Internships! (Careers Advisory Service presentation)
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Internships! (Careers Advisory Service presentation) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Internships David Henderson [email_address] Durham University Careers Advisory Service
  • 2. Content
    • What is an Internship?
    • Why should I consider an Internship?
    • Getting Started!
    • Where are Internships advertised?
    • How do I apply?
    • What are the alternatives to an Internship?
  • 3. What is an Internship?
    • a structured programme of work experience
    • often salaried but not always!
    • normally lasting between four and twelve weeks
    • usually offered by companies which take on large numbers of graduates (e.g. retailers, investment banks, accountants, professional services, IT firms…)
  • 4. What is an Internship?
    • employers offer internships as part of their overall graduate recruitment strategy.
    • primarily for penultimate year students
    • the application process is normally the same as for a graduate position and they are highly competitive.
    • generally advertised from November until March although some have closing dates as early as November/December.
  • 5. What is an Internship?
    • Opportunities exist in a range of job roles and sectors:
    • Finance
    • Marketing
    • Sales
    • Engineering
    • Property
    • Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism
    • Scientific Research & Development
    • Political, Social & Economic Research
    • IT
    • HR
    • Logistics
    • Procurement
    • Administration
    • Retail
    • Public Sector
  • 6. Who offers Internships?
    • usually offered by companies which take on large numbers of graduates (e.g. retailers, investment banks, accountants, professional services, management consultants, IT firms, FMCG, Pharmaceutical, Engineering etc)
    • Law Firms (Vacation Schemes)
    • Internships also available in other sectors of employment but not always salaried (e.g. Media organisations, NGOs, Marketing & Advertising Agencies, Publishers)
    • It is possible to have an internship with an SME
  • 7. Who offers Internships?
    • Accenture – Consultancy
    • BAE Systems – Engineering
    • Centrica – Utility
    • Enterprise Rent-A-Car – Car rental company
    • IBM – IT & Consultancy
    • Lidl – Retail
    • Marks & Spencers – Retail
    • Matchtech – Recruitment
    • Nestle – Food & Beverage
    • PWC – Professional Services
    • Proctor & Gamble – Household & Personal Goods
    • JP Morgan – Investment Banking
  • 8. What will I do?
    • typically, the employer identifies a project similar to the sort of work you would do if you joined as a graduate trainee
    • deliver presentations to clients/senior management
    • work alongside professionals/graduate trainees
  • 9. Why Should I consider an Internship?
    • A degree is not enough
    • Overcrowded graduate job market – need to stand out
    • Evidence of transferable skills
    • Specific career experience
    • Commercial experience
  • 10. Why Should I consider an Internship?
    • Insight/Career research
    • Opportunity to do something different
    • References
    • Networking/Contacts
    • Confidence – Personal Development & Self Awareness
    • Route to a graduate job
    • Necessary…Banking?
  • 11. Where to start?
    • What do I want to get out of it?
    • e.g. develop particular skills/make a contribution/enhance graduate prospects/specific career experience
    • Career focus?
    • Sector Focus? e.g. Voluntary sector, Public sector, Finance, Publishing etc
    • Employer Focus?
    • Opportunity Focus?
  • 12. Where are Internships advertised?
    • Opportunities are advertised on Employer websites – use employer directories (e.g. Times 100/Best Companies/Yellow Pages) or professional organisations to identify companies that reflect your career interests
    • Careers Advisory Service website
    • ( www.durham.ac.uk/careers-advice )
    • www.work-placement.co.uk
    • Graduate employment websites (finance, law, science, business focus)
    • ( www.prospects.ac.uk / www.targetjobs.co.uk
    • www.insidecareers.co.uk )
    • Career Fairs
    • Networking/Contacts
    • Direct Approach- speculative application!
  • 13. How do I apply?
    • Normally online application form but you also may be asked to upload your CV
    • Competency based questions
    • Company specific questions
    • Career specific questions
    • CV & Covering letter
    • 1 or 2 page CV
    • Covering letter should clearly address your interest in the internship (career) and the organisation as well as your suitability
  • 14. How do I apply?
    • Key points!
    • Research is the key to success:too easy to rephrase company literature (attend presentations, speak to alumni, read journals/financial press)
    • Find out as much as you can about the nature of the internship and the career opportunities available
    • When answering competency questions be as analytical as possible: avoid narrative, briefly outline situation but focus on what you did (how you did it) and the outcome of your action
    • Do not refer to we, particularly in the context of team questions: they want to know specifically about your contribution
    • Draw upon a range of experiences
    • Answer the question fully (particularly multi-faceted questions)
    • Get someone else to read through your application form or covering letter: support from the Careers Advisory Service!
  • 15. How do I apply?
    • Why are you interested in an internship with...?
    • What do you expect to do as an Intern?
    • Why are you interested in a career in audit/marketing/HR/sales...?
    • What is your greatest achievement and why?
    • When have you been part of a succesful team? What was your role and what contribution did you make?
    • What has been your most difficult decision? How did you arrive at a decision?
  • 16. What happens next?
    • Selection process echoes that of
    • graduate recruitment:
    • Online assessment (numerical/verbal reasoning test)
    • Telephone interview
    • First round interview
    • Assessment Centre (group exercise, case studies, psychometric tests)
    • Interview(s) – Competency, technical/commercial
  • 17. What are the alternatives to Internships?
    • Internships are highly competitive but they are not
    • the only means by which to obtain highly valuable
    • experience:
    • Work Experience
    • Work Shadowing/Work Tasters
    • Voluntary Work
    • Part-time and Casual Work
    • Working Holidays
  • 18. Work Experience
    • Often unpaid but not always
    • Expenses at least usually covered
    • Length of opportunity dependent on employer
    • Opportunity to develop sector specific experience
    • Opportunity to develop transferable skills
    • Refer to careers/recruitment section of employer websites
    • Speculative applications most common means of arranging work experience
  • 19. Work Experience
    • Structured work experience schemes
    • e.g. BBC, Civil Service
    • Advertised work experience opportunities
    • e.g. CAS website
    • Professional Bodies/Sector specific recruitment sites
    • e.g. Refer to Prospects website ( www.prospects.ac.uk )
    • Self-arranged opportunities
    • e.g. work shadowing/work placements
  • 20. Work Experience
    • Politics
    • www.electus-start.com / www.w4mp.org
    • Advertising
    • www.ipa.co.uk (list of companies offering work experience)
    • Science
    • www.naturejobs.com (search for summer opportunities)
    • Health Care
    • NHS Local Champions
    • Environment
    • www.environmentjobs.co.uk
    • General Opportunities
    • Refer to CAS website
  • 21. Work Experience
    • CAS contacts – Alumni & Local Employers
    • Networking – Employer Presentations/Career Fairs/Skills Sessions
    • Personal/Family contacts
  • 22. Internships/Work Experience
    • www.work-experience.org
    • www.e4s.co.uk
    • www.talentladder.com
    • www.internjobs.com
    • www.step.org.uk
    • www.get.hobsons.co.uk/advice/work-experience
    • http://targetjobs.co.uk/graduate-jobs/
    • www.insidecareers.co.uk
    • www.dur.ac.uk/careers-advice/vacancies
    • www.lawcareers.net
  • 23. Other Types of Work Experience
    • Salaried Opportunities:
    • Summer Programmes - STEP
    • Casual Work/Agency Work
    • Work & Travel
  • 24. STEP
    • Shell Technology Enterprise Programme
    • UK-wide programme offering undergraduates project-based work experience in SMEs
    • Penultimate year students
    • Available throughout the UK
    • 8 week paid project (£190 per week) involving a variety of work areas
    • Apply via www.shellstep.org.uk
  • 25. Agency Work/Casual Work
    • Temporary paid work experience/employment
    • Local jobs papers/Student Job Shops/Speculative
    • www.durham.ac.uk/ses
    • Usually need prior work experience
    • Contact recruitment agencies
    • www.jobseekers-uk.com
    • Internet job sites
    • e.g. www.summerjobs4students.co.uk - general
    • www.labsupport.co.uk - specific
    • Working in a bar, factory or a shop a useful source of evidence when documenting transferable skills!
  • 26. Part-time/Casual Employment
    • www.nases.org.uk
    • www.durham.ac.uk/ses
    • www.morethanwork.net
    • www.jobcentreplus.gov.uk
    • www.hotrecruit.com
    • www.summerjobs4students.co.uk
    • www.justjobs4students.co.uk
    • www.jobseekers-uk.com
    • www.fish4.co.uk/iad/jobs
  • 27. Paid Work – International
    • Schemes facilitating overseas employment e.g. BUNAC
    • Teaching e.g. British Council
    • Holiday employment e.g. Tourism Industry, Agriculture, Au Pair
    • Agencies e.g. www.resortjobs.co.uk
    • Summer Camps e.g. Camp America
  • 28. Working Holidays/Working Abroad
    • www.bunac.org / www.campamerica.co.uk
    • www.campleaders.com
    • www.kcjobs.org
    • www.ccusa.com
    • www.owh.com.au
    • www.workingabroad.com
    • www.teaching-abroad.co.uk
    • www.payaway.co.uk
    • www.ciee.org
    • www.anyworkanywhere.com
    • www.voovs.com
    • www.fruitfuljobs.com
    • www.dur.ac.uk/careers-advice/vacancies
  • 29. Volunteering
    • Further source of relevant work experience but also opportunity to undertake specific role and/or work in a particular capacity
    • Develop transferable skills and personal qualities
    • Contribution to the welfare and development of others
    • Make a tangible difference
    • Work at your pace/convenience
  • 30. Volunteering
    • Volunteering Organisations
    • e.g. CSV, SCA, Volunteer England
    • Specific Charities
    • refer to Voluntary Agencies Directory
    • Employers/Organisations that rely on voluntary support
    • e.g. Health Trusts, Local Authorities
    • Experience crucial if considering opportunities in the not for profit sector
    • Support employment/postgraduate study prospects e.g. Health sector, Teaching, Public Sector, Social Care etc
  • 31. Volunteering
    • Vast range of opportunities…
    • Youth & Community work
    • e.g. Local Authority
    • Environment/Conservation
    • e.g. National Trust/Wildlife Trust
    • Health Sector
    • e.g. Care Homes, Charities (Cancer Research, Mind)
    • Heritage/Museum Work
    • e.g. English Heritage – Education Volunteers
  • 32. Volunteering
    • www.volunteering.org.uk
    • www.do-it.org.uk
    • www.ncvo-vol.org.uk
    • www.csv.org.uk
    • www.charityjobs.co.uk
    • www.charitypeople.com
    • www.dur.ac.uk/community.action (Student Community Action)
  • 33. Volunteering - Internationally
    • GAP year projects :
    • Travellers Worldwide, Greenforce, Raleigh International
    • Combination of travel & project based activities
    • Wide variety of opportunities e.g. conservation, community work, teaching, journalism
    • Financial implications – 10 weeks Raleigh International £2995
  • 34. Volunteering – Internationally
    • Volunteer Organisations/NGOs
    • Amnesty International, Red Cross, Merlin, WWF
    • Project/cause specific
    • Relevant skills and experience but not always
    • e.g. Development in Action recruiting for a 2 month voluntary placement in India. No specific experience required.
    • Domestic opportunities with NGOs
    • e.g. research internships, administration, information management
  • 35. Volunteering – Internationally
    • www.wse.org.uk
    • www.yearoutgroup.org
    • www.gapyear.com
    • www.worldwidevolunteering.org.uk
    • www.teaching-abroad.co.uk
    • www.experiencedevelopment.org
    • www.bond.org.uk
    • www.idealist.org
    • www.oneworld.net
    • www.charityjobs.co.uk
    • www.workingabroad.com
  • 36. Final thoughts…
    • Once you have decided on the manner in which you would like
    • to make the most of your vacations:
    • Identify relevant employers/organisations/public bodies etc (use resources within CAS e.g. Summer Jobs Britain, check employer/organisation/professional body websites, use generic websites identified in this talk, CAS website)
    • Be aware of early closing dates
    • Research opportunities and application process (online, CV & Covering Letter etc)
    • Speculative approach – CV, Friends & Family, Networking
    • Access support available through CAS
  • 37. Final thoughts…
    • Document your activities
    • Relate activities to transferable skills demonstrated e.g. teamwork, problem solving, communication, initiative etc
    • Reflection – what motivated/excited you. Learning outcomes.
    • Marketing your experience to employers
  • 38. …and don’t forget
    • Any experience, no matter how small, is useful
    • It is okay to mix and match your experiences e.g. volunteering and work tasters
    • And finally...it is okay to have fun during your summer too!
    • Happy Holidays!
  • 39. How Can CAS Help
    • Some sources of information
    • AGCAS publications – ‘Working Abroad’, ‘Voluntary Sector’
    • NCVO – Voluntary Agencies Directory
    • Charities Digest
    • International Development Directory
    • International Directory of Voluntary Work, Victoria Pybus
    • Working in Development
    • Teaching English Abroad
    • Working Your Way Around the World
    • Summer Jobs Britain
    • Summer Jobs Abroad
    • World Wide Volunteering database
    • Vacancy Service/Employer files & contacts
    • Job Shop
    • www.prospects.ac.uk
    • Opportunities Fair - June
    • Insight Into Management 2008
  • 40. How Can CAS Help
    • Advice & Guidance
    • Publications
    • Careers information
    • Employer information
    • Information on work & study abroad
    • Information on postgraduate study
    • Information and advice on job search
    • Employer presentations
    • Employer fairs
    • Computer aided help – Prospects Planner
    • Careers talks/workshops
  • 41.
    • Careers Advisory Service
    • University of Durham
    • 49 New Elvet
    • Durham
    • DH1 3PF
    • Tel: 0191 334 1430
    • [email_address]
    • www.dur.ac.uk/careers-advice
    • DUO Careers Tab
    • Monday to Friday
    • 10am – 5pm (term time)
    • 10am – 1pm and 2.15pm – 5pm (vacations)
  • 42. Questions?