2b

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2b

  1. 1. Social Control and Deviance <ul><li>When deviance rises or falls too much, society alters its moral criteria to maintain the level of deviance at an optimal range. </li></ul><ul><li>If deviancy is too high, society will adjust its definition of deviance, thereby normalizing the high levels </li></ul><ul><li>If deviance is too low, it will redefine behavior that wasn’t considered deviant and give it a negative association </li></ul>
  2. 2. Competing explanations of Deviance <ul><li>- Biological — medicalization of </li></ul><ul><li>deviance, a physical illness </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological — personality </li></ul><ul><li>disorder </li></ul><ul><li>- Sociological — socialization into </li></ul><ul><li>deviance (symbolic </li></ul><ul><li>interaction, functional, and </li></ul><ul><li>conflict perspectives) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Durkheim – Father of Sociology <ul><li>Society is made up of the morals (norms, values, laws) that individuals are taught to constrain their behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Deviance is normal and necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Functions of deviance include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boundary Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group Solidarity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tension Reduction </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Structural Functionalism <ul><li>Basic Components </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Norms are necessary, Deviance is Functional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focuses on the consequences of behavioral patterns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focuses on the NEEDS of the system (Understanding behavior by relating to system needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deviance (in general) is universal and persistent </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Durkheim and Anomie <ul><li>Anomie = a sense of normlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Society attempts to be a stable system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equilibrium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All parts working together to promote stability and order </li></ul></ul>Essence of a society Moral Order “ Collective Consciousness
  6. 6. Functional vs. Dysfunctional <ul><li>Deviance can either be functional or dysfunctional </li></ul><ul><li>Universal forms of dysfunctional deviance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Murder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Violent Crime </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Manifest Function of Deviance <ul><li>Manifest deviance is that deviance which is obvious or observable </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quakers: Oddness of members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Street criminals: direct observable actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physically Challenged: ascribed deviance </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Latent Function of Deviance <ul><li>Latent deviance is that deviance which is underlying, or hidden. Secondary effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Court ordered rehab because they are a drug addict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheating on a test by a student </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The effect on a marriage from frequenting a Prostitute </li></ul></ul>

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