Salterbaxter - Social Media Booklet

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Confused by the new world of social media? An introduction into social media for corporate communications

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Salterbaxter - Social Media Booklet

  1. 1. confused by the new world of social media? social media we’re here to help!
  2. 2. This booklet is a short introduction to the subject of social media. We also run workshops and seminars on the subject and are happy to answer queries over the phone. You can also follow our thinking by visiting the digital section of our blog: www.salterbaxter-rethinktank.com Alternatively, please get in touch: Louise Dudley-Williams Head of Marketing ldudley-williams@salterbaxter.com Tel: + 44 (0)20 7229 5720 What’s it all about? collaboration interaction fun participation openness collective voice transparency
  3. 3. introduction THe use of social media is groWing aT an unprecedenTed raTe and is increasingly being considered as an imporTanT parT of THe corporaTe communicaTions mix. Social media is essentially about people having conversations online and while individuals have been early adopters, organisations have been slow to open up to this conversation, being more used to a carefully constructed monologue. There are some notable exceptions, such as Nike, GE, General Motors and Dell to name a few, and we will share some good examples with you throughout this booklet. As this shift to a more open online dialogue begins to take place, companies are starting to realise that they need to change their mind-set and approach social media as an opportunity rather than a risk. We hope this booklet will highlight the key points you’ll need to know about social media and provide evidence of how it is already working for business. Help? 01 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  4. 4. so what is social media? Social media is a term used to describe a new breed of digital communication that takes place within an open and collaborative environment. It shares all of the following characteristics: Online dialogue Whereas traditional corporate communications is about one-way broadcast, social media encourages conversations between a wide group of people. Social networks are helping to support this two-way conversation. Collective experience Participation and experimentation are expected within social media. The emphasis is on sharing and commenting on content freely without too many barriers. Voting functionality is also allowing audiences to quickly evaluate the usefulness of content. Mutual interests Communities with the same passions and interests, such as cars, the environment or even The Apprentice, can quickly congregate and communicate easily with each other. Networked relationships The relationships built through social media gain momentum through their connections. Communities form by openly sharing resources, contacts and ideas. Informal networks are then built through connections with friends and colleagues. That’s clearer! 02 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  5. 5. how are companies using it? Social media is now allowing organisations to build dialogue with many more people by participating in their social media spaces – from employees to investors, management teams to NGOs, community groups to journalists and, more importantly, consumers. Traditional channels for corporate communications are being supplemented by publishing content on existing social networks. In some instances social media channels are even replacing them. And by their very nature, these communications are more open and transparent, shaped and ‘audited’ by the audience. But for corporate material to be successful in this environment the content must be meaningful, relevant and engaging; and companies need to understand they cannot fully control the message or the destination. These channels now offer the opportunity for more trusted and targeted dialogue and should be considered for a range of communications including: Brand and reputation Consumer marketing Corporate Responsibility Stakeholder dialogue Investor relations Employee engagement PR, press and media equals corporate corporate social media! communications plus social media 03 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  6. 6. There are more than 150 million users on Facebook 1 Social networking is now the 4th most popular online activity ahead of personal email 2 WIKIPÉDIA Wikipedia contains over 14 million articles 3 Twitter’s current growth rate is 752%4 There are more than 1 billion tweets on Twitter 5 04 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  7. 7. Blogger has 222 million unique visitors 6 There are now over 1 billion users on the internet 7 YouTube has over 100 million viewers online 8 LinkedIn has over 36 million users spanning 170 industries 9 1. Mark Zuckerberg, 7 Jan 2009 2. Global Faces and Networked Places: A Nielsen report on Social Networking’s New Global Footprint, March 2009 3. Wikipedia statistics, 28 Feb 2009 4. Mashable/Compete, 9 Jan 2009 5. Techcrunch, 12 Nov 2008 6. Techcrunch/comScore, Dec 2008 7. Internet World Statistics/comScore, Dec 2008 8. comScore, 5 March 2009 9. Advertising Age, 2 March 2009
  8. 8. specific forms of social media On the following pages we outline a range of social media tools and techniques, providing interesting examples in each section: 01 campaign microsites 02 communities of interest 03 co-creation 04 blogs 05 social forums 06 microblogging 07 personal production 08 information gathering 06 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  9. 9. 01 campaign microsites This is a small or mini website, separate from an organisation’s main website, that has a distinct URL and delivers focused content about a specific campaign, product or service. It is a destination for a communications programme that people can return to again and again at minimal cost to the organisation. Nike – Nike+ Nike created this campaign microsite to encourage one million runners to run in one race, in one day in May 2008. It is estimated that 10 million miles have been run due to this campaign, equating to 26 trips to the moon and back and 401 runs around the world. http://nikeplus.nike.com/nikeplus GE – Eco-imagination GE created a new innovative culture under the banner of ‘eco-imagination’ to reflect their new emphasis on green technology. Over 200,000 people downloaded the breakthrough technology on this site, called Augmented Reality, that helps consumers see a digital hologram of GE’s Smart Grid technology. http://ge.ecomagination.com/smartgrid Vattenfall – Climate signature Sweden’s largest electricity supplier set out to mobilise the international business community to act on climate change. Over 240,000 people have signed up to their climate manifesto ahead of the UN climate conference in Copenhagen this November. http://climatesignature.vattenfall.com Other examples Aviva Ocean Racing http://www.avivaoceanracing.com National Grid Floe http://www.nationalgridfloe.com Heineken Know the Signs http://www.knowthesigns.com Coca-Cola Let’s Get Together http://www.letsgettogether.co.uk/ 07 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  10. 10. 02 communities of interest This is an online space where people with common interests can share their experiences and opinions, create unique personal profiles, build relationships and use those connections to accomplish a task. They represent a significant arena for organisations to connect to new audiences and build dialogue. Shell Dialogues Shell was one of the first global corporations to invite people to post questions about their industry when they launched Tell Shell in 1998. Shell Dialogues now includes open debate and there have been over 50,000 page views and 500 questions answered since the site launched in May 2008. http://www.shelldialogues.com WWF – Earth Hour More than 4,000 towns and cities across 88 countries took part in Earth Hour to raise awareness of climate change by turning off their lights for one hour on 28 March 2009. It is estimated that over 100,000 people signed up to the Earth Hour site online. http://www.earthhour.org Dell – Community Home Dell experienced negative publicity from a consumer site called ‘Dell Hell’. In response Dell has now become the leading voice of computer manufacturers in social media environments. The Dell community site now gets more than five million unique views per month. http://en.community.dell.com 78% of people trust the opinions of others 1 Other examples HP community http://www.communities.hp.com/online Fujifilms http://www.zspotnow.com Nike Looped online community http://nike6.loopd.com TED Ideas Worth Spreading http://www.ted.com 1. Source: Nielson ‘Trust in advertising’ Report, October 2007 08 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  11. 11. 03 co-creation Co-creation refers to content produced in collaboration by end-users of websites or social media as opposed to traditional media producers. The ultimate aim is for content to be more democratically created and shaped by the audience. It often includes suggestion boxes, where people share ideas on new products and service developments. Starbucks – My Starbucks Idea This site allows customers to voice their own ideas about what they’d like to see changed or improved at Starbucks. Users submit their ideas related to employees, coffee and tea, and merchandise. Ideas are reviewed by Starbucks’ employees. Over 75,000 ideas have been suggested, resulting in new products and services already implemented. http://mystarbucksidea.force.com Toyota – Why Not? Users are asked to submit their own innovations in six areas – safety, water, land, air, community and energy – while learning about Toyota’s efforts in these areas. Over 60,000 ideas have been submitted to win a prize. http://www.toyotawhynot.com Dell – Ideastorm Dell wanted to build an online community that brought users closer to the creative development of new technology by allowing them to share ideas and collaborate with one another. More than 11,000 ideas, new products or services ideas have been posted. http://www.ideastorm.com Other examples GM Next Wiki http://wiki.gmnext.com/wiki BP SimCity Society http://bpsimcitysocieties.com IBM Wiki http://www-941.ibm.com/collaboration/wiki/dashboard.action The Spark by T-Mobile http://www.thespark.t-mobile.co.uk 09 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  12. 12. 04 blogs A blog, an abbreviation of ‘web log’, is a website where entries are written in chronological order and commonly displayed so that new entries appear at the top of the page. Many blogs provide commentary or news on a particular subject such as food or local news; others function as more personal online diaries. Sun Microsystems – Jonathan Schwartz Jonathan Schwartz, the CEO of Sun Microsystems is often held up as a great example of what a corporate CEO can do with blogging. It shows how today there are no such things as ‘internal communications’ – just one message, direct from the CEO to everyone. http://blogs.sun.com/jonathan BNP Paribas – For a changing world This multi-lingual blog site is aimed at BNP Paribas employees and the general public. The subject matter is focused on the company’s CSR track record. What is remarkable is the frankness of the employee statements and the site’s ability to collect ideas about changing mortgage calculations, including reactions from the general public. http://www.forachangingworld.com General Motors – Fact and Fiction GM has developed a reputation for creating good car enthusiast blogs, such as http://fastlane.gmblogs.com. More interesting is GM’s Fact and Fiction site that sets out to counter the misinformed opinion spread by social networks about the restructuring of the business. 73% of internet It is GM’s official record of the facts, leaving users free to make users have up their mind on what to believe. read a blog 2 http://gmfactsandfiction.com Other examples Coca-Cola conversations http://www.coca-colaconversations.com Waitrose CEO diet blog http://www.waitrose.com/blog/index.aspx Nokia conversations http://conversations.nokia.com GE global research blog http://www.grcblog.com 2. Source: Universal McCann Comparative Study on Social Media Trends, April 2008 10 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  13. 13. 05 social forums An internet forum is a web application for holding discussions and posting user-generated content. Internet forums are also commonly referred to as web forums, message boards, discussion boards, discussion groups and bulletin boards. Messages within these discussions are then displayed either in chronological order or as threaded discussions. Sainsbury’s – ‘Your Ideas’ forum Sainsbury’s became the first UK supermarket to get involved in user- generated content, opening the ‘Your Ideas’ forum with its customers back in June 2006. The site is a network of forums hosted on sainsburys.co.uk, that now has over 61,000 members, discussing topics ranging from child obesity and what makes a good curry. http://www.sainsburys.co.uk/yourideas/forums/9661/showthread.aspx Vodafone customer forum Vodafone set up a customer forum to answer questions on pricing, contracts and their overall service standards to improve their customer support. Over 30,000 customer complaints were answered online and customer satisfaction results improved by 30%. http://forum.vodafone.co.nz/index.php?showtopic=1080 HSBC Business Network HSBC’s Open talk e-forum took this idea a step further and included polls, inspirational talks for their business customers as well as a knowledge centre and tutorials for start-up businesses. The site has helped them stay close to their customers during challenging times. http://network.hsbc.co.uk/category/Forums/3 34% have joined an online forum 2 Other examples BT community forum http://beta.bt.com/bta/forums/index.jspa Adobe support forum http://www.adobe.com/support/forums Powerwise, Canada http://www.powerwise.ca Google Health Groups http://www.google.com/Top/Health/Support_Groups 11 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  14. 14. 06 microblogging Micro-blogging is a form of blogging that allows users to send brief text updates or media, such as photos or audio clips, and publish them to open or restricted groups. These messages can be submitted by a variety of means, including text messaging, instant messaging, email, digital audio or the web. Scott Monty for GM Scott Monty is a social media guru who was recruited by GM and Ford to raise their profile through social networks. He has over 18,000 followers on Twitter and conducts daily interviews with blogs, news sites and television. In April 2009 this increased traffic by 100% to thefordstory.com. The CEO video was watched by over 60,000 people. http://twitter.com/scottmonty GE at Ted whiteboards GE invited a selected audience from TED (Technology, Entertainment, Design) to answer three key questions online that addressed key issues affecting GE’s business. The challenge for the contributors was to keep their responses to 140 words using Twitter. The ideas were then posted on ecoimagination.com. http://ge.ecomagination.com/ted Stephen Fry Stephen Fry has over 400,000 followers on Twitter making him one of the most followed people on a social network site in the UK. He has quickly emerged as the British ambassador for micro-blogging in the UK and his tweets are now making front page headlines. http://twitter.com/stephenfry Twitter now has 11 million subscribers 2 Other examples 10 Downing Street http://twitter.com/DowningStreet Barack Obama http://twitter.com/BarackObama Rio Tinto http://www.twitter.com/riotinto CEO at Zappos http://twitter.com/zappos 2. Source: Universal McCann Comparative Study on Social Media Trends, April 2008 12 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  15. 15. 07 personal production The advent of digital cameras, home editing software and online publishing services have empowered individuals to reach a large audience at a much lower cost and greater frequency than most media. Today, many people are creating their own content free, such as film and radio content, uncensored from the constraints of the mainstream media. This has also given organisations more control of their own news and corporate message, making them less reliant on mainstream media. GM Social Media Newsroom One of the best examples of corporate social media is GM’s newsroom that mixes social media and traditional media well. The whole site is tagged and it has now substituted traditional news platforms to become the ultimate source of information relating to GM. http://www.gmeurope.info/social_media_newsroom Philips Social Media Newsroom Philips have taken this concept one stage further and tagged all their media photos and linked them to Flickr. Again this has helped Philips control the source of its own news and material. http://socialmedianewsroom.philips.dk Johnson & Johnson YouTube channel This YouTube channel covers a wide range of topics including nutrition, diet, sexual health, gastric bypass surgery and obesity. The goal of the site is to provide useful health information for consumers direct from Johnson & Johnson. http://www.youtube.com/user/JNJhealth 83% have watched video clips online 2 Other examples Kodak 1,000 Words http://1000words.kodak.com Nestlé Creating Shared Value http://www.youtube.com/user/NESTLECSV Honda The Power of Dreams http://dreams.honda.com Blendtec http://www.willitblend.com 13 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  16. 16. 08 information gathering People are getting smarter in the ways they collate, read and review content online. With access to endless web content it is easy to become overwhelmed with information. New tools and techniques have been developed to cope with this issue, such as news feeds from Google which have been helping social networks access the most relevant and up-to-date blogs and news information. BT Innovation RSS and Podcasts BT’s RSS-enabled website helps subscribers scan article headlines and link back to the latest full articles on the website for their GadgetZone, Futurewise, and Innovation news. http://www.btplc.com/Innovation/InnovationnewsviaRSS/index.htm Ford – Digital Snippets By subscribing to the Ford RSS feeds for individual news stories, users are instantly updated with the latest digital snippets related to that story. A snippet can take the form of copy, photos, video or audio that can be shared on the internet and reposted on any website. http://ford.digitalsnippets.com 39% have subscribed Lyondell – RSS Feeds to rss feeds 2 Lyondell’s feeds are usefully subdivided into categories allowing visitors to select what they want. Lyondell provides 12 separate topic-based feeds so that different types of journalists can subscribe to the news most relevant to them. http://www.lyondellbasell.com/News/NewsAlerts/RSSFeeds Other examples Intel Press Room RSS feed://rss.intel.com/rss/intel-pressroom.xml Adobe on Del.icio.us http://delicious.com/adobe Google Reader www.google.com/reader Digg http://digg.com 2. Source: Universal McCann Comparative Study on Social Media Trends, April 2008 14 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  17. 17. how is this changing the message? iT is clear, social media is no longer a fad, nor Will iT seTTle long enougH To be fully undersTood. companies are beginning To realise THe implicaTions of social media and are demonsTraTing innovaTion by TesTing THe WaTer WiTH specific iniTiaTives. The most important thing for companies to understand is that they have to join the social media conversation rather than seek to control it. This means the message has to move from being controlled and one-way to a more inclusive, authentic and interest-driven dialogue. The companies that are able to embrace this, and learn from the people they reach, will be the ones that excel in managing their reputations online. i think it’s really interesting! i didn’t like it. What Have you seen the do you think? latest skittles site? mars is really brave to do it is anyone listening? 15 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  18. 18. in summary 1. Understand the rules 4. Avoid blandness of the game Due to all the web noise you Social media requires a will need to make the content different way of thinking. Think relevant, interactive and strategically for the long term and engaging to draw people in. remember it’s about real people Make the content easy to read, and open communication, not use sub-headings to make the about a static corporate message. content relevant and instruct Just by being involved in social a design agency that knows media shows companies are their social media onions willing to be part of the debate. (preferably us!) 2. Authenticity 5. Think community first Write about real things that Understand who your audience people care about, using an is: where are they online; what authentic tone of voice. Post are they doing; and what tools new information frequently to are they likely to be using? help build credibility over time Then develop a trusted and (social media is about sharing credible web presence on the after all). Focus on explaining social networks they are using. your point of view with openness Encourage feedback where and honesty to address high levels possible and don’t forget of scepticism (overt corporate PR to respond! doesn’t work well in this space). 6. Track measurable results 3. Accept you can’t control As budgets are tight it is everything important to learn how to Seek advice to help clarify the measure truly relevant results. potential risks and rewards of any Think hard numbers: no. of hits; social media project. Accept there no. of questions posted; no. will always be negative detractors of favourable comments. Also and NGOs taking a narrow view. think qualitative results, such If you are cautious, undertake a as increased sentiment towards trial project first and measure brand or spontaneous responses results to help build your social from staff. Use these metrics to media confidence. Accept that review and revise future plans. you won’t be able to change the culture overnight, but you can take small steps which can lead to a snowball effect. 16 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  19. 19. what’s next? iT is clear THaT social media Will be an imporTanT asseT for corporaTe communicaTions and THe companies THaT Will succeed Will be THose THaT creaTe meaningful relaTionsHips THrougH engaged and commiTTed neTWorks. Understanding the nature of this new collaboration online is key. Opening up to sharing with others and recognising your corporate message will be owned and defined by people outside your organisation remains the biggest barrier to change for many companies. But social media is happening all around us and offers companies the opportunity to engage with a whole range of stakeholders. All that companies now need to do is start an open and honest conversation. this way to the future 17 Salterbaxter’S guide to Social media
  20. 20. let’s have a conversation Salterbaxter advise companies on strategy, branding, corporate communications and design. We have a strongly held belief that most things could be made better – they just need better insight, brighter ideas, more creative thought. And so our offer to clients is all about creative re-thinking for the corporate communications landscape. Our clients are extremely varied and include: FTSE 100 companies; major multinationals; some of the world’s most exclusive brands; law firms; private equity firms; world leading educational establishments and independent, entrepreneurial businesses. 202 Kensington Church Street, London W8 4DP T: +44 (0)20 7229 5720 www.salterbaxter.com Or join the debate at www.salterbaxter-rethinktank.com This supplement is printed on Think Bright and is supplied by Howard Smith. It is an FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) certified material and is 100% recyclable. Printed by CTD, an ISO 14001 certified and FSC accredited company. TT -COC-2142 ©1996 Forest Stewardship Council A.C. www.ctdprinters.com

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