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Euro-Mediterranean Industrial Cooperation Paris, November 2008
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Euro-Mediterranean Industrial Cooperation Paris, November 2008


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  • 1. Euro-Mediterranean Industrial Cooperation Paris, November 2008 Marie Corman
  • 2. Euro-Mediterranean Industrial Cooperation
    • Policy Framework
      • Barcelona Process
      • European Neighbourhood Policy
      • Union for the Mediterranean
  • 3. Ministerial conference in Nice November 2008
      • To take stock of progress
      • To fix priorities for the 2 years ahead
      • Euro-Mediterranean Charter for Enterprise
  • 4. Euro-Mediterranean Charter for Enterprise Quality business support schemes and services Strong business associations Innovative companies Improved skills Strengthening Euro-Mediterranean networks and partnerships Easier access to finance and investment-friendly taxation Better market access Simple Procedures for business Education and Training for Entrepreneurship Clear and Targeted information
  • 5. Scope, objective, nature and focus
    • Scope : 9 Mediterranean partner countries and their stakeholders 4 organisations : Commission, OECD, ETF, and EIB
    • Objective : Conduct a thorough enterprise policy assessment covering 77 policy indicators in 10 key policy areas affecting the life-cycle of a company, from birth to maturity
    • Nature : Pilot project
    • Focus : Policies developed and delivered mainly by central government institutions
  • 6. Two Assessment teams operating in parallel : OECD Private Sector DG Enterprise & Industry European Training Foundation European Investment Bank Independent Consultants Relevant Institutions in Charge of Policy Elaboration and Implementation for Each Dimension National Experts Key Stakeholders Independent Team
    • Country Team
    • [operating under the National Charter Co-ordinator]
  • 7. Steps in the Charter Assessment Process
    • Steps Timeline/Location
    • Define assessment grid in cooperation with MED experts
    • Workshops held in :
    • Turin (Italy), 10-11 Sept. 2007
    • Brussels 13 -14 Sept. 2007
    • Endorsement and validation of assessment grid October 2007
    • Launch of parallel assessments Dec. 2007- February 2008
    • Technical meetings to analyse preliminary results
    • to devise weighting system January – February 2008
    • 9 bilateral meetings (Commission+ MED country)
    • to discuss results of parallel assessments with
    • national stakeholders February – March 2008
    • Regional meeting to present final results 16 April 2008
    • Finalisation and p ublishing of Report June – October 2008
    • Official presentation of the Charter report
    • at the 7th Euro-Med Ministerial Conference on Industry Nice, 5-6 November 2008
  • 8. Key Results – Overall Assessment
    • Convergence towards policy guidelines of Charter progressing in MED region, but at different paces across the region
    • Progress most noticeable in : Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia
    • Transition towards horizontal enterprise policy at early stage: Algeria and Syria
    • Progress hindered by conflicts and political instability: Lebanon and Palestinian Authority
    • Well-developed enterprise policy: Israel
  • 9. Dimension 1 Simple procedures for enterprises
    • In most MED countries building blocks for enterprise policy in
    • place. However:
    • No comprehensive enterprise development strategy
    • Inter-ministerial policy co-ordination is generally weak
    • Clear assignment of tasks and competencies in enterprise policy elaboration and implementation among ministries and implementing agencies needs improvement
    • Regulatory reform initial stage (except Egypt and Israel)
    • Improvements to company registration. OSS in place (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia)
  • 10. Dimension 1 Simple procedures for enterprises
  • 11. Dimensions 2 and 3 Education and Training for Entrepreneurship and Improved Skills
    • Education systems currently do not promote entrepreneurial attitudes (except Tunisia)
    • Lack of lifelong learning perspective as a central pillar to competitive economy
    • Lack of regular surveys of enterprise community to track skills and training needs and to improve policy
    • Well-developed practice on training for expanding enterprises (Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia), but need for developing knowledge sharing networks
  • 12. Dimension 2 Education and Training for Entrepreneurship
  • 13. Dimension 3 Improved Skills
  • 14. Dimension 4 Access to Finance
    • Asset backed lending main source of external financing, but high collateral requirements
    • Little risk capital, VC industry early stages (except Israel)
    • Lack of development in credit information services (except Israel and Tunisia)
    • Well developed credit guarantee schemes operating in partnership with commercial banks (Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia)
  • 15. Dimension 4 Access to Finance
  • 16. Dimension 5 Better Market Access
    • National Export Strategies have to be defined (except Israel and Egypt)
    • Well-established government export agencies and export promotion programmes
    • Implementation of intra-regional trade integration at an early stage
    • Improvements in simplification of international trade procedures (Egypt, Israel, Morocco and Tunisia)
    • Further progress needed to prepare Agreements on Conformity Assessment and Acceptance of Industrial Products
  • 17. Dimension 5 Better Market Access
  • 18. Dimension 6 Innovative Firms
    • All around recognition that innovation is a source of long-term prosperity and steps to establish innovation systems
    • Systems focus on creating linkages with universities, incubators, upgrading human captial and technology upgrading
    • Volume of R&D Investment is limited for region, lack of sources of technological innovation (except Israel)
    • Development of comprehensive innovation strategies (Egypt, Tunisia)
  • 19. Dimension 6 Innovative Firms
  • 20. Dimension 7 Strong business associations
    • Public-private consultations practices well-established all around, but geared to serve insider interests versus new market entrants
    • Practices vary in terms of framework, frequency and degree of transparency
    • Private sector organisations gaining strength as advocates and service providers (Palestinian Authority)
    • Emerging networks in high-value sectors, women and youth entrepreneurs
  • 21. Dimension 7 Strong business associations
  • 22. Dimension 8 Quality of business support services
    • In all countries programmes (services, targeted groups) to support small firms to overcome market failures (Enterprise Upgrading/Mise à niveau)
    • Business establishment support centers (industrial parks and zones) are well-established in most countries
    • Information gap about availability of programmes
    • Lack of monitoring and evaluation tools to evaluate effectiveness of programmes using sizeable resources
  • 23. Dimension 8 Quality of business support services
  • 24. Dimension 9 and 10 EuroMed partnerships and networks, Clear and targeted information
    • Experience in networking and partnerships between firms and between business support services at Euro-Med level but often donor funded pilot projects
    • Significant needs to improve quality of information, especially online
    • Development of interactive websites, portals and networks of information centres (Egypt, Israel, Morocco and Tunisia)
  • 25. Dimension 9 EuroMed partnerships and networks
  • 26. Dimension 10 Clear and targeted information
  • 27. Next steps
    • Ministerial conference in Nice : ACTION
    • Focus on implementing recommendations
    • Next assessment by 2012
    • In the meantime, fine tune set of indicators paying more attention to SMEs, sustainable industrial development, accountancy and auditing standards, etc
    • Synergies, cooperation, a role for FCM
  • 28. Euro-Mediterranean Industrial Cooperation
    • [email_address]