Rwanda- UN Millennium Development Goals

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Rwanda- UN MDG Research. Nate Phipps

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Rwanda- UN Millennium Development Goals

  1. 1. RWANDA RWANDA POPULATION APPROX. 9MILLION THE MOST DENSELY POPULATED AFRICAN COUNTRY AT 3.6% ANNUALLY RWANDA HAS THE FASTEST GROWTH RATE OF ANY AFRICAN COUNTRY. AT THIS RATE IT WILL DOUBLE IN SIZE IN 20 YEARS 17 RWANDA IS THE 17TH POOREST COUNTRY OUT OF ALL 175 158
  2. 2. POVERTY & HUNGER THE 2007 MDG REPORT SAYS GOALS FOR ERADICATION OF EXTREME HUNGER WILL LIKELY BE MET BY 2015. HOWEVER GOALS FOR ERADICATION OF EXTREME POVERTY WILL LIKELY NOT BE MET. IN 1994 THE RWANDAN GENOCIDE CAUSED POVERTY RATES TO INCREASE DRAMATCALLY <$2/DAY >$2/DAY <$1/DAY 2006 1990 1994 % OF POPULATION <$1/DAY 2005 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
  3. 3. UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION THE RWANDAN GOVERNMENT IS STRONGLY DEDICATED TO UNIVERSAL PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION. THEIR MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. HAS A PARTICULAR FOCUS ON GENDER EQUALITY, AIDS AWARENESS, AND A L APTOP PROGRAM; ALL CRUCIAL TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATION AND TO MEETING MDG GOALS THE UN PREDICTS THAT BY 2015 RWANDA WILL MEET ITS MDG GOAL FOR PRIMARY EDUCATION 85% OF MALES ARE CURRENTLY 88% OF ENROLLED FEMALES IN PRIMARY ARE SCHOOLS CURRENTLY ENROLLED IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN 1990 67% OF CHILDREN WERE ENROLLED IN 2005 IN PRIMARY 92%OF SCHOOLS CHILDREN WERE ENROLLED IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS
  4. 4. PROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY AS OF THIS MONTH (9/08) RWANDA IS THE FIRST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD TO HAVE A DEMOCRATIC BODY IN WHICH WOMEN OUT NUMBER MEN. RWANDA HAS ALREADY MET MDG FOR GENDER EQUALITY SINCE THE 1994 GENOCIDE, WHICH EFFECTED WOMEN, PERHAPS MORE THAN ANYONE ELSERWANDA HAS MADE IT A POINT TO BE PROGRESSIVE IN THEIR WOMEN’S RIGHTS. THE LITERACY GAP IS CURRENTLY 0.1% RWANDAN PARLIAMENT AS OF 9/08 44F 36M
  5. 5. REDUCE CHILD MORTALITY UNICEF AMOUNG OTHER ORGANIZATIONS ARE WORKING SPECIFICALLY TO PREVENT CHILD AND MATERNAL MORTAL- ITY THROUGH EDUCATION, PERSCRIPTION AND COUNSEL- ING. THEY ALSO SUPPLIMENT PRIMARY SCHOOLS. ONCE AGAIN THE RWANDAN GENOCIDE OF 1994 MADE A HUGE IMPACT ON THE DEVELOPEMENT OF THE COUNTRY. DESPITE THIS THE UN FEELS THAT RWANDA WILL MEET THE MDG FOR CHILD MORTALITY. THE LEADING CAUSES OF INFANT MORTALITY ARE NEONA- TAL COMPLICATION, vDIARRHEA, MALARIA AND PNEUMONIA C 2.2 2.1 H I 2 L D 1.8 M O 1.6 1.5 1.5 R T 1.4 A L 1.2 I T 1 Y 0.8 O U 0.6 T O 0.4 F 1 0.2 0 0 1 1 2 2 9 9 0 0 9 9 0 0 0 5 0 5
  6. 6. IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH THE UN EXPECTS TO MEET MDG FOR MATERNAL HEALTH BEFORE 2015 APPROX. CURRENT MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE 1400/100,000 APPROX. MDG MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE 975/100,000 250 200 150 100 MATERNAL MORTALITY IS ALMOST BACK TO WHERE IT WAS BEFORE THE GENOCIDE 50 1 2 1 0 2 9 9 0 9 0 9 0 0 0 5 5
  7. 7. HIV/AIDS & OTHER DISEASES THE UN SAYS THAT GOALS FOR TB AND MALARIA ARE LIKELY TO BE MET WHILE IT IS STILL HARD TO SAY WHETHER GOALS FOR AIDS WILL HIT THE MARK. FIG 1 10,346 170,000 380,000 39,000 FIG 2 FIG 3 8,500,000 2.4 4.9 FIG 4 FIG 1 RED IS THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE RECEIV ING ANTIRETROVIRALE TREATMENT. GREY IS ALL OF THOSE WHO SHOULD BE RECIEV- INGTREATMENT FIG 2 THE RED IS THE LOW END OF ESTIMATED INFECTION, DARK GREY IN ADDITION TO THE RED IS HIGH END.VLIGHT GREY IS RWANDA’S POPULATION FIG 3 PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION INFECTED WITH MALARIA HIGH END AND LOW END ESTIMATES, AS DESCRIBED ABOVE FIG 4 MORTALITY RATE FOR MALARIA %37 FAR BELOW THE BENCHMARK OF %51
  8. 8. ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY EXPORTS ARE COFFEE , TEA, HIDES AND TIN ORE RESOURCES ARE HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER, TIN, GOLD, TUNGSTEN, AND ARABLE LAND MAIN CROPS ARE COFFEE AND TEA MAIN ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS ARE DEFORESTATION, POACH- ING, SOIL EXHAUSTION AND SOIL EROSION UN SAYS VERY LIKELY TO MEET MDG GOALS IN THIS AREA. PERCENTAGEOF POPULATION WITH SUSTAINED ACCESS TO SANITATION 8% 12% SURFACE AREA OF RWANDA PROTECTED FOR WILDLIFE
  9. 9. GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP DEVELOPMENT MINISTRY OF EDUCATION ENSTATING ‘LAPTOP FOR EVERY CHILD’ UN SAYS RWANDA WILL LIKELY NOT REACH MDG IN THIS CATEGORY THE GOVERNMENTIS A REPUBLIC; PRESIDENTIAL, MULTIPARTY SYSTEM LAND LINES AND CELL PHONES OWNED IN RWANDA BY ONLY 2.6% OF POPULATION COMPUTERS AND INTERNET HAD BY 0.6% OF POPULATION

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