El libro de gramática
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  • 1. El libro de gramática Hecho por : Sam “Sixto” Rubin
  • 2. Table of Contents
    • 1. Title Slide
    • 2. Table of Contents
    • 3. Preterite –ar verbs
    • 4. Examples of –ar verbs
    • 5. Preterite –er/-ir verbs
    • 6. Examples of –er/-ir verbs
    • 7.Trigger Words Preterite
    • 8. Car / Gar / Zar
    • 9. Spock
    • 10. Cucaracha
    • 11. Snake / Snakey
    • 12. Preterite v Imperfect
    • 13. Imperfect -ar
    • 14. Imperfect –er/ -ir
    • 15. Trigger Words Imperfect
    • 16. Irregular Imperfect
    • 17. Ser v Estar
    • 18. Verbs like Gustar
    • 19. Comparitives / Superlatives
    • 20. Transition Words
    • 21.Futuro –ar/-er/-ir
    • 22. Future Trigger Words
    • 22. Futuro Irrgular
    • 23. Por
    • 24.Para
  • 3. Pretérito (-ar verbs) Yo ( I ) Nosotros (We) Tú ( You ) Vosotros (You all ) Él, ella, usted (He, she ,you {formal} ) Ellos, ellas, ustedes ( Them, or group of people, you all {formal} ) -é -amos -aste -X -ó -aron
  • 4. Ejemplos de –ar verbs
    • I talked with my teacher about my grades.
    • Hablé con mis maestras sobre mis recetas.
    • She talked to her boyfriend.
    • Habló con su novio.
    • Did you talk with your friend yesterday?
    • Hablaste con tu amigo ayer?
    • We talked the whole weekend
    • Hablamos todo del fin de semana.
  • 5. Pretérito (-er/ir verbs) í imos iste XXX Ío ieron
  • 6. Ejemplos de –er/ir verbs
    • I wrote my dog a poem.
    • Escribí my perro una poema.
    • She wrote to her car to thank it for living.
    • Escribío a su coche para gracias por vivir.
    • Did you write the paper for Linares last night?
    • Escribiste el papel para Linares ayer noche.
    • We wrote the song with coke and chips.
    • Escribimos la canción con refrescos y fichas.
  • 7. Triggers Past Tense Tu sabes tu estas mirando a un triggaaaaa
    • ayer (yesterday)
    • anteayer (the day before yesterday) anoche (last night)
    • desde el primer momento (from the first moment)
    • durante dos siglos (for two centuries)
    • el otro día (the other day)
    • en ese momento (at that moment)
    • entonces (then)
    • esta mañana (this morning)
    • esta tarde (this afternoon)
    • la semana pasada (last week)
    • el mes pasado (last month)
    • el año pasado (last year)
    • hace dos días, años (two days, years ago)
    • ayer por la mañana (yesterday morning)
    • ayer por la tarde (yesterday afternoon)
  • 8. Car / Gar / Zar
    • Car
    • Yo saqué tú sacaste él sacó nosotros sacamos vosotros sacasteis ellos sacaron
    • Zar
    • Yo almorcé tú almorzaste él almorzó nosotros almorzamos vosotros almorzasteis ellos almorzaron
    • Gar
    • Yo me arriesgué tú te arriesgaste él se arriesgó nosotros nos arriesgamos vosotros os arriesgasteis ellos se arriesgaron
  • 9. Irregular Preterito “Spock”
    • Dar/ Ver Ser/Ir Hacer
    • -i -fui -hice
    • -iste -fuiste -hiciste
    • -io -fue -hizo
    • -imos -fuimos -hicimos
    • Ieron -fueron -hicieron
  • 10. Cucaracha Verbs!!! It’s the song!!!
    • Andar All end in –e, -iste, -o, -imos, -ieron
    • Estar j verbs drop the i in –ieron..so eron
    • Tener
    • Poner
    • Poder
    • Querer
    • Saber
    • Venir
    • Traducir
    • Conducir
    • Producir
    • Decir
    • traer
  • 11. Snake, Snakey Verbs
    • Ex : Leer
  • 12. Imperfect v Preterite
  • 13. Imperfecto –ar verbs aba ábamos abas XXX aba aban
  • 14. Imperfecto –er/ir verbs ía íamos ías XXX ía ían
  • 15. Trigger Words Imperfect
    • a menudo (often) a veces (sometimes) cada día (every day) cada semana (every week) cada mes (every month) cada año (every year) con frecuencia (frequently) de vez en cuando (from time to time) en aquella época (at that time) frecuentemente (frequently) generalmente (usually) muchas veces (many times) mucho (a lot) nunca (never) por un rato (for awhile) siempre (always) tantas veces (so many times) todas las semanas (every week) todos los días (every day) todo el tiempo (all the time) varias veces (several times)
  • 16. Irregular Imperfect
    • Hablar| comer| vivir
    • hablaba | comía| vivía
    • Hablabas| comías| vivías
    • hablaba | comía| vivía
    • Hablábamos| comíamos| vivíamos
    • hablabais | comíais |vivíais
    • hablaban | comían | vivían
  • 17. Ser V Estar
    • Ser and estar (contrasting uses)
    • When a noun follows the verb, use ser When an adjective follows the verb, decide between "essence" and "condition" To tell where something is from, use ser To tell where something is located right now, use estar To tell where an event is taking place, use ser
    • ESTAR
    • Estar is used to express:
    • geographic or physical location
    • state or condition
    • many idiomatic expressions
    • progressive tenses
    • SER
    • Ser is used to express:
    • the hour, day, and date
    • place of origin
    • occupation
    • nationality
    • religious or political affiliation
    • the material something is made of
    • possession
    • relationship of one person to another
    • certain impersonal expressions
    • where an event is taking place
    • essential qualities
  • 18. Verbs Like Gustar
    • aburrir to bore
    • fascinar to be fascinating to
    • bastar to be sufficient
    • importar to be important to
    • caer bien (mal) to (not) suit
    • interesar to be interesting to
    • dar asco to be loathsome
    • molestar to be a bother
    • disgustar to hate something
    • parecer to appear to be
    • doler (o:ue) to be painful
    • picar to itch
    • encantar to "love" something
    • quedar to be left over, remain
    • faltar to be lacking something
    • volver (o:ue) loco to be crazy about
  • 19. Comparitives / Superlatives
    • C:
    • más... (que) more... than or ____er than
    • menos... (que) less/fewer... Than
    • an... como as... as
    • tanto... como as much/many as
    • S:
    • Superlatives are formed with the definite article + noun + más or menos + adjective.
    • EX:
    • Carlos es la persona más inteligente que trabaja aquí . Carlos is the most intelligent person who works here.
    • Es la ciudad menos interesante del mundo . It's the least interesting city in the world.
    • Es el profesor más amable de la escuela . He is the nicest teacher in the school.
  • 20. Transition Words
    • Aunque-even though
    • Tambien-also
    • Mientras-while
    • A pesar de- in spite of
    • Pero- but
    • Por lo tanto-therefore
    • Sin embargo / no obstante-nevertheless
  • 21. Futuro
    • Regular verbs in the future tense are conjugated by adding the following endings to the infinitive form of the verb: -é, -ás, -á, -emos, -éis, -án .
  • 22. Triggers Future
    • -El año que viene
    • -Esta noche/tarde/mañana
    • -último día/ semana
  • 23. Future Irregular
    • Future Tense Irregulars
    • Caber yo cabr é poner yo pondr é decir yo dir é haber yo habr é salir yo saldr é hacer yo har é Poder yo podr é tener yo tendr é querer yo querr é valer yo valdr é saber yo sabr é venir yo vendr é
  • 24. Por
    • Passing through
    • General rather than specific location
    • How long something lasts
    • Cause
    • Exchange
    • Doing something in place of or instead of someone else
    • A means of transportation
  • 25. Para
    • For whom something is done
    • Destination
    • The purpose for which something is done
    • To express an opinion
    • To compare / contrast
    • To express idea of deadline