Radio Ga Ga
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Radio Ga Ga



Internet radio

Internet radio



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Radio Ga Ga Radio Ga Ga Presentation Transcript

  • Internet radio       Samantha Iyer
  • What is it?
    • Internet radio is an audio broadcasting service on the Internet.
    • You may have also heard of it as: web radio, net radio, streaming radio, e-radio
    •   Simply put, it is radio on the Internet!
  • ... What it is
      • Internet radio is of two kinds:
        • Internet only
        • Associated with traditional (terrestrial) radio stations
      • How is it different from other streaming services? Like traditional radio, Internet radio is very different from:
        • 'On-demand' file serving and Podcasting: Here, you download instead of stream
      • Advantages & Disdavantages:
    • Internet radio involves streaming, which means that listeners have a continuous 'stream' of audio. But, they have no control over the content being broadcast.  
  • But why use Internet radio?
      • What you listen to does not occupy space on your hard drive
      • Convenience in terms of access - anywhere, anytime
      •   Internet radio has no geographic limitations
      • Unlike traditional radio, Internet radio is not limited to audio.
      • The cost of getting “on the air” is less for an Internet broadcaster
      • Internet radio can appeal to niche listeners
    • But, with such awesome-ness, comes great resposibility - to the people and the government.
  • Availability
      • Worldwide
      • Anywhere, anytime You can even make your own radio station online:
  • ... Availability
      • But, there are catches:
        • Some sites are available only for users in specific countries
        • Problems with regard to device connected to the Internet
        • Free vs. pay for access models
  • Why is it so popular?
    •   So what exactly makes people flock to online radio stations?
      • Internet proliferation
      • Increased 3G coverage and sales of Internet capable phones
  • Internet Radio Proliferation
      • More than 8 in 10 Americans are online from any location
      • Weekly Internet Radio audience increased 50% from 2005
      • At-work streaming increased an average of 43% each year from 2000 to 2005
      • Radio web site visitors are highly loyal, with two-thirds of station web site visitors visiting weekly, and nearly a quarter visiting daily
      • 41% visited a website due to an ad
      • 57% of weekly internet radio users reported listening while purchasing goods at a website
    • Source:  Arbitron Inc./Edison Media Research, 2006
  • 2008 World Internet Users and Population Stats  Source: Neilsen Online, December 31, 2008
  • Repercussions
      • Copyright Issues: Open source software like FreeMusicZilla will extend the problem with P2P and streaming
      • Business implications
        • Tie ups with cellular service providers
        • MP3/MP4 audio manufacturers 
        • More people responding to ads that are relevant to them
  • Major Internet Radio Stations
    • Others include ,
  • Pandora
      • Music Genome Project "Since we started back in 2000, we've carefully listened to the songs of tens of thousands of different artists - ranging from popular to obscure - and analyzed the musical qualities of each song one attribute at a time. This work continues each and every day as we endeavor to include all the great new stuff coming out of studios, clubs and garages around the world."
      • Is also available as an application on phones with 3G coverage 
      • Great intuitive software
      • Excellent audio quality
  • Pandora's Features
      • Its free!
      • Easy to use and register
      • Good user interface
      • Thumbs up/down button allows the user to rate selections
      • Very few advertisements 
      • The recommendation algorithm is great
      • You can share stations with your friends
      • You cannot make playlists
      • No option to search for songs/artists
      • There is no guarantee that you will hear a specific song again unless you bookmark it
  • Imeem
      • Its free!
      • Good user interface
      • Music for Android-supporting phones
      • You can make your own playlists and share them with friends
      • You can access your friends' playlists and also see what they have been listening to
      • Unlike Facebook and other social networking sites, Imeem does not show friends' news feeds 
      • It allows you to search for music/artists
      • You can upload your own audio files
      • The recommendation algorithm is not that advanced
      • It has a great music recommendation system called the 'Audioscrobbler.'
      • Good user interface
      • It is a stand-alone, small software that you download to your computer
      • You can add songs to a playlist, but may not be able to play the whole song
      • It only recommends the station where the song is playing
      • You can love/ban artists
      • Users can create custom radio stations and playlists from any of the audio tracks in's music library
      • It has very high quality sound
      • These recommendations are very genre-specific and relevant to the user
  • Internet Radio Timeline
    •   Source: Penn State University
    • Long story short:
  • Copyright Arbitration Royalty Panel (CARP)
      • Determines appropriate royalty rates, methods how those rates are enforced and how the royalties are distributed 
      • Makes decisions for specific types of copyrighted media like radio, cable TV and digital audio
    • The Copyright Royalty and Distribution Reform Act of 2004 replaced CARP with the Copyright Royalty Board
  • Copyright Royalty Board (CRB)
      • Judges are appointed to serve staggered six year terms
      • Evaluates circumstances of royalty rates for copyrighted materials
      • Sets appropriate rates according to US law
      • Is responsible for the increase of royalty rates for internet radio 
    • This increase called for the proposal of the Internet Radio Equality Act
  • Internet Radio Equality Act
      • Introduced to the Senate on May 10 2007 to decrease royalty rates 
    • The legislation appears to have been abandoned in committee, as of July 19, 2008
      • The old royalty rate of $.000768 per song is set to increase incrementally until the rate reaches $.0019 by the year 2010
  • Controversies
    • Traditional radio broadcasters pay only publishing royalties and no performance royalties.
    • October 1998 : US Congress passed the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) Results: Performance royalties are to be paid for satellite and Internet radio broadcasts in addition to publishing royalties
    • June 26, 2007 : Day of Silence Many US Internet broadcasters shut off their audio streams or streamed ambient sound, sometimes interspersed with brief public service announcements.
    • Questions?