Education in the Digital Age


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Asks 3 important questions:
1. How has the digital revolution changed society?
2. What has it done to the ways in which people access and process information?
3. How do educators adapt to these new modes of learning?

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  • i have been asked to prepare a presentation (Part of interview process for presales lead) based on the below problem statement: ABC Corporation is a Modern day technology services company helping their customer with business transformation using devices, mobility, analytics and cloud. Most of the ABC Corporation’s Customers are Product Development Companies (ISVs). You have recently joined ABC Corporation as a Pre-Sales Specialist. You are selected to work with a Business unit which deals with Digital business applications (Platforms). This business unit has done quite a bit of work with education domain (K-12 and Higher Education). One of their core strengths is developing Platforms (LMS, LCMS etc…) With the kind of work ABC Corporation has done in Education, ABC Corporation feels that they still have not penetrated much into this market and feels there is a lot of potential in this market. Considering your previous background, organization feels that you can help them to decide whether it is worth investing time in this domain and if it is worth, what could be their GOTO market strategy. With this given background context, we would want you to put together a PowerPoint presentation that contains 1. The Education Market Size (Across the World/Sliced and Diced) 2. Key Drivers for Growth in this Market Segment 3. What are the key trends that we could potentially capitalize in education domain? 4. Who could be our target prospects? 5. What could be our potential offering(s) (Considering our experience in LMS/LCMS etc…) 6. How would we reach out to the potential prospects with our offering? Help with this will be highly appreciated since am new to this segment.
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  • IntroductionsThanks
  • What were you doing in 1995? Here’s a snapshot of my life…
  • In looking for reasons to deploy tech, let’s take a trip back to 1995.Let’s test your knowledge of popular culture…Nicolas Cage won Oscar – know which movie? Leaving Las VegasMost popular TV show? Jerry, Elaine, George and KramerVandelay Industries, “No soup for you” and we found out about shrinkageMost popular song? Blues Traveler’s “Run Around”What were you doing in 1995? Here’s a snapshot of my life…
  • Browse books, take kids there for kids books, get a coffee and read
  • I’m a big music buffGo to store to sample albums Ask to play and they give you for headphones
  • TIME showed up every Tuesday in the mail
  • Need to book a flight. Call your agent. Usually knew them by name.
  • Either closing or scaling way down on the way to closing… (yes, even the newspaper business)
  • In the case of Blockbuster they were selling you a physical product that required you to make two trips to a store… and we hated returning that video. Along came Netflix – convenience: order online and we’ll mail it to you… and now Netflix is adjusting to online streamingGone from physical location to ordering online to now viewing onlineNow have this connected presence where I can research, order and view
  • Not about better frontal teaching, learning drills, better testing, better content delivery
  • For most schools the answer is clear… Just buy tech for use in schools…right? We turn to technology as our solution.We waste untold amounts of money chasing technology for education … that simply addresses the wrong issues
  • Not if we simply use technology to pursue the same goals and models of education that we’ve had for over 100 years: - teacher-centered, content driven, one-size-fits-all, memorizationWhat we need instead is a new holistic vision for education that prepares children for the future…
  • In order to determine why and how we use tech, we have to dig one level deeper and ask the fundamental question we rarely ask…Education as an institution has been around so long that we rarely ask …A question we often take for granted… what are our goals?Socrative – what are our goals???
  • Nobody wanted to prepare kids to ONLY succeed in school.As educators, we don’t operate in a void – our education system works within the context of a 21st century society and culture – and it relates to children that are products of that culture. If we are to succeed as educators then we have to understand what is happening to the culture around us.
  • If I asked you to define the objective of education there would be one common thread…Not much use acing school tests if those skills don’t translate outside of schoolLet’s take a look at what’s happening outside – and how it impacts the nature of education we’re giving our children
  • The one trend that is having the biggest impact on society at the moment is “change”. The world around us is changing at a frenetic pace.
  • Turn to the person next to you and come up with a quick short list of 3 items…
  • Education serves society at large - so what context are we working within? What is happening to society around us?What technologies have disappeared in the last 30 years?We’re not the first generation that has had to deal with a change in technology. What technologies were in use when you were a little kid that are now obsolete?
  • Steam powered printing presses allowed for mass production of paper
  • Library of Congress on your iPhone in seconds
  • 2010 statisticsThey aren’t just phones any longer. They are computers that connect us to people and information anywhere.About 30% aresmartphones and the number is growing.
  • Greatest impact on modern times is the Internet and social networking is most sweeping phenomenonAround 800 million users, 50% daily access - Predicted to hit 1 billion this year.Mention Arab Facebook revolutions
  • We can be sure you won’t even see it until at least 7 years from now…
  • If context is important…and we’re preparing children for their future roles in society…Devices and technologies that will be central to our lives in 2022 haven’t even been invented yet!
  • There may be a projector, maybe a smartboard, some computer use … but the essence of education, the structure of the school, division of content into subject areas, the role of the teacher… those essential elements haven’t changed. All while the world around us is racing ahead at lightning speed.
  • Skeptical? Let’s try a little experiment to see if our theory about kids being different is true.I want you to watch this next video VERY carefully. You’ll see a group of people with basketballs in a moving circle. You need to count the number of passes made … but only by the people wearing white shirts. Only count the passes made by people in white shirts.Make sure not to say anything or make any comments. Keep still and quiet during this test and count the passes. I’ll get your feedback later.
  • Here’s the answer.What conclusion can we draw from the test?They call it “Selective Attention” – how you can totally miss things that happen in front of your eyes.You have not developed the ability to process parallel feeds of information. You’re a poor multi-tasker.
  • Theory of the static nature of brains held until the late 20th century. You had a fixed number of brain cells with a fixed memory and processing power. Your brain’s capacity and capability was fixed by age 3.New MRI scanning techniques can monitor changes in the brain and we now believe that brains are totally malleable. They can be completely adaptive, changing as a result of external stimulus and its intensity. This is key to understanding the impact of digital bombardment on kids.Let’s try a little experiment – Gorilla video.
  • Technology impacts information transmissionWe were still the descendants of the printing pressYouTube is 2nd most popular site for search.Video is second nature to them.
  • We grew up with a text based education…that’s what we give them.
  • We had b/w textbooks. Was cheaper to produce. If they included images then it was as an addition to the b/w text.Still see line at photocopy machine of teachers printing b/w handouts for class distributionNot just that they prefer color… they process and retain information more effectively in color.***Yet we continue to hand out dated textbooks and black and white handouts.
  • Learning occurs best when you’re speaking a common language
  • Game playing is the ultimate example of trial and error learning
  • They’ve taken an album og photos and uploaded it to the web before you finish the introduction to the manual.They are active learners - experiential models of education tend to be more effective than content based, frontal teaching methods.
  • Ferris Bueller’s Day Off
  • GatekeepersReading fashion – we read in Z pattern, they read in T pattern
  • We live in a world that is connected and where collaboration is a key requirement. Friedman’s “world is flat” – connecting and collaborating are key skills for 21st centuryThey constantly interact, video chat, 3K text messages a month
  • We live in a world that is connected and where collaboration is a key requirement. Friedman’s “world is flat” – connecting and collaborating are key skills for 21st centuryThey constantly interact, video chat, 3K text messages a month
  • So we have identifies two important factors:- Our children learn differently that we did. We can’t use the same teaching methods.The world is vastly different and we need to be graduating students with the skills they need in today’s society (not 20th century society How do remain relevant??
  • Start by recognizing that a constantly changing world requires new literacies and skills.Topic for a complete and different session…can’t do it justice in 2 minutes
  • DIGITAL NATIVES? Did them an injustice…We just assume they know how to find stuff
  • Can also talk about multimedia literacy, e-safety, digital citizenship and more
  • 37% to 50% of major US employers check facebook pagesMany ask you to log in AT the interviewWe don’t even discuss it at school
  • I’m not advocating we stop valuing reading and writing as important skills… but we communicate in so many media these days
  • If the role of schools and teachers is content delivery then we’re all in trouble.Internet/computers do it far mnore efficiently and can offer personalized delivery.
  • Not static content any longer. Not only that, while teachers grapple with ever increasing class sizes, new digital systems can personalize instruction and content so that each student is analyzed and given what they need most.Online course and schools is becoming a big, well funded industry that competes with schools. So what is the role of school?
  • Refer to expert on comparing merits of knowledge construction and memorization – Father Guido SarducciDo you know more than a 5th grader
  • Goal is to prepare them for life by making them independent learners
  • Let’s look at a typical “project”
  • Let’s look at a typical “project”
  • An integral part of the process is the emphasis on asking questions – not just memorizing answers.Importantly, it encourages and embraces mistakes. We hate mistakes in schools – we ask children to give us back the answers we expect.But mistakes are at the very heart of creativity and innovation. How do you move forward without trying things, making mistakes and then adjusting?
  • In his own way, Einstein was a great educational philosopher. He believed in inquiry based education – questioning everything and pushing Do we want our schools limited to learning about past knowledge or push forward towards exploring and creating the future?
  • No longer a 1 to 1 learning relationship. Not writing for the teacher.
  • Students aren’t just knowledge consumers. Today they are publishers.6th grade class in ManchesterTeacher and students write on the blogPost what they are doing, videos and moreNote the cluster map and visitors – keeping track of visitors from all around the world
  • There are a variety of ways to connect to other students and classes anywhere in the world. Think of how education is enhanced by learning with people in other cultures, exchanging opinions and working together on projects.
  • Define online versus blended learningBold statement - The physical school is in a period of transitionPersonalized – interactive, differentiated, formative assessment and corrective actionRaising hand in class? Can’t help everyoneWhy online? Personalized, flexible, anytime
  • The DEPTH of commitment aroused by these learning communities is staggering… some examples follow
  • Connect to teachers and experts anywhere. At one high school I work with, the kids were reading a book by an English author called Allie Shaw. I found him on Twitter and we skyped him into the classroom where he discussed the novel with the kids. It was an exciting experience that brought the pages to life.
  • Bottom line - world has become a very small place. You no longer have to live within closed off school and learn about world “out there” – you can connect to it.Learning networks exist on pretty much any subject and theme you can imagine. You can connect with others that have similar passions and learn anything you want – both students and teachers.
  • 80-20 Success at Google LabsFollow standards but look for opportunities to empower students to follow passionsNew Roads example of self study course
  • Educational tech can be used to reinforce 21st century educational practices … and it can be affordable
  • Educational tech can be used to reinforce 21st century educational practices … and it can be affordable
  • Educational tech can be used to reinforce 21st century educational practices … and it can be affordable
  • Education in the Digital Age

    1. 1. The Changing Nature ofEducation in the Digital Age Sam Gliksman Twitter: @samgliksman
    2. 2. About Sam Gliksman Director of Educational Technology, New Community JewishHS Educational Technology Consultant Published author Working with 1:1 and BYOD programs Founder of iPads in Education website Twitter: @samgliksman Email:
    3. 3. Pivotal Questions1. How has technology changed society?2. In what ways is it altering how we all learn?3. How do educators adapt to learning needs in the digital age?
    4. 4. 1. How is technology changing society?
    5. 5. What were youdoing?
    6. 6. 1995: Bill Clinton, Eric Clapton … ? Movies Most popular TV show? Popular new cars Popular music? Blues Traveller
    7. 7. What do they all have in common…?
    8. 8. So? Businesses close all the time…These were market leaders forENTIRE INDUSTRIES … thatsimply became obsolete―overnight‖ … because they failed to recognize and adjust to a rapidly evolving marketplace
    9. 9. My ConcernAre schools frozen delivering an obsoleteeducation --preparing students for a society that nolonger exists?
    10. 10. We’re at a critical crossroads…Questioning the value of education: • Employers complain graduates lack skills • Training for employment that changes or becomes totally redundant • Lack of technology in schools • Alternatives abound: The Internet offers online schools and self-education options
    11. 11. Technology alone is NOT the answer… not if we simply use it to reinforce the samemodels of education that we’ve been using for 100years • teacher-centered • content driven • memorization • rote drills • one-size-fits-all
    12. 12. Doing the same old things ―better‖ isn’t working.We need new visions of education.
    13. 13. What are our educational goals?
    14. 14. A simple math problem … ―Find X‖ It’s all about CONTEXT
    15. 15. We are preparing children for life in society after school
    16. 16. http://www.gamersmint.comCHANGE
    17. 17. What technologies did people use when you were akidthat no longer exist today? …
    18. 18. VisualmediaAudio Communication s
    19. 19. ―Change‖ is not a new concept
    20. 20. It’s the SPEED OF CHANGEthat just takes your breath away
    21. 21. Computing power 1969? Today’s washing machine has more memory and computing power than all NASAs computing resources when it first landed man on the moon (The Guardian, July 1, 2009)
    22. 22. Capacity to store information Price of 1 gigabyte of memory in 1981? $300,000 Price of 1 gigabyte in 2012? 10 cents
    23. 23. Ubiquity… it’s everywhereAnyone have a cellphone?80% of US teenshave a cell phone.
    24. 24. Connected – Social Networking• Facebook didn’t exist prior to 2004• Today, almost 1 out of every 7 people on the planet has a Facebook page
    25. 25. Life in the Digital Age…None existed 10years agoWhat will you―need‖ 10 yearsfrom now?
    26. 26. If context is important… are we preparing studentsfor their futures? Children starting elementary school today will graduate in 2024 What will the world look like in 2024? How do we educate and prepare children for a world we don’t know anything about?
    27. 27. ―In times of change, learners inherit theEarth, while the learned find themselvesbeautifully equipped to deal with a world that no longer exists‖ — Eric Hoffer
    28. 28. 65% of today’s grade school children may endup doing work that hasn’t been invented yet ―Now You See It‖, Cathy Davidson
    29. 29. Evolution of the office
    30. 30. Can you date this classroom?
    31. 31. 2. How has technology changed the ways children absorb and process information?
    32. 32. Exposure to Technology  Neuroplasticity: Theory is now that brain constantly adapts to external stimuli  Children’s brains today develop very differently than ours.
    33. 33. How Much Technology? Constantly ―plugged in‖. They’ve never known a world without technology and Internet. Combined technology use averages around 50+ hours a week. Annually, comes to TWICE the time they spend in classes. TEN times more than time spent reading books.
    34. 34. Preference for MultimediaOur learning was text based.They live in a world of multimedia. They learn moreeffectively when information is presented visually.
    35. 35. They are visual learners % 90Their short term recall 80is 9 times better when 70 60information is 50presented graphically 40 30 20 10 0 Graphical Oral/text
    36. 36. Learning is More Effective in ColorOur learning was largely black and white.The 21st century learner processes information incolor.
    37. 37. Yet this is what they routinely get…
    38. 38. For example, if you were learning about the recent earthquake in Japan you could copy and distribute handouts or…
    39. 39. Experiential LearnersWe grew up as passive consumers of mediaThey constantly interact with media - and learneffectively through trial and error
    40. 40. What do you do when you open this box? What would your students do?
    41. 41. At school, it’s ―sit still and listen‖
    42. 42. Random information accessWe received controlled, linear presentation ofinformationTheir access is fast paced and driven by curiosity andinterest
    43. 43. Collaboration and Communication Our mandate was to sit still, be quiet, work on your own They’re constantly ―connected‖, communicating and collaborating with several people at once
    44. 44. Content Publishers We consumed media. They constantly create and publish media.
    45. 45. If education is about ―context‖…Life outside school… Life in school…Digital, constantly plugged in Analog, put technology awayMultimedia and color Text, black and whitePersonal, driven by passion Follows fixed scheduleCreating and publishing Consume and spit backAlways connected, interacting Isolated, sit still and quietLearning from multitude of sources Teacher, textbookSharing and collaborating Work on your ownExperiential, hands on learning Listen to lecture
    46. 46. So Why…? T hat’s T he W ay We A lways D id It
    47. 47. 3. How do we adapt and create a 21st century ―learning‖ environment?
    48. 48. Fundamental Shift in Strategy Old NewKnowledge is objective and Knowledge is constantlycertain. expanding.Basic skills and content can Learning is an ever-evolvingbe quantified and delivered. “lifetime” process. Need to develop “lifetime” learners. -- Shana Ratner, “Emerging Issues in Learning Communities”
    49. 49. New Literacies, New SkillsThe literacies and skills students need reflect the society in which we live.
    50. 50. Information Literacy & ―Digital Natives‖Where do I search?Who wrote it and how do I know it’s accurate?How do I filter, organize and categorize content?How do I curate, analyze and apply what I find?
    51. 51. Martin Luther King Jr.―Every January, the media go into a kind of almost spastic frenzy ofadulation for the so-called "Reverend Doctor Martin Luther King, Jr."King has even had a national Holiday declared in his honor, an honoraccorded to no other American, not Washington, not Jefferson, notLincoln. A liberal judge has sealed the FBI files on King until the year2027. What are they hiding? Lets take a look at this modern-dayplastic god.‖
    52. 52. From WHOIS.comOrganization:StormfrontCity:West Palm Beach, State/Province:FLOrganization:Stormfront: Server:STORMFRONT.ORG
    53. 53. Is everything you read on the Internet real?An octopus that lives in a tree? The history of robots in Victorian times?
    54. 54. Digital Citizenship• Maintaining your privacy• Managing your digital footprint• Staying safe online• Appropriate behavior on social networking sites
    55. 55. • 75% of US teens have a social networking site• 37% of US employers check Facebook page of applicants
    56. 56. From Text to Media Literacy “Under the Rug”
    57. 57. Should we still be delivering content?Read the chapter and answer the questions?
    58. 58. Can school still be about access to content?
    59. 59. Memorization? Try the ―Five Minute University‖
    60. 60. The alternative? Student Centered Collaborative Critical Thinking Creative Independent Learners
    61. 61. 2012 Elections• Research: Locate a state with a substantial swing vote and find which issues impact those swing voters.• Collaboration: Work in groups of 3-4 students.• Alternative Media: Create a multimedia website to champion your candidate’s stance on the swing issue.• Media Literacy: Analyze effective TV ads and create a TV ad to influences swing voters.• Social Networking: Create and use a Twitter account that sends out concise, impactful “Tweets” to support your cause.
    62. 62. 2012 ElectionsThe primary focus of this ad is to show how Romneys plan does nothelp the Middle Class in Florida.
    63. 63. Student centered, inquiry based education: * values questioning and exploring * learning by doing - embraces mistakes * prioritizes creative thinking and innovation
    64. 64. The key to learning isn’t knowing the learning is knowing how toThe keyask the right questions.
    65. 65. Publishers: extending beyond the classroom
    66. 66. Publishing to a global community
    67. 67. The Global Classroom & Community
    68. 68. Online and blended learningAround 10 million students take at least one onlinecourseAnytime learning requires a blended learningenvironmentInteractive, personalized and differentiated
    69. 69. Connecting: Virtual Communities Social networking is one of the most powerful forces on the internet today. Broadband, mobile trends have led to new phenomenon of peer to peer, DIY ―Networked learning‖.
    70. 70. Connecting with ―teachers‖ all over the world
    71. 71. Connect and learn anything you want…
    72. 72. Places to start… Embrace your role as a learner Join a learning community with other teachers Implement more student-centered learning Create a classroom culture of inquiry andcollaboration Integrate and encourage use of multimedia Create a virtual classroom that utilizes technologyfor personalization, collaboration, interaction andmore Start by thinking 80-20
    73. 73. Remember … everything is amazing
    74. 74. "If we teach todayas we taught yesterday, we rob our children of tomorrow" - John Dewey
    75. 75. "This isnt the time to use technology torefine the model we had before; this is atime to harness technology to let childrengo as far and as fast as they want." --Stephen Heppel
    76. 76. Every new challengepresents an opportunity for excellence
    77. 77. Thank you for your time and patience!Sam GliksmanEmail: samgliksman@gmail.comTwitter: @samgliksmaniPads in Education website