Theories of Deviance (cont'd)


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Theories of Deviance (cont'd)

  1. 1. Critical Elements of Moral Order <ul><li>Normative Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulatory function of society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integrative Function </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relation between individual and the group </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Each forms a continuum, “Normal Society” is in balance </li></ul>
  2. 2. Types of Suicide and Social Currents <ul><li>Weak Bonds </li></ul><ul><li>Strong Bonds </li></ul><ul><li>Normative </li></ul>Anomic Fatalistic <ul><li>Integrative </li></ul>Egoistic Altruistic
  3. 3. Focus on Anomic <ul><li>There is a breakdown of normative structure; rules/norms are weak, unclear and indistinct </li></ul><ul><li>No “Guidance” for the individual, no limitations. Society lacks the regulatory constraints necessary to control the behavior of its members </li></ul><ul><li>Can produce change that is rapid, uncontrolled and unpredictable. </li></ul><ul><li>Can cause sweeps (flows) across an entire society </li></ul>
  4. 4. More on Anomic <ul><li>Unleashes the “essence” of the individual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passion for unlimited growth, greed, unquenchable “thirst” which can only be contained within the boundaries of a stable social system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Without boundaries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limits, norms and individual life (the self and other’s) becomes meaningless. Behavior becomes uncontrollable ----  Deviance </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Other Elements of Social Order <ul><li>Egoistic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social control is functional, but the bond between individual and group is weak. Norms become ineffective in controlling behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Altruistic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group needs and significance override individual existence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fatalistic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rigidity and inflexibility. Individual and group stagnates </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Structural Functionalism Review <ul><li>Examines the complexity of the relationship between deviance and conformity </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to a certain appreciation of deviance </li></ul><ul><li>Deviance as a viable way of life </li></ul><ul><li>The continuum of behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Deviance as part of a “normal” society </li></ul><ul><li>But, does not explain: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict and competing group/class interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn’t ask, “Functional for whom?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assumes the objective reality of norms </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Symbolic Interactionism <ul><li>The Definition of the Situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Action is based on meaning, Meaning is created through </li></ul><ul><li>interaction, Meaning is continually modified and </li></ul><ul><li>interpreted. </li></ul><ul><li>Process. </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiated reality. </li></ul><ul><li>Not the act or the actor per se, but what surrounds and </li></ul><ul><li>follows. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Social Learning Theories <ul><li>General Features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children are not born with a tendency to want to do bad – they don’t know what bad is! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deviancy therefore, is a function of learning the norms, values and behaviors associated with behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Without opportunities to learn the values and techniques associated with deviancy, individuals would not become “deviant” </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. General Assumptions cont. <ul><li>Argues that delinquency can be explained by the nature of socialization experiences of individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Hence, theorists tend to focus on the immediate social milieu of the individual--e.g., family, peer group, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>As such, they focus on the process of becoming deviant. </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.