Conditional If I could _______, then I would _______. Si pudiera _______, (conditional). If I could run, I would run more. Si pudieracorrer, correríamás. For polite requests: Me gustaría… I would like…
Subjunctive Perfect Used to indicate the action as completed with the verbs in the present or future tense.
Tanto y Tan Example: Felipe estanalegrecomo Gino. Tengo tantodinerocomo Juan.
Impersonal “se” Examples: No se hablaespañolaquí. Spanish is not spoken here. Se puedejugar en estelugar. It is possible to play in this place.
Saber vs. Conocer Examples: Juan sabedondeestáMaría. Juan knows where Maria is. Yono sétunúmerode teléfono.I don't know your telephone number. Yo no conozco a María. I don't know Maria. Alberto y Alfredo conocen Madrid. Alberto and Alfredo know Madrid.
Formal Affirmative/Negative If it is an –arverb, add an: -e (singular) OR -en (plural) If it is an -er/-irverb, add an: -a (singular) OR -an (plural)
Subjunctive +triggers Trigger Phrases: esperarque to wish that ... insistir en que ... to insist that ... mandarque ... to order that ... preferirque ... to prefer that ... prohibirque ... to prohibit that ... quererque ... to want that ... esaconsejableque ... it's advisable that ... esnecesarioque ... it's necessary that ... pedirque ... to ask that ... recomendarque ... to recommend that ... rogarque ... to plead that ... sugerirque ... to suggest that ...
Conjuctions of Time take the indicative when the action in the subordinate clause is either habitual or in the past. The subjunctive is used when the main clause is a command or in the (potential) future:
Demonstrative Pronouns/Adjectives Juan reads this book. (adjective)Juan lee estelibro. Juan reads this. (pronoun)Juan lee este.