Correct Usage of the apostrophe

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Part of a punctuation lesson for high school business students.

Part of a punctuation lesson for high school business students.

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  • 1. Once upon a time,
  • 2. In a Galaxy far, far, away…
  • 3. …there lived business students……who embarked on along journey. To learn the correct usage of the Apostrophe…
  • 4. But in that galaxy lived an evil apprentice who made it very difficult on their journey… …modern slang
  • 5. So YODA tells them:“The Power… you mustembrace……of the Apostrophe.”
  • 6. U sage of the A postropheThe apostrophe has three uses: 1) to form possessives of nouns 2) to show the omission of letters 3) to indicate certain plurals of lowercase letters. Apostrophes are NOT used for possessive pronouns or for noun plurals, including acronyms.
  • 7. So, Help me Master Yoda, What must I do ???
  • 8. F inding the A postrophe problemProofread when you have finishedwriting the paper. Follow these strategies to proofread for apostrophes: Check every word that ends in -s or -es to see if it needs an apostrophe. Check every apostrophe to see if you can justify it with a rule for using apostrophes.
  • 9. R ule #1Forming Possessives of Nouns • add s to the singular form of the word (even if it ends in -s): Ex. the owners car or James’s hat • add s to the plural forms that do not end in -s: Ex. the childrens game or the geeses honking • add to the end of plural nouns that end in -s: Ex. houses roofs three friends letters • add s to the end of compound words: Ex. my brother-in-laws money • add s to the last noun to show joint possession of an object: Ex. Todd and Annes apartment
  • 10. R ule #2Showing Omission of Letters Apostrophes are used in contractions. A contraction is a word (or set of numbers) in which one or more letters (or numbers) have been omitted. The apostrophe shows this omission. Contractions are common in speaking and in informal writing. To use an apostrophe to create a contraction, place an apostrophe where the omitted letter(s) would go. Here are some examples: dont = do not shouldnt = should not Im = I am didnt = did not hell = he will couldve= could have (NOT "could of"!) whos = who is 60 = 1960
  • 11. R ule #3Forming Plurals of Lowercase Letters Apostrophes are used to form plurals of letters that appear in lowercase; here the rule appears to be more typographical than grammatical, e.g. "three ps" versus "three ps." To form the plural of a lowercase letter, place s after the letter. There is no need for apostrophes indicating a plural on capitalized letters, numbers, and symbols (though keep in mind that some editors, teachers, and professors still prefer them). Here are some examples: Nitas mother constantly stressed minding ones ps and qs That printed page has too many &s on it. The 1960s were a time of great social unrest.
  • 12. S o R emember YO D A says: ,Dont use apostrophes for possessivepronouns or for noun plurals. Apostrophes should not be used with possessive pronouns because possessive pronouns already show possession -- they dont need an apostrophe. His, her, its, my, yours, ours are all possessive pronouns. Here are some examples: wrong: his book correct: his book wrong: The group made its decision. correct: The group made its decision. wrong: a friend of yours correct: a friend of yours wrong: She waited for three hours to get her ticket. correct: She waited for three hours to get her ticket.
  • 13. Master Yoda says… “Perfect… practice makes you.”
  • 14. THEGALACTIC END
  • 15. CREDITS: Presentation arranged by: Ms. Princess Sally Information Retrieved 7/26/2005 from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/print/grammar/g_apost.html
  • 16. Go to Exercise