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Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
Archlinux install
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Archlinux install

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Archlinux install

Archlinux install

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  • 1. archlinux install howto install a basic archlinux s@mba
  • 2. before everythig * please please please: backup your docs * check boot settings [CDROM, USB, HD] * check if your system is i386 or x64 * insert iso, cdrom, usb and reboot * select your arch system
  • 3. After the boot * Set the keyboard language $ loadkeys LANG LANG: en, es, it, fr, de, …. example: $ loadkeys it
  • 4. Setup your disk 1. Partitioning the disk (fdisk) 2. Create a FS (xfs, ext3, ext4, zfs, … ) 3. mount your new partition
  • 5. 1. fdisk - a cli tool used to manage partitions usage: $ fdisk -l # print all the available partitions $ fdisk /dev/sda # enter in the /dev/sda setup commands: n - new (create a new partition) p - list available partition w - save and quit h - print help
  • 6. 2. Create the Filesystem (format) Filesystem - software used to organize files type of fs: xfs, zfs, ntfs, vfat, hfs, ext3, ext4 mkfs - tool used to create filesystem device - /dev/sda partition - /dev/sda1 usage: $ mkfs -t ext4 /dev/sda1
  • 7. 3. mount the partition mount [partition] [mount point] usage: $ mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/arch
  • 8. Networking (how to get a ipaddress) ifconfig - mange network interfaces wifi: $ wifi-menu $ ifconfig -a # get all device name $ ifconfig IFNAME # get status of IFNAME automatic: $ ifconfig IFNAME down # stop IFNAME $ dhcpd IFNAME static: $ ifconfig IFNAME IPADDR $ route add default gw GATEWAY_ADDR $ ping www.google.com
  • 9. Install the base pacstrap - archlinux tool used to install the base system usage: $ pacstrap /mnt/arch base $ pacstrap /mnt/arch base base-dev
  • 10. Configure the fstab file /etc/fstab - contain static info about the FS usage: $ genfstab -p /mnt/arch > /mnt/arch/etc/fstab
  • 11. chroot - into your new system chroot - cli tool used to run cmd with special root dir usage: $ arch-chroot /mnt/arch
  • 12. Set your hostname the hard choice… now you are into the chroot, so into your new system. Choose a name for your new pc. usage: $ vim /etc/hostname <type your name> :wq
  • 13. localization - (time to display and where the pc is) configure the timezone $ ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Rome /etc/localtime configure your locales (keyboard lang) files to edit: /etc/locale.gen /etc/locale.conf apply config cmd: $ localegen en_US.UTF-8 it_IT.UTF-8
  • 14. RAM disk - mkinitcpio mkinitcpio - load in RAM initial tools and start OS from disk edit: vim /etc/mkinitcpio.conf usage: $ mkinitcpio -p linux # uncomment what you need # apply the config
  • 15. Bootloader - what to boot: linux or windows? grub - the first program your pc starts install: $ pacman -S grub configure: $ grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
  • 16. umount and reboot Let’s exit from chroot and save all we’ve done chroot exit : “exit” or [CTL+d] umount - sync/save all FS change: $ umount /mnt/arch reboot - now you can see if is all ok: $ reboot
  • 17. Copyleft yes, you can share it! You are free to: ● ● ● Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
  • 18. Thanks s@mba * samba@netstudent.polito.it * @opensamba * http://sambismo.wordpress.com yes, you can ask me everything :)

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