SAP Basics
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  • 1. Day 1 : SAP Technology Overview Instructor: xxx
  • 2. Contents
    • Introduction of SAP Product
    • SAP BASIS and System Architecture
    • SAP Development
    • SAP Administration
    • SAP Interface and Internet
    • SAP Support
  • 3. Introduction of SAP Product
  • 4. SAP R/3 System R/3 Client / Server ABAP Integrated turnkey solutions Open Systems Client/Server Architecture Enterprise Data Model Integrated Real-Time Multi-national Multi-currency Industry-Solutions Internet / Intranet FI Financial Accounting CO Controlling TR Treasury. PS Project System SD Sales & Distribution MM Materials Mgmt. PP Production Planning QM Quality Manage-ment PM Plant Main-tenance HR Human Resources WF Workflow IS Industry Solutions
  • 5. Business Object-oriented
    • Business API (BAPIs)
      • Open Interface
      • Support both Microsoft & COBRA Object Architecture
      • SDK are Ready for Win32 and Java
      • 3rd Tool (VB, VC/C++, Delphi, VisualAge) are Ready
      • Easily adopting
      • More Flexibility
      • Lower Developing Cost
    Logistics Finance HR B-API B-API B-API B-API B-API B-API B-API B-API Business Object Repository B-API B-API SAP R/3 Applications Shipment Invoice Employee Applicant Customer Order General Ledger Purchase Requisition B-API
  • 6. SAP New Dimension Initiatives Employee Self Services Business Intelligence Supply Chain Management Customer Relationship Management Workplaces Internet-Business Framework, BAPIs XML-enabling Continuous Knowledge Transfer Industry Solutions Marketplaces Communities Partnering Platform Application Hosting Business Scenarios e-Commerce Management Cockpit SAP Business To Business SAP Service SAP Business Inf. Ware- house Info DB SAP Advanced Planner& Optimizer R/3 SAP Logistics Execution System SAP Strategic Enterprise Management SAP Business Intelligence Initiative SAP Marketing SAP Customer Relationship Management Initiative SAP Supply Chain Management Initiative SAP Sales
  • 7. SAP Industry Solution
    • SAP Engineering & Construction
    • SAP Oil & Gas
    • SAP Utilities
    • SAP Health Care
    • SAP Automotive
    • SAP Media
    • SAP Aerospace & Defense
    • SAP Service Providers
    SAP High Tech & Electronics SAP Consumer Products SAP Transportation SAP Public Sector SAP Telecomm. SAP Chemicals SAP Pharmaceuticals SAP Retail SAP Banking ... Business Information Ware- house Sales Force Auto- mation B2B Procurement Advanced Planner & Optimizer R/3 SAP Finance SAP Mill
  • 8. SAP BASIS and System Architecture
  • 9. Common mySAP.com Technology SAP BASIS (Basis) ABAP etc. (Cross-Application) HR Central Applications with/without HR Plug-Ins IBU Add-On CRM BW SEM APO BBP classic R/3" A common Basis for all mySAP. com Products
  • 10. SAP Basis Customer Programs Applications, such as FI/CO SAP Basis SAP Basis SAP Basis System Software
  • 11. System Layer
  • 12. Overview of the SAP Basis System Screen Processor Programming Interfaces Applications Communication Interface User Interface Runtime Environment ABAP Dictionary ABAP Interpreter Operating System and Hardware Platform
  • 13. System Landscape PROD QTST TRNG TEST CUST SAND Production Development Quality Assurance Transport group Transport group
  • 14. Change Management R/3 Basis System Software Cust. Program R/3 Business applications (SAP standard) Customizing Customizing 1 1 Customer Customer develop- develop- ment ment 3 3 Enhance ments 2 2 Modification 4 4 Cust. exit 1 Cust. exit 2 ABAP WB
  • 15. System Platform Dialog SAPGUI Languages Databases Operating systems ABAP, C, C++, HTML, Java, Enterprise JavaBean, Active-X/OCX Controls CORBRA, COM/DCOM, XML Windows 3.1, Windows 95/98, Windows NT,OSF/Motif *, OS/2 Macintosh *, Java Window Terminal Server, WebGUI, Pervasive Computing, Hand-hold device, Palm Computing, Smart Phone, Smart Card DB2 for OS/390 OS/390 AIX Digital UNIX HP-UX Reliant UNIX (SINIX) SOLARIS Windows NT / 2000 OS/400 Hardware Bull/Zenith Compaq Data General ... NCR Sequent SNI Digital HP (Intel) IBM (Intel) Bull Digital HP IBM SNI SUN UNIX Systems IBM AS/400 IBM S/390 DB2 Common Server INFORMIX-OnLine ORACLE Microsoft DB2 Common Server INFORMIX-OnLine ORACLE MS SQL Server DB2 for AS/400 Open Platforms, Open Technology, Open Standard, Open Architecture Open is the language of SAP CORBA, COM/DCOM, BizTalk, XML, Public-Key, Linux, Palm Computing and more. SAP keeps in the front of technology Evolution Linux
  • 16.  
  • 17. R/3 System Architecture Presentation Servers Application Servers WinNT,95,98 OS/2 Web GUI (Browser) Java Web Server DataBase server Production System Q&A System Development System AP+DB AP+DB ITS server
  • 18. System Architecture (example)
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21. Frontend GUI - EnjoySAP
    • EnjoySAP look & feel
    • Role-based single point of access for multiple systems
    • Based on Web browser
    • Server-based
    • Personalized homepage
    • Multiple systems support
  • 22. Multiple Languages Support
  • 23. System Sizing Customer Hardware Partner SAP GoingLive Check Hardware Sizing Customer Load Profile SAP Std. Benchmarks Productive Customer Requirements Configuration proposal Customer Configuration Tests Experience Quick Sizer A
  • 24. SAP R/3 System Estimate Module ? Users ? Architecture ? Location ? Bandwidth ? Integration ? Migration ? Performance ? Result ! FI Financial Accounting CO Controlling TR Treasury. PS Project System SD Sales & Distribution MM Materials Mgmt. PP Production Planning QM Quality Manage-ment PM Plant Main-tenance HR Human Resources WF Workflow IS Industry Solutions R/3 Client / Server ABAP Internet Intranet
  • 25. SAP Development
  • 26. Development Environment
    • Script-like Language, SQL Enabled
    • Object-Oriented, COM/COBRA Enabled
    • Programming from Template
    • Tools, Tools, and a lots of Tools
  • 27. ABAP Workbench
  • 28. ABAP Debugger
  • 29. ABAP Dictionary
  • 30. Customizing Tool – IMG
  • 31. SAP Administration
  • 32. Administration & Control Tools Consolidation- posting-fast entry DOCTYP CoID SUBGR ST 000011 POPER TEXT ITEMNO TTYP TRPTR. AMOUNT. 10320100 30710100 50.000+ 50.000- 12/ 92 Diff.red.bal/strghtline Basic R/3 Management Monitoring and Alert Management Performance Management Database Management Data Archiving Output Management Background Processing Workload Management User and Security Management Application Programming Interfaces
  • 33. CCMS - Computer Center Management System Monitoring specific transactions End-to-end response time
  • 34. The Authorization Concept Profile 1 Composite profile 2 Authorization 1 Profile 2 Composite profile 1 Authorization profile x Authorization 2 Authorization x User master record Authorization object 1 Authorization object 2 Authorization object x
  • 35. Profile Generator: Authorizations Transaktionscode FD02 R Change Activity Group: Authorizations A uthorizations E dit G oto U tilities E nvironment S ystem H elp Open Changed Maintained Org. levels... Maint.: 0 Non-maintained org. levels, open fields, Status: Changed Standard Transaction code check at transaction start Standard Transaction code check at transaction start Standard Cross-Application Authorization Objects Standard Financial Accounting FI Standard Customer: Change authorization for specific fields Standard Customer: Change authorization Standard Customer: Account authorization Standard Customer: Authorization for company codes Standard Customer: Authorization for company codes Activity 02 Company code 0001-9999 + - - - - - - + +
  • 36. mySAP.com Workplace - Single Sign-on company boundary Web browser access Workplace industry-specific role-based personalized drag & relate INTERNET-BUSINESS FRAMEWORK 3.1H R/3 4.6 FI LO HR CRM KM B2B SEM APO BW CFM mySAP.com components open Internet standards R/2 non mySAP.com 3 rd party legacy Partner SAP inside outside mySAP.com Internet services other Internet services Cock- pits Single Sign-on Market- place
  • 37. User Distribution Model for CUA Central System Client Systems
  • 38. SAP Interface and Internet
  • 39. R/3 Interface Technology High Level Low level SAP Technology Communication Interface Communication System Mail MAPI SMTP X.400 EDI Business API RFC CPI-C Q-API IDOC ALE OLE
    • SDK, Library,API Specification and Sample
    • Gateway Software from SAP
    • 3rd Party Products
    • Template, SAP Interface Advisor
  • 40. Data Exchange Document IDoc Message IDoc IDoc SAP R/3 System EDI Subsystem EDI Subsystem SAP R/3 System EDI ALE
  • 41. ALE - Application Link Enabling
    • PP
    • Inventory management
    • Internal sales, shipping and billing
    • Local purchasing
    • PM
    • Local SOP
    • Sales, shipping and billing
    • Purchasing of trading goods
    • Inventory management
    • Local controlling
    Middleware for Distributed Business Processes
    • Financials
    • Central controlling
    • Central SOP
    • Information Systems:
      • Inventory
      • Purchasing
      • Sales
    • Central purchasing
    • Reference system for Master Data and Control Data
  • 42. EDI - Electronic Data Interchange Documents Ext. application EDI messages EDI subsystem Idoc type Idoc interface Control record Daten- satz Daten- satz Data record Steuersatz Steuersatz Control record R/3 application SAP documents
  • 43. XML-based Communication Internet R/3 Application Server BAPI ABAP Objects BC RFC HTML / HTTP Standard Clients Generated Clients/Servers HTTP C++ Java VB HTML / HTTP XML / HTTP Open Interface C++ ISAPI XML Appl. BC BC
  • 44. SAP Portals Bringing it all Together
  • 45. Everything You Need in a Browser LaunchPad Personal, Role-based Navigation MiniApps Monitoring and Interaction mySAP .com Workplace – Enterprise Portal Drag & Relate
  • 46. Architecture - ITS Server, WebGUI AGate Browser WGate R/3-System R/3 Internet Application Component BAPI R/3 Data Web Server User Request Send Prepared Request R/3 Input R/3 Output HTML Page Call WGate Load Service File Load HTML Template HTML- Templates HTML Page ITS Server http://www.saplabs.com/usa/devarea/itsapps.htm
  • 47. R/3 Internet Architecture Any Web Server + UNIX  SAP Application Server And Database (Any Supported Platform) TCP/IP SAPGUI RFC WGate CGI Lotus Domino Web Server WGate CGI AS/400 Web Server WGate ISAPI Web Server WGate NSAPI AGate
  • 48. WGate/AGate Load Balancing AGate Web Server Wgate
  • 49. WGate/AGate Load Balancing AGate Web Server WGate AGate AGate
  • 50. R/3 Login Groups Sales AGate Web Server Wgate AGate AGate
  • 51. Http Routing AGate Web Server Wgate AGate AGate Web Server Wgate Http Router
  • 52. Virtual ITS Servers Central ITS Server Transport IAC Customizing Templates Transport IAC Customizing Templates Consolidation R/3 CON ITS CON Production R/3 PRD ITS PRD Development R/3 DEV ITS DEV R/3 Server
  • 53. Automatic Mapping to HTML - WEB GUI
  • 54. Automatic Mapping to HTML - HTML Template Additional functionality, for example, roll-over help texts
  • 55. Example: Interaction with the Business Warehouse
  • 56. BW Provides Analytical Power
  • 57. SAP Support
  • 58. Support Infrastructure Local Support at SAP's international subsidiaries Regional Support Centers Development Support Centers Global 24 x 7 Service Priority 1 Problems APA region: Mon - Sun 1 am - 11 am CET American region : Mon - Sun 2 pm - 1 am CET European region: Mon - Sun 8 am - 6 pm CET
    • R/3 Support network based on R/3 Online Service System (OSS)
    • Support via remote connection
    • Partner integration
  • 59. Going Live Check TeamSAP Service 1, Go-Live Quality Assurance -2 months -1 month +1 month
    • Analysis
    • Sizing plausibility check
    • Configuration
    • Load distribution
    • R/3 Basis
    • Optimization
    • Check central business process
    • Transactions with high resource consumption
    • Sizing plausibility check
    • Verification
    • Configuration
    • Sizing plausibility check
    • System usage and bottleneck analysis
    Regular EarlyWatch analyses 5 Go Live & Support Production Start of Production
  • 60.  
  • 61. EarlyWatch TeamSAP Service 2: System Performance Tuning Poor system performance Live R/3 System EarlyWatch Report
    • Logging on to customer’s R/3 System and analyzing it in detail
    EarlyWatch Customers
  • 62. SAP Business Technology Map Continuous Improvement Reliable Operation Extension Integration Implementation Choice of Preinstalled & Pre-Configured Best-Practice Systems Component-based Incremental Installation Business Scoping & Customization Organization, Administration & Execution of Migration Processes Business Process Testing Centrally Managed Configurable Business Processes Internet Distribution & Mgmt of Business Documents Desktop/Office Integration User-Portal Personalized, Rolebased Working Environment Multiple Languages Multiple Currencies Euro Support Ready-to-Use, Stable & Cost-Effective Third Party Product Integration Complete Operations Concept Multi-Tier Internet Architecture & Optimized Transaction Management Internet Security User Profile Administration Early Warning of Possible Upcoming Failures Remote Upgrades Minimized Downtime Flexible, Immediate Change of Business Processes Outsourcing Capabilities Support for Small Businesses up to Global Corporations Internet enablement with mySAP.com: technology for personal, collaborative solutions on demand Compliance to Web-Content Standards & Web Technology Based Infrastructure Web Application Development Object-Oriented Business Programming HTTP:// www.sap.com/solutionmaps Upgrade Change Management Scalability Manageability Performance Availability Security Third Party Software Interfacing Custom Development Business Integration Document Integration User Integration Globalization Sizing Installation Configuration Configuration Testing
  • 63. SAP Business Technology Map Proven, Cost-Effective Sizing Methodology (B01) Component Based Sizing (B01) Complete System Landscape Installation Procedure (B02) Choice of Preinstalled & Pre-Configured Best-Practice Systems (B03, PH) Component-based Incremental Installation (B00) Analysis & Optimization of Business Processes (B04) Business Scoping & Customization (B04) Task-specific Business Process Configuration (B06) Dynamic Business Form Layout (B07, P203) Data Conversion & Transport from Existing Legacy Systems (B08, P208) Organization and Administration of Entire Migration Process (B08) Business Process Testing (B09, P210) Performance Analysis (B09) Volume & Stress Testing (B09, P210) Based on Business Requirements Stated as Business-Oriented Figures (B01) Balanced Set of Needed Hardware Components (B01) Interactive, Up-to-Date Sizing via Internet (B01) Cooperation of Hardware Vendors & Solution Provider (B01) Sizing Reference D atabase Unattended Installation & User Language Enabling of Presentation Clients (B02) Online Access to Sizing Results (B01) Fast Installation Process (B02, B03) Certified Installation Partners (B00) Customer Individual Implementation after Application Hosting (B00) Planning & Resource Checking of Migration Process (B08) Consistency & Completeness Check (B08) Documentation & Migration Auditing (B08) Migration in Heterogeneous Environments (B08, P208) Planning & Execution of Entire Test Process (B09) Management of Manual Test Resources Recording Functionality (B09) Structured Combination of Test Tasks (B09) Automated Test Runs (B09) Integrated Documentation & Archiving of Test Results (B09) Incorporation of External Applications in Test Process Monitoring & Reporting (B09, P210) Creation of Test Data (B09) Implementation Industry & Country Specific Best-Practice Solution Templates (B05, B06) Visual Business Process Modeling (P107) Tracking & Documentation of Business Process Mapping (B00, B06) Personalized, Role, User-Group Specific Functionality & Layout (B18) Role-oriented Business Process Analysis (B05) Flexible Business Form Adjustment (B07) Methods & Processes Best-Practices & Features Sizing Installation Configuration Data Migration Testing
  • 64. Accelerated SAP - SAP Implementation Methodology
    • Mapping of business processes
    • Proven approach
    • Reduced costs
    • Ensured quality and know-how transfer
    • Efficient use of resources
    • Reusable for subsequent implementation phases
  • 65. Q&A Question and Answer