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    Samantha  Barwigs Powerpoint Samantha Barwigs Powerpoint Document Transcript

    • America In The Beginning
      Who were the first Americans?
      This land bridge is known as Beringia.
      Animals like mammoths crossed the bridge or migratedto the America's.
      This caused ocean levels to drop and expose land.
      In the Bering straight, a land bridge appeared connecting Siberia & the Americas
      30,000 years ago During a period of low temperatures called an ice age
      The world was covered in glaciers
      or sheets of ice.
      How and why did they come here?
    • America In The Beginning
      What happened when they came to America?
      The ice age ended warming up glaciers causing water levels to rise covering up the land bridge.
      Some animals died off like mammoths.
      Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives needed to adjust or adapt to every thing in the new surrounds that made up each of their own environments
      in order to survive.
      How did they meet their new needs?
      Hunter's in Asia who moved from place to place to find food or nomads followed the mammoths and spread out or migrated to the America's
    • How did Native Americans adjust to the new environments?
      America In The Beginning
      Different groups in different environments developed their own beliefs and ways of life or culture. Groups in the same environments adapted similar life styles, and language creating cultural region .
      Many Native American have these things in common.
      1. Nature has a spirit & believes in many gods.
      2. No one can own land.
      3. Only use what is needed.
      4. Trade was important to most societies
      Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives used the different natural resources their own different environments for food, clothing, and shelter.
      What did they have in common?
    • 8 Cultural
      Regions
      California
      Great Basin
      Great Plains
      South East
      North West Coast
      Plateau
      Eastern Woodlands
      South West
    • 8 Cultural Regions
    • North West Coast
      Weather:
      long cold winters
      cool summers
      heavy rainfall
      Natural Resources:
      ocean/beaches
      thick forests of fir,
      spruce, and cedar
      rugged mountains
      seafood/salmon
      deer, moose, bear, elk,
      beaver, mountain goats
    • California
      Weather:
      rainy winters
      hot dry summers
      Natural Resources:
      ocean/coast
      foothills
      valley's
      deserts
      mountains
      acorns, oak trees
      grass, and plants
      redwood trees
      salmon/seafood/shellfish
      deer, rabbits, ducks,
      roots berries, pine nuts
    • Great Basin
      Weather:
      little rain
      hot during the day
      cold at night
      Natural Resources:
      mostly dessert
      low areas surrounded by
      mountains at the edges
      with valleys that had
      seasonal lakes and streams
      plants that need little water like
      grasses, sagebrush, pinon trees,
      at the outer edges pine trees, and willow
      small animals rabbits, lizards,
      grasshoppers, snakes
      sometimes ducks , duck eggs during certain seasons
      seeds,berries pine nuts, roots, cattail
    • Plateau
      Weather:
      long cold winters
      comfortable summers
      Natural Resources:
      mountains with
      dense forests in areas
      flatter in the center with
      drier grass lands
      rivers
      driftwood, mud, dirt,
      grass and sage brush
      fish, antelope, deer, seeds
      onions, carrots, camas roots, salmon
    • Great Plains
      Weather:
      cold winters
      hot summers
      Natural Resources:
      mountains surrounding edges
      treeless grasslands in the center
      east more water and softer soil
      west drier dense grass
      Buffalo and smaller animals
    • South West
      Weather:
      high temperatures
      little rain
      dry/arid
      Natural Resources:
      mountains, canyons
      desserts, flat top mesas
      rivers, little water
      clay, brightly colored plants, cotton
      corn, beans, squash, peppers, rabbits
    • Eastern Woodlands
      Weather:
      snowy winters , rain
      Natural Resources:
      rivers, ocean/coast
      lots of lakes and streams
      Forests, plants,
      maple trees, elm,
      deer, bears, beavers, birds, fish
      corn, sunflowers, tobacco, vegetables,
      nuts, berries
    • South East
      Weather:
      long warm humid summers
      mild winters
      Natural Resources:
      rivers, ocean/coast
      Fertile coastal plains
      mountains,
      swamps
      Trees, clay, shells,
      corn, beans, squash, pumpkins,
      sunflowers, sweet potatoes
      squirrels, rabbits, turkeys,
      deer, alligators, turtles,
      wild rice, persimmons