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Places of Worship
Places of Worship
Places of Worship
Places of Worship
Places of Worship
Places of Worship
Places of Worship
Places of Worship
Places of Worship
Places of Worship
Places of Worship
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Places of Worship

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It's about places of worship and what goes on in them.

It's about places of worship and what goes on in them.

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  • 1. Places of Worship Saloni Relan 7M(2)
  • 2. <ul><li>Ancient (about 1000 yrs) </li></ul><ul><li>A world heritage site </li></ul><ul><li>Largest temple complex built in history </li></ul><ul><li>Situated in Cambodia (City - Siem Reap) </li></ul><ul><li>The only building represented on a national flag </li></ul><ul><li>Built by the Khmer King Suryavarman II in the 12 th century </li></ul>Angkor Wat - City Temple
  • 3. <ul><li>Built as the King’s State Temple </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated to the Hindu God Vishnu </li></ul><ul><li>Was sacked in 1177 by the Chams of Vietnam (traditional enemies of the Khmer) </li></ul><ul><li>Resettled again by Jayavarman VII in 1181AD </li></ul>History Architecture <ul><li>Made of carved sandstone blocks </li></ul><ul><li>Temple complex is a representation of the universe </li></ul><ul><li>Has a moat (600 feet wide& Circumference 4Km) </li></ul><ul><li>Moat represents the oceans </li></ul><ul><li>Built as a “pyramid” temple </li></ul><ul><li>Main temple represents the holy Mount Meru (Magic mountain of the gods in Hindu mythology) </li></ul><ul><li>Legends of a solid gold spire atop the temple </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>“ Rediscovered” by Henri Mahout (French botanist 1860) </li></ul><ul><li>It is famous for the carved Apsaras (Divine dancers) </li></ul><ul><li>The entrance is lined by Nagas believed by Khmers to be their ancestors </li></ul><ul><li>800 meters of carved Bas reliefs are still well preserved </li></ul>Angkor Wat today… <ul><li>Angkor Wat displays the advanced Khmer Civilisation that existed in Cambodia. It is a Buddhist place of worship today. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an example of two world religions in harmony – the Hindus and Buddhists. The famous Bas reliefs in the galleries of Angkor are from Hindu mythology. The main statues in the temple are of Buddha. </li></ul><ul><li>More than a million visitors come to Angkor Wat each year. </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>About 400 yrs old </li></ul><ul><li>Made of marble with a layer of gold </li></ul><ul><li>Located in India (City – Amritsar) </li></ul><ul><li>Most sacred shrine in Sikhism </li></ul><ul><li>Represents freedom and spiritual independence </li></ul>The Golden Temple - The Abode of God
  • 6. History <ul><li>Constructed in the 15 th Century by Guru Arjan Dev </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated to Guru Granth Sahib the holy book of the Sikhs (written by the first Guru – Guru Nanak) </li></ul><ul><li>Site was chosen around a tranquil lake – Amritsarovar or The pool of nectar (the modern city of Amritsar) </li></ul><ul><li>It was sacked by the Mughals in 1760 AD </li></ul>Architecture <ul><li>Structure visible today was rebuilt in 17 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Decorated with beautiful inlay marble work </li></ul><ul><li>Situated in the middle of the holy lake Amritsarovar </li></ul><ul><li>Marble causeway to reach the main building symbolises the journey of the soul after death </li></ul><ul><li>Entrance of the bridge has magnificent silver doors </li></ul><ul><li>Gold plated building with floral inlay work </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>More than 100 kg’s of gold (2.5 million USD) used </li></ul><ul><li>Officially renamed Harmandir Sahib (Abode of God) </li></ul><ul><li>It is the seat of the Sikh Parliament Akal Takth </li></ul>The Golden Temple today… <ul><li>Every day 35,000 people are fed free using the donation collected from visitors </li></ul><ul><li>People of all religions are welcome </li></ul><ul><li>No meat, cigarettes, alcohol or shoes allowed in the temple and you have to cover your head with a cap </li></ul><ul><li>No idol of any god inside </li></ul><ul><li>People worship the Guru Granth Sahib or the Holy Book of the Sikhs </li></ul><ul><li>The Golden temple is a symbol of the Sikh belief that everyone is equal in the eyes of god </li></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>About 400 yrs old </li></ul><ul><li>Located in Turkey (City - Istanbul) </li></ul><ul><li>Visible from both sides of the Bosphorous straits </li></ul><ul><li>Made of stone, marble and blue ‘ Iznik ’ tiles </li></ul><ul><li>Built to compete with Hagia Sophia </li></ul><ul><li>Still in use for prayers by Muslims </li></ul>The Sultan Ahmed Mosque - Blue Mosque of Istanbul
  • 9. History <ul><li>Constructed in the 17 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated to Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Legend behind the six minarets- ‘ altin and alti’ </li></ul><ul><li>Mehmed (the architect) wanted a bigger dome than Hagia Sophia </li></ul>Architecture <ul><li>Mainly built of stone, marble and interior is decorated with handmade Iznik ceramic tiles </li></ul><ul><li>Natural lighting from 260 windows </li></ul><ul><li>Windows originally had stained glass </li></ul><ul><li>Huge dome is supported by four massive columns – each 5m in diameter </li></ul><ul><li>Mural inscriptions inside are verses from the Koran (holy book of Islam) </li></ul><ul><li>Only mosque of its time with six minarets </li></ul>
  • 10. <ul><li>Prayers conducted five times everyday </li></ul><ul><li>Fully carpeted inside </li></ul><ul><li>Originally at the centre of a covered market which has not survived </li></ul>The Blue Mosque today… <ul><li>There is a functional hospice and madrasa (school to learn the Koran) </li></ul><ul><li>Major tourist attraction </li></ul><ul><li>Not allowed to take shoes inside </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone has to wash before prayer </li></ul><ul><li>In the middle of a beautiful Turkish garden </li></ul><ul><li>The Blue Mosque is an awe inspiring symbol of Turkish architecture at its best </li></ul><ul><li>The sheer size and location make it unique </li></ul>
  • 11. Thank you for watching By Saloni Relan 7M(2) <ul><li>Sources used: </li></ul><ul><li>Angkor Wat – </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankor_Wat </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.neatorama.com/2007/09/19/10-most-amazing-temples-in-the-world/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://search.live.com/images/results.aspx?q=churning%20of%20the%20sea%20of%20the%20milk%20photos&FORM=BIRE#focal=ff3bfc799ffe4c02e86a5e62a0be3dfc&furl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.angkorguide.de%2FGrafik%2520kompr%2FAW%2520040702%2520032.jpg&fi=true </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.angkorwat.org/html/history.html </li></ul><ul><li>ANGKOR CITIES AND TEMPLES by Claude Jacques and Michael Freeman </li></ul><ul><li>The Golden Temple - </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.neatorama.com/2007/09/19/10-most-amazing-temples-in-the-world/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_golden_temple </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sacred-destinations.com/india/amritsar-golden-temple.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Lonely Planet – India </li></ul><ul><li>The Blue Mosque – </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultan_Ahmed_Mosque </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.guideistanbul.net/sultanahmet.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sights-and-culture.com/cruise/Blue-Mosque-c.html </li></ul><ul><li>All of ISTANBUL by Uğur Ayyıldız </li></ul>

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