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Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities of the Youth
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Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities of the Youth


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Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities of the Youth NSTP1

Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities of the Youth NSTP1

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  • 1. Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities of the Youth
  • 2. The birth of the convention on the rights of the child
    • In December 1989, the convention on the rights of the child was adopted by the United Nations
  • 3. Rights and duties
    • Rights –duty or obligation
    • Enjoyment of rights goes hand in hand with assuming responsibility
  • 4. The role of the family
    • The family, not the State has the primary responsibility for making sure that children are able to enjoy their rights
  • 5. Who is a child?
    • Every person from conception until the age of 18
    • The question was so controversial until the final draft was agreed upon in 1989
  • 6. Who is a child?
    • The solution was to leave to each country the right to decide
  • 7. In the Philippines
    • A person is considered a child until he or she reaches the age of majority which is 18
  • 8. In the Philippines
    • Article 2, Sec. 12 of the Constitution says that the “State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall strengthen and protect the family as a basic autonomous social institution”
  • 9. In the Philippines
    • Natural and primary right and duty of parents in the rearing of the youth…”
  • 10. The right to life, survival and development
    • Access of all children to the basic services that support the life, such as medical care, and enough food
  • 11. The right to have one’s views taken into account
    • Right to form an opinion which will affect him or her personally
    • Must be given a chance to express his/her views
  • 12. Freedom of expression and access to information
    • Children have the right to “seek and receive” information and ideas
  • 13. Freedom of religion
    • Children have freedom of “thought, conscience and religion”
  • 14. Freedom of association and assembly
    • Freedom to join associations, clubs and organizations or set up new ones
    • The right to organize or take part in public meetings or demonstrations
  • 15. The right to privacy
    • The right of children not to have their name or photo published in newspapers or shown on television
  • 16. Protection against abuse
    • Government must protect children against neglect and abuse by parents or other caretakers
  • 17. The right to health care
    • Right to a balanced diet,
    • Proper medical attention
    • Basic physical requirements of a healthy and vigorous life
  • 18. The right to a decent standard of living
    • Parents have a duty to provide children with food, shelter, clothing, medical attention and education as far as they can
  • 19. The right to an education
    • The constitution provides for compulsory primary education
    • Free tuition for both primary and secondary public school education
  • 20. The right to play
    • The State has the duty to promote sports and physical education
    • All schools must have a sports program
  • 21. Child labor
    • Children under 15 years of age are not allowed to work under Philippine law
    • Unless they work for their parents
    • The work does not interfere with their education
  • 22. Sexual exploitation and abuse
    • The child and youth welfare code established a procedure which allows children who are abused to be removed from their homes
  • 23. Deprivation of liberty
    • A child under the age of 18 who is convicted of a crime may receive a suspended sentence and be put in a home operated by the DSWD instead of prison, provided that it is his or her first conviction
  • 24. Children and armed conflict
    • Children are to be considered “zones of peace” which means that they should not be used for military purposes or attached to it
  • 25. The right to rehabilitation
    • Recovery from physical injuries
    • Recovery from psychological trauma
    • Help in “ social reintegration”
  • 26. Responsibilities of the youth
    • Strive to lead an upright virtuous life in accordance with the tenets of law
    • Love,respect and obey his parents
    • Develop his potentialities for service particularly by undergoing a formal education
  • 27. Responsibilities of the youth
    • Respect the customs and traditions of our people
    • Respect the memories of our heroes
    • Respect the laws of our country and the principles and institutions of democracy
  • 28. Responsibilities of the youth
    • Participate actively in the promotion of the general welfare
    • Help in the promotion of individual rights and the strengthening of freedom