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Theories of Deviance (cont'd)
Theories of Deviance (cont'd)
Theories of Deviance (cont'd)
Theories of Deviance (cont'd)
Theories of Deviance (cont'd)
Theories of Deviance (cont'd)
Theories of Deviance (cont'd)
Theories of Deviance (cont'd)
Theories of Deviance (cont'd)
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Theories of Deviance (cont'd)


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  • 1. Critical Elements of Moral Order
    • Normative Structure
      • Regulatory function of society
    • Integrative Function
      • Relation between individual and the group
    • Each forms a continuum, “Normal Society” is in balance
  • 2. Types of Suicide and Social Currents
    • Weak Bonds
    • Strong Bonds
    • Normative
    Anomic Fatalistic
    • Integrative
    Egoistic Altruistic
  • 3. Focus on Anomic
    • There is a breakdown of normative structure; rules/norms are weak, unclear and indistinct
    • No “Guidance” for the individual, no limitations. Society lacks the regulatory constraints necessary to control the behavior of its members
    • Can produce change that is rapid, uncontrolled and unpredictable.
    • Can cause sweeps (flows) across an entire society
  • 4. More on Anomic
    • Unleashes the “essence” of the individual
      • Passion for unlimited growth, greed, unquenchable “thirst” which can only be contained within the boundaries of a stable social system
    • Without boundaries
      • Limits, norms and individual life (the self and other’s) becomes meaningless. Behavior becomes uncontrollable ----  Deviance
  • 5. Other Elements of Social Order
    • Egoistic
      • Social control is functional, but the bond between individual and group is weak. Norms become ineffective in controlling behavior
    • Altruistic
      • Group needs and significance override individual existence
    • Fatalistic
      • Rigidity and inflexibility. Individual and group stagnates
  • 6. Structural Functionalism Review
    • Examines the complexity of the relationship between deviance and conformity
    • Leads to a certain appreciation of deviance
    • Deviance as a viable way of life
    • The continuum of behavior
    • Deviance as part of a “normal” society
    • But, does not explain:
      • Conflict and competing group/class interests
      • Doesn’t ask, “Functional for whom?”
      • Assumes the objective reality of norms
  • 7. Symbolic Interactionism
    • The Definition of the Situation.
    • Action is based on meaning, Meaning is created through
    • interaction, Meaning is continually modified and
    • interpreted.
    • Process.
    • Negotiated reality.
    • Not the act or the actor per se, but what surrounds and
    • follows.
  • 8. Social Learning Theories
    • General Features
      • Children are not born with a tendency to want to do bad – they don’t know what bad is!
      • Deviancy therefore, is a function of learning the norms, values and behaviors associated with behavior
      • Without opportunities to learn the values and techniques associated with deviancy, individuals would not become “deviant”
  • 9. General Assumptions cont.
    • Argues that delinquency can be explained by the nature of socialization experiences of individuals
    • Hence, theorists tend to focus on the immediate social milieu of the individual--e.g., family, peer group, etc.
    • As such, they focus on the process of becoming deviant.