Places of Worship

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It's about places of worship and what goes on in them.

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Places of Worship

  1. 1. Places of Worship Saloni Relan 7M(2)
  2. 2. <ul><li>Ancient (about 1000 yrs) </li></ul><ul><li>A world heritage site </li></ul><ul><li>Largest temple complex built in history </li></ul><ul><li>Situated in Cambodia (City - Siem Reap) </li></ul><ul><li>The only building represented on a national flag </li></ul><ul><li>Built by the Khmer King Suryavarman II in the 12 th century </li></ul>Angkor Wat - City Temple
  3. 3. <ul><li>Built as the King’s State Temple </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated to the Hindu God Vishnu </li></ul><ul><li>Was sacked in 1177 by the Chams of Vietnam (traditional enemies of the Khmer) </li></ul><ul><li>Resettled again by Jayavarman VII in 1181AD </li></ul>History Architecture <ul><li>Made of carved sandstone blocks </li></ul><ul><li>Temple complex is a representation of the universe </li></ul><ul><li>Has a moat (600 feet wide& Circumference 4Km) </li></ul><ul><li>Moat represents the oceans </li></ul><ul><li>Built as a “pyramid” temple </li></ul><ul><li>Main temple represents the holy Mount Meru (Magic mountain of the gods in Hindu mythology) </li></ul><ul><li>Legends of a solid gold spire atop the temple </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>“ Rediscovered” by Henri Mahout (French botanist 1860) </li></ul><ul><li>It is famous for the carved Apsaras (Divine dancers) </li></ul><ul><li>The entrance is lined by Nagas believed by Khmers to be their ancestors </li></ul><ul><li>800 meters of carved Bas reliefs are still well preserved </li></ul>Angkor Wat today… <ul><li>Angkor Wat displays the advanced Khmer Civilisation that existed in Cambodia. It is a Buddhist place of worship today. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an example of two world religions in harmony – the Hindus and Buddhists. The famous Bas reliefs in the galleries of Angkor are from Hindu mythology. The main statues in the temple are of Buddha. </li></ul><ul><li>More than a million visitors come to Angkor Wat each year. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>About 400 yrs old </li></ul><ul><li>Made of marble with a layer of gold </li></ul><ul><li>Located in India (City – Amritsar) </li></ul><ul><li>Most sacred shrine in Sikhism </li></ul><ul><li>Represents freedom and spiritual independence </li></ul>The Golden Temple - The Abode of God
  6. 6. History <ul><li>Constructed in the 15 th Century by Guru Arjan Dev </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated to Guru Granth Sahib the holy book of the Sikhs (written by the first Guru – Guru Nanak) </li></ul><ul><li>Site was chosen around a tranquil lake – Amritsarovar or The pool of nectar (the modern city of Amritsar) </li></ul><ul><li>It was sacked by the Mughals in 1760 AD </li></ul>Architecture <ul><li>Structure visible today was rebuilt in 17 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Decorated with beautiful inlay marble work </li></ul><ul><li>Situated in the middle of the holy lake Amritsarovar </li></ul><ul><li>Marble causeway to reach the main building symbolises the journey of the soul after death </li></ul><ul><li>Entrance of the bridge has magnificent silver doors </li></ul><ul><li>Gold plated building with floral inlay work </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>More than 100 kg’s of gold (2.5 million USD) used </li></ul><ul><li>Officially renamed Harmandir Sahib (Abode of God) </li></ul><ul><li>It is the seat of the Sikh Parliament Akal Takth </li></ul>The Golden Temple today… <ul><li>Every day 35,000 people are fed free using the donation collected from visitors </li></ul><ul><li>People of all religions are welcome </li></ul><ul><li>No meat, cigarettes, alcohol or shoes allowed in the temple and you have to cover your head with a cap </li></ul><ul><li>No idol of any god inside </li></ul><ul><li>People worship the Guru Granth Sahib or the Holy Book of the Sikhs </li></ul><ul><li>The Golden temple is a symbol of the Sikh belief that everyone is equal in the eyes of god </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>About 400 yrs old </li></ul><ul><li>Located in Turkey (City - Istanbul) </li></ul><ul><li>Visible from both sides of the Bosphorous straits </li></ul><ul><li>Made of stone, marble and blue ‘ Iznik ’ tiles </li></ul><ul><li>Built to compete with Hagia Sophia </li></ul><ul><li>Still in use for prayers by Muslims </li></ul>The Sultan Ahmed Mosque - Blue Mosque of Istanbul
  9. 9. History <ul><li>Constructed in the 17 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated to Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Legend behind the six minarets- ‘ altin and alti’ </li></ul><ul><li>Mehmed (the architect) wanted a bigger dome than Hagia Sophia </li></ul>Architecture <ul><li>Mainly built of stone, marble and interior is decorated with handmade Iznik ceramic tiles </li></ul><ul><li>Natural lighting from 260 windows </li></ul><ul><li>Windows originally had stained glass </li></ul><ul><li>Huge dome is supported by four massive columns – each 5m in diameter </li></ul><ul><li>Mural inscriptions inside are verses from the Koran (holy book of Islam) </li></ul><ul><li>Only mosque of its time with six minarets </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Prayers conducted five times everyday </li></ul><ul><li>Fully carpeted inside </li></ul><ul><li>Originally at the centre of a covered market which has not survived </li></ul>The Blue Mosque today… <ul><li>There is a functional hospice and madrasa (school to learn the Koran) </li></ul><ul><li>Major tourist attraction </li></ul><ul><li>Not allowed to take shoes inside </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone has to wash before prayer </li></ul><ul><li>In the middle of a beautiful Turkish garden </li></ul><ul><li>The Blue Mosque is an awe inspiring symbol of Turkish architecture at its best </li></ul><ul><li>The sheer size and location make it unique </li></ul>
  11. 11. Thank you for watching By Saloni Relan 7M(2) <ul><li>Sources used: </li></ul><ul><li>Angkor Wat – </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankor_Wat </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.neatorama.com/2007/09/19/10-most-amazing-temples-in-the-world/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://search.live.com/images/results.aspx?q=churning%20of%20the%20sea%20of%20the%20milk%20photos&FORM=BIRE#focal=ff3bfc799ffe4c02e86a5e62a0be3dfc&furl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.angkorguide.de%2FGrafik%2520kompr%2FAW%2520040702%2520032.jpg&fi=true </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.angkorwat.org/html/history.html </li></ul><ul><li>ANGKOR CITIES AND TEMPLES by Claude Jacques and Michael Freeman </li></ul><ul><li>The Golden Temple - </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.neatorama.com/2007/09/19/10-most-amazing-temples-in-the-world/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_golden_temple </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sacred-destinations.com/india/amritsar-golden-temple.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Lonely Planet – India </li></ul><ul><li>The Blue Mosque – </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultan_Ahmed_Mosque </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.guideistanbul.net/sultanahmet.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sights-and-culture.com/cruise/Blue-Mosque-c.html </li></ul><ul><li>All of ISTANBUL by Uğur Ayyıldız </li></ul>

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