2nd Semester: Grammar Book<br />
Conditional<br />If I could _______, then I would _______.<br />Si pudiera _______, (conditional).<br />If I could run, I ...
Conditional Irregulars<br />
Present Perfect<br />
Present Perfect Irregulars<br />
Past Perfect<br />
Subjunctive Perfect<br />Used to indicate the action as completed with the verbs in the present or future tense.<br />
Tanto y Tan<br />Example: <br />    Felipe estanalegrecomo 		Gino.<br />   Tengo tantodinerocomo	Juan.<br />
Impersonal “se”<br />Examples:<br />  No se hablaespañolaquí.<br />Spanish is not spoken here.<br />Se puedejugar en estel...
Saber vs. Conocer<br />Examples:<br />Juan sabedondeestáMaría.<br />Juan knows where Maria is.<br />Yono sétunúmerode telé...
Formal Affirmative/Negative<br />If it is an –arverb, add an:<br />-e (singular)<br />	OR<br />-en (plural)<br />If it is ...
Formal Irregulars<br />-car, -gar, -zar verbs<br />
Informal Affirmative/Negative Commands + Irregulars<br />N  E  G  A  T  I  V  E<br />A  F  F  I  R  M  A  T  I  V  E<br />
DOP/IOP Placement<br />The DOP is attached to the end of the affirmative command:<br />*the addition of   the OP to the en...
DOP/IOP Placement<br />The DOP and IOP cannot be attached in a negative command and must go between the “no” and the comma...
Nosotros Commands +mono verbs<br />
Subjunctive +triggers<br />Trigger Phrases:<br />esperarque to wish that ... insistir en que ... to insist that ... mandar...
Present Subjunctive Irregulars<br />
Subjunctive Expressed<br />
Impersonal Expressions<br />
Expressions of Emotion w/Subjunctive<br />
Conjuctions of Time<br />take the indicative when the action in the subordinate clause is either habitual or in the past. ...
Demonstrative Pronouns/Adjectives<br />Juan reads this book. (adjective)Juan lee estelibro.<br />Juan reads this. (pronoun...
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Grammar Book: 2nd Sem.

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Grammar Book: 2nd Sem.

  1. 1. 2nd Semester: Grammar Book<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Conditional<br />If I could _______, then I would _______.<br />Si pudiera _______, (conditional).<br />If I could run, I would run more.<br />Si pudieracorrer, correríamás.<br />For polite requests:<br />Me gustaría…<br /> I would like…<br />
  4. 4. Conditional Irregulars<br />
  5. 5. Present Perfect<br />
  6. 6. Present Perfect Irregulars<br />
  7. 7. Past Perfect<br />
  8. 8. Subjunctive Perfect<br />Used to indicate the action as completed with the verbs in the present or future tense.<br />
  9. 9. Tanto y Tan<br />Example: <br /> Felipe estanalegrecomo Gino.<br /> Tengo tantodinerocomo Juan.<br />
  10. 10. Impersonal “se”<br />Examples:<br /> No se hablaespañolaquí.<br />Spanish is not spoken here.<br />Se puedejugar en estelugar.<br /> It is possible to play in this place. <br />
  11. 11. Saber vs. Conocer<br />Examples:<br />Juan sabedondeestáMaría.<br />Juan knows where Maria is.<br />Yono sétunúmerode teléfono.I don't know your telephone number.<br />Yo no conozco a María. I don't know Maria.<br />Alberto y Alfredo conocen Madrid. Alberto and Alfredo know Madrid.<br />
  12. 12. Formal Affirmative/Negative<br />If it is an –arverb, add an:<br />-e (singular)<br /> OR<br />-en (plural)<br />If it is an -er/-irverb, add an:<br />-a (singular)<br /> OR<br /> -an (plural)<br />
  13. 13. Formal Irregulars<br />-car, -gar, -zar verbs<br />
  14. 14. Informal Affirmative/Negative Commands + Irregulars<br />N E G A T I V E<br />A F F I R M A T I V E<br />
  15. 15. DOP/IOP Placement<br />The DOP is attached to the end of the affirmative command:<br />*the addition of the OP to the end of the command form requires an accent mark over the stressed syllable<br />
  16. 16. DOP/IOP Placement<br />The DOP and IOP cannot be attached in a negative command and must go between the “no” and the command:<br />IOP always goes before the DOP.<br />
  17. 17. Nosotros Commands +mono verbs<br />
  18. 18. Subjunctive +triggers<br />Trigger Phrases:<br />esperarque to wish that ... insistir en que ... to insist that ... mandarque ... to order that ... preferirque ... to prefer that ... prohibirque ... to prohibit that ... quererque ... to want that ... esaconsejableque ... it's advisable that ... esnecesarioque ... it's necessary that ... pedirque ... to ask that ... recomendarque ... to recommend that ... rogarque ... to plead that ... sugerirque ... to suggest that ... <br />
  19. 19. Present Subjunctive Irregulars<br />
  20. 20. Subjunctive Expressed<br />
  21. 21. Impersonal Expressions<br />
  22. 22. Expressions of Emotion w/Subjunctive<br />
  23. 23. Conjuctions of Time<br />take the indicative when the action in the subordinate clause is either habitual or in the past. The subjunctive is used when the main clause is a command or in the (potential) future:<br />
  24. 24. Demonstrative Pronouns/Adjectives<br />Juan reads this book. (adjective)Juan lee estelibro.<br />Juan reads this. (pronoun)Juan lee este.<br />

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