Enigma 2013 - Prelims

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Here are the questions from the prelims of the regional rounds of Enigma 2013 held at Mumbai, Chennai and Bangalore on September 15th, 2013.

Here are the questions from the prelims of the regional rounds of Enigma 2013 held at Mumbai, Chennai and Bangalore on September 15th, 2013.

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  • 1. 26 questions in all. Top 6 teams make it to the final. Incase of a tie, questions 11-20 will be given preference. No negatives, so feel free to go the Virender Sehwag way. This is a national quiz, so we have no idea which jurisdiction to settle disputes in. Don‟t bother. Good luck!
  • 2. 1. Originally built in an area of 40 acres by Hyder Ali, one of the most famous rulers of old Mysore in 1760, this place was initially designed in Mughal style and was further developed by Hyder Ali‟s son Tipu Sultan. Sir Mark Cubbon, Dr. Cleghorn, William New, John Cameron, K. Nanjappa and Dr. M.H. Marigowda are some of the people to have served as Superintendents to this place, making noteworthy contributions to its development. Identify the place, which you wouldn‟t be throwing stones from if you were a resident.
  • 3. 2. "It's very hard and tiring for all of us, because the country and my city Madrid worked a lot to make it happen so many times. We feel that we deserve it. I was disappointed because we felt that we were in a good position. All the country was very involved. I felt that after a lot of years working, I don't know if it's 100% fair that we go out at the first qualification when our opponents haven't been in that position as many times.“ Whose words ?
  • 4. 3. To be released on October 3rd, 2013. Author ?
  • 5. 4. This is a semi-organised group of English cricket fans which arranges touring parties for some of its members to follow the English cricket team on overseas tours. The group was given its name by the Australian media during the 1994 - 1995 Test series in Australia, reportedly for the fans' audacity in travelling to Australia in the near-certain knowledge that their team would lose, and the fact that they kept on chanting even when England were losing quite badly. Due to their popularity and regular attendance they are sometimes also called as England‟s unofficial 12th man. Name them.
  • 6. 5. Dedicated to goddess Shakti, this festival takes place sometime between March and April. It is basically an „earthen pot‟ which people carry on their heads and walk in a procession around the Dharmararaya Swamy Temple. The pots are finally immersed in the Sampangi tank. Amidst extensive rituals, prayers and singing, rice boiled with spices is given out to all. What festival is being referred to ?
  • 7. 6. Owned by the Danone Group, a French multinational company, this name is used for a line of organic skin care products as well as a luxury resort in France. Besides being a popular product among several Hollywood celebrities, one of its noteworthy portrayals in popular culture is in Agatha Christie‟s Murder On The Orient Express. Its most popular moment in advertising came in a photograph campaign by David LaChapelle, where he juxtaposed a supermodel next to a fountain formed from a certain Greek statue. Name the brand.
  • 8. 7. During the First World War, large reserves of a certain resource were left over because they could not be exported due to the war. In order to make good use of these reserves, Nalvadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar, the king of Mysore established an appropriate factory in Bangalore to galvanize the available resources. The factory, which was set up in 1916, started manufacturing this product under its current brand name. In 1944, another factory for the same purpose was set up at Shimoga. Which product is being referred to ?
  • 9. 8. Pictures from the sets of Michael Jackson‟s Bad. Identify the other guy in the bottom-left image.
  • 10. 9. Released in January 2006. Whose biography ?
  • 11. 10. Whose name has been blanked out?
  • 12. 11. In the Indian Army, the ranks of Colonel and below are called “field ranks”, signifying that the officer is active in the battlefield as part of his duties. What is the corresponding name – that is derived from something they‟re allowed to flaunt – for officers of rank Brigadier and above?
  • 13. 12. The rooms and corridors of the Domus Aurea, the unfinished palace complex started by Nero after the Great Fire of Rome in AD 64 were filled with striking art. This complex was buried underground and was discovered only in the 15th century. The method of discovery gave the art form a certain name. This style was soon copied and enjoyed a period of popularity. By the 18th century, the name had begun to be used in a negative sense. What style of art, which has its roots in the Latin words for „small cave‟ ?
  • 14. 13. While most of the buildings in Fatehpur Sikri are made of red sandstone, one is entirely made of white marble. Whom does the building commemorate ?
  • 15. 14. Which sportsperson is being referred to in the excerpt below?
  • 16. 15. This is a word given to someone who assists the huntsman during a hunt for foxes and other quarry, and is responsible for helping the hunter keep his hounds organised while in the field. He or she rides along the side of the hunt, gives the hounds orders, and encourages them to pursue particular quarry. Another derived word is now a commonly used political term, with a duty similar to that outlined above. What‟s the word ?
  • 17. 16. A famous youth of Abydos, from love of Hero, the priestess of Aphrodite, in Sestus, swam every night across the Hellespont, being guided by the light of the lighthouse of Sestus. Once during a very stormy night the light was extinguished, and he perished in the waves. On the next morning his corpse was washed on the coast of Sestus, and Hero, on seeing it, threw herself into the sea. Who was this famous youth from Greek mythology, who would be better known to us Indians for a completely different reason ?
  • 18. 17. This is The Guardian‟s write-up on which superhero? Name: _______ Age: Mid-20s, or thereabouts. Appearance: A mysterious black-clad superhero, taking on the Taliban one school at a time. Cool, a superhero. What's his superpower? Oh dear. First of all, ______ is a woman. A female superhero? So her superpower must be the ability to show off, like Scarlett Johansson in that poster for The Avengers. Not quite. ______ is a master of Takht Kabaddi, a martial art that uses books and pens to defeat her enemies. You mean figuratively? She beats her foes with intelligence? No, she literally just clonks them around the head with books and pens. In one episode, a villain's plan to destroy London and Paris with a giant robot is scuppered by his inability to get a European visa.
  • 19. 18. In 1928, Cedric Gibbons supervised this design by printing the design on a scroll. In need of a model, Gibbons was introduced to Mexican film director and actor Fernandez. Reluctant at first, Fernandez was finally convinced to pose nude. Then, sculptor George Stanley sculpted Gibbon‟s design in clay and cast it in 92.5 percent tin and 7.5 percent copper and then gold-plated it. What is this all about ?
  • 20. 19. The Nelson company is widely acknowledged as the market leader in manufacturing products that are essential to the forest industry for the past 60 years. In 1981 two friends, Charles Gaines and Bill Gurnsey used a product variant Nelspot, produced by the Nelson company and invented this now popular sport, which was originally called “The National Survival Game”. Which sport?
  • 21. 20. How would you connect Muriel.Karen.Eustace.Eustace.Francis to the following audio ?
  • 22. 21. Initially enlisted as a World War I ambulance driver in Italy, this man was seriously injured in 1918 and sent home with mortar shrapnel wounds. He contracted anthrax on his 3rd honeymoon. During World War II he was in a car accident that left him with concussion. He later suffered in two other car accidents. He also suffered through pneumonia and dysentery. At one point he even suffered burns from a bushfire. In 1952, he went on safari to Africa, where he was almost killed in two successive plane crashes. He won a Pulitzer Award in 1953 along with a Nobel Prize in 1954. In the end he died of suicide in 1961. A brief life account of which person, known to us in a completely different field ?
  • 23. 22. The “X” standard signal for distress was preceded by the standard “Y” signal. The Titanic‟s radio officer Jack Phillips first used the old standard “Y” to call for help. He transmitted “Y” six times followed by the Titanic‟s call letters. He later interspersed “X” in with the “Y” messages, at the suggestion of radio officer Harold Bride of the SS Carpathia. Interestingly Marconi, of the Marconi Company who had originally suggested “Y” for this type of signal, was waiting in New York to return to England on the Titanic. Identify X and Y. No part points.
  • 24. 23. The origin of this term traces to 16th century where a form of blood-sport was considered a royal pastime across Europe. It denotes a place of entertainment or frenzied activity. William Shakespeare used the term in Henry V to specifically mean the area around the stage of a theatre. In fact in Tudor times, the Palace of Westminster had a permanent place for this activity. However, nowadays, the term‟s usage is restricted to a place of another form of “frenzied” activity. What term is being referred to?
  • 25. 24. Whose character is being played by Michael Parks, the gentleman in the red shirt?
  • 26. 25. Flash Gordon Conquers the Universe is a 1940 twelve episode serial film about Flash Gordon, the popular science fiction hero inspired by the comic strips. It was the last of three Flash Gordon serials made from 1936 to 1940. It was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". Apart from this, with respect to a certain aspect of how this series was made, where can a very direct and specific influence of this series be seen?
  • 27. 26. The story of this machine first began in the 1920s, when the German military began to communicate in unintelligible coded messages. The machine enabled its operator to type a message, then „scramble‟ it using a letter substitution system, generated by variable rotors and an electric circuit. To decode the message, the recipient needed to know the exact settings of the wheels. German code experts added new plugs, circuits and features to the machine during the pre-war years, but its basic principle remained the same. The first people who came close to cracking the eponymous code were the Polish, who shared their information with the British, who in turn established the Government Code and Cipher School at Bletchley Park in Buckinghamshire. Mathematicians and intelligence experts, with the help of primitive early computers, began the complex and urgent task of cracking the eponymous code. Name the machine.
  • 28. Answers
  • 29. 1. Originally built in an area of 40 acres by Hyder Ali, one of the most famous rulers of old Mysore in 1760, this place was initially designed in Mughal style and was further developed by Hyder Ali‟s son Tipu Sultan. Sir Mark Cubbon, Dr. Cleghorn, William New, John Cameron, K. Nanjappa and Dr. M.H. Marigowda are some of the people to have served as Superintendents to this place, making noteworthy contributions to its development. Identify the place, which you wouldn‟t be throwing stones from if you were a resident.
  • 30. And the answer is ...
  • 31. Lal Bagh.
  • 32. 2. "It's very hard and tiring for all of us, because the country and my city Madrid worked a lot to make it happen so many times. We feel that we deserve it. I was disappointed because we felt that we were in a good position. All the country was very involved. I felt that after a lot of years working, I don't know if it's 100% fair that we go out at the first qualification when our opponents haven't been in that position as many times.“ Whose words ?
  • 33. And the answer is ...
  • 34. Rafael Nadal, on Madrid losing out on the bid to host the 2020 Olympics.
  • 35. 3. To be released on October 3rd, 2013. Author ?
  • 36. And the answer is ...
  • 37. Ramachandra Guha.
  • 38. 4. This is a semi-organised group of English cricket fans which arranges touring parties for some of its members to follow the English cricket team on overseas tours. The group was given its name by the Australian media during the 1994 - 1995 Test series in Australia, reportedly for the fans' audacity in travelling to Australia in the near-certain knowledge that their team would lose, and the fact that they kept on chanting even when England were losing quite badly. Due to their popularity and regular attendance they are sometimes also called as England‟s unofficial 12th man. Name them.
  • 39. And the answer is ...
  • 40. Barmy Army.
  • 41. 5. Dedicated to goddess Shakti, this festival takes place sometime between March and April. It is basically an „earthen pot‟ which people carry on their heads and walk in a procession around the Dharmararaya Swamy Temple. The pots are finally immersed in the Sampangi tank. Amidst extensive rituals, prayers and singing, rice boiled with spices is given out to all. What festival is being referred to ?
  • 42. And the answer is ...
  • 43. Karaga.
  • 44. 6. Owned by the Danone Group, a French multinational company, this name is used for a line of organic skin care products as well as a luxury resort in France. Besides being a popular product among several Hollywood celebrities, one of its noteworthy portrayals in popular culture is in Agatha Christie‟s Murder On The Orient Express. Its most popular moment in advertising came in a photograph campaign by David LaChapelle, where he juxtaposed a supermodel next to a fountain formed from a certain Greek statue. Name the brand.
  • 45. And the answer is ...
  • 46. Evian.
  • 47. 7. During the First World War, large reserves of a certain resource were left over because they could not be exported due to the war. In order to make good use of these reserves, Nalvadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar, the king of Mysore established an appropriate factory in Bangalore to galvanize the available resources. The factory, which was set up in 1916, started manufacturing this product under its current brand name. In 1944, another factory for the same purpose was set up at Shimoga. Which product is being referred to ?
  • 48. And the answer is ...
  • 49. Mysore Sandal Soap.
  • 50. 8. Pictures from the sets of Michael Jackson‟s Bad. Identify the other guy in the bottom-left image.
  • 51. And the answer is ...
  • 52. Martin Scorsese.
  • 53. 9. Released in January 2006. Whose biography ?
  • 54. And the answer is ...
  • 55. Prakash Padukone.
  • 56. 10. Whose name has been blanked out?
  • 57. And the answer is ...
  • 58. Ivon Pavlov.
  • 59. 11. In the Indian Army, the ranks of Colonel and below are called “field ranks”, signifying that the officer is active in the battlefield as part of his duties. What is the corresponding name – that is derived from something they‟re allowed to flaunt – for officers of rank Brigadier and above?
  • 60. And the answer is ...
  • 61. Flag Ranks.
  • 62. 12. The rooms and corridors of the Domus Aurea, the unfinished palace complex started by Nero after the Great Fire of Rome in AD 64 were filled with striking art. This complex was buried underground and was discovered only in the 15th century. The method of discovery gave the art form a certain name. This style was soon copied and enjoyed a period of popularity. By the 18th century, the name had begun to be used in a negative sense. What style of art, which has its roots in the Latin words for „small cave‟ ?
  • 63. And the answer is ...
  • 64. Grotesque.
  • 65. 13. While most of the buildings in Fatehpur Sikri are made of red sandstone, one is entirely made of white marble. Whom does the building commemorate ?
  • 66. And the answer is ...
  • 67. Salim Chishti.
  • 68. 14. Which sportsperson is being referred to in the excerpt below?
  • 69. And the answer is ...
  • 70. Steffi Graf.
  • 71. 15. This is a word given to someone who assists the huntsman during a hunt for foxes and other quarry, and is responsible for helping the hunter keep his hounds organised while in the field. He or she rides along the side of the hunt, gives the hounds orders, and encourages them to pursue particular quarry. Another derived word is now a commonly used political term, with a duty similar to that outlined above. What‟s the word ?
  • 72. And the answer is ...
  • 73. Whip.
  • 74. 16. A famous youth of Abydos, from love of Hero, the priestess of Aphrodite, in Sestus, swam every night across the Hellespont, being guided by the light of the lighthouse of Sestus. Once during a very stormy night the light was extinguished, and he perished in the waves. On the next morning his corpse was washed on the coast of Sestus, and Hero, on seeing it, threw herself into the sea. Who was this famous youth from Greek mythology, who would be better known to us Indians for a completely different reason ?
  • 75. And the answer is ...
  • 76. Leander.
  • 77. 17. This is The Guardian‟s write-up on which superhero? Name: _______ Age: Mid-20s, or thereabouts. Appearance: A mysterious black-clad superhero, taking on the Taliban one school at a time. Cool, a superhero. What's his superpower? Oh dear. First of all, ______ is a woman. A female superhero? So her superpower must be the ability to show off, like Scarlett Johansson in that poster for The Avengers. Not quite. ______ is a master of Takht Kabaddi, a martial art that uses books and pens to defeat her enemies. You mean figuratively? She beats her foes with intelligence? No, she literally just clonks them around the head with books and pens. In one episode, a villain's plan to destroy London and Paris with a giant robot is scuppered by his inability to get a European visa.
  • 78. And the answer is ...
  • 79. The Burka Avenger.
  • 80. 18. In 1928, Cedric Gibbons supervised this design by printing the design on a scroll. In need of a model, Gibbons was introduced to Mexican film director and actor Fernandez. Reluctant at first, Fernandez was finally convinced to pose nude. Then, sculptor George Stanley sculpted Gibbon‟s design in clay and cast it in 92.5 percent tin and 7.5 percent copper and then gold-plated it. What is this all about ?
  • 81. And the answer is ...
  • 82. Oscar Statuette.
  • 83. 19. The Nelson company is widely acknowledged as the market leader in manufacturing products that are essential to the forest industry for the past 60 years. In 1981 two friends, Charles Gaines and Bill Gurnsey used a product variant Nelspot, produced by the Nelson company and invented this now popular sport, which was originally called “The National Survival Game”. Which sport?
  • 84. And the answer is ...
  • 85. Paintball.
  • 86. 20. How would you connect Muriel-Karen-Eustace-Francis to the following audio ?
  • 87. And the answer is …
  • 88. Friends. Middle names of the protagonists and the original soundtrack “Shiny Happy People” by REM that is featured in its Pilot - “Friends Like Us”.
  • 89. 21. Initially enlisted as a World War I ambulance driver in Italy, this man was seriously injured in 1918 and sent home with mortar shrapnel wounds. He contracted anthrax on his 3rd honeymoon. During World War II he was in a car accident that left him with concussion. He later suffered in two other car accidents. He also suffered through pneumonia and dysentery. At one point he even suffered burns from a bushfire. In 1952, he went on safari to Africa, where he was almost killed in two successive plane crashes. He won a Pulitzer Award in 1953 along with a Nobel Prize in 1954. In the end he died of suicide in 1961. A brief life account of which person, known to us in a completely different field ?
  • 90. And the answer is ...
  • 91. Ernest Hemingway.
  • 92. 22. The “X” standard signal for distress was preceded by the standard “Y” signal. The Titanic‟s radio officer Jack Phillips first used the old standard “Y” to call for help. He transmitted “Y” six times followed by the Titanic‟s call letters. He later interspersed “X” in with the “Y” messages, at the suggestion of radio officer Harold Bride of the SS Carpathia. Interestingly Marconi, of the Marconi Company who had originally suggested “Y” for this type of signal, was waiting in New York to return to England on the Titanic. Identify X and Y. No part points.
  • 93. And the answer is ...
  • 94. X – SOS. Y – CQD.
  • 95. 23. The origin of this term traces to 16th century where a form of blood-sport was considered a royal pastime across Europe. It denotes a place of entertainment or frenzied activity. William Shakespeare used the term in Henry V to specifically mean the area around the stage of a theatre. In fact in Tudor times, the Palace of Westminster had a permanent place for this activity. However, nowadays, the term‟s usage is restricted to a place of another form of “frenzied” activity. What term is being referred to?
  • 96. And the answer is ...
  • 97. Cockpit.
  • 98. 24. Whose character is being played by Michael Parks, the gentleman in the red shirt?
  • 99. And the answer is ...
  • 100. Jack Kirby.
  • 101. 25. Flash Gordon Conquers the Universe is a 1940 twelve episode serial film about Flash Gordon, the popular science fiction hero inspired by the comic strips. It was the last of three Flash Gordon serials made from 1936 to 1940. It was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". Apart from this, with respect to a certain aspect of how this series was made, where can a very direct and specific influence of this series be seen?
  • 102. And the answer is ...
  • 103. The Star Wars introduction scene.
  • 104. 26. The story of this machine first began in the 1920s, when the German military began to communicate in unintelligible coded messages. The machine enabled its operator to type a message, then „scramble‟ it using a letter substitution system, generated by variable rotors and an electric circuit. To decode the message, the recipient needed to know the exact settings of the wheels. German code experts added new plugs, circuits and features to the machine during the pre-war years, but its basic principle remained the same. The first people who came close to cracking the eponymous code were the Polish, who shared their information with the British, who in turn established the Government Code and Cipher School at Bletchley Park in Buckinghamshire. Mathematicians and intelligence experts, with the help of primitive early computers, began the complex and urgent task of cracking the code. Name the machine.
  • 105. And the answer is ...
  • 106. The Enigma Machine.
  • 107. The next few slides contain the extra local questions from the Mumbai and Chennai rounds.
  • 108. 1. One of the commonly associated apocryphal stories surrounding this structure is that of the architect committing suicide, when he was appalled that it was built back-to-the-front. However, reputed architect Abha Behl, who has been conducting heritage walks around the area for many years, puts such rumours to rest confirming that the man died of natural causes, and that the structure was designed to give everyone a good view. Which structure is this ? In 1966, the building was so run-down, the president of Hilton hotels, Baron Hilton, said X will remain standing “only as long as the termites keep holding hands”. What is this building that is truly, one of the crown jewels of Mumbai?
  • 109. And the answer is ...
  • 110. Taj Mahal Palace Hotel.
  • 111. 2. The Brabourne Stadium is a cricket ground in the heart of Mumbai. The ground is owned by the Cricket Club of India (CCI). The North Stand of the Brabourne housed the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) headquarters and the 1983 Cricket World Cup trophy until 2006 when both were moved to the newly built Cricket Centre at the nearby Wankhede Stadium. Festival matches were played at the ground to celebrate the golden jubilee of the CCI in 1987–88. Players such as Roger Binny and Mohammed Azharuddin played for a CCI XI, Wasim Akram, Imran Khan, Rameez Raja, and Mudassar Nazar, among others, turned out for Pakistan. Due to shortage of players for Pakistan, X, then just 14 years old, fielded for Pakistan as a substitute. CCI rules had to be amended to allow X into the dressing room. Raj Singh Dungarpur, president of the club for several years, was instrumental in the decision to change this rule. ID X?
  • 112. And the answer is ...
  • 113. Sachin Tendulkar.
  • 114. 3. This building has a C-shaped plan which is symmetrical on an east-west axis. It is crowned by a high central dome, which acts as the focal point. The dome is an octagonal ribbed structure with a colossal female figure symbolizing Progress, holding a torch pointing upwards in her right hand and a spoked wheel in her left hand. The side wings enclose the courtyard, which opens on to the street. The wings are anchored by monumental turrets at each of their four corners, which balance and frame the central dome. The façades present the appearance of well proportioned rows of windows and arches Colloquial description of which famous building?
  • 115. And the answer is ...
  • 116. Chhatrapati Shiavji Terminus.
  • 117. 1. When you search for X on Wikipedia, its disambiguation entry has this to say: • A type of cotton fabric from Tamil Nadu,India • The national dress of St.Lucia • X,an alcoholic beverage. • A city in Jefferson County, Oregon • A 2012 Malayalam film. • X sauce, a spicy curry flavour. What is X ?
  • 118. And the answer is ...
  • 119. Madras.
  • 120. 2. According to the Puranas, Shakti worshipped Shiva in the form of a peacock, which is why the vernacular name _____. • It was historically known as Vedapuri. It was known for its ancient port with a flourishing trade with the Roman Empire, receiving gold in exchange for its products like pepper and fine cloth. Ptolemy had recorded in the 2nd century AD that the port of X was known to the Greeks and the Romans. • Mention has been made of the early settlement of __Y___ by Arab travelers and merchants of the 9th and 10th centuries AD. • Marco Polo visited the place in the late 13th century, and the Portuguese settled around ___Y___ in the early 16th century. Give X and Y.
  • 121. And the answer is ...
  • 122. X- Mylapore (Mylai) Y- Santhome
  • 123. 3. When Simon commission visited Madras on 3 February 1928, the police did not allow protests in some sensitive areas of Madras. However, the crowd grew large and restive near the Madras High Court at Parry's Corner and the police resorted to firing with a view to control it. However, a young man, named, Parthasarathy was killed on the spot. The police warned the people that they would shoot if anyone tried to come near the body. At this, X grew enraged and tore open his shirt, baring his chest and daring the police to shoot at him. Understanding the situation, the police gave way to him and other supporters. After this incident, people respected him with the epithet of "Andhra Kesari“ and he eventually became the first CM of Andhra Pradesh. Also, the legendary road where the act of bravery was enacted is named after him.
  • 124. And the answer is ...
  • 125. Chennai‟s very own Broadway is now called Prakasam Salai after Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu.