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  • 1. Senate Finance Committee Interim Charge - Relating to International Wire Transfers Randall S. James, Commissioner Texas Department of Banking September 26, 2006
  • 2. What are the primary businesses that transmit money?  Money Service Businesses, or MSBs (Western Union, MoneyGram, etc.)  Banks, Savings Institutions and Credit Unions (Financial institutions’ products such as wire transfers, debit cards, credit cards, ACH debits [Federal Reserve’s Directo a Mexico], and official checks can all be used to transfer money from the U.S. to international destinations.) Offered by: Page 2 Texas Department of Banking September 26, 2006
  • 3. What are other ways that money (or “value”) can be transferred?  People Traveling  Mail  Stored-value Cards  Money Orders  Purchase goods or services from foreign companies operating in the U.S. in exchange for goods delivered to a foreign country Offered by: Page 3 Texas Department of Banking September 26, 2006
  • 4. How do immigrants usually send money to Latin America? 2004 Estimates Money Service 78% Businesses People Traveling 11% U.S. Bank 7% Mail 2% Credit Union 1% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Source: Bendixen & Associates, “State by State Survey of Remittance Senders: U.S. to Latin America,” April 2004. Information is based upon a survey of 3,802 interviews conducted in 37 states and the District of Columbia. See Industry Data Source #5 listed on page 12. Offered by: Page 4 Texas Department of Banking September 26, 2006
  • 5. How much is sent from Texas to Latin America? 2004 Estimates States that send over $1 billion annually California $9.6 Billion New York $3.6 Billion Texas $3.2 Billion Florida $2.5 Billion Illinois $1.5 Billion New Jersey $1.4 Billion $0 $2B $4B $6B $8B $10B $12B Source: Bendixen & Associates, “State by State Survey of Remittance Senders: U.S. to Latin America,” April 2004. Information is based upon a survey of 3,802 interviews conducted in 37 states and the District of Columbia. See Industry Data Source #5 listed on page 12. Offered by: Page 5 Texas Department of Banking September 26, 2006
  • 6. How much is transmitted by Texas-licensed MSBs? Fiscal Number of Dollar Volume  In fiscal year 2005, the 58 Year Transactions of Transactions MSBs licensed in Texas to perform wire transfers 2005 43.4 Million $11.7 Billion initiated 43.4 million transactions totaling $11.7 billion. 2004 34.0 Million $6.1Billion  These transactions transferred money to 2003 27.0 Million $5.5 Billion locations within Texas, the U.S. and to foreign countries. The number 2002 25.4 Million $5.2 Billion and volume shown include commercial and consumer 2001 11.7 Million $5.6 Billion transfers. Offered by: Page 6 Texas Department of Banking September 26, 2006
  • 7. How active are banks and credit unions in money transmissions to foreign countries?  The Federal Reserve reports in their “Directo a Mexico – Frequently Asked Questions” brochure:  Banks and credit unions currently account for only a small share of the market (likely no more than 3%).  Funds transferred to Mexico from the U.S. reached $20 billion in 2005, up from $16.6 billion in 2004, and has experienced double-digit percentage growth for the past several years. Offered by: Page 7 Texas Department of Banking September 26, 2006
  • 8. Where is the money transferred? The IADB map to the right depicts 2005 remittances sent from the U.S., Western Europe and other countries to Latin America. (U.S. millions of dollars) Texas Department of Banking examiners have observed during routine on-site examinations that the majority of international transmissions leaving Texas are sent to Mexico, Central America (El Salvador and Guatemala), South America (Brazil and Source: Inter-American Columbia), Vietnam and the Development Bank, “Remittances 2005: Promoting Philippines. Financial Democracy” See Industry Data Source #4 on page 12. Offered by: Page 8 Texas Department of Banking September 26, 2006
  • 9. How often do immigrants in the U.S. send money to Latin America? 2004 Estimates Once a month or more often 61% Every two to three 21% months Every four to six 9% months Once a year 5% Do not remember 4% 4% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Source: Bendixen & Associates, “State by State Survey of Remittance Senders: U.S. to Latin America,” April 2004. Information is based upon a survey of 3,802 interviews conducted in 37 states and the District of Columbia. See Industry Data Source #5 listed on page 12. Offered by: Page 9 Texas Department of Banking September 26, 2006
  • 10. How much is typically transmitted?  The average transmission by Texas licensed MSBs is approximately $270.  The 2004 IADB paper (see Industry Source #2 on page 12) indicates that the average remittance to Latin America from Texas is $225, sent on average 12.9 times per year.  A study conducted by Bendixen & Associates (see Industry Source #5 on page 12) indicates that the average amount sent out of the U.S. is approximately $240. Offered by: Page 10 Texas Department of Banking September 26, 2006
  • 11. What is the cost of sending a wire transfer? MSB MSB MSB Wire Amount Fees are not regulated in (Ceiling) Licensee #1 Rate Licensee #2 Rate Licensee #3 Rate the U.S. and typically not $50.00 $15.00 $9.99 $15.00 published on company $100.00 $15.00 $9.99 $15.00 websites. However, $200.00 $22.00 $9.99 $15.00 companies do compete for $300.00 $29.00 $9.99 $15.00 business. $400.00 $34.00 $9.99 $15.00 The Federal Reserve $500.00 $43.00 $9.99 $15.00 Bank reports that the Fed $750.00 $56.00 $9.99 $15.00 will charge $0.67 per $1,000.00 $68.00 $9.99 $15.00 transfer to send funds by $2,000.00 $114.00 $40.00 $30.00 bank or credit union ACH $5,000.00 $215.00 $100.00 not provided in the Directo a Mexico $9,000.00 $375.00 $180.00 not provided program. Source: Information provided by three current MSBs licensed by the Texas Department of Banking. Offered by: Page 11 Texas Department of Banking September 26, 2006
  • 12. Data Sources 1. Texas Business Review, “Banking Across Borders: The Future of U.S.-Mexico Remittance Corridor,” by Vivek Taparia, Investment Banking Analyst. February 2005 Edition, McCombs School of Business, The University of Texas at Austin. http://bbr.icc.utexas.edu/Publications/feb_05.pdf 2. The Inter-American Development Bank, “Sending Money Home: Remittances to Latin America from the US, 2004.” January 24, 2005. http://www.iadb.org//mif/v2/files/map2004survey.pdf 3. Retail Payments Office of the Federal Reserve Banks, “Directo a Mexico – Frequently Asked Questions.” http://www.frbservices.org/Retail/pdf/DirectoMexicoFAQ.pdf 4. Inter-American Development Bank, Multilateral Investment Fund, “Remittances 2005: Promoting Financial Democracy.” March 2006. http://idbdocs.iadb.org/wsdocs/getdocument.aspx?docnum=697487 5. Bendixen & Associates, “State by State Survey of Remittance Senders: U.S. to Latin America, April 2004. Data is based upon a survey of 3,802 interviews conducted in 37 states and the District of Columbia. http://www.bendixenandassociates.com/Presentations%20and%20Reports%20- %20website/IDB%20National%20Survey%20of%20Remittance%20Senders%202004.pdf Note: We contacted Texas Appleseed (a nonprofit organization that monitors immigrant issues) inquiring about transmission voumes in Texas. We were informed that they have no data other than that reported in the above industry sources. Offered by: Page 12 Texas Department of Banking September 26, 2006

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