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Places of Worship

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It's about places of worship and what goes on in them.

It's about places of worship and what goes on in them.

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Places of Worship Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Places of Worship Saloni Relan 7M(2)
  • 2.
    • Ancient (about 1000 yrs)
    • A world heritage site
    • Largest temple complex built in history
    • Situated in Cambodia (City - Siem Reap)
    • The only building represented on a national flag
    • Built by the Khmer King Suryavarman II in the 12 th century
    Angkor Wat - City Temple
  • 3.
    • Built as the King’s State Temple
    • Dedicated to the Hindu God Vishnu
    • Was sacked in 1177 by the Chams of Vietnam (traditional enemies of the Khmer)
    • Resettled again by Jayavarman VII in 1181AD
    History Architecture
    • Made of carved sandstone blocks
    • Temple complex is a representation of the universe
    • Has a moat (600 feet wide& Circumference 4Km)
    • Moat represents the oceans
    • Built as a “pyramid” temple
    • Main temple represents the holy Mount Meru (Magic mountain of the gods in Hindu mythology)
    • Legends of a solid gold spire atop the temple
  • 4.
    • “ Rediscovered” by Henri Mahout (French botanist 1860)
    • It is famous for the carved Apsaras (Divine dancers)
    • The entrance is lined by Nagas believed by Khmers to be their ancestors
    • 800 meters of carved Bas reliefs are still well preserved
    Angkor Wat today…
    • Angkor Wat displays the advanced Khmer Civilisation that existed in Cambodia. It is a Buddhist place of worship today.
    • It is an example of two world religions in harmony – the Hindus and Buddhists. The famous Bas reliefs in the galleries of Angkor are from Hindu mythology. The main statues in the temple are of Buddha.
    • More than a million visitors come to Angkor Wat each year.
  • 5.
    • About 400 yrs old
    • Made of marble with a layer of gold
    • Located in India (City – Amritsar)
    • Most sacred shrine in Sikhism
    • Represents freedom and spiritual independence
    The Golden Temple - The Abode of God
  • 6. History
    • Constructed in the 15 th Century by Guru Arjan Dev
    • Dedicated to Guru Granth Sahib the holy book of the Sikhs (written by the first Guru – Guru Nanak)
    • Site was chosen around a tranquil lake – Amritsarovar or The pool of nectar (the modern city of Amritsar)
    • It was sacked by the Mughals in 1760 AD
    Architecture
    • Structure visible today was rebuilt in 17 th century
    • Decorated with beautiful inlay marble work
    • Situated in the middle of the holy lake Amritsarovar
    • Marble causeway to reach the main building symbolises the journey of the soul after death
    • Entrance of the bridge has magnificent silver doors
    • Gold plated building with floral inlay work
  • 7.
    • More than 100 kg’s of gold (2.5 million USD) used
    • Officially renamed Harmandir Sahib (Abode of God)
    • It is the seat of the Sikh Parliament Akal Takth
    The Golden Temple today…
    • Every day 35,000 people are fed free using the donation collected from visitors
    • People of all religions are welcome
    • No meat, cigarettes, alcohol or shoes allowed in the temple and you have to cover your head with a cap
    • No idol of any god inside
    • People worship the Guru Granth Sahib or the Holy Book of the Sikhs
    • The Golden temple is a symbol of the Sikh belief that everyone is equal in the eyes of god
  • 8.
    • About 400 yrs old
    • Located in Turkey (City - Istanbul)
    • Visible from both sides of the Bosphorous straits
    • Made of stone, marble and blue ‘ Iznik ’ tiles
    • Built to compete with Hagia Sophia
    • Still in use for prayers by Muslims
    The Sultan Ahmed Mosque - Blue Mosque of Istanbul
  • 9. History
    • Constructed in the 17 th Century
    • Dedicated to Islam
    • Legend behind the six minarets- ‘ altin and alti’
    • Mehmed (the architect) wanted a bigger dome than Hagia Sophia
    Architecture
    • Mainly built of stone, marble and interior is decorated with handmade Iznik ceramic tiles
    • Natural lighting from 260 windows
    • Windows originally had stained glass
    • Huge dome is supported by four massive columns – each 5m in diameter
    • Mural inscriptions inside are verses from the Koran (holy book of Islam)
    • Only mosque of its time with six minarets
  • 10.
    • Prayers conducted five times everyday
    • Fully carpeted inside
    • Originally at the centre of a covered market which has not survived
    The Blue Mosque today…
    • There is a functional hospice and madrasa (school to learn the Koran)
    • Major tourist attraction
    • Not allowed to take shoes inside
    • Everyone has to wash before prayer
    • In the middle of a beautiful Turkish garden
    • The Blue Mosque is an awe inspiring symbol of Turkish architecture at its best
    • The sheer size and location make it unique
  • 11. Thank you for watching By Saloni Relan 7M(2)
    • Sources used:
    • Angkor Wat –
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankor_Wat
    • http://www.neatorama.com/2007/09/19/10-most-amazing-temples-in-the-world/
    • http://search.live.com/images/results.aspx?q=churning%20of%20the%20sea%20of%20the%20milk%20photos&FORM=BIRE#focal=ff3bfc799ffe4c02e86a5e62a0be3dfc&furl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.angkorguide.de%2FGrafik%2520kompr%2FAW%2520040702%2520032.jpg&fi=true
    • http://www.angkorwat.org/html/history.html
    • ANGKOR CITIES AND TEMPLES by Claude Jacques and Michael Freeman
    • The Golden Temple -
    • http://www.neatorama.com/2007/09/19/10-most-amazing-temples-in-the-world/
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_golden_temple
    • http://www.sacred-destinations.com/india/amritsar-golden-temple.htm
    • Lonely Planet – India
    • The Blue Mosque –
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultan_Ahmed_Mosque
    • http://www.guideistanbul.net/sultanahmet.htm
    • http://www.sights-and-culture.com/cruise/Blue-Mosque-c.html
    • All of ISTANBUL by Uğur Ayyıldız