. </li></ul>
  5. 6. What POWER means to us <ul><li>India has recorded total renewable deals of $134 million in 2008, which is about 7.3% of total Asia Pacific renewable deals, and it stands third, behind China and Australia. </li></ul><ul><li>Net sales grow by 25% YoY during 3Q FY 09, 35% YoY during 9m FY 09. </li></ul><ul><li>- Tata Power </li></ul><ul><li>Net sales grow by 21% YoY during 3Q FY 09, 16% YoY during 9m FY 09. </li></ul><ul><li>- NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation) </li></ul><ul><li>Topline grows by 189% YoY in 3Q FY 09, 59% YoY in 9m FY 09. </li></ul><ul><li>- PTC (Power Trading Corporation of India) </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Energy Crisis
  7. 8. World’s Total Sector-wise Energy Consumption (2007)
  8. 9. Power Graph
  9. 10. Reserves
  10. 11. Rate of Formation vs. Rate of Consumption <ul><li>The calculated length of production of 1cm of coal range from 25 to 100 years </li></ul><ul><li>1 ton of coal = 6.64 lakhs cubic cm </li></ul><ul><li>181 years is what we have to deplete our entire coal and to release 460 ppm of CO2 into the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity generated = 2280 kWh/ ton of coal </li></ul><ul><li>CO2 released = 3.5 tons/ ton of coal </li></ul><ul><li>The world has consumed 5522 million tonnes of coal in 2007 </li></ul>
  11. 12. Enter the Renewables
  12. 13. Renewable Energy <ul><li>Renewable energy is energy generated from natural resources—such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides and geothermal heat— which are renewable (naturally replenished). </li></ul>
  13. 14. Industry Potential The following five pages will educate us of the true potential of the renewable energy sector.
  14. 15. The world’s total electricity production in 2007 was 19894 TWh. India has produced 774.66 TWh
  15. 16. WIND <ul><li>Global wind energy capacity grew by  28.8 percent  last year to reach total global installations of more than  120.8 GW (one billion watts) at the end of 2008 , according to Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC).   </li></ul><ul><li>India was using 4430 megawatts of wind power, which increased to 9587 MW. </li></ul><ul><li>” The 120 GW of global wind capacity in place at the end of 2008 will produce 260 TWh and save 158 million tons of CO2 every year.” </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Railways are investing in the wind energy with plans for a 10.5MW wind farm in the Saurashtra region of Gujar. – Jan 2009 </li></ul>
  16. 17. T e c h n o l o g y <ul><li>India has a total power generation capacity of about 1,45,000 megawatts and plans to add about 80,000 megawatts in the ongoing 11th Plan that ends in 2012. - 10 Jul 2008, 0240 hrs IST,  ET Bureau   </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian Industry can save up to 27% power by adopting Energy Efficient technologies and practices, said Mohan Verghese Chunkath, IAS, Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency, at the 8th edition of Energy Summit, an international conference on energy efficiency organized by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) at Chennai Trade Center, Chennai. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Water <ul><li>At Independence, only 6% of rural India had access to safe drinking water. That figure has gone up to 82%. The per capita availability of renewable freshwater in the country, however, has fallen drastically over the last 50 years. The water table is rapidly falling with unregulated over-exploitation of groundwater. </li></ul><ul><li>By 2025, water scarcity in India will be acute. And big dams, mega river-linking projects or privatized water distribution may not help - InfoChange News & Features </li></ul><ul><li>Scarcity of water calls for the need for tightly managed and accurate solutions for filter stations, wastewater management bodies and municipal corporations, so that water wastage is minimized </li></ul>
  18. 19. The Sun <ul><li>Most parts of India receive 4-7 kWh of Solar radiation per square meter per day with 250-300 sunny days in a year. </li></ul><ul><li>India has abundant Solar resources, as it receives about 3000 hours of sunshine every year, equivalent to over 5,000 trillion kWh. India can easily utilize the Solar energy or Solar Power. </li></ul><ul><li>Today the contribution of Solar power with an installed capacity of 9.84 MW, is a fraction (< 0.1 percent) of the total renewable energy installed 13, 242.41(as on 31st October 2008 by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy). </li></ul><ul><li>India’s theoretical solar potential is about 5000 T kWh per year. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Electricity Duration Domestic Commercial Industry Railways Agriculture Public services Others 1980s 13.7% 6.0% 53.0% 2.5% 20.4% 2.8% 1.6% 1990s 18.8% 6.1% 38.9% 2.3% 29.5% 2.9% 1.6% 2000s * 25.2% 8.0% 32.4% 2.6% 25.9% 3.5% 2.5% Compounded Annual Growth Rate ( CAGR) ^ 10.0% 8.5% 4.7% 6.1% 7.6% 6.2% 7.7%
  20. 21. Company Information Following are a few companies which are making waves in the renewable energy industry in India and also in the world.
  21. 22. Enercon India <ul><li>The POWER OF WIND </li></ul>
  22. 23. Company Profile <ul><li>Enercon India is a joint venture between the German company Enercon and the India based Mehra Group. </li></ul><ul><li>Enercon is a leading wind power generation company. </li></ul><ul><li>The company is into manufacturing, installation and services for the wind power sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Employs 8000 people worldwide in over 30 countries </li></ul><ul><li>It also possesses the world’s largest wind turbine, which can light up 1776 homes (each consuming approx 938 kWh per month) </li></ul>
  23. 24. Facts and Figures <ul><li>Revenue – From Rs. 1721 crores in 2005-06 to Rs. 2700 crores in 2007-08 </li></ul><ul><li>Operations across 24 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Projects in hand till March 2010 </li></ul>
  24. 25. Enercon’s Coverage <ul><li>Enercon's customer base is spread across India covering all states identified with commercial feasible wind potential. </li></ul><ul><li>Haryana and AP are next on the List </li></ul>
  25. 26. News <ul><li>Enercon India is setting up four windmills—two in MP and one each in Gujarat and Tamil Nadu. Apart from the 50-mw windmill coming up in Indore, MP, the company is also setting up a 5-mw power project at Jotur in Dhar district – Aug 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Indian power company Enercon is planning a 140 MW wind power plant in the state of Haryana. – Oct 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Earthfirst Canada has signed a turbine supply agreement and a long term service and warranty agreement with Enercon. - 2009 </li></ul>
  26. 27. ALSTOM Power (India) <ul><li>The POWER OF EARTH </li></ul>
  27. 28. Company Profile <ul><li>The company is the world leader in integrated power plant, in power production services and air quality control systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Alstom works with all energy forms (coal, gas, nuclear, fuel-oil, hydropower, wind)  and is a leader in environmental protection (reduction of CO2 emissions, reduction of nitrogen oxide emissions..). </li></ul><ul><li>Alstom will provide the conventional island for the future EPR nuclear power plant in France. </li></ul><ul><li>The Group is also developing CO2 capture processes that could lead to commercial scale in the medium term. </li></ul><ul><li>Our Group employs around 79,000 people in 70 countries, serving customers worldwide. </li></ul>
  28. 29. Facts and Figures <ul><li>The net sales rose from 134 billion euros to 169 billion in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>The profits rose to 862 million in FY07/08 from 538 million in FY07 </li></ul><ul><li>*Half yearly report puts profits at 531 million at the end of FY08/09Q2 </li></ul>
  29. 30. News <ul><li>ALSTOM Projects India Limited (APIL), won an INR 460 crore order for a hydroelectric project in Andhra Pradesh. – livemint (Nov 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Alstom Projects won two orders worth Rs 5.92 billion, one for power plant in UAE and the other for a power station in Uganda. – Feb 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Alstom Projects India jumped 6.88% to Rs 277.45 and topped the gainers in BSE’s A group. – Feb 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Alstom merges its power generation activities into a single Sector, Alstom Power – Mar 2009 </li></ul>
  30. 31. Ion Exchange <ul><li>The POWER OF WATER </li></ul>
  31. 32. Company Profile <ul><li>Ion Exchange India pioneered water treatment in India and is today the country's premier company in water and environment management, with a strong international presence. </li></ul><ul><li>Formed in 1964, as a subsidiary of the Permutit Company of UK, we became a wholly Indian company in 1985 when Permutit divested their holding. </li></ul><ul><li>We currently employ 1,000 people - multi-disciplinary teams of highly experienced professional managers technologists and scientists, supported by a widespread infrastructure in India and abroad </li></ul>
  32. 33. The Brand <ul><li>Our well known range of  drinking water purifiers and water conditioners is part of a range of water treatment solutions that together provide total water care for homes. </li></ul>
  33. 34. Facts and Figures <ul><li>Turnover increased from 297 crores (March 2006) to 411 crores (March 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Turnover for March 2008 is 482 crores. </li></ul><ul><li>Turnover at present, till Dec 2008 is 477 crores </li></ul>
  34. 35. News <ul><li>IEI’s contribution to the water industry was once again recognized with three prestigious Water Awards for the second consecutive year. • Best Water Company – Ion Exchange (India) Ltd. • Best Water Conserver (Waste Water Management) – Ion Exchange Waterleau Ltd. • Best RO water Purifier – Zero B from Ion Exchange (India) Ltd. – Nov 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Ion Exchange is revamping it’s marketing strategy to make it’s flagship product, Zero B a market leader. - 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Ion Exchange (India) Ltd. announced that the company has bagged an order worth INR 1,263 million from NTPC Tamil Nadu Energy Company for a power plant project – March 2009 </li></ul>
  35. 36. Moser Baer Photo Voltaic <ul><li>The POWER OF FIRE </li></ul>
  36. 37. Company Profile <ul><li>Moser Baer Photo Voltaic Limited (MBPV), is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Moser Baer India Limited, with its headquarters in New Delhi, India. </li></ul><ul><li>It was set up for spearheading our foray into the exciting universe of photovoltaic products, systems and projects. Moser Baer is a global leader in the optical storage media industry. </li></ul><ul><li>We intend to utilize the core strengths, technical expertise and high volume manufacturing excellence acquired through the successful growth of our optical media business to our advantage in the PV business. </li></ul>
  37. 38. Facts and Figures <ul><li>Year to date revenue of 350 crores </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue for the FY2007-2008 was 218 crores. </li></ul><ul><li>Profits for the FY07/08 were as compared to in FY06/07 </li></ul>
  38. 39. News <ul><li>Moser Baer Photovoltaic (MBPV) today announced that it has won a contract from Roads and Buildings Department of Gujarat to set up one of India’s largest roof-top solar photovoltaic (SPV) installations in Surat. – Feb 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Moser Baer India Limited has entered into definitive agreements to supply solar modules to major European solar system integrators. The agreements, with a cumulative value of more than $500 million, envisage supply of amorphous silicon Gen 8.5 thin film panels by PV Technologies India Limited, Moser Baer’s photovoltaic subsidiary, up to the year 2012. – Oct 2008 </li></ul>
  39. 40. KEC International <ul><li>The POWER OF LIGHTNING </li></ul>
  40. 41. Company Profile <ul><li>KEC International is One of the largest Power Transmission EPC companies in the world.  </li></ul><ul><li>KEC has made an indelible mark on the world map by constantly and consistently re-engineering itself to retain it's position of leadership in the areas of quality, technology, capacity and capability. </li></ul><ul><li>KEC's strengths lie in the areas of Design, Manufacture, supply and Construction of Turnkey Projects of Power Transmission lines of voltages upto 800 KV and in the execution of Railway Electrification projects, setting up Sub-stations and power Distribution Networks, Optical Fiber Cable (OPGW) installations, Turnkey Telecom Infrastructure Services and maintenance of Power Transmission Lines. </li></ul>
  41. 42. Facts and Figures <ul><li>Revenue increased from 2380 crores in FY06/07 to 3560 crores million in FY07/08 </li></ul><ul><li>Profit posted for FY07/08 was 170 crores against 105 crores in FY06/07 </li></ul><ul><li>KEC reported FY07/08Q3 revenue growth of 25% and the rise in net profit by 29% </li></ul>
  42. 43. News <ul><li>KEC International wins EEPC India ‘Top Exporter’ Award – Mar 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Power equipment maker KEC International on Thursday said it has secured two orders worth Rs 227 crore from Power Grid Corporation for supplying power transmission equipment. – Feb 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>RPG Group company KEC International plans to invest Rs 100 crore in a transmission tower manufacturing facility in the Middle-East. – Feb 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>KEC has bagged two orders totaling to Rs. 207 crores -- Rs 166 crores from Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL) & Rs. 41 crores from CESC Limited, another RPG group company. – Mar 2009 </li></ul>
  43. 44. Epilogue
  44. 45. The Butterfly Effect <ul><li>The phrase refers to the idea that a butterfly’s wings might create tiny changes in the atmosphere that may ultimately alter the path of a tornado or delay, accelerate or even prevent the occurrence of a tornado in a certain location. The flapping wing represents a small change in the initial condition of the system, which causes a chain of events leading to large-scale alterations of events. </li></ul>
  45. 46. Meaning <ul><li>There are many times in our life when we may feel as small as a butterfly, and when we think that the things we can do have as little effect as the fluttering of a butterfly’s wings.  </li></ul><ul><li>We think that in our own little space allotted to us, in the small roles given us to play, we make almost no difference in the lives of those around us. </li></ul><ul><li>Little however do we know that what we do may truly result to a big difference later on, creating waves of change that wouldn’t have happened had we not taken the initiative to do our part. </li></ul>
  46. 47. Footnote When you accept some responsibility you begin to give yourself the power to change things. THE POWER OF CHANGE
  47. 48. 19894.7 7005.7 612.6 692.1 5326.8 1033.5 5224 Electricity (TWh) 709.2 194 22.2 5.1 188.6 153.1 146.2 Hydro 622 123.4 3 0 275.6 4.4 215.6 Nuclear 3177.6 1896.2 105.9 6.1 533.7 22.4 613.3 Coal 2637.8 403.1 75.2 269.4 1040.1 121.1 728.9 Gas 3952.9 1185.1 138.2 293.5 949.4 252 1134.7 Oil Products The World Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe and Eurasia South and Central America North America Landmass’ based consumption in million tonnes of oil equivalent (mtoe) 2007 – Statistics of Energy Consumption (Courtesy of BP)
  48. 49. Thank You

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